January 27, 2021

Download Ebook Free Immunology In The Twentieth Century

State of Immunity

State of Immunity
Author : James Colgrove
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release Date : 2006-10-05
Category : Health & Fitness
Total pages :332
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This first comprehensive history of the social and political aspects of vaccination in the United States tells the story of how vaccination became a widely accepted public health measure over the course of the twentieth century. One hundred years ago, just a handful of vaccines existed, and only one, for smallpox, was widely used. Today more than two dozen vaccines are in use, fourteen of which are universally recommended for children. State of Immunity examines the strategies that health officials have used—ranging from advertising and public relations campaigns to laws requiring children to be immunized before they can attend school—to gain public acceptance of vaccines. Like any medical intervention, vaccination carries a small risk of adverse reactions. But unlike other procedures, it is performed on healthy people, most commonly children, and has been mandated by law. Vaccination thus poses unique ethical, political, and legal questions. James Colgrove considers how individual liberty should be balanced against the need to protect the common welfare, how experts should act in the face of incomplete or inconsistent scientific information, and how the public should be involved in these decisions. A well-researched, intelligent, and balanced look at a timely topic, this book explores these issues through a vivid historical narrative that offers new insights into the past, present, and future of vaccination.

Immunology in the Twentieth Century

Immunology in the Twentieth Century
Author : Domenico Ribatti
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-04-24
Category : Medical
Total pages :90
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Immunology in the Twentieth Century: From Basic Science to Clinical Application grew out of common knowledge that those who survived many of the common infectious diseases rarely contracted the same disease again. This book charts the historical development of this vital branch of medicine in a concise volume, covering both the basic science involved and the clinical applications. Immunology as a distinctive subject developed in the mid-twentieth century as researchers started to understand how the adaptive immune system aids the defense against pathogens. The subject has grown in importance and diversified into specialist fields, such as immunohistochemistry, immunogenetics and immunopathology. Provides a concise overhead of the history of immunology and its applications in medicine Includes a discussion of the scientists who were pioneers in landmark discoveries in immunology Summarizes the clinical applications of major discoveries

General Immunology

General Immunology
Author : Edwin L. Cooper
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-05-20
Category : Nature
Total pages :356
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General Immunology provides a general overview of the immune system. It presents topics in immunology from all living groups, treating cells, tissues, organs, and organismal levels of biological organization. The book contains 23 chapters organized into eight sections. Section I serves as an introduction to immunology—a science, a sketch of its history, some of its more recent contributors, something about gathering facts, immunology journals, and the entire biomedical enterprise of which immunology is just a part. Section II is devoted to antigens while Section III examines the immune system in chordates and the ontogeny of the immune system. Section IV on cells of the immune system covers monocytes, macrophages, the three granulocytic types, and mast cells. Section V deals with phagocytosis and the interaction of lymphocytes. Section VI is devoted to antigens in relation to antibody synthesis, antigen-antibody interactions, immunologlobulin structure, and immunologlobulin assembly. Section VII on organs of the immune system examines bone marrow, thymus, spleen, lymph nodes, and lymphoid aggregations. Section VIII discusses the evolution of the immune system. This text was written for advanced undergraduates. However, its comprehensiveness makes it useful to immunologists and biologists at all levels as well as medical students and clinicians.

Companion to Science in the Twentieth Century

Companion to Science in the Twentieth Century
Author : John Krige,Dominique Pestre
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release Date : 2003
Category : History
Total pages :941
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This work on science in the 20th century represents work in America, Europe and Asia. It includes such topics as the countries that have made the most significant contributions, the relationship between science and industry and the importance of instrumentation.

Companion Encyclopedia of Science in the Twentieth Century

Companion Encyclopedia of Science in the Twentieth Century
Author : John Krige,Dominique Pestre
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2013-11-05
Category : History
Total pages :978
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With over forty chapters, written by leading scholars, this comprehensive volume represents the best work in America, Europe and Asia. Geographical diversity of the authors is reflected in the different perspectives devoted to the subject, and all major disciplinary developments are covered. There are also sections concerning the countries that have made the most significant contributions, the relationship between science and industry, the importance of instrumentation, and the cultural influence of scientific modes of thought. Students and professionals will come to appreciate how, and why, science has developed - as with any other human activity, it is subject to the dynamics of society and politics.

Tropical Medicine in the Twentieth Century

Tropical Medicine in the Twentieth Century
Author : Helen J. Power
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 1999
Category : Medical
Total pages :284
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First published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Crafting Immunity

Crafting Immunity
Author : Kenton Kroker,Pauline Margaret Hodgson Mazumdar,Jennifer E. Keelan
Publisher : Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Release Date : 2008
Category : History
Total pages :308
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Immunity is as old as illness itself, yet historians have only just begun to take up the challenge of reconstructing the modern transformation of attempts to protect against disease. Crafting Immunity assembles in one volume the most recent efforts of an international group of scholars to place the diverse practices of immunity in their historical contexts. It is this diversity that provides the book with its greatest source of strength. Collectively, the papers in this volume suggest that it was the craft-like, small-scale, and local conditions of clinical medicine that turned the immunity of individuals and populations into biomedical objects. That is to say, the modern conception of immunity was at least as much the product of the work of healing as it was the systematic result of discoveries about the immune system.Working outside the narrow confines of laboratory histories, Crafting Immunity is the first attempt to set the problems of immunity into a variety of social, technological, institutional and intellectual contexts. It will appeal not only to historians and sociologists of health, but also to social and cultural historians interested in the biomedical creation of modern health regimens.

A History of Modern Immunology

A History of Modern Immunology
Author : Zoltan A. Nagy
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2013-10-11
Category : Medical
Total pages :356
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A History of Modern Immunology: A Path Toward Understanding describes, analyzes, and conceptualizes several seminal events and discoveries in immunology in the last third of the 20th century, the era when most questions about the biology of the immune system were raised and also found their answers. Written by an eyewitness to this history, the book gives insight into personal aspects of the important figures in the discipline, and its data driven emphasis on understanding will benefit both young and experienced scientists. This book provides a concise introduction to topics including immunological specificity, antibody diversity, monoclonal antibodies, major histocompatibility complex, antigen presentation, T cell biology, immunological tolerance, and autoimmune disease. This broad background of the discipline of immunology is a valuable companion for students of immunology, research and clinical immunologists, and research managers in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries. Contains the history of major breakthroughs in immunology featured with authenticity and insider details Gives an insight into personal aspects of the players in the history of immunology Enables the reader to recognize and select data of heuristic value which elucidate important facets of the immune system Provides good examples and guidelines for the recognition and selection of what is important for the exploration of the immune system Gives clear separation of descriptive and interpretive parts, allowing the reader to distinguish between facts and analysis provided by the author

Companion Encyclopedia of Medicine in the Twentieth Century

Companion Encyclopedia of Medicine in the Twentieth Century
Author : Roger Cooter
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2013-01-11
Category : History
Total pages :776
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During the twentieth century, medicine has been radically transformed and powerfully transformative. In 1900, western medicine was important to philanthropy and public health, but it was marginal to the state, the industrial economy and the welfare of most individuals. It is now central to these aspects of life. Our prospects seem increasingly dependent on the progress of bio-medical sciences and genetic technologies which promise to reshape future generations. The editors of Medicine in the Twentieth Century have commissioned over forty authoritative essays, written by historical specialists but intended for general audiences. Some concentrate on the political economy of medicine and health as it changed from period to period and varied between countries, others focus on understandings of the body, and a third set of essays explores transformations in some of the theatres of medicine and the changing experiences of different categories of practitioners and patients.

Milestones in Immunology

Milestones in Immunology
Author : Domenico Ribatti
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2017-06-13
Category : Medical
Total pages :182
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Milestones in Immunology: Based on Collected Papers contains scientific milestones relating to the history of medicine over the past two centuries. The book highlights the contributions of pioneering scientists whose discoveries have paved the way for researchers working in the field of immunology. As the science of immunology grew from knowledge that survivors of common infectious diseases rarely contracted them again, the book uses this as a central thesis, helping readers understand how the adaptive immune system aids in defense against pathogens. In addition, the book covers special fields, such as immunohistochemistry, immunogenetics and immunopathology. For the past century, immunology has fascinated and inspired some of the greatest scientists of our time. Numerous Nobel Prizes have been awarded for fundamental discoveries in immunology, from Paul Ehrlich’ work on antibodies (1908) to the studies of Zinkernagel and Doherty (1986) elucidating mechanisms of cell-mediated immunity. Provides on update on developments since the publication of Nobel prize winning research for fundamental discoveries in immunology Discusses the changing theories and technologies that guided the field Lists all the important discoveries and books in the field Explains, in detail, the many Nobel prize-winning contributions of immunologists Provides recognition of the scientists who were pioneers of landmark discoveries in immunology

A History of Transplantation Immunology

A History of Transplantation Immunology
Author : Leslie Brent
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 1996-11-18
Category : Medical
Total pages :482
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Those entering the field of transplantation are frequently unaware of the topics historical roots and even of the background on which modern discoveries in tolerance, histocompabatibility antigens, and xenotransplantation are based. A History of Transplantation Immunology is an account, written by one of the founding fathers of the field, of how tissue and organ transplantation has become one of the most successful branches of late 20th century medicine. The book helps place the work of contemporary scientists into its proper context and makes fascinating reading for immunologists in all stages of their career. Describes landmarks in immunology and places them in historical context Beautifully written by one of the founding fathers of the field Portrays the surprising history of events in a colorful and readable manner Contains biographical sketches of some of the pioneers Illustrates the development of key ideas in immunology--tolerance, graft rejection, and transplantation Foreword by Ray Owen

A History of Immunology

A History of Immunology
Author : Arthur M. Silverstein
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-12-02
Category : Medical
Total pages :422
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This is a professional-level intellectual history of the development of immunology from about 1720 to about 1970. Beginning with the work and insights of the early immunologists in the 18th century, Silverstein traces the development of the major ideas which have formed immunology down to the maturation of the discipline in the decade following the Second World War. Emphasis is placed on the philosophic and sociologic climate of the scientific milieu in which immunology has developed, providing a background to the broad culture of the discipline. A professional-level intellectual history of the development of immunology from about 1720 to 1970, with emphasis placed on the social climate of the scientific milieu in which modern immunology evolved Written by an author very well known both as a historian of medical science and for his substantial research contributions to the immunopathology of the eye The only complete history of immunology available

The Growth of Gastroenterologic Knowledge During the Twentieth Century

The Growth of Gastroenterologic Knowledge During the Twentieth Century
Author : Joseph B. Kirsner
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1994
Category : Medical
Total pages :522
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Addresses esophageal motility & benign disorders/gastritis/ history of gastrointestinal hormones/intestinal gas/etc.

Twentieth century practice v. 13, 1898

Twentieth century practice v. 13, 1898
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1898
Category :
Total pages :129
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Twentieth Century Practice: Infectious diseases

Twentieth Century Practice: Infectious diseases
Author : Thomas Lathrop Stedman
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1898
Category : Medicine
Total pages :129
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