November 25, 2020

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Human Milk Biochemistry and Infant Formula Manufacturing Technology

Human Milk Biochemistry and Infant Formula Manufacturing Technology
Author : M. Guo
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-08-12
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :420
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Since infant formula substitutes for human milk, its composition must match that of human milk as closely as possible. Quality control of infant formula is also essential to ensure product safety, as infants are particularly vulnerable food consumers. This book reviews the latest research into human milk biochemistry and best practice in infant formula processing technology and quality control. The most up to date reference on infant formula processing technology Reviews both human milk biochemistry and infant formula processing technology for broad and applied coverage Focusses exclusively on infant formulae

Human Milk in the NICU

Human Milk in the NICU
Author : Lois Arnold
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release Date : 2010-10-22
Category : Family & Relationships
Total pages :490
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This unique text covers the use of banked, or stored, human milk in the hospital for premature and sick infants, and discusses the advantages of human milk feedings and the elements of hazard or risk introduced by the use of formulas, including rationales for the use of both mother’s own milk and donor human milk in the NICU. This reference also highlights domestic health policies that impact the use of human milk for sick and fragile infants, international models and policies for milk banking, the history of donor milk banking and how it came into being and ethical issues surrounding the delivery of milk banking services and donor human milk in the NICU.

Immunobiology of Human Milk

Immunobiology of Human Milk
Author : Lars A. Hanson,Lars Å Hanson
Publisher : Hale Pub L P
Release Date : 2004-01-01
Category : Health & Fitness
Total pages :241
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Immunobiology of Human Milk provides a thorough understanding of the wondrous biology of the immune components in human milk and how they protect the breastfed infant. In this book, Dr. Hanson describes the elaborate systems that have developed to protect the infant against infections and to promote the infant's growth and neurodevelopment. Dr. Hanson has been studying the immunobiology of breastmilk since 1955, publishing 650 scientific papers and editing/contributing to 19 books. He is one of the most highly respected immunobiologists/pediatricians in the world. Features included in this book include the bacterial colonization of the newborn, components of host defense, host defense of the growing baby, the pregnant mother's support of host defense in the fetus, the breastfeeding mother's support of host defense, protection against disease provided by breastfeeding, and infectious agents in breastmilk and their impact on breastfeeding.

Infant Feedings

Infant Feedings
Author : Sandra T. Robbins,Robin Meyers,American Dietetic Association. Pediatric Nutrition Practice Group
Publisher : American Dietetic Associati
Release Date : 2011
Category : Health & Fitness
Total pages :144
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Human Milk in the Feeding of Preterm Infants: Established and Debated Aspects

Human Milk in the Feeding of Preterm Infants: Established and Debated Aspects
Author : Guido Eugenio Moro,Sertac Arslanoglu
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2020-10-23
Category : Medical
Total pages :129
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Best Medicine

Best Medicine
Author : Nancy E. Wight,Jane Morton,Jae H. Kim
Publisher : Hale Pub L P
Release Date : 2008
Category : Family & Relationships
Total pages :287
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Even though NICU care has improved the survival rate for premature infants dramatically, the percent of premature and low birth weight infants continues to rise. Although the benefits of human milk for term infants are well recognized, only recently has attention been paid to the crucial role of nutrition in the long-term outcome in premature infants. The good news is that current research confirms that human milk is especially important for the preterm infant in regards to host defense, gastrointestinal development, special nutrition, and neurodevelopmental outcome. The bad news is that many health care providers and NICUs are not taking full advantage of this “liquid gold,” and are not fully supporting mothers in their desire to provide milk and breastfeed their infants. In Best Medicine: Human Milk in the NICU, neonatalogists Nancy Wight, Jane Morton, and Jae Kim discuss the use of human milk and the support of breastfeeding for the premature infant and for all NICU infants. They provide both the “why” and the “how” to enable health care providers to take full advantage of human milk, and evidence to empower mothers of NICU infants to access needed assistance. They conclude that human milk should be the standard of care for all infants, particularly preterm infants. After reading this book, you will fully appreciate why human milk is the best medicine and the best nutrition for premature infants.

Breastfeeding and Breast Milk - From Biochemistry to Impact

Breastfeeding and Breast Milk - From Biochemistry to Impact
Author : Family Larsson-Rosenquist Foundation
Publisher : Georg Thieme Verlag
Release Date : 2018-09-19
Category : Medical
Total pages :408
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An Evidence-Based Reference Book: a Key Resource for Decision Makers and Practitioners. Exploring the multifaceted, multidisciplinary and complex world of breastfeeding, breast milk and lactation. This book provides a factual, scientifically robust overview of the key topics written by leading experts at the heart of breastfeeding and breast milk. It aims to empower decision makers and practitioners with the knowledge required to increase promotion, protection and support for breastfeeding and the use of breast milk. This book is a compilation of evidence-based feature articles covering one of nature’s most valuable resources – breast milk. Based in Zug, Switzerland, the Family Larsson-Rosenquist Foundation is an independent charitable organisation that promotes research in breast milk and lactation.

Proteins and Non-protein Nitrogen in Human Milk

Proteins and Non-protein Nitrogen in Human Milk
Author : Stephanie Atkinson,Bo Lonnerdal
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2019-11-14
Category : Medical
Total pages :264
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For the first time, an entire publication has been dedicated to providing a critical review of the identification and analysis of the milk specific proteins such as lactalbumin, lactoferrin and casein; the non-milk specific proteins such as plasma and membrane proteins; and the minor nitrogen-containing components such as enzymes, hormones, and growth factors. Biological roles, whether nutritional, endocrinological or immunological, of the specific nitrogen compounds in mammary milk production and/or growth and development of the breast-fed infant are also presented. Identification of the molecular weight compounds that have led to questions about their function in milk and their inclusion in modern infant formulas is thoroughly discussed and of great value to scientists in sub-specialties of biochemistry, nutrition, physiology and immunology, as well as to pediatric practitioners with primary interests in the infant food industry, academia, or clinical nutrition. The thoroughness of each chapter, often providing an historical panorama of the specific aspect of milk composition, makes this book useful for both the uninitiated and expert audiences who are interested in advancing their knowledge of human milk biochemistry and its physiological significance to the recipient infant.

Protecting Infants through Human Milk

Protecting Infants through Human Milk
Author : Larry K. Pickering,Ardythe L. Morrow,Guillermo M. Ruiz-Palacios,Richard Schanler
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2004-08-10
Category : Medical
Total pages :525
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Protecting Infants through Human Milk: Advancing the Scientific Evidence provides a forum in which basic scientists, clinicians, epidemiologists, and policy makers exchange the latest findings regarding the effects of human milk and breastfeeding on infant and maternal health, thereby fostering new and promising collaborations. This volume also integrates data from animal and in vitro laboratory studies with clinical and population studies to examine human milk production and composition, the mechanisms of infant protection and/or risk from human milk feeding, and proposed interventions related to infant feeding practices. Additionally, it stimulates critical evaluation of, and advances in, the scientific evidence base and research methods, and identifies the research priorities in various areas.

Bioactive Components of Human Milk

Bioactive Components of Human Milk
Author : David S. Newburg
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2001-12-31
Category : Medical
Total pages :592
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The major emphasis in this book is a compilation and definition of what is known about components of human milk, including glycoconjugates, that inhibit common pathogens of the infant. Also discussed are other bioactive constituents whose relevant biological roles are also beginning to be defined. Hormonal and cytokine activity, immunomodulating and autoinflammatory agents, xenobiotics, and conditionally essential nutrients in milk could have roles in the protection of the infant, but may also participate in digestive processes, maternal--infant communication, maturation of the gut, central nervous system, and other components of infant growth and development. Like the protective activities, these are discussed in terms of their presence in milk, structures, potential functions, and structure/function relationship. Components whose role is nutritional support during early development of the infant are also included.

Prebiotics and Probiotics in Human Milk

Prebiotics and Probiotics in Human Milk
Author : Michelle McGuire,Mark A McGuire,Lars Bode
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-10-06
Category : Medical
Total pages :506
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Prebiotics and Probiotics in Human Milk: Origins and Functions of Milk-Borne Oligosaccharides and Bacteria provides a comprehensive, yet approachable, treatise on what is currently known about the origins and functions of human milk oligosaccharides (HMO), the complex sugars in milk that are not digested by the infant. The book examines how HMOs and bacteria in human milk may function independently and coordinately to influence both maternal and infant health. Human milk is the only food “designed specifically to nourish humans, indeed representing the essence of a perfect “functional food. And although researchers have been studying its composition for decades, surprisingly little is really understood about the origins and functions of its myriad components, an area that is especially true for HMOs and bacteria. This book provides a thorough review of the newest research on these inter-related milk constituents as written by a team of experts from both academia and industry who actively conduct HMO and human milk microbiome research as they endeavor to apply this new knowledge to infant nutrition. Each chapter provides objective rationale for what research is still needed in this rapidly evolving area, also discussing the challenges and opportunities faced by the industry in adding HMO and microbes to infant food products. This book is a valuable resource for nutrition researchers focused on infant nutrition, food scientists and product developers working on infant formula, and clinicians interested in broadening their understanding of the benefits of human milk for infants. Presents a reader-friendly, highly-curated text that includes a review of the literature related to origins, variability, metabolism, and functions of HMO and human milk bacteria Discusses the potential implications of HMO and milk microbiota to industry – for instance, utilization in the dairy industry and infant formula Consists of learning aids, such as pull quotes, critical summary statements, and an extensive list of published literature throughout

Human Milk

Human Milk
Author : Michelle McGuire,Deborah L. O'Connor
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-12-04
Category : Health & Fitness
Total pages :422
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Human Milk: Sampling and Measurement of Energy-Yielding Nutrients and Other Macromolecules presents comprehensive, rigorous, state-of-the-science information on the origins, analysis, concentrations and variation in energy-yielding nutrients and other macromolecules present in human milk. The book includes information on how best to collect and store milk for determining concentrations of these important milk constituents and considers how to conduct milk composition analysis in research, clinical and resource-poor settings. Written by a group of international experts who are actively conducting research related to human milk macronutrients, each chapter also provides cutting-edge rationale for what research is still needed in this evolving field. In addition, the book also outlines challenges and opportunities faced by clinicians, industry leaders and regulators interested in adding these components to infant foods, human milk nutrient fortifier and formula. Presents analytical issues and challenges Contains information regarding optimal milk collection and storage procedures for each milk component Uses a systematic treatment of common factors relating to milk composition variation (e.g., time postpartum, maternal diet) Provides a brief summary at the end of each chapter Reviews the literature related to history/discovery, analysis, isoforms, origins/transport, variability, metabolism and research gaps

The Uniqueness of Human Milk

The Uniqueness of Human Milk
Author : American Society for Clinical Nutrition
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1971
Category : Breast milk
Total pages :57
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Human Milk and Infant Formula

Human Milk and Infant Formula
Author : Vernal Packard
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-12-02
Category : Health & Fitness
Total pages :282
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Human Milk and Infant Formula focuses on human milk and infant formula as the major sources of infant food. This book discusses the basic composition of human milk and explains the significant causes of variations in vitamins, minerals, and macronutrients. Comprised of nine chapters, this monograph starts with an overview of the benefits of breast-feeding with emphasis on the disease-fighting potential of mother's milk. This text then proceeds with a discussion of breast infections, contaminants of breast milk, allergic responses, and issues of drug use. Other chapters explore the formulation and processing of infant formula. This book discusses as well the emergence of milk banks that observe precautions in obtaining, storing, and pasteurizing human milk. The final chapter deals with the inability to digest lactose properly, which is commonly known as lactose intolerance. This monograph is a valuable resource for pediatricians, nutritionists, immunologists, as well as food technologists and chemists.

Scanning for New Evidence on the Nutrient Content of Human Milk

Scanning for New Evidence on the Nutrient Content of Human Milk
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Food and Nutrition Board,Committee on Scanning for New Evidence on the Nutrient Content of Human Milk
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2020-11-13
Category : Medical
Total pages :110
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Human milk is considered the biologic norm for feeding the human infant during the first 6 months of life, and it is a preferred food from 6 to 12 months. It is a complex food and exerts its biologic effects well beyond its known nutritional value; however, human milk composition and the complexity of its composition is not wholly known or understood. Thus, defining the composition of milk, as well as both the individual and combined effects of milk components and the volume consumed on infant growth and development, is central to optimizing infant health. Furthermore, defining human milk composition, volume, and the myriad factors that influence milk components is needed for developing future Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) standards for nutrient intakes during the first 12 months of life. Scanning for New Evidence on the Nutrient Content of Human Milk examines the new and emerging evidence describing the nutrient content of human milk as well as the volume of milk consumed, both of which are needed to understand nutrient consumption by healthy breastfed infants. An evidence scan approach was used to summarize the status of the published literature on the nutrient content of human milk and to identify new evidence on nutrients in human milk that could inform the need for a systematic review as a component of the DRI process.