November 26, 2020

Download Ebook Free Human Physiology In Extreme Environments

Human Physiology in Extreme Environments

Human Physiology in Extreme Environments
Author : Hanns-Christian Gunga
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-10-18
Category : Science
Total pages :374
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Human Physiology in Extreme Environments, Second Edition, offers evidence on how human biology and physiology is affected by extreme environments, also highlighting technological innovations that allow us to adapt and regulate environments. Covering a broad range of extreme environments, including high altitude, underwater, tropical climates, desert climates, arctic climates and space travel, the book also includes case studies that can be used to illustrate practical application. Graduate students, medical students and researchers will find this to be an interesting, informative and useful resource for human physiology, environmental physiology and medical studies. Includes coverage of current global challenges and their consequences on human physiology and performance Presents human physiological challenges in extreme environments Provides an excellent source of information on paleontological and anthropological aspects Offers practical medical and scientific uses of current concepts

Exam Prep for: Human Physiology in Extreme Environments

Exam Prep for: Human Physiology in Extreme Environments
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2020
Category :
Total pages :129
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Coping With Extreme Environments: A Physiological/Psychological Approach

Coping With Extreme Environments: A Physiological/Psychological Approach
Author : Costantino Balestra,Jacek Kot,Shai Efrati,François Guerrero,Jean-Eric Blatteau,Stéphane Besnard
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2019-06-25
Category :
Total pages :229
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Understanding how humans cope in extreme environments has expanded our knowledge of the physiological and psychological challenges involved and helped us to quit our comfortable paradigms built on “steady states”. Furthermore, measuring our reactions to intermittent stressors and determining the oscillations of our coping mechanisms has led us to unexpected understandings. This methodology has also directly improved our translational or multidisciplinary approach to the subject. Studying healthy individuals in extreme environments could improve our understanding of patients with impaired physiological capacities (who are coping with an environment that becomes extreme to them) and also improve our understanding of physiology and psychology in the elderly.This eBook collects articles that address this translational multidisciplinary approach in an integrative way. As a whole, this Research Topic aims to better understand human/animal physiology and psychology.

Physiology in Extreme Conditions: Adaptations and Unexpected Reactions

Physiology in Extreme Conditions: Adaptations and Unexpected Reactions
Author : Maria G. Trivella,Enrico Capobianco,Antonio L’Abbate
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2017-11-30
Category :
Total pages :129
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Physiology in extreme conditions can reveal important reactions of the human body, which help our assessment of limits emerging under healthy conditions and critical signals of transition toward disease. While many mechanisms could simply be associated with adaptations, others refer to unexpected reactions in response to internal stimuli and/or external abrupt changes.

Human Environmental Physiology

Human Environmental Physiology
Author : Michael Tipton,Mike Tipton,Igor Mekjavic,Mark Hetherington
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2014-08-15
Category : Medical
Total pages :376
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Most of the Earth’s surface is covered by water, desert, ice or mountains. Thus for humans (a sub-tropical, low altitude, air-breathing animal) most of the planet represents a hostile environment. This important new book presents an in-depth introduction to human physiological and psychological responses to extreme environments, as well as methods for selecting, preparing and protecting individuals that enter those environments. Drawing on a wide range of cutting edge scientific sources, including the latest research in molecular biology, the book examines human responses to short and long term exposure to heat, cold air and water, pressure, altitude, microgravity and environmental pollution. Each section contains a detailed introduction to the core science, outlines the typical hazards associated with each environment and includes recommendations for mitigating decrements in performance and threats to life – such as acclimatization and protective clothing. The book also traces an important evolutionary theme, explaining the physiological implications of mankind’s migration from sub-tropical origins to all corners of the planet and into space. Human Environmental Physiology contains case studies, data, summaries and illustrations throughout, as well as an appendix outlining the most important methodologies and techniques employed in environmental research. It is essential reading for all students and researchers working in sport and exercise, physiology, medicine or biomedical science.

Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Mammals

Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Mammals
Author : Philip C. Withers,Christine E. Cooper,Ariovaldo P. Cruz Neto,Francisco Bozinovic
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2016-09-15
Category :
Total pages :560
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Mammals are the so-called "pinnacle" group of vertebrates, successfully colonising virtually all terrestrial environments as well as the air (bats) and sea (especially pinnipeds and cetaceans). How mammals function and survive in these diverse environments has long fascinated mammologists, comparative physiologists and ecologists. Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Mammals explores the physiological mechanisms and evolutionary necessities that have made the spectacular adaptation of mammals possible. It summarises our current knowledge of the complex and sophisticated physiological approaches that mammals have for survival in a wide variety of ecological and environmental contexts: terrestrial, aerial, and aquatic. The authors have a strong comparative and quantitative focus in their broad approach to exploring mammal ecophysiology. As with other books in the Ecological and Environmental Physiology Series, the emphasis is on the unique physiological characteristics of mammals, their adaptations to extreme environments, and current experimental techniques and future research directions are also considered. This accessible text is suitable for graduate level students and researchers in the fields of mammalian comparative physiology and physiological ecology, including specialist courses in mammal ecology. It will also be of value and use to the many professional mammologists requiring a concise overview of the topic.

Extremophile Fishes

Extremophile Fishes
Author : Rüdiger Riesch,Michael Tobler,Martin Plath
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-01-24
Category : Science
Total pages :326
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This book summarizes the key adaptations enabling extremophile fishes to survive under harsh environmental conditions. It reviews the most recent research on acidic, Antarctic, cave, desert, hypersaline, hypoxic, temporary, and fast-flowing habitats, as well as naturally and anthropogenically toxic waters, while pointing out generalities that are evident across different study systems. Knowledge of the different adaptations that allow fish to cope with stressful environmental conditions furthers our understanding of basic physiological, ecological, and evolutionary principles. In several cases, evidence is provided for how the adaptation to extreme environments promotes the emergence of new species. Furthermore, a link is made to conservation biology, and how human activities have exacerbated existing extreme environments and created new ones. The book concludes with a discussion of major open questions in our understanding of the ecology and evolution of life in extreme environments.

Higher and Colder

Higher and Colder
Author : Vanessa Heggie
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2019
Category : Cold regions
Total pages :264
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During the long twentieth century, explorers went in unprecedented numbers to the hottest, coldest, and highest points on the globe. Taking us from the Himalaya to Antarctica and beyond, Higher and Colder presents the first history of extreme physiology, the study of the human body at its physical limits. Each chapter explores a seminal question in the history of science, while also showing how the apparently exotic locations and experiments contributed to broader political and social shifts in twentieth-century scientific thinking. Unlike most books on modern biomedicine, Higher and Colder focuses on fieldwork, expeditions, and exploration, and in doing so provides a welcome alternative to laboratory-dominated accounts of the history of modern life sciences. Though centered on male-dominated practices--science and exploration--it recovers the stories of women's contributions that were sometimes accidentally, and sometimes deliberately, erased. Engaging and provocative, this book is a history of the scientists and physiologists who face challenges that are physically demanding, frequently dangerous, and sometimes fatal, in the interest of advancing modern science and pushing the boundaries of human ability.

Human Thermal Environments

Human Thermal Environments
Author : Ken Parsons
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2007-03-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :560
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Our responses to our thermal environment have a considerable effect on our performance and behavior, not least in the realm of work. There has been considerable scientific investigation of these responses and formal methods have been developed for environmental evaluation and design. In recent years these have been developed to the extent that detailed national and international standards of practice have now become feasible. This new edition of Ken Parson's definitive text brings us back up to date. He covers hot, moderate and cold environments, and defines these in terms of six basic parameters: air temperature, radiate temperature, humidity, air velocity, clothing worn, and the person's activity. There is a focus on the principles and practice of human response, which incorporates psychology, physiology and environmental physics with applied ergonomics. Water requirements, computer modeling and computer-aided design are brought in, as are current standards. Special populations, such as the aged or disabled and specialist environments such as those found in vehicles are also considered. This book continues to be the standard text for the design of environments for humans to live and work safely, comfortably and effectively, and for the design of materials which help the same people cope with their environments.

The Biology of Human Survival

The Biology of Human Survival
Author : Claude A. Piantadosi
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date : 2003
Category : Medical
Total pages :263
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The range of environments in which people can survive is extensive, yet most of the natural world cannot support human life. The Biology of Human Survival identifies the key determinants of life or death in extreme environments from a physiologist's perspective, integrating modern concepts of stress, tolerance, and adaptation into explanations of life under Nature's most austere conditions. The book examines how individuals survive when faced with extremes of immersion, heat, cold or altitude, emphasizing the body's recognition of stress and the brain's role in optimizing physiological function in order to provide time to escape or to adapt. In illustrating how human biology adapts to extremes, the book also explains how we learn to cope by blending behavior and biology, first by trial and error, then by rigorous scientific observation, and finally by technological innovation. The book describes life-support technology and how it enables humans to enter once unendurable realm, from the depths of the ocean to the upper reaches of the atmosphere and beyond. Finally, it explores the role that advanced technology might play in special environments of the future, such as long journeys into space.

Advanced Environmental Exercise Physiology

Advanced Environmental Exercise Physiology
Author : Stephen S. Cheung
Publisher : Human Kinetics Publishers
Release Date : 2010
Category : Medical
Total pages :255
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This text addresses the primary environmental factors affecting people when they are exercising and competing in sport and provides evidence-based information with numerous references.

Textbook of Sports and Exercise Cardiology

Textbook of Sports and Exercise Cardiology
Author : Axel Pressler
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020
Category :
Total pages :129
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Environmental Physiology of Animals

Environmental Physiology of Animals
Author : Pat Willmer,Graham Stone,Ian Johnston
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2009-03-12
Category : Science
Total pages :768
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The new and updated edition of this accessible text provides a comprehensive overview of the comparative physiology of animals within an environmental context. Includes two brand new chapters on Nerves and Muscles and the Endocrine System. Discusses both comparative systems physiology and environmental physiology. Analyses and integrates problems and adaptations for each kind of environment: marine, seashore and estuary, freshwater, terrestrial and parasitic. Examines mechanisms and responses beyond physiology. Applies an evolutionary perspective to the analysis of environmental adaptation. Provides modern molecular biology insights into the mechanistic basis of adaptation, and takes the level of analysis beyond the cell to the membrane, enzyme and gene. Incorporates more varied material from a wide range of animal types, with less of a focus purely on terrestrial reptiles, birds and mammals and rather more about the spectacularly successful strategies of invertebrates. A companion site for this book with artwork for downloading is available at: www.blackwellpublishing.com/willmer/

Nutritional Needs in Cold and High-Altitude Environments

Nutritional Needs in Cold and High-Altitude Environments
Author : Institute of Medicine,Committee on Military Nutrition Research
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 1996-05-15
Category : Medical
Total pages :584
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This book reviews the research pertaining to nutrient requirements for working in cold or in high-altitude environments and states recommendations regarding the application of this information to military operational rations. It addresses whether, aside from increased energy demands, cold or high-altitude environments elicit an increased demand or requirement for specific nutrients, and whether performance in cold or high-altitude environments can be enhanced by the provision of increased amounts of specific nutrients.

Performing in Extreme Environments

Performing in Extreme Environments
Author : Lawrence E. Armstrong
Publisher : Human Kinetics 1
Release Date : 2000
Category : Sports & Recreation
Total pages :333
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Do you work or exercise in intense heat, frigid cold, high altitude, deep water, or polluted air? If so, Dr. Lawrence Armstrong will help you perform in those elements. This one-of-a-kind reference is your best guide to surviving and thriving in harsh environmental conditions.