November 28, 2020

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Human Body Decomposition

Human Body Decomposition
Author : Jarvis Hayman,Marc Oxenham
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-03-24
Category : Law
Total pages :162
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The fate of the human body after death is a subject that has fascinated enquirers, both in the scientific and legal realms for millennia. However, objective research into the causes and nature of human decomposition has only taken place in the last two centuries, and quantitative measurement of the process as a means of estimating the time of death has only recently been attempted. The substantial literature concerning this research has been published in numerous scientific journals since the beginning of the nineteenth century. Human Body Decomposition expands on the current literature to include the evolving research on estimating the time of death. This volume details the process of decomposition to include early period after death when the body cools to ambient temperature, and when the body begins to putrefy. This process is significant because the estimation of the time of death becomes increasingly more difficult when the body begins to putrefy. Human Body Decomposition compiles a chronological account of research into the estimation of the time since death in human bodies found decomposed in order that researchers in the subject field can concentrate their thoughts and build on what has been achieved in the past. Provides concise details of research, over the last 200 years, of estimating the time of death in decomposed bodies. Covers methods of research into human decomposition in the stages of body cooling to ambient temperature and the later stages of autolysis, putrefaction and skeletonisation. Includes a detailed account of recent research and future concepts. Concludes with an account of the difficulties which future research into human decomposition will encounter.

Human Body Decomposition

Human Body Decomposition
Author : Jarvis Hayman,Marc Oxenham
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2016-04-07
Category : Human decomposition
Total pages :129
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Human Body Decomposition compiles a chronological account of research into the estimation of the time since death in human bodies found decomposed so that researchers in the field can concentrate thoughts and build on achievements from the past. The fate of the human body after death is a subject that has fascinated enquirers, both in the scientific and legal realms, for millennia. However, objective research into the causes and nature of human decomposition has only taken place in the last two centuries, with quantitative measurement of the process as a means of estimating the time of death only recently being attempted. The substantial literature concerning this research has been published in numerous scientific journals since the beginning of the nineteenth century. This book expands on the current literature to include the evolving research on estimating time of death, also detailing the process of decomposition to include the early period after death when the body cools to ambient temperature and then begins to putrefy.

Technologies of the Human Corpse

Technologies of the Human Corpse
Author : John Troyer
Publisher : MIT Press
Release Date : 2020-04-14
Category : Social Science
Total pages :272
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The relationship of the dead body with technology through history, from nineteenth-century embalming machines to the death-prevention technologies of today. Death and the dead body have never been more alive in the public imagination—not least because of current debates over modern medical technology that is deployed, it seems, expressly to keep human bodies from dying, blurring the boundary between alive and dead. In this book, John Troyer examines the relationship of the dead body with technology, both material and conceptual: the physical machines, political concepts, and sovereign institutions that humans use to classify, organize, repurpose, and transform the human corpse. Doing so, he asks readers to think about death, dying, and dead bodies in radically different ways. Troyer explains, for example, how technologies of the nineteenth century including embalming and photography, created our image of a dead body as quasi-atemporal, existing outside biological limits formerly enforced by decomposition. He describes the “Happy Death Movement” of the 1970s; the politics of HIV/AIDS corpse and the productive potential of the dead body; the provocations of the Body Worlds exhibits and their use of preserved dead bodies; the black market in human body parts; and the transformation of historic technologies of the human corpse into “death prevention technologies.” The consequences of total control over death and the dead body, Troyer argues, are not liberation but the abandonment of Homo sapiens as a concept and a species. In this unique work, Troyer forces us to consider the increasing overlap between politics, dying, and the dead body in both general and specifically personal terms.

Taphonomy of Human Remains

Taphonomy of Human Remains
Author : Eline M. J. Schotsmans,Nicholas Márquez-Grant,Shari L. Forbes
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2017-04-17
Category : Medical
Total pages :542
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A truly interdisciplinary approach to this core subject within Forensic Science. The book combines essential theory with practical crime scene work, includes case studies, is applicable to all time periods so has relevance for conventional archaeology, prehistory and anthropology, and combines points of view from both established practitioners and young researchers to ensure relevance.

Estimation of the Time since Death

Estimation of the Time since Death
Author : Jarvis Hayman,Marc Oxenham
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-03-04
Category : Law
Total pages :282
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Estimation of the Time Since Death is a current comprehensive work on the methods and research advances into the time since death and human decomposition. This work provides practitioners a starting point for research and practice to assist with the identification and analysis of human remains. It contains a collection of the latest scientific research, various estimation methods, and includes case studies, to highlight methodological application to real cases. This reference first provides an introduction, including the early postmortem period, biochemical methods, and the value of entomology in estimating the time since death, along with other factors affecting the decomposition process. Further coverage explores importance of microbial communities in estimating time since death. Separate chapters on aquatic environments, carbon 14 dating and amino acid racemization, and total body scoring will round out the reference. The final chapter ties together the various themes in the context of the longest running human decomposition facility in the world and outlines future research directions. Provides the first comprehensive reference to bring together all aspects of knowledge relating to the estimation of the post-mortem interval in decomposed human bodies Contains real case studies that underscore key estimation concepts Demonstrates the changing role of technology and advances in the estimation of time since death

Forensic Entomology

Forensic Entomology
Author : Dorothy Gennard
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2013-04-30
Category : Science
Total pages :248
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This invaluable text provides a concise introduction to entomology in a forensic context and is also a practical guide to collecting entomological samples at the crime scene. Forensic Entomology: An Introduction: Assumes no prior knowledge of either entomology or biology Provides background information about the procedures carried out by the professional forensic entomologist in order to determine key information about post-mortem interval presented by insect evidence Includes practical tasks and further reading to enhance understanding of the subject and to enable the reader to gain key laboratory skills and a clear understanding of insect life cycles, the identification features of insects, and aspects of their ecology Glossary, photographs, the style of presentation and numerous illustrations have been designed to assist in the identification of insects associated with the corpse; keys are included to help students make this identification This book is an essential resource for undergraduate Forensic Science and Criminology students and those on conversion postgraduate M.Sc. courses in Forensic Science. It is also useful for Scenes of Crime Officers undertaking diploma studies and Scene Investigating Officers.

Management of Dead Bodies in Disaster Situations

Management of Dead Bodies in Disaster Situations
Author : Mary Elizabeth Stonaker
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release Date : 2008-07-01
Category :
Total pages :176
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This manual will ensure that the management of massive fatalities forms part of disaster preparedness and response plans, and that it is a fundamental aspect of humanitarian assistance to survivors and rehabilitation and reconstruction programs. The manual provides the technical information that will support the correct approach to handling dead bodies. Contents: Preparedness for mass deaths; Medicolegal work in major disasters; Health considerations in cases of mass fatalities; Sociocultural aspects; Psychological aspects; Legal aspects; Cases studies; Final recommendations; Myths and realities of management of dead bodies in disasters; and Glossary. Illustrations.

Forensic Taphonomy

Forensic Taphonomy
Author : Marcella H. Sorg,William D. Haglund
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1996-12-13
Category : Law
Total pages :668
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Links have recently been established between the study of death assemblages by archaeologists and paleontologists (taphonomy) and the application of physical anthropology concepts to the medicolegal investigation of death (forensic anthropology). Forensic Taphonomy explains these links in a broad-based, multidisciplinary volume. It applies taphonomic models in modern forensic contexts and uses forensic cases to extend taphonomic theories. Review articles, case reports, and chapters on methodology round out this book's unique approach to forensic science.

Case of Rapid Decomposition of the Human Body

Case of Rapid Decomposition of the Human Body
Author : Alfred Swaine Taylor
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1850
Category : Human decomposition
Total pages :8
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The Analysis of Burned Human Remains

The Analysis of Burned Human Remains
Author : Christopher W. Schmidt,Steven A. Symes
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2011-10-10
Category : Social Science
Total pages :296
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This unique reference provides a primary source for osteologists and the medical/legal community for the understanding of burned bone remains in forensic or archaeological contexts. It describes in detail the changes in human bone and soft tissues as a body burns at both the chemical and gross levels and provides an overview of the current procedures in burned bone study. Case studies in forensic and archaeological settings aid those interested in the analysis of burned human bodies, from death scene investigators, to biological anthropologists looking at the recent or ancient dead. Includes the diagnostic patterning of color changes that give insight to the severity of burning, the positioning of the body, and presence (or absence) of soft tissues during the burning event Chapters on bones and teeth give step-by-step recommendations for how to study and recognize burned hard tissues

Post Mortem Examination and Autopsy

Post Mortem Examination and Autopsy
Author : Kamil Hakan Dogan
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-02-14
Category : Medical
Total pages :182
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Forensic medicine explores the legal aspects of medicine, and medicolegal investigation of death is the most significant and crucial function of it. The nature of post mortem examinations are changing and the understanding of causes of death are evolving with the increase of knowledge, availability, and use of various analyses including genetic testing. Postmortem examination practice is turning into a more multidisciplinary approach for investigations, which are becoming more evidence based. Although there are numerous publications about forensic medicine and post mortem examination, this book aims to provide some basic information on post mortem examination and current developments in some important and special areas. It is considered that this book will be useful for forensic pathologists, clinicians, attorneys, law enforcement officers, and medical students.

Forensic Entomology

Forensic Entomology
Author : Jason H. Byrd,James L. Castner
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2009-09-11
Category : Science
Total pages :705
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The first edition of Forensic Entomology: The Utility of Arthropods in Legal Investigations broke ground on all levels, from the caliber of information provided to the inclusion of copious color photographs. With over 100 additional color photographs, an expanded reference appendix, and updated information, the second edition has raised the bar for resources in this field, elucidating the basics on insects of forensic importance. New in the Second Edition: A chapter on insect identification that presents dichotomous keys Updates on DNA molecular techniques and genetic markers Coverage of new standardization in forensic entomological analysis Chapters on climatology and thermoregulation in insects 100 new color photographs, making available a total of 650 color photographs Goes Beyond Dramatics to the Nitty Gritty of Real Practice While many books, movies, and television shows have made forensic entomology popular, this book makes it real. Going beyond dramatics to the nitty gritty of actual practice, it covers what to search for when recovering entomological evidence, how to handle items found at the crime scene, and how to use entomological knowledge in legal investigations.

The Pathological Anatomy of the Human Body

The Pathological Anatomy of the Human Body
Author : Julius Vogel
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1847
Category : Anatomy, Pathological
Total pages :599
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Forensic Medicine of the Lower Extremity

Forensic Medicine of the Lower Extremity
Author : Jeremy Rich,Dorothy E. Dean,Robert H. Powers
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-10-28
Category : Medical
Total pages :422
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Publius Syrus stated back in 42 B.C., “You cannot put the same shoe on every foot.” (Maxim 596) Though written long before the advent of forensic science, Syrus’ maxim summarizes the theme of Forensic Medicine of the Lower Extremity: Human Identification and Trauma Analysis of the Thigh, Leg, and Foot. Put simply, the lower extremity is a tremendously variable anatomic region. This variation is beneficial to forensic experts. Differences in the leg and foot can be used to establish individual identity. Analysis of damage to the lower limb can be used to reconstruct antemortem, perimortem, and postmortem trauma. As a forensic anthropologist, I analyze cases involving decomposed, burned, m- mified, mutilated, and skeletal remains. Many of the corpses I examine are incomplete. Occasionally, I receive nothing but the legs and feet; a lower torso dragged from a river; a foot recovered in a city park; dismembered drug dealers in plastic bags; victims of bombings and airline disasters; and the dead commingled in common graves. Though the leg and foot contain much that is useful in forensic analysis, before this publication, investigators faced a twofold problem. Little research that focused on the lower extremity was available in the literature, and the existing research was published in diverse sources, making its location and synthesis a daunting task.

The Washing Away of Wrongs

The Washing Away of Wrongs
Author : Tz'u Sung,Ci Song
Publisher : University of Michigan Press
Release Date : 1981
Category : Medical
Total pages :181
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