June 18, 2021

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Human Factors in the Nuclear Industry

Human Factors in the Nuclear Industry
Author : Anna-Maria Teperi,Nadezhda Gotcheva
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2020-10-17
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :370
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Human Factors in the Nuclear Industry: A Systemic Approach to Safety presents the latest research and studies of human factors in the nuclear industry. It models and highlights scientific and technological foundations before providing practical examples of applications within the nuclear facility of human performance at an individual, group, organization, and system level. Editors Dr. Teperi and Dr. Gotcheva supply concrete models, tools and techniques based on research to provide the reader with knowledge of how to facilitate and support human performance in this dynamic and fast moving safety critical field. Models and case studies are provided to add practical benefits for the reader to apply to their own projects, including user friendly state-of-the-art equipment, fluent work processes for information flow, functional control room resource management, and scope for competence and learning in the work place. This book will benefit nuclear researchers, safety experts, human factors professionals and power plant operators, as well as those with an interest in human factors outside of the nuclear field. Provides a comprehensive framework for human factors, considering not only the individual, but also the team, organizational and industrial levels Presents tried and tested tools and techniques based on research from the nuclear industry Includes models, examples and case studies of user-friendly equipment, fluent work processes and functional control room resource management

Human Factors Research and Nuclear Safety

Human Factors Research and Nuclear Safety
Author : National Research Committee on Human Factors
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 1988-01-01
Category : Science
Total pages :126
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Nuclear Safety

Nuclear Safety
Author : Jyuji Misumi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1998-11-11
Category : Science
Total pages :350
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For many years, as a direct result of international governmental concern, the nuclear power industry has been at the forefront of industrial safety. This text represents a cross-disciplinary look at the human factors developments in this industry, with wider applications for the entire industrial sector. Technical, psychological and social aspects

Human Factors in Nuclear Safety

Human Factors in Nuclear Safety
Author : Neville A. Stanton
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1996-04-12
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :352
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There is a growing recognition amongst those involved with the creation and distribution of nuclear power of the value and positive impact of ergonomics, recognition heightened by the realization that safety incidents are rarely the result of purely technical failure. This work provides insights into plant design, performance shaping factors,

Applying Human Factors Evaluation and Design Guidance to a Nuclear Power Plant Digital Control System

Applying Human Factors Evaluation and Design Guidance to a Nuclear Power Plant Digital Control System
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2012
Category :
Total pages :129
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The United States (U.S.) nuclear industry, like similar process control industries, has moved toward upgrading its control rooms. The upgraded control rooms typically feature digital control system (DCS) displays embedded in the panels. These displays gather information from the system and represent that information on a single display surface. In this manner, the DCS combines many previously separate analog indicators and controls into a single digital display, whereby the operators can toggle between multiple windows to monitor and control different aspects of the plant. The design of the DCS depends on the function of the system it monitors, but revolves around presenting the information most germane to an operator at any point in time. DCSs require a carefully designed human system interface. This report centers on redesigning existing DCS displays for an example chemical volume control system (CVCS) at a U.S. nuclear power plant. The crucial nature of the CVCS, which controls coolant levels and boration in the primary system, requires a thorough human factors evaluation of its supporting DCS. The initial digital controls being developed for the DCSs tend to directly mimic the former analog controls. There are, however, unique operator interactions with a digital vs. analog interface, and the differences have not always been carefully factored in the translation of an analog interface to a replacement DCS. To ensure safety, efficiency, and usability of the emerging DCSs, a human factors usability evaluation was conducted on a CVCS DCS currently being used and refined at an existing U.S. nuclear power plant. Subject matter experts from process control engineering, software development, and human factors evaluated the DCS displays to document potential usability issues and propose design recommendations. The evaluation yielded 167 potential usability issues with the DCS. These issues should not be considered operator performance problems but rather opportunities identified by experts to improve upon the design of the DCS. A set of nine design recommendations was developed to address these potential issues. The design principles addressed the following areas: (1) color, (2) pop-up window structure, (3) navigation, (4) alarms, (5) process control diagram, (6) gestalt grouping, (7) typography, (8) terminology, and (9) data entry. Visuals illustrating the improved DCS displays accompany the design recommendations. These nine design principles serve as the starting point to a planned general DCS style guide that can be used across the U.S. nuclear industry to aid in the future design of effective DCS interfaces.

Establishing a Value Chain for Human Factors in Nuclear Power Plantcontrol Room Modernization

Establishing a Value Chain for Human Factors in Nuclear Power Plantcontrol Room Modernization
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2015
Category :
Total pages :129
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Commercial nuclear power plants in the United States (U.S.) have operated reliably and efficiently for decades. With the life extensions of plants now being planned for operation beyond their original operating licenses, there are opportunities to achieve even greater efficiencies, while maintaining high operational reliabilities, with strategic, risk- and economically-informed, upgrades to plant systems and infrastructure. The U.S. Department of Energy's Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) program supports the commercial nuclear industry's modernization efforts through research and development (R & D) activities across many areas to help establish the technical and economic bases for modernization activities. The Advanced Instrumentation, Information, and Control Systems Technologies pathway is one R & D focus area for the LWRS program, and has researchers at Idaho National Laboratory working with select utility partners to use human factors and instrumentation and controls R & D to help modernize the plant's main control room. However, some in the nuclear industry have not been as enthusiastic about using human factors R & D to inform life extension decision making. Part of the reason for this may stem from uncertainty decision-makers have regarding how human factors fits into the value chain for nuclear power plant control room modernization. This paper reviews past work that has attempted to demonstrate the value of human factors, and then describes the value chain concept, how it applies to control room modernization, and then makes a case for how and why human factors is an essential link in the modernization value chain.

Safety, Reliability, Human Factors, and Human Error in Nuclear Power Plants

Safety, Reliability, Human Factors, and Human Error in Nuclear Power Plants
Author : B.S. Dhillon
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-12-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :252
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Each year billions of dollars are being spent in the area of nuclear power generation to design, construct, manufacture, operate, and maintain various types of systems around the globe. Many times these systems fail due to safety, reliability, human factors, and human error related problems. The main objective of this book is to combine nuclear power plant safety, reliability, human factors, and human error into a single volume for those individuals that work closely during the nuclear power plant design phase, as well as other phases, thus eliminating the need to consult many different and diverse sources in obtaining the desired information.

Advances in Human Factors in Energy: Oil, Gas, Nuclear and Electric Power Industries

Advances in Human Factors in Energy: Oil, Gas, Nuclear and Electric Power Industries
Author : Sacit M. Cetiner,Paul Fechtelkotter,Michael Legatt
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-07-26
Category : Computers
Total pages :201
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This book addresses human factors research in energy, an emphasis on human factors applications in design, construction, and operation of nuclear, electrical power generation, and oil and gas assets. It discusses advanced strategies in the optimization of human and environmental performance, as well as personal and process safety. The book covers a wealth of topics in design and operation management of both offshore and onshore facilities, including design of control rooms, front-end engineering design (FEED), criticality analysis, offshore transport, human contributions to accidents, cognitive bias in decision making, safety-critical human tasks, and many others. Based on the AHFE 2016 International Conference on Human Factors in Energy, held on July 27-31, 2016, in Walt Disney World®, Florida, USA, the book fills an important gap in the current literature, providing readers with state-of-the-art knowledge in human factors best-practice approaches across different types of industries and energy applications.

Human Factors of Protective Clothing in the Nuclear Industry

Human Factors of Protective Clothing in the Nuclear Industry
Author : Corina P. Grace
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1997
Category :
Total pages :129
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Critical Human Factors Issues in Nuclear Power Regulation and a Recommended Comprehensive Human Factors Longe-range Plan: Executive summary

Critical Human Factors Issues in Nuclear Power Regulation and a Recommended Comprehensive Human Factors Longe-range Plan: Executive summary
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1982
Category : Human engineering
Total pages :129
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Human Factors Engineering Review Model for Advanced Nuclear Power Reactors

Human Factors Engineering Review Model for Advanced Nuclear Power Reactors
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1993
Category :
Total pages :6
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One of the major issues to emerge from the initial design reviews under the certification process was that detailed human-systems interface (HSI) design information was not available for staff review. To address the lack of design detail issue. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is performing the design certification reviews based on a design process plan which describes the human factors engineering (HFE) program elements that are necessary and sufficient to develop an acceptable detailed design specification. Since the review of a design process is unprecedented in the nuclear industry. The criteria for review are not addressed by current regulations or guidance documents and. therefore, had to be developed. Thus, an HFE Program Review Model was developed. This paper will describe the model's rationale, scope, objectives, development, general characteristics. and application.

Conference Record for 1979 IEEE Standards Workshop on Human Factors and Nuclear Safety, December 2-7, 1979, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina

Conference Record for 1979 IEEE Standards Workshop on Human Factors and Nuclear Safety, December 2-7, 1979, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina
Author : Theresa M. Schmall
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1980
Category : Human engineering
Total pages :199
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Quality Management in the Nuclear Industry

Quality Management in the Nuclear Industry
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1990
Category : Human engineering
Total pages :134
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Human Factors Considerations in New Nuclear Power Plants

Human Factors Considerations in New Nuclear Power Plants
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2008
Category :
Total pages :129
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This Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) sponsored study has identified human-performance issues in new and advanced nuclear power plants. To identify the issues, current industry developments and trends were evaluated in the areas of reactor technology, instrumentation and control technology, human-system integration technology, and human factors engineering (HFE) methods and tools. The issues were organized into seven high-level HFE topic areas: Role of Personnel and Automation, Staffing and Training, Normal Operations Management, Disturbance and Emergency Management, Maintenance and Change Management, Plant Design and Construction, and HFE Methods and Tools. The issues where then prioritized into four categories using a 'Phenomena Identification and Ranking Table' methodology based on evaluations provided by 14 independent subject matter experts. The subject matter experts were knowledgeable in a variety of disciplines. Vendors, utilities, research organizations and regulators all participated. Twenty issues were categorized into the top priority category. This Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) technical report provides the detailed methodology, issue analysis, and results. A summary of the results of this study can be found in NUREG/CR-6947. The research performed for this project has identified a large number of human-performance issues for new control stations and new nuclear power plant designs. The information gathered in this project can serve as input to the development of a long-term strategy and plan for addressing human performance in these areas through regulatory research. Addressing human-performance issues will provide the technical basis from which regulatory review guidance can be developed to meet these challenges. The availability of this review guidance will help set clear expectations for how the NRC staff will evaluate new designs, reduce regulatory uncertainty, and provide a well-defined path to new nuclear power plant licensing.