June 12, 2021

Download Ebook Free Human Physiology In Extreme Environments

Human Physiology in Extreme Environments

Human Physiology in Extreme Environments
Author : Hanns-Christian Gunga
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-11-26
Category : Science
Total pages :336
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Human Physiology in Extreme Environments is the one publication that offers how human biology and physiology is affected by extreme environments while highlighting technological innovations that allow us to adapt and regulate environments. Covering a broad range of extreme environments, including high altitude, underwater, tropical climates, and desert and arctic climates as well as space travel, this book will include case studies for practical application. Graduate students, medical students and researchers will find Human Physiology in Extreme Environments an interesting, informative and useful resource for human physiology, environmental physiology and medical studies. Presents human physiological challenges in Extreme Environments combined in one single resource Provides an excellent source of information regarding paleontological and anthropological aspects Offers practical medical and scientific use of current concepts

The Biology of Human Survival

The Biology of Human Survival
Author : Claude A. Piantadosi
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date : 2003
Category : Medical
Total pages :263
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The range of environments in which people can survive is extensive, yet most of the natural world cannot support human life. The Biology of Human Survival identifies the key determinants of life or death in extreme environments from a physiologist's perspective, integrating modern concepts of stress, tolerance, and adaptation into explanations of life under Nature's most austere conditions. The book examines how individuals survive when faced with extremes of immersion, heat, cold or altitude, emphasizing the body's recognition of stress and the brain's role in optimizing physiological function in order to provide time to escape or to adapt. In illustrating how human biology adapts to extremes, the book also explains how we learn to cope by blending behavior and biology, first by trial and error, then by rigorous scientific observation, and finally by technological innovation. The book describes life-support technology and how it enables humans to enter once unendurable realm, from the depths of the ocean to the upper reaches of the atmosphere and beyond. Finally, it explores the role that advanced technology might play in special environments of the future, such as long journeys into space.

Human Physiology in Extreme Environments

Human Physiology in Extreme Environments
Author : Hanns-Christian Gunga
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-10-18
Category : Science
Total pages :374
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Human Physiology in Extreme Environments, Second Edition, offers evidence on how human biology and physiology is affected by extreme environments, also highlighting technological innovations that allow us to adapt and regulate environments. Covering a broad range of extreme environments, including high altitude, underwater, tropical climates, desert climates, arctic climates and space travel, the book also includes case studies that can be used to illustrate practical application. Graduate students, medical students and researchers will find this to be an interesting, informative and useful resource for human physiology, environmental physiology and medical studies. Includes coverage of current global challenges and their consequences on human physiology and performance Presents human physiological challenges in extreme environments Provides an excellent source of information on paleontological and anthropological aspects Offers practical medical and scientific uses of current concepts

Higher and Colder

Higher and Colder
Author : Vanessa Heggie
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2019
Category : Cold regions
Total pages :264
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During the long twentieth century, explorers went in unprecedented numbers to the hottest, coldest, and highest points on the globe. Taking us from the Himalaya to Antarctica and beyond, Higher and Colder presents the first history of extreme physiology, the study of the human body at its physical limits. Each chapter explores a seminal question in the history of science, while also showing how the apparently exotic locations and experiments contributed to broader political and social shifts in twentieth-century scientific thinking. Unlike most books on modern biomedicine, Higher and Colder focuses on fieldwork, expeditions, and exploration, and in doing so provides a welcome alternative to laboratory-dominated accounts of the history of modern life sciences. Though centered on male-dominated practices--science and exploration--it recovers the stories of women's contributions that were sometimes accidentally, and sometimes deliberately, erased. Engaging and provocative, this book is a history of the scientists and physiologists who face challenges that are physically demanding, frequently dangerous, and sometimes fatal, in the interest of advancing modern science and pushing the boundaries of human ability.

Extremophile Fishes

Extremophile Fishes
Author : Rüdiger Riesch,Michael Tobler,Martin Plath
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-01-24
Category : Science
Total pages :326
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This book summarizes the key adaptations enabling extremophile fishes to survive under harsh environmental conditions. It reviews the most recent research on acidic, Antarctic, cave, desert, hypersaline, hypoxic, temporary, and fast-flowing habitats, as well as naturally and anthropogenically toxic waters, while pointing out generalities that are evident across different study systems. Knowledge of the different adaptations that allow fish to cope with stressful environmental conditions furthers our understanding of basic physiological, ecological, and evolutionary principles. In several cases, evidence is provided for how the adaptation to extreme environments promotes the emergence of new species. Furthermore, a link is made to conservation biology, and how human activities have exacerbated existing extreme environments and created new ones. The book concludes with a discussion of major open questions in our understanding of the ecology and evolution of life in extreme environments.

Coping With Extreme Environments: A Physiological/Psychological Approach

Coping With Extreme Environments: A Physiological/Psychological Approach
Author : Costantino Balestra,Jacek Kot,Shai Efrati,François Guerrero,Jean-Eric Blatteau,Stéphane Besnard
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2019-06-25
Category :
Total pages :229
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Understanding how humans cope in extreme environments has expanded our knowledge of the physiological and psychological challenges involved and helped us to quit our comfortable paradigms built on “steady states”. Furthermore, measuring our reactions to intermittent stressors and determining the oscillations of our coping mechanisms has led us to unexpected understandings. This methodology has also directly improved our translational or multidisciplinary approach to the subject. Studying healthy individuals in extreme environments could improve our understanding of patients with impaired physiological capacities (who are coping with an environment that becomes extreme to them) and also improve our understanding of physiology and psychology in the elderly.This eBook collects articles that address this translational multidisciplinary approach in an integrative way. As a whole, this Research Topic aims to better understand human/animal physiology and psychology.

Comparative Physiology of Environmental Adaptations

Comparative Physiology of Environmental Adaptations
Author : European Society for Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry. Conference
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1987
Category : Adaptation (Physiology)
Total pages :615
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Human Environmental Physiology

Human Environmental Physiology
Author : Michael Tipton,Mike Tipton,Mark Hetherington
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2014-08-15
Category : Medical
Total pages :376
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Most of the Earth’s surface is covered by water, desert, ice or mountains. Thus for humans (a sub-tropical, low altitude, air-breathing animal) most of the planet represents a hostile environment. This important new book presents an in-depth introduction to human physiological and psychological responses to extreme environments, as well as methods for selecting, preparing and protecting individuals that enter those environments. Drawing on a wide range of cutting edge scientific sources, including the latest research in molecular biology, the book examines human responses to short and long term exposure to heat, cold air and water, pressure, altitude, microgravity and environmental pollution. Each section contains a detailed introduction to the core science, outlines the typical hazards associated with each environment and includes recommendations for mitigating decrements in performance and threats to life – such as acclimatization and protective clothing. The book also traces an important evolutionary theme, explaining the physiological implications of mankind’s migration from sub-tropical origins to all corners of the planet and into space. Human Environmental Physiology contains case studies, data, summaries and illustrations throughout, as well as an appendix outlining the most important methodologies and techniques employed in environmental research. It is essential reading for all students and researchers working in sport and exercise, physiology, medicine or biomedical science.

Adaptations to Extreme Environments

Adaptations to Extreme Environments
Author : European Society for Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry. Conference,Pierre Dejours
Publisher : S. Karger AG (Switzerland)
Release Date : 1987
Category : Adaptation (Physiology)
Total pages :224
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Nathan Zuntz

Nathan Zuntz
Author : Hanns-Christian Gunga
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2009-02-27
Category : Science
Total pages :272
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This book focuses on the life and work of Nathan Zuntz (1847-1920), a German physiologist, who made significant contributions to high altitude physiology and aviation medicine. He achieved fame for his invention of the Zuntz-Geppert respiratory apparatus in 1886 and the first treadmill (Laufband) in 1889. He also invented an X-ray apparatus to observe cardiac changes during exercise and constructed a climate chamber to study exercise under varying and sometimes extreme climates. * Focuses on Zuntz's contribution to high altitude physiology and aviation medicine

Life at the Extremes

Life at the Extremes
Author : Frances Ashcroft
Publisher : HarperCollins UK
Release Date : 2010-08-19
Category : Science
Total pages :352
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The debut of a female Steve Jones – likeable, literate, lucid and laconic. A sprightly, lavishly illustrated book on the science of human survival.

Bioengineering in Extreme Environments

Bioengineering in Extreme Environments
Author : Mary McMahon,Lesley Frame
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2020-07-10
Category :
Total pages :206
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Bioengineering in Extreme Environments is an engaging text that supports students' education in both technology and the natural world. Students learn about natural science, human body responses, and various technologies that enable or could enable humans to thrive in extreme environments. The text demystifies technology for readers, demonstrating that many technologies are simply well-developed solutions to everyday problems. Over the course of 11 chapters, students visit Death Valley, Antarctica, the Great Salt Lake, Chernobyl, Jupiter, Mt. Everest, and other extreme locations to learn about their environments, effects on the human body, and the types of technology they each would require for human survival. Each chapter includes learning objectives, the core text, and instructions and assignments for small groups. Students are challenged to work together to cultivate knowledge, complete interactive homework assignments, and answer thought-provoking questions. Embracing active learning and interdisciplinary knowledge-building, Bioengineering in Extreme Environments is an ideal textbook for undergraduate general education courses in science and the natural world. Mary D. Frame is a professor in the Department of Biomedical Engineering at Stony Brook University, where she teaches courses in biomedical engineering, bioengineering in extreme environments, clinical challenges for the 21st century, nanotechnology, quantitative physiology, and more. She holds a Ph.D. in physiology and A.B. in biology from the University of Missouri-Columbia. Lesley D. Frame is an assistant professor of materials science and engineering in the Institute of Materials Science and the director of the Center for Materials Processing Data at the University of Connecticut. She holds a Ph.D. from the University of Arizona and SB from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dr. Frame's research interests include metals processing, manufacturing, corrosion, residual stress, phase transformations, and structure/property/processing relationships.

Bioengineering in Extreme Environments

Bioengineering in Extreme Environments
Author : Mary D. McMahon,Lesley D. Frame
Publisher : Cognella Academic Publishing
Release Date : 2020-07-18
Category :
Total pages :129
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Bioengineering in Extreme Environments is an engaging text that supports students' education in both technology and the natural world. Students learn about natural science, human body responses, and various technologies that enable or could enable humans to thrive in extreme environments. The text demystifies technology for readers, demonstrating that many technologies are simply well-developed solutions to everyday problems. Over the course of 11 chapters, students visit Death Valley, Antarctica, the Great Salt Lake, Chernobyl, Jupiter, Mt. Everest, and other extreme locations to learn about their environments, effects on the human body, and the types of technology they each would require for human survival. Each chapter includes learning objectives, the core text, and instructions and assignments for small groups. Students are challenged to work together to cultivate knowledge, complete interactive homework assignments, and answer thought-provoking questions. Embracing active learning and interdisciplinary knowledge-building, Bioengineering in Extreme Environments is an ideal textbook for undergraduate general education courses in science and the natural world.

Human Performance in Extreme Environments

Human Performance in Extreme Environments
Author : Jason Kring,John Barnett,Peter Suedfeld
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2011-03-28
Category :
Total pages :280
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Human Performance in Extreme Environments focuses on the physiological, psychological and social factors that affect how people live and work in a number of extreme settings and occupations. It offers readers a unique balance between factual information derived from scientific research and observations based on the experience and anecdotal reports of men and women who work in such environments. The book also discusses specific occupations in which people are exposed to hazardous and unusual conditions, such as firefighting, search and rescue, and military combat. In addition to reviewing extreme environments and related occupations, the primary purpose of the book is to highlight the similarities and differences between such settings and demonstrate that lessons learned from one environment can be applied to other environments. Ultimately, it is intended that this volume will serve as a valuable reference and help lower the boundaries between different domains and organizations in order to improve our collective understanding of human performance in severely challenging environments. Each chapter follows the same format to facilitate its use as a reference source, to help readers find information easily under a consistent heading structure. All chapters are written by at least one academic author together with an author with applied or "real world" experience in the environment or occupation. Human Performance in Extreme Environments will appeal to researchers, students, practitioners and anyone with an interest in how people react to and perform under physically and mentally challenging conditions.

At The Human Edge: The Limits Of Human Physiology And Performance

At The Human Edge: The Limits Of Human Physiology And Performance
Author : Marcus Ranney
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2020-11-19
Category : Medical
Total pages :228
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The book is a non fiction-based piece of popular science which unravels the amazing adaptive physiological responses that our bodies undergo as we push it to the limits in extreme sports and natural environments. Each chapter captures the history, geography and physical challenges which our bodies face when we as a species have tried to conquer the great outdoors. From Mt Everest to the South Pole, from a journey to Mars to the bottom of the Mariana trench, the book makes the subject accessible to readers, with a basic knowledge of science, and also tries to bring in the author's own personal experiences and those of many legends from this sphere.For the reader (someone interested in science, particularly the life sciences or those who enjoy the outdoors and partake in extreme sports and outdoor activities), this is aimed to make physiology accessible and relatable, not as a piece of academic text.The reader will come away with a stronger understanding of human physiology (particularly at the extreme), how the body first deteriorates, then adapts and finally excels when faced with running a marathon, summiting Everest or going to Mars. Its cross functional nature, being a piece of non-fiction / popular science with personal anecdotes and history mixed in, will make for an interesting and memorable reading.