January 24, 2021

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Industrial Biorefineries and White Biotechnology

Industrial Biorefineries and White Biotechnology
Author : Ashok Pandey,Rainer Höfer,Mohammad Taherzadeh,Madhavan Nampoothiri,Christian Larroche
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-05-08
Category : Science
Total pages :730
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Industrial Biorefineries and White Biotechnology provides a comprehensive look at the increasing focus on developing the processes and technologies needed for the conversion of biomass to liquid and gaseous fuels and chemicals, in particular, the development of low-cost technologies. During the last 3-4 years, there have been scientific and technological developments in the area; this book represents the most updated information and technological perspective on the topic. Provides information on the most advanced and innovative pretreatment processes and technologies for biomass Covers information on lignocellulosic and algal biomass to work on the principles of biorefinery Provides information on integration of processes for the pretreatment of biomass Designed as a textbook for both graduate students and researchers

The Biobased Economy

The Biobased Economy
Author : Hans Langeveld,Johan Sanders,Marieke Meeusen
Publisher : Earthscan
Release Date : 2012
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :416
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The impending threats of catastrophic climate change and peak oil are driving our society towards increased use of biomass for energy, chemical compounds and other materials - the beginnings of a biobased economy. As alternative development models for the biobased economy emerge, we need to determine potential applications, their perspectives and possible impacts as well as policies that can steer technological and market development in such a way that our objectives are met. Currently, it is still far from clear what will be the most sustainable routes to follow, which technologies should be included, and how their development will affect, and be affected by, research, public opinion and policy and market forces. This groundbreaking work, edited by a group of leading researchers originally from Wageningen Agricultural University in the Netherlands, sets out to unpick the complex systems in play. It provides an illuminating framework for how policy and market players could and should drive the development of a biobased economy that is effective, sustainable, fair and cost efficient. Starting with a state-of-the-art overview of major biobased technologies, including biorefinery and technologies for the production of biofuels, biogas, biomass feedstocks for chemistry and bioplastics, it discusses how different actor groups interact through policy and markets. Information from case studies is used to demonstrate how the potential of the biobased economy in different parts of the world, such as North America, Europe, and emerging economies like China and Brazil can be realised using research, debate, policy and commercial development. The result is an essential resource for all those working in or concerned with biobased industries, their policy or research.

Novel Process Windows

Novel Process Windows
Author : Volker Hessel,Dana Kralisch,Norbert Kockmann
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-12-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :324
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This book introduces the concept of novel process windows, focusing on cost improvements, safety, energy and eco-efficiency throughout each step of the process. The first part presents the new reactor and process-related technologies, introducing the potential and benefit analysis. The core of the book details scenarios for unusual parameter sets and the new holistic and systemic approach to processing, while the final part analyses the implications for green and cost-efficient processing. With its practical approach, this is invaluable reading for those working in the pharmaceutical, fine chemicals, fuels and oils industries.

Biomass Supply Chains for Bioenergy and Biorefining

Biomass Supply Chains for Bioenergy and Biorefining
Author : Jens Holm-Nielsen,Ehiaze Augustine Ehimen
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2016-02-23
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :410
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Biomass Supply Chains for Bioenergy and Biorefining highlights the emergence of energy generation through the use of biomass and the ways it is becoming more widely used. The supply chains that produce the feedstocks, harvest, transport, store, and prepare them for combustion or refinement into other forms of fuel are long and complex, often differing from feedstock to feedstock. Biomass Supply Chains for Bioenergy and Biorefining considers every aspect of these supply chains, including their design, management, socioeconomic, and environmental impacts. The first part of the book introduces supply chains, biomass feedstocks, and their analysis, while the second part looks at the harvesting, handling, storage, and transportation of biomass. The third part studies the modeling of supply chains and their management, with the final section discussing, in minute detail, the supply chains involved in the production and usage of individual feedstocks, such as wood and sugar starches, oil crops, industrial biomass wastes, and municipal sewage stocks. Focuses on the complex supply chains of the various potential feedstocks for biomass energy generation Studies a wide range of biomass feedstocks, including woody energy crops, sugar and starch crops, lignocellulosic crops, oil crops, grass crops, algae, and biomass waste Reviews the modeling and optimization, standards, quality control and traceability, socioeconomic, and environmental impacts of supply chains

24th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering

24th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-06-20
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :1954
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The 24th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering creates an international forum where scientific and industrial contributions of computer-aided techniques are presented with applications in process modeling and simulation, process synthesis and design, operation, and process optimization. The organizers have broadened the boundaries of Process Systems Engineering by inviting contributions at different scales of modeling and demonstrating vertical and horizontal integration. Contributions range from applications at the molecular level to the strategic level of the supply chain and sustainable development. They cover major classical themes, at the same time exploring a new range of applications that address the production of renewable forms of energy, environmental footprints and sustainable use of resources and water.

Life-Cycle Assessment of Biorefineries

Life-Cycle Assessment of Biorefineries
Author : Edgard Gnansounou,Ashok Pandey
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2016-12-20
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :322
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Life-Cycle Assessment of Biorefineries, the sixth and last book in the series on biomass-biorefineries discusses the unprecedented growth and development in the emerging concept of a global bio-based economy in which biomass-based biorefineries have attained center stage for the production of fuels and chemicals. It is envisaged that by 2020 a majority of chemicals currently being produced through a chemical route will be produced via a bio-based route. Agro-industrial residues, municipal solid wastes, and forestry wastes have been considered as the most significant feedstocks for such bio-refineries. However, for the techno-economic success of such biorefineries, it is of prime and utmost importance to understand their lifecycle assessment for various aspects. Provides state-of-art information on the basics and fundamental principles of LCA for biorefineries Contains key features for the education and understanding of integrated biorefineries Presents models that are used to cope with land-use changes and their effects on biorefineries Includes relevant case studies that illustrate main points

23rd European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering

23rd European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-06-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :1088
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Computer-aided process engineering (CAPE) plays a key design and operations role in the process industries, from the molecular scale through managing complex manufacturing sites. The research interests cover a wide range of interdisciplinary problems related to the current needs of society and industry. ESCAPE 23 brings together researchers and practitioners of computer-aided process engineering interested in modeling, simulation and optimization, synthesis and design, automation and control, and education. The proceedings present and evaluate emerging as well as established research methods and concepts, as well as industrial case studies. Contributions from the international community using computer-based methods in process engineering Reviews the latest developments in process systems engineering Emphasis on industrial and societal challenges

Biorefineries

Biorefineries
Author : Kurt Wagemann,Nils Tippkötter
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-12-06
Category : Science
Total pages :549
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This book offers a comprehensive review on biomass resources, examples of biorefineries and corresponding products. The first part of this book covers topics such as different biorefinery resources from agriculture, wood processing residues and transport logistics of plant biomass. In the second part, expert contributors present biorefinery concepts of different biomass feedstocks, including vegetable-oils, sugarcane, starch, lignocellulose and microalgae. Readers will find here a summary of the syngas utilization and the bio-oil characterization and potential use as an alternative renewable fuel and source for chemical feedstocks. Particular attention is also given to the anaerobic digestion-based and Organosolv biorefineries. The last part of the book examines relevant products and components such as alcohols, hydrocarbons, bioplastics and lignin, and offers a sustainability evaluation of biorefineries.

Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals, and Polymers

Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals, and Polymers
Author : Shang-Tian Yang,Hesham El-Ensashy,Nuttha Thongchul
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2013-05-24
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :488
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For researchers already familiar with biomass conversion technologies and for professionals in other fields, such as agriculture, food, and chemical industries, here is a comprehensive review of the emerging biorefinery industry. The book's content has been conveniently organized according to technologies (biomass feedstock and pretreatment, hydrolytic enzymes in biorefinery, and biofuels), with each chapter highlighting an important biobased industrial product. For undergraduate and graduate students, the book is a thorough introduction to biorefinery technologies.

Lignocellulose Biorefinery Engineering

Lignocellulose Biorefinery Engineering
Author : Hongzhang Chen
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2015-03-03
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :274
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Biomass resources and their refining are key research topics internationally as alternatives to fossil fuel resources and oil refining. This book explores the heterogeneous nature of lignocellulosic biomass, which restricts its use as a raw material, and describes the theoretical basis of the lignocellulose refinery. It puts forward the theory of the integrated biomass refinery system, which produces multiple products, including biofuels, biomaterials, biochemicals, food and feed based on careful fractionation of the raw material. Chapter 1 introduces the significance and development of lignocellulose biorefining. Chapter 2 gives the theoretical basis of lignocellulose biorefinery engineering. Chapters 3 to 6 describe in detail biomass refinery engineering from the perspectives of feedstocks, conversions, products and processes respectively. Models of integrated industrial biomass refinery chains are presented in Chapter 7. Finally, Chapter 8 considers future trends in lignocellulose biorefining. Explores mechanisms of selective fractionation of biomass based on biomass structural characteristics and product requirements Addresses biological, physical and chemical conversion technologies, as well as combinations of different methods based on the biomass material characteristics This thorough exploration of lignocellulose biorefining is written by an expert from a key research institute in this field

Lignocellulosic Biorefineries

Lignocellulosic Biorefineries
Author : Jean-Luc Wertz,Olivier Bédué
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2013-06-27
Category : Science
Total pages :500
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Written with a diverse audience in mind, this book describes the current status, development, and future prospects for the critical technology of second-generation biorefineries, specifically with a focus on lignocellulosic materials as feedstock. It provides an overview of the issues behind this technological transition, and it provides, in depth, the science and technology related to cellulose for production of bioethanol and other biofuels. The book also highlights the main emerging routes that will serve as the source of important bio-generated products in the future.

Biorefinery

Biorefinery
Author : Michele Aresta,Angela Dibenedetto,Franck Dumeignil
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release Date : 2012-08-31
Category : Science
Total pages :456
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This book provides an introduction to the basic science and technologies for the conversion of biomass (terrestrial and aquatic) into chemicals and fuels, as well as an overview of innovations in the field. The entire value chain for converting raw materials into platform molecules and their transformation into final products are presented in detail. Both cellulosic and oleaginous biomass are considered. The book contains contributions by both academic scientists and industrial technologists so that each topic combines state-of-the-art scientific knowledge with innovative technologies relevant to chemical industries.

Materials for Low-Temperature Fuel Cells

Materials for Low-Temperature Fuel Cells
Author : Bradley Ladewig,San Ping Jiang,Yushan Yan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-11-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :272
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There are a large number of books available on fuel cells; however, the majority are on specific types of fuel cells such as solid oxide fuel cells, proton exchange membrane fuel cells, or on specific technical aspects of fuel cells, e.g., the system or stack engineering. Thus, there is a need for a book focused on materials requirements in fuel cells. Key Materials in Low-Temperature Fuel Cells is a concise source of the most important and key materials and catalysts in low-temperature fuel cells. A related book will cover key materials in high-temperature fuel cells. The two books form part of the "Materials for Sustainable Energy & Development" series. Key Materials in Low-Temperature Fuel Cells brings together world leaders and experts in this field and provides a lucid description of the materials assessment of fuel cell technologies. With an emphasis on the technical development and applications of key materials in low-temperature fuel cells, this text covers fundamental principles, advancement, challenges, and important current research themes. Topics covered include: proton exchange membrane fuel cells, direct methanol and ethanol fuel cells, microfluidic fuel cells, biofuel cells, alkaline membrane fuel cells, functionalized carbon nanotubes as catalyst supports, nanostructured Pt catalysts, non-PGM catalysts, membranes, and materials modeling. This book is an essential reference source for researchers, engineers and technicians in academia, research institutes and industry working in the fields of fuel cells, energy materials, electrochemistry and materials science and engineering.

Waste Biorefinery

Waste Biorefinery
Author : Thallada Bhaskar,Ashok Pandey,Eldon R. Rene,Daniel C.W. Tsang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-03-13
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :756
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Waste Biorefinery: Integrating Biorefineries for Waste Valorisation provides the various options available for several renewable waste streams. The book includes scientific and technical information pertaining to the most advanced and innovative processing technologies used for the conversion of biogenic waste to biofuels, energy products and biochemicals. In addition, the book reports on recent developments and new achievements in the field of biochemical and thermo-chemical methods and the necessities and potential generated by different kinds of biomass in presumably more decentralized biorefineries. The book presents an assortment of case-studies from developing and developed countries pertaining to the use of sustainable technologies for energy recovery from different waste matrices. Advantages and limitations of different technologies are also discussed by considering the local energy demands, government policies, environmental impacts, and education in bioenergy. Provides information on the most advanced and innovative processes for biomass conversion Covers information on biochemical and thermo-chemical processes and products development on the principles of biorefinery Includes information on the integration of processes and technologies for the production of biofuels, energy products and biochemicals Demonstrates the application of various processes with proven case studies

Microorganisms in Biorefineries

Microorganisms in Biorefineries
Author : Birgit Kamm
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2014-11-27
Category : Science
Total pages :369
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The book describes how plant biomass can be used as renewable feedstock for producing and further processing various products. Particular attention is given to microbial processes both for the digestion of biomass and the synthesis of platform chemicals, biofuels and secondary products. Topics covered include: new metabolic pathways of microbes living on green plants and in silage; using lignocellulosic hydrolysates for the production of polyhydroxyalkanoates; fungi such as Penicillium as host for the production of heterologous proteins and enzymes; bioconversion of sugar hydrolysates into lipids; production of succinic acid, lactones, lactic acid and organic lactates using different bacteria species; cellulose hydrolyzing bacteria in the production of biogas from plant biomass; and isoprenoid compounds in engineered microbes.