May 6, 2021

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Human Milk

Human Milk
Author : Michelle McGuire,Deborah L. O'Connor
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-11-22
Category : Health & Fitness
Total pages :422
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Human Milk: Sampling and Measurement of Energy-Yielding Nutrients and Other Macromolecules presents comprehensive, rigorous, state-of-the-science information on the origins, analysis, concentrations and variation in energy-yielding nutrients and other macromolecules present in human milk. The book includes information on how best to collect and store milk for determining concentrations of these important milk constituents and considers how to conduct milk composition analysis in research, clinical and resource-poor settings. Written by a group of international experts who are actively conducting research related to human milk macronutrients, each chapter also provides cutting-edge rationale for what research is still needed in this evolving field. In addition, the book also outlines challenges and opportunities faced by clinicians, industry leaders and regulators interested in adding these components to infant foods, human milk nutrient fortifier and formula. Presents analytical issues and challenges Contains information regarding optimal milk collection and storage procedures for each milk component Uses a systematic treatment of common factors relating to milk composition variation (e.g., time postpartum, maternal diet) Provides a brief summary at the end of each chapter Reviews the literature related to history/discovery, analysis, isoforms, origins/transport, variability, metabolism and research gaps

Human Milk and Lactation

Human Milk and Lactation
Author : Maria Lorella Gianni
Publisher : MDPI
Release Date : 2020-05-28
Category : Science
Total pages :368
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Human milk is uniquely tailored to meet infants’ specific nutritional requirements. However, it is more than just “milk”. This dynamic and bioactive fluid allows mother–infant signalling over lactation, guiding the infant in the developmental and physiological processes. It exerts protection and life-long biological effects, playing a crucial role in promoting healthy growth and optimal cognitive development. The latest scientific advances have provided insight into different components of human milk and their dynamic changes over time. However, the complexity of human milk composition and the synergistic mechanisms responsible for its beneficial health effects have not yet been unravelled. Filling this knowledge gap will shed light on the biology of the developing infant and will contribute to the optimization of infant feeding, particularly that of the most vulnerable infants. Greater understanding of human milk will also help in elucidating the best strategies for its storage and handling. The increasing knowledge on human milk’s bioactive compounds together with the rapidly-advancing technological achievements will greatly enhance their use as prophylactic or therapeutic agents. The current Special Issue aims to welcome original works and literature reviews further exploring the complexity of human milk composition, the mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects associated with breastfeeding, and the factors and determinants involved in lactation, including its promotion and support.

Human Milk in the NICU

Human Milk in the NICU
Author : Lois Arnold
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release Date : 2010-10-22
Category : Family & Relationships
Total pages :490
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This unique text covers the use of banked, or stored, human milk in the hospital for premature and sick infants, and discusses the advantages of human milk feedings and the elements of hazard or risk introduced by the use of formulas, including rationales for the use of both mother’s own milk and donor human milk in the NICU. This reference also highlights domestic health policies that impact the use of human milk for sick and fragile infants, international models and policies for milk banking, the history of donor milk banking and how it came into being and ethical issues surrounding the delivery of milk banking services and donor human milk in the NICU.

Human Milk Biochemistry and Infant Formula Manufacturing Technology

Human Milk Biochemistry and Infant Formula Manufacturing Technology
Author : M. Guo
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-08-12
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :420
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Since infant formula substitutes for human milk, its composition must match that of human milk as closely as possible. Quality control of infant formula is also essential to ensure product safety, as infants are particularly vulnerable food consumers. This book reviews the latest research into human milk biochemistry and best practice in infant formula processing technology and quality control. The most up to date reference on infant formula processing technology Reviews both human milk biochemistry and infant formula processing technology for broad and applied coverage Focusses exclusively on infant formulae

Immunobiology of Human Milk

Immunobiology of Human Milk
Author : Lars A. Hanson,Lars Å Hanson
Publisher : Hale Pub L P
Release Date : 2004-01-01
Category : Health & Fitness
Total pages :241
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Immunobiology of Human Milk provides a thorough understanding of the wondrous biology of the immune components in human milk and how they protect the breastfed infant. In this book, Dr. Hanson describes the elaborate systems that have developed to protect the infant against infections and to promote the infant's growth and neurodevelopment. Dr. Hanson has been studying the immunobiology of breastmilk since 1955, publishing 650 scientific papers and editing/contributing to 19 books. He is one of the most highly respected immunobiologists/pediatricians in the world. Features included in this book include the bacterial colonization of the newborn, components of host defense, host defense of the growing baby, the pregnant mother's support of host defense in the fetus, the breastfeeding mother's support of host defense, protection against disease provided by breastfeeding, and infectious agents in breastmilk and their impact on breastfeeding.

Prebiotics and Probiotics in Human Milk

Prebiotics and Probiotics in Human Milk
Author : Michelle McGuire,Mark A McGuire,Lars Bode
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-10-06
Category : Medical
Total pages :506
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Prebiotics and Probiotics in Human Milk: Origins and Functions of Milk-Borne Oligosaccharides and Bacteria provides a comprehensive, yet approachable, treatise on what is currently known about the origins and functions of human milk oligosaccharides (HMO), the complex sugars in milk that are not digested by the infant. The book examines how HMOs and bacteria in human milk may function independently and coordinately to influence both maternal and infant health. Human milk is the only food “designed specifically to nourish humans, indeed representing the essence of a perfect “functional food. And although researchers have been studying its composition for decades, surprisingly little is really understood about the origins and functions of its myriad components, an area that is especially true for HMOs and bacteria. This book provides a thorough review of the newest research on these inter-related milk constituents as written by a team of experts from both academia and industry who actively conduct HMO and human milk microbiome research as they endeavor to apply this new knowledge to infant nutrition. Each chapter provides objective rationale for what research is still needed in this rapidly evolving area, also discussing the challenges and opportunities faced by the industry in adding HMO and microbes to infant food products. This book is a valuable resource for nutrition researchers focused on infant nutrition, food scientists and product developers working on infant formula, and clinicians interested in broadening their understanding of the benefits of human milk for infants. Presents a reader-friendly, highly-curated text that includes a review of the literature related to origins, variability, metabolism, and functions of HMO and human milk bacteria Discusses the potential implications of HMO and milk microbiota to industry – for instance, utilization in the dairy industry and infant formula Consists of learning aids, such as pull quotes, critical summary statements, and an extensive list of published literature throughout

Human Milk and Infant Formula

Human Milk and Infant Formula
Author : Vernal Packard
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-12-02
Category : Health & Fitness
Total pages :282
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Human Milk and Infant Formula focuses on human milk and infant formula as the major sources of infant food. This book discusses the basic composition of human milk and explains the significant causes of variations in vitamins, minerals, and macronutrients. Comprised of nine chapters, this monograph starts with an overview of the benefits of breast-feeding with emphasis on the disease-fighting potential of mother's milk. This text then proceeds with a discussion of breast infections, contaminants of breast milk, allergic responses, and issues of drug use. Other chapters explore the formulation and processing of infant formula. This book discusses as well the emergence of milk banks that observe precautions in obtaining, storing, and pasteurizing human milk. The final chapter deals with the inability to digest lactose properly, which is commonly known as lactose intolerance. This monograph is a valuable resource for pediatricians, nutritionists, immunologists, as well as food technologists and chemists.

The Lipids of Human Milk

The Lipids of Human Milk
Author : Robert Gordon Jensen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-01-18
Category : Medical
Total pages :224
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Methods for determining, isolating and identifying human milk lipids, together with problems associated with sampling and analysis, are described in some detail in the first 3 chapters of this book. Factors affecting total lipid content of human milk, lipid classification, fatty acids, the milk fat globule membrane, fat-soluble vitamins and nutritional aspects of human milk lipids are also extensively reviewed in Chapters 4-9.

Guidelines for the Establishment and Operation of a Donor Human Milk Bank

Guidelines for the Establishment and Operation of a Donor Human Milk Bank
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1994
Category : Breast milk
Total pages :14
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Bioactive Components of Human Milk

Bioactive Components of Human Milk
Author : David S. Newburg
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2001-12-31
Category : Medical
Total pages :592
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The major emphasis in this book is a compilation and definition of what is known about components of human milk, including glycoconjugates, that inhibit common pathogens of the infant. Also discussed are other bioactive constituents whose relevant biological roles are also beginning to be defined. Hormonal and cytokine activity, immunomodulating and autoinflammatory agents, xenobiotics, and conditionally essential nutrients in milk could have roles in the protection of the infant, but may also participate in digestive processes, maternal--infant communication, maturation of the gut, central nervous system, and other components of infant growth and development. Like the protective activities, these are discussed in terms of their presence in milk, structures, potential functions, and structure/function relationship. Components whose role is nutritional support during early development of the infant are also included.

Chemical Contaminants in Human Milk

Chemical Contaminants in Human Milk
Author : Allan Astrup Jensen,Stuart A. Slorach
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1990-11-20
Category : Medical
Total pages :640
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Chemical Contaminants in Human Milk contains a comprehensive, up-to-date global review of the contamination of human milk with environmental and occupational chemicals. The book covers many different aspects of this problem, including the extent and benefits of breast-feeding, the transfer of chemicals into breast milk, analytical methodologies used in human milk studies, the levels of chemical contaminants in human milk, and geographical variations and time trends in levels. The many different factors that can influence the levels of contaminants in breast milk are also discussed. Other important topics examined include human milk contamination due to exposure of the mother at the workplace and the risk to her baby, the intake of toxic chemicals by breast-fed infants, calculated intakes and official limit values, the toxicological implications of human milk contamination based on available data from animal experiments and human studies. The book concludes with an overall assessment of the current situation, together with recommendations for future work. Chemical Contaminants in Human Milk is a valuable source of information for pediatricians and other health professionals, policy makers involved with ensuring the health and welfare of infants and nursing mothers, nursing mothers and organizations involved in the promotion of breast feeding, and individuals and organizations involved with the study and control of environmental pollution and occupational hygiene.

Research Awards Index

Research Awards Index
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1984
Category : Medicine
Total pages :129
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Infant Feedings

Infant Feedings
Author : Sandra T. Robbins,Robin Meyers,American Dietetic Association. Pediatric Nutrition Practice Group
Publisher : American Dietetic Associati
Release Date : 2011
Category : Health & Fitness
Total pages :144
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Cumulated Index Medicus

Cumulated Index Medicus
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1983
Category : Medicine
Total pages :129
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Human Milk Biochemistry and Infant Formula Manufacturing Technology

Human Milk Biochemistry and Infant Formula Manufacturing Technology
Author : Mingruo Guo
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2020-09-24
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :422
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Human Milk Biochemistry and Infant Formula Manufacturing Technology, Second Edition covers the history of bottle feeding, its advantages and disadvantages when compared with breast-feeding, human milk biochemistry, trends and new developments in infant formula formulation and manufacturing, and best practices in infant formula processing technology and quality control. The book also covers human milk proteomics as a new, separate chapter and provides additional information on infant formula clinical trial guidelines. In addition, the book includes information about the formulation and processing of premature and low birth weight infant formula. This book is sure to be a welcome resource for professionals in the food and infant formula industry, academics and graduate students in fields like nutrition, food sciences, or nursing, nutritionists and health professionals, government officials working in relevant departments, and finally, anyone interested in human milk and infant formula. Reviews both human milk biochemistry and infant formula processing technology for broad coverage Features a comprehensive review on the human milk protein profile using proteomics technology Contains information on infant formula processing technology Provides guidelines on infant formula clinical trials and related topics