November 27, 2020

Download Ebook Free How Languages Are Learned

How Languages are Learned 4th edition - Oxford Handbooks for Language Teachers

How Languages are Learned 4th edition - Oxford Handbooks for Language Teachers
Author : Patsy M. Lightbown,Nina Spada
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2013-01-10
Category : Study Aids
Total pages :252
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Teachers are often told that new teaching methods and materials are 'based on the latest research'. But what does this mean in practice? This book introduces you to some of the language acquisition research that will help you not just to evaluate existing materials, but also to adapt and use them in a way that fits what we currently understand about how languages are learned.

How Languages are Learned

How Languages are Learned
Author : Patsy M. Lightbown,Nina Spada
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2006-06
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Total pages :238
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How Languages are Learned

How Languages are Learned
Author : Patsy M. Lightbown,Nina Spada
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date : 1999
Category : Political Science
Total pages :192
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This series is designed to provide a source of reference for both language teachers and teacher trainers. Each title is intended to serve both as a basis for courses and seminars, and as a longer-term reference text for the working teacher's bookshelf.This is a completely revised and updated edition of this readable introduction to the study of language acquisition. By understanding how languages are learned, teachers will be more able to judge the merits of different teaching methodologies and textbooks, and make the most of the time they spendwith learners. How Languages are Learned provides a clear introduction to the main theories of first and second language acquisition and, with the help of activities and questionnaires, discusses their practical impllications for language teaching.

How Second Languages are Learned

How Second Languages are Learned
Author : Roger Hawkins
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2018-11-30
Category : Foreign Language Study
Total pages :350
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A comprehensive introduction to second language learning for newcomers to the field, with frequent summaries and supporting activities.

Doing Task-Based Teaching - Oxford Handbooks for Language Teachers

Doing Task-Based Teaching - Oxford Handbooks for Language Teachers
Author : Jane Willis,David Willis
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2013-04-02
Category : Study Aids
Total pages :294
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Task-based teaching has created enormous interest among teachers in recent years. But how does the idea of designing tasks (e.g. discussions, problems, games) that encourage learners to use real language work in practice? This book explains the basic principles behind task-based learning and teaching and gives practical examples of how to make it work in different teaching situations.

Second Language Learning Theories

Second Language Learning Theories
Author : Rosamond Mitchell,Florence Myles,Emma Marsden
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2013-08-21
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Total pages :372
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Second Language Learning Theories is a clear and concise overview of the field of second language acquisition (SLA) theories. Written by a team of leading academics working in different SLA specialisms, this book provides expert analysis of the main theories from multiple perspectives to offer a broad and balanced introduction to the topic. The book covers all the main theoretical perspectives currently active in the SLA field and sets them in a broader perspective per chapter, e.g. linguistic, cognitive or sociolinguistic. Each chapter examines how various theories view language, the learner, and the acquisition process. Summaries of key studies and examples of data relating to a variety of languages illustrate the different theoretical perspectives. Each chapter concludes with an evaluative summary of the theories discussed. This third edition has been thoroughly updated to reflect the very latest research in the field of SLA. Key features include: a fully re-worked chapter on cognitive models of language and language learning a new chapter on information processing, including the roles of different types of memory and knowledge in language learning the addition of a glossary of key linguistic terms to help the non-specialist a new timeline of second language learning theory development This third edition takes account of the significant developments that have taken place in the field in recent years. Highly active domains in which theoretical and methodological advances have been made are treated in more depth to ensure that this new edition of Second Language Learning Theories remains as fresh and relevant as ever.

Understanding Second Language Acquisition

Understanding Second Language Acquisition
Author : Lourdes Ortega
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2014-02-04
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Total pages :320
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Whether we grow up with one, two, or several languages during our early years of life, many of us will learn a second, foreign, or heritage language in later years. The field of Second language acquisition (SLA, for short) investigates the human capacity to learn additional languages in late childhood, adolescence, or adulthood, after the first language --in the case of monolinguals-- or languages --in the case of bilinguals-- have already been acquired. Understanding Second Language Acquisition offers a wide-encompassing survey of this burgeoning field, its accumulated findings and proposed theories, its developed research paradigms, and its pending questions for the future. The book zooms in and out of universal, individual, and social forces, in each case evaluating the research findings that have been generated across diverse naturalistic and formal contexts for second language acquisition. It assumes no background in SLA and provides helpful chapter-by-chapter summaries and suggestions for further reading. Ideal as a textbook for students of applied linguistics, foreign language education, TESOL, and education, it is also recommended for students of linguistics, developmental psycholinguistics, psychology, and cognitive science. Supporting resources for tutors are available free at www.routledge.com/ortega.

How Vocabulary is Learned

How Vocabulary is Learned
Author : Stuart Webb,Paul Nation
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2017-06-06
Category : Study Aids
Total pages :336
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This guide to vocabulary acquisition is essential reading for teachers of English as a second or foreign language. It presents the major ideas and principles that relate to the teaching and learning of vocabulary and evaluates a wide range of practical activities designed to help boost students’ vocabulary acquisition. Key questions which are answered include: • How many words should students learn at a time, and how often? • How much classroom time should be spent teaching vocabulary? • What is the best way to group vocabulary for learning? • Is it useful to provide students with the L1 translations of unknown words? • Why do some students make greater progress than others? stuart webb is Professor in Applied Linguistics at the University of Western Ontario, Canada. paul nation is Emeritus Professor in Applied Linguistics at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. Teachers will find answers to many of their perennial questions about vocabulary learning—as well as some they had not yet thought to ask! There is research evidence to support established practices, but also new evidence that challenges old ideas. patsy lightbown (co-author of How Languages are Learned, with Nina Spada)

Applying Linguistics in the Classroom

Applying Linguistics in the Classroom
Author : Aria Razfar,Joseph C. Rumenapp
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2013-07-24
Category : Education
Total pages :336
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Making linguistics accessible and relevant to all teachers, this text looks at language issues in the classroom through an applied sociocultural perspective focused on how language functions in society and in schools—how it is used, for what purposes, and how teachers can understand their students’ language practices. While touching on the key structural aspects of language (phonetics, phonology, morphology, and syntax), it does not simply give an overview, but rather provides a way to study and talk about language. Each chapter includes practical steps and suggests tools for applying different kinds of linguistic knowledge in classrooms. The activities and exercises are adaptable to elementary or high school settings. Many examples focus on the intersection of math, science, and language. Teacher case studies show how real teachers have used these concepts to inform teaching practices. Given the increasing use of multimedia resources in today’s schools, multiple mediums are integrated to engage educators in learning about language. The Companion Website provides a multitude of relevant resources that illustrate the diversity of language functions and debates about language in society.

How to Learn a Foreign Language

How to Learn a Foreign Language
Author : Paul Pimsleur
Publisher : Simon and Schuster
Release Date : 2013-10-01
Category : Education
Total pages :160
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Explains how to learn foreign languages, offering practical advice for overcoming the obstacles.

Second Language Acquisition

Second Language Acquisition
Author : Susan M. Gass,Larry Selinker
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release Date : 2001
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Total pages :488
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This book is a thorough revision of the highly successful text first published in 1994. The authors retain the multidisciplinary approach that presents research from linguistics, sociology, psychology, and education, in a format designed for use in an introductory course for undergraduate or graduate students. The research is updated throughout and there are new sections and chapters in this second edition as well. New chapters cover child language acquisition (first and second), Universal Grammar, and instructed language learning; new sections address issues, such as what data analysis doesn't show, replication of research findings, interlanguage transfer (multilingual acquisition and transfer), the aspect hypothesis, general nativism, connectionist approaches, and implicit/explicit knowledge. Major updates include nonlanguage influences and the lexicon. The workbook, Second Language Learning Data Analysis, Second Edition, makes an ideal accompaniment to the text.

The Cambridge Guide to Learning English as a Second Language

The Cambridge Guide to Learning English as a Second Language
Author : Anne Burns,Jack C. Richards
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2018-03-15
Category : Foreign Language Study
Total pages :129
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This volume provides an up-to-date and comprehensive coverage of second language learning. The focus throughout the book is primarily on language learning, but each chapter also discusses the implications for teaching and assessment, thus informing both understanding and practice. The book contains nine sections, which aim to organise and reflect different dimensions of the diverse and complex scope of learning English as a second or additional language. Four themes which permeate the chapters are: learning and learners; learning and language; learning and language development; learning and learning context. The 36 chapters are up-to-date and authoritative, written by experts in the field. The content is accessibly written, with questions for discussion and follow-up reading suggestions provided.

Discourse and Language Education

Discourse and Language Education
Author : Evelyn Hatch,Hatch
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 1992-01-31
Category : Education
Total pages :333
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Discourse and Language Education is part of the Cambridge Language Teaching Library series. Discourse analysis describes how such communication is structured, so that it is socially appropriate and linguistically accurate. This book gives practical experience in analyzing discourse and the study of written language. The analyses show the ways we use linguistic signals to carry out our discourse goals and the differences between written and spoken language as well as across languages. This text can be used as a manual in teacher education courses and linguistics and communications courses. It will be of great interest to second language teachers, foreign language teachers, and special education teachers (especially those involved with the hearing impaired).

Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching

Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching
Author : Diane Larsen-Freeman
Publisher : Oxford University
Release Date : 2000
Category : Foreign Language Study
Total pages :189
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The Grammar-Translation Method - The Direct Method - The Audio-Lingual Method - The Silent Way - Desuggestopedia - Community Language Learning - Total Physical Response - Communicative Language Teaching - Content-based, Task-based, and Participatory Approaches - Learning Strategy Training, Cooperative Learning and Multiple Intelligences.

Becoming a Language Teacher

Becoming a Language Teacher
Author : Elaine Horwitz
Publisher : Castledown
Release Date : 2020-05-30
Category :
Total pages :129
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Becoming a Language Teacher, by respected author and experienced language teacher Elaine K. Horwitz, gives pre- and in-service teachers the skills they need to meet the needs of all language learners in today's diverse classrooms-while encouraging them to develop a personal approach to language teaching. Using a warm, supportive tone, the author clearly explains the fundamental concepts of second language acquisition and language teaching. A much-needed resource at a time when it is critical for all mainstream teachers to focus on language, this guide describes how to develop language for academic needs as well as for communication purpose and addresses the latest trends in language teaching.