November 24, 2020

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Implantable Sensor Systems for Medical Applications

Implantable Sensor Systems for Medical Applications
Author : Andreas Inmann,Diana Hodgins
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-01-02
Category : Science
Total pages :544
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Implantable sensor systems offer great potential for enhanced medical care and improved quality of life, consequently leading to major investment in this exciting field. Implantable sensor systems for medical applications provides a wide-ranging overview of the core technologies, key challenges and main issues related to the development and use of these devices in a diverse range of medical applications. Part one reviews the fundamentals of implantable systems, including materials and material-tissue interfaces, packaging and coatings, microassembly, electrode array design and fabrication, and the use of biofuel cells as sustainable power sources. Part two goes on to consider the challenges associated with implantable systems. Biocompatibility, sterilization considerations and the development of active implantable medical devices in a regulated environment are discussed, along with issues regarding data protection and patient privacy in medical sensor networks. Applications of implantable systems are then discussed in part three, beginning with Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) for in-vivo applications before further exploration of tripolar interfaces for neural recording, sensors for motor neuroprostheses, implantable wireless body area networks and retina implants. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Implantable sensor systems for medical applications is a comprehensive guide for all those involved in the design, development and application of these life-changing technologies. Provides a wide-ranging overview of the core technologies, key challenges and main issues related to the development and use of implantable sensor systems in a range of medical applications Reviews the fundamentals of implantable systems, including materials and material-tissue interfaces, packaging and coatings, and microassembly Considers the challenges associated with implantable systems, including biocompatibility and sterilization

Implantable Sensors and Systems

Implantable Sensors and Systems
Author : Guang-Zhong Yang
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-03-27
Category : Computers
Total pages :646
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Implantable sensing, whether used for transient or long-term monitoring of in vivo physiological, bio-electrical, bio-chemical and metabolic changes, is a rapidly advancing field of research and development. Underpinned by increasingly small, smart and energy efficient designs, they become an integral part of surgical prostheses or implants for both acute and chronic conditions, supporting optimised, context aware sensing, feedback, or stimulation with due consideration of system level impact. From sensor design, fabrication, on-node processing with application specific integrated circuits, to power optimisation, wireless data paths and security, this book provides a detailed explanation of both the theories and practical considerations of developing novel implantable sensors. Other topics covered by the book include sensor embodiment and flexible electronics, implantable optical sensors and power harvesting. Implantable Sensors and Systems – from Theory to Practice is an important reference for those working in the field of medical devices. The structure of the book is carefully prepared so that it can also be used as an introductory reference for those about to enter into this exciting research and developing field.

Wearable and Implantable Medical Devices

Wearable and Implantable Medical Devices
Author : Nilanjan Dey,Amira S. Ashour,Simon James Fong,Chintan Bhatt
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-09-06
Category : Science
Total pages :280
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Wearable and Implantable Medical Devices: Applications and Challenges, Fourth Edition highlights the new aspects of wearable and implanted sensors technology in the healthcare sector and monitoring systems. The book's contributions include several interdisciplinary domains, such as wearable sensors, implanted sensors devices, Internet-of-Things (IoT), security, real-time medical healthcare monitoring, WIBSN design and data management, encryption, and decision-support systems. Contributions emphasize several topics, including real-world applications and the design and implementation of wearable devices. This book demonstrates that this new field has a brilliant future in applied healthcare research and in healthcare monitoring systems. Includes comprehensive information on wearable and implanted device technology, wearable and implanted sensors design, WIBSN requirements, WIBSN in monitoring systems and security concepts Highlights machine learning and computing in healthcare monitoring systems based on WIBSN Includes a multidisciplinary approach to different healthcare applications and their associated challenges based on wearable and implanted technologies

Implantable Biomedical Microsystems

Implantable Biomedical Microsystems
Author : Swarup Bhunia,Steve Majerus,Mohamad Sawan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-01-28
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :336
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Research and innovation in areas such as circuits, microsystems, packaging, biocompatibility, miniaturization, power supplies, remote control, reliability, and lifespan are leading to a rapid increase in the range of devices and corresponding applications in the field of wearable and implantable biomedical microsystems, which are used for monitoring, diagnosing, and controlling the health conditions of the human body. This book provides comprehensive coverage of the fundamental design principles and validation for implantable microsystems, as well as several major application areas. Each component in an implantable device is described in details, and major case studies demonstrate how these systems can be optimized for specific design objectives. The case studies include applications of implantable neural signal processors, brain-machine interface (BMI) systems intended for both data recording and treatment, neural prosthesis, bladder pressure monitoring for treating urinary incontinence, implantable imaging devices for early detection and diagnosis of diseases as well as electrical conduction block of peripheral nerve for chronic pain management. Implantable Biomedical Microsystems is the first comprehensive coverage of bioimplantable system design providing an invaluable information source for researchers in Biomedical, Electrical, Computer, Systems, and Mechanical Engineering as well as engineers involved in design and development of wearable and implantable bioelectronic devices and, more generally, teams working on low-power microsystems and their corresponding wireless energy and data links. First time comprehensive coverage of system-level and component-level design and engineering aspects for implantable microsystems. Provides insight into a wide range of proven applications and application specific design trade-offs of bioimplantable systems, including several major case studies Enables Engineers involved in development of implantable electronic systems to optimize applications for specific design objectives.

Smart Sensor Systems

Smart Sensor Systems
Author : Gerard Meijer,Kofi Makinwa,Michiel Pertijs
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-04-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :296
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With contributions from an internationally-renowned group ofexperts, this book uses a multidisciplinary approach to reviewrecent developments in the field of smart sensor systems, coveringimportant system and design aspects. It examines topics overthe whole range of sensor technology from the theory andconstraints of basic elements, physics and electronics, up to thelevel of application-orientated issues. Developed as a complementary volume to ‘Smart SensorSystems’ (Wiley 2008), which introduces the basics of smartsensor systems, this volume focuses on emerging sensingtechnologies and applications, including: State-of-the-art techniques for designing smart sensors andsmart sensor systems, including measurement techniques at systemlevel, such as dynamic error correction, calibration,self-calibration and trimming. Circuit design for sensor systems, such as the design ofprecision instrumentation amplifiers. Impedance sensors, and the associated measurement techniquesand electronics, that measure electrical characteristics to derivephysical and biomedical parameters, such as blood viscosity orgrowth of micro-organisms. Complete sensor systems-on-a-chip, such as CMOS optical imagersand microarrays for DNA detection, and the associated circuit andmicro-fabrication techniques. Vibratory gyroscopes and the associated electronics, employingmechanical and electrical signal amplification to enable low-powerangular-rate sensing. Implantable smart sensors for neural interfacing in bio-medicalapplications. Smart combinations of energy harvesters and energy-storagedevices for autonomous wireless sensors. Smart Sensor Systems: Emerging Technologies and Applicationswill greatly benefit final-year undergraduate and postgraduatestudents in the areas of electrical, mechanical and chemicalengineering, and physics. Professional engineers and researchers inthe microelectronics industry, including microsystem developers,will also find this a thorough and useful volume.

Smart Sensors for Environmental and Medical Applications

Smart Sensors for Environmental and Medical Applications
Author : Hamida Hallil,Hadi Heidari
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2020-06-03
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :220
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Provides an introduction to the topic of smart chemical sensors, along with an overview of the state of the art based on potential applications This book presents a comprehensive overview of chemical sensors, ranging from the choice of material to sensor validation, modeling, simulation, and manufacturing. It discusses the process of data collection by intelligent techniques such as deep learning, multivariate analysis, and others. It also incorporates different types of smart chemical sensors and discusses each under a common set of sub-sections so that readers can fully understand the advantages and disadvantages of the relevant transducers—depending on the design, transduction mode, and final applications. Smart Sensors for Environmental and Medical Applications covers all major aspects of the field of smart chemical sensors, including working principle and related theory, sensor materials, classification of respective transducer type, relevant fabrication processes, methods for data analysis, and suitable applications. Chapters address field effect transistors technologies for biological and chemical sensors, mammalian cell–based electrochemical sensors for label-free monitoring of analytes, electronic tongues, chemical sensors based on metal oxides, metal oxide (MOX) gas sensor electronic interfaces, and more. Addressing the limitations and challenges in obtaining state-of-the-art smart biochemical sensors, this book: Balances the fundamentals of sensor design, fabrication, characterization, and analysis with advanced methods Categorizes sensors into sub-types and describes their working, focusing on prominent applications Describes instrumentation and IoT networking methods of chemical transducers that can be used for inexpensive, accurate detection in commercialized smart chemical sensors Covers monitoring of food spoilage using polydiacetylene- and liposome-based sensors; smart and intelligent E-nose for sensitive and selective chemical sensing applications; odor sensing system; and microwave chemical sensors Smart Sensors for Environmental and Medical Applications is an important book for senior-level undergraduate and graduate students learning about this high-performance technology and its many applications. It will also inform practitioners and researchers involved in the creation and use of smart sensors.

Mems for Biomedical Applications

Mems for Biomedical Applications
Author : Shekhar Bhansali,Abhay Vasudev
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-07-18
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :512
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The application of Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) in the biomedical field is leading to a new generation of medical devices. MEMS for biomedical applications reviews the wealth of recent research on fabrication technologies and applications of this exciting technology. The book is divided into four parts: Part one introduces the fundamentals of MEMS for biomedical applications, exploring the microfabrication of polymers and reviewing sensor and actuator mechanisms. Part two describes applications of MEMS for biomedical sensing and diagnostic applications. MEMS for in vivo sensing and electrical impedance spectroscopy are investigated, along with ultrasonic transducers, and lab-on-chip devices. MEMS for tissue engineering and clinical applications are the focus of part three, which considers cell culture and tissue scaffolding devices, BioMEMS for drug delivery and minimally invasive medical procedures. Finally, part four reviews emerging biomedical applications of MEMS, from implantable neuroprobes and ocular implants to cellular microinjection and hybrid MEMS. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, MEMS for biomedical applications provides an authoritative review for scientists and manufacturers involved in the design and development of medical devices as well as clinicians using this important technology. Reviews the wealth of recent research on fabrication technologies and applications of Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) in the biomedical field Introduces the fundamentals of MEMS for biomedical applications, exploring the microfabrication of polymers and reviewing sensor and actuator mechanisms Considers MEMS for biomedical sensing and diagnostic applications, along with MEMS for in vivo sensing and electrical impedance spectroscopy

Wireless Sensor Networks

Wireless Sensor Networks
Author : Philip John Sallis
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-10-04
Category : Computers
Total pages :208
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Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have emerged as a phenomenon of the twenty-first century with numerous kinds of sensor being developed for specific applications. The origins of WSNs can, however, be traced back to the early days of connectivity between computers and their peripherals. Work with distributed sensor networks is evidenced in the literature during the latter part of the 1970s, continuing in functionality increases in the 1980s and 1990s. As a configuration of independent devices in a data communications network, WSNs are now pre-eminent as working solutions to numerous precision data collection situations where software control of instruments and routing protocols are needed. In this book, the authors have chosen a selection of specific topics relating to WSNs: their design, development, implementation and function. Some operating topics are addressed such as power management, data interchange protocols, instrument reliability and system security. Other topics are more application oriented, where particular hardware and software configurations are described to deliver system solutions for specific needs. All are clearly written with considerable detail relating to each of the issues addressed by the authors. Each of the chapters provides a rationale for the topic being covered and some general WSN details where appropriate. The citations used in the chapters are comprehensively referred to, which adds depth to the information being presented.

Implantable Sensors and Systems

Implantable Sensors and Systems
Author : Guang-Zhong Yang
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-03-27
Category : Computers
Total pages :646
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Implantable sensing, whether used for transient or long-term monitoring of in vivo physiological, bio-electrical, bio-chemical and metabolic changes, is a rapidly advancing field of research and development. Underpinned by increasingly small, smart and energy efficient designs, they become an integral part of surgical prostheses or implants for both acute and chronic conditions, supporting optimised, context aware sensing, feedback, or stimulation with due consideration of system level impact. From sensor design, fabrication, on-node processing with application specific integrated circuits, to power optimisation, wireless data paths and security, this book provides a detailed explanation of both the theories and practical considerations of developing novel implantable sensors. Other topics covered by the book include sensor embodiment and flexible electronics, implantable optical sensors and power harvesting. Implantable Sensors and Systems – from Theory to Practice is an important reference for those working in the field of medical devices. The structure of the book is carefully prepared so that it can also be used as an introductory reference for those about to enter into this exciting research and developing field.

Technologies for Smart Sensors and Sensor Fusion

Technologies for Smart Sensors and Sensor Fusion
Author : Kevin Yallup,Krzysztof Iniewski
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2014-04-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :491
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Exciting new developments are enabling sensors to go beyond the realm of simple sensing of movement or capture of images to deliver information such as location in a built environment, the sense of touch, and the presence of chemicals. These sensors unlock the potential for smarter systems, allowing machines to interact with the world around them in more intelligent and sophisticated ways. Featuring contributions from authors working at the leading edge of sensor technology, Technologies for Smart Sensors and Sensor Fusion showcases the latest advancements in sensors with biotechnology, medical science, chemical detection, environmental monitoring, automotive, and industrial applications. This valuable reference describes the increasingly varied number of sensors that can be integrated into arrays, and examines the growing availability and computational power of communication devices that support the algorithms needed to reduce the raw sensor data from multiple sensors and convert it into the information needed by the sensor array to enable rapid transmission of the results to the required point. Using both SI and US units, the text: Provides a fundamental and analytical understanding of the underlying technology for smart sensors Discusses groundbreaking software and sensor systems as well as key issues surrounding sensor fusion Exemplifies the richness and diversity of development work in the world of smart sensors and sensor fusion Offering fresh insight into the sensors of the future, Technologies for Smart Sensors and Sensor Fusion not only exposes readers to trends but also inspires innovation in smart sensor and sensor system development.

Mobile Point-of-Care Monitors and Diagnostic Device Design

Mobile Point-of-Care Monitors and Diagnostic Device Design
Author : Walter Karlen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-09-03
Category : Medical
Total pages :186
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Efficient mobile systems that allow for vital sign monitoring and disease diagnosis at the point of care can help combat issues such as rising healthcare costs, treatment delays in remote and resource-poor areas, and the global shortage of skilled medical personnel. Covering everything from sensors, systems, and software to integration, usability, and regulatory challenges, Mobile Point-of-Care Monitors and Diagnostic Device Design offers valuable insight into state-of-the-art technologies, research, and methods for designing personal diagnostic and ambulatory healthcare devices. Presenting the combined expertise of contributors from various fields, this multidisciplinary text: Gives an overview of the latest mobile health and point-of-care technologies Discusses portable diagnostics devices and sensors, including mobile-phone-based health systems Explores lab-on-chip systems as well as energy-efficient solutions for mobile point-of-care monitors Addresses computer vision and signal processing for real-time diagnostics Considers interface design for lay healthcare providers and home users Mobile Point-of-Care Monitors and Diagnostic Device Design provides important background information about the design process of mobile health and point-of-care devices, using practical examples to illustrate key aspects related to instrumentation, information processing, and implementation.

Implantable Electronic Medical Devices

Implantable Electronic Medical Devices
Author : Dennis Fitzpatrick
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-11-05
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :194
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Implantable Electronic Medical Devices provides a thorough review of the application of implantable devices, illustrating the techniques currently being used together with overviews of the latest commercially available medical devices. This book provides an overview of the design of medical devices and is a reference on existing medical devices. The book groups devices with similar functionality into distinct chapters, looking at the latest design ideas and techniques in each area, including retinal implants, glucose biosensors, cochlear implants, pacemakers, electrical stimulation therapy devices, and much more. Implantable Electronic Medical Devices equips the reader with essential background knowledge on the application of existing medical devices as well as providing an introduction to the latest techniques being used. A catalogue of existing implantable electronic medical devices Up-to-date information on the design of implantable electronic medical devices Background information and reviews on the application and design of up-to-date implantable electronic medical devices

Intelligent Pervasive Computing Systems for Smarter Healthcare

Intelligent Pervasive Computing Systems for Smarter Healthcare
Author : Arun Kumar Sangaiah,S.P. Shantharajah,Padma Theagarajan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2019-06-21
Category : Computers
Total pages :448
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A guide to intelligent decision and pervasive computing paradigms for healthcare analytics systems with a focus on the use of bio-sensors Intelligent Pervasive Computing Systems for Smarter Healthcare describes the innovations in healthcare made possible by computing through bio-sensors. The pervasive computing paradigm offers tremendous advantages in diversified areas of healthcare research and technology. The authors—noted experts in the field—provide the state-of-the-art intelligence paradigm that enables optimization of medical assessment for a healthy, authentic, safer, and more productive environment. Today’s computers are integrated through bio-sensors and generate a huge amount of information that can enhance our ability to process enormous bio-informatics data that can be transformed into meaningful medical knowledge and help with diagnosis, monitoring and tracking health issues, clinical decision making, early detection of infectious disease prevention, and rapid analysis of health hazards. The text examines a wealth of topics such as the design and development of pervasive healthcare technologies, data modeling and information management, wearable biosensors and their systems, and more. This important resource: Explores the recent trends and developments in computing through bio-sensors and its technological applications Contains a review of biosensors and sensor systems and networks for mobile health monitoring Offers an opportunity for readers to examine the concepts and future outlook of intelligence on healthcare systems incorporating biosensor applications Includes information on privacy and security issues on wireless body area network for remote healthcare monitoring Written for scientists and application developers and professionals in related fields, Intelligent Pervasive Computing Systems for Smarter Healthcare is a guide to the most recent developments in intelligent computer systems that are applicable to the healthcare industry.

Advances in Bioengineering

Advances in Bioengineering
Author : Pier Andrea Serra
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2015-07-08
Category : Medical
Total pages :392
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The technological approach and the high level of innovation make bioengineering extremely dynamic and this forces researchers to continuous updating. It involves the publication of the results of the latest scientific research. This book covers a wide range of aspects and issues related to advances in bioengineering research with a particular focus on innovative technologies and applications. The book consists of 13 scientific contributions divided in four sections: Materials Science; Biosensors. Electronics and Telemetry; Light Therapy; Computing and Analysis Techniques.

Sensor Technologies

Sensor Technologies
Author : Michael J. McGrath,Cliodhna Ni Scanaill,Dawn Nafus
Publisher : Apress
Release Date : 2014-01-23
Category : Computers
Total pages :336
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Sensor Technologies: Healthcare, Wellness and Environmental Applications explores the key aspects of sensor technologies, covering wired, wireless, and discrete sensors for the specific application domains of healthcare, wellness and environmental sensing. It discusses the social, regulatory, and design considerations specific to these domains. The book provides an application-based approach using real-world examples to illustrate the application of sensor technologies in a practical and experiential manner. The book guides the reader from the formulation of the research question, through the design and validation process, to the deployment and management phase of sensor applications. The processes and examples used in the book are primarily based on research carried out by Intel or joint academic research programs. “Sensor Technologies: Healthcare, Wellness and Environmental Applications provides an extensive overview of sensing technologies and their applications in healthcare, wellness, and environmental monitoring. From sensor hardware to system applications and case studies, this book gives readers an in-depth understanding of the technologies and how they can be applied. I would highly recommend it to students or researchers who are interested in wireless sensing technologies and the associated applications.” Dr. Benny Lo Lecturer, The Hamlyn Centre, Imperial College of London “This timely addition to the literature on sensors covers the broad complexity of sensing, sensor types, and the vast range of existing and emerging applications in a very clearly written and accessible manner. It is particularly good at capturing the exciting possibilities that will occur as sensor networks merge with cloud-based ‘big data’ analytics to provide a host of new applications that will impact directly on the individual in ways we cannot fully predict at present. It really brings this home through the use of carefully chosen case studies that bring the overwhelming concept of 'big data' down to the personal level of individual life and health.” Dermot Diamond Director, National Centre for Sensor Research, Principal Investigator, CLARITY Centre for Sensor Web Technologies, Dublin City University "Sensor Technologies: Healthcare, Wellness and Environmental Applications takes the reader on an end-to-end journey of sensor technologies, covering the fundamentals from an engineering perspective, introducing how the data gleaned can be both processed and visualized, in addition to offering exemplar case studies in a number of application domains. It is a must-read for those studying any undergraduate course that involves sensor technologies. It also provides a thorough foundation for those involved in the research and development of applied sensor systems. I highly recommend it to any engineer who wishes to broaden their knowledge in this area!" Chris Nugent Professor of Biomedical Engineering, University of Ulster