January 17, 2021

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In Situ Characterization of Thin Film Growth

In Situ Characterization of Thin Film Growth
Author : Gertjan Koster,Guus Rijnders
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2011-10-05
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :296
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Advanced techniques for characterizing thin film growth in situ help to develop improved understanding and faster diagnosis of issues with the process. In situ characterization of thin film growth reviews current and developing techniques for characterizing the growth of thin films, covering an important gap in research. Part one covers electron diffraction techniques for in situ study of thin film growth, including chapters on topics such as reflection high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED) and inelastic scattering techniques. Part two focuses on photoemission techniques, with chapters covering ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy (UPS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and in situ spectroscopic ellipsometry for characterization of thin film growth. Finally, part three discusses alternative in situ characterization techniques. Chapters focus on topics such as ion beam surface characterization, real time in situ surface monitoring of thin film growth, deposition vapour monitoring and the use of surface x-ray diffraction for studying epitaxial film growth. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, In situ characterization of thin film growth is a standard reference for materials scientists and engineers in the electronics and photonics industries, as well as all those with an academic research interest in this area. Chapters review electron diffraction techniques, including the methodology for observations and measurements Discusses the principles and applications of photoemission techniques Examines alternative in situ characterisation techniques

In Situ Real-Time Characterization of Thin Films

In Situ Real-Time Characterization of Thin Films
Author : Orlando Auciello,Alan R. Krauss
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2001
Category : Science
Total pages :263
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An in-depth look at the state of the art of in situ real-time monitoring and analysis of thin films With thin film deposition becoming increasingly critical in the production of advanced electronic and optical devices, scientists and engineers working in this area are looking for in situ, real-time, structure-specific analytical tools for characterizing phenomena occurring at surfaces and interfaces during thin film growth. This volume brings together contributed chapters from experts in the field, covering proven methods for in situ real-time analysis of technologically important materials such as multicomponent oxides in different environments. Background information and extensive references to the current literature are also provided. Readers will gain a thorough understanding of the growth processes and become acquainted with both emerging and more established methods that can be adapted for in situ characterization. Methods and their most useful applications include: * Low-energy time-of-flight ion scattering and direct recoil spectroscopy (TOF-ISRAS) for studying multicomponent oxide film growth processes * Reflection high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED) for determining the nature of chemical reactions at film surfaces * Spectrometric ellipsometry (SE) for use in the analysis of semiconductors and other multicomponent materials * Reflectance spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy for monitoring epitaxial growth processes * X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy for studying surface and interface structures * And other cost-effective techniques for industrial application

Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells

Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells
Author : Daniel Abou-Ras,Thomas Kirchartz,Uwe Rau
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2016-07-13
Category : Science
Total pages :760
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The book focuses on advanced characterization methods for thin-film solar cells that have proven their relevance both for academic and corporate photovoltaic research and development. After an introduction to thin-film photovoltaics, highly experienced experts report on device and materials characterization methods such as electroluminescence analysis, capacitance spectroscopy, and various microscopy methods. In the final part of the book simulation techniques are presented which are used for ab-initio calculations of relevant semiconductors and for device simulations in 1D, 2D and 3D. Building on a proven concept, this new edition also covers thermography, transient optoelectronic methods, and absorption and photocurrent spectroscopy.

Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells

Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells
Author : Daniel Abou-Ras,Thomas Kirchartz,Uwe Rau
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2016-07-13
Category : Science
Total pages :760
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The book focuses on advanced characterization methods for thin-film solar cells that have proven their relevance both for academic and corporate photovoltaic research and development. After an introduction to thin-film photovoltaics, highly experienced experts report on device and materials characterization methods such as electroluminescence analysis, capacitance spectroscopy, and various microscopy methods. In the final part of the book simulation techniques are presented which are used for ab-initio calculations of relevant semiconductors and for device simulations in 1D, 2D and 3D. Building on a proven concept, this new edition also covers thermography, transient optoelectronic methods, and absorption and photocurrent spectroscopy.

Printed Films

Printed Films
Author : Maria Prudenziati,Jacob Hormadaly
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-08-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :608
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Whilst printed films are currently used in varied devices across a wide range of fields, research into their development and properties is increasingly uncovering even greater potential. Printed films provides comprehensive coverage of the most significant recent developments in printed films and their applications. Materials and properties of printed films are the focus of part one, beginning with a review of the concepts, technologies and materials involved in their production and use. Printed films as electrical components and silicon metallization for solar cells are discussed, as are conduction mechanisms in printed film resistors, and thick films in packaging and microelectronics. Part two goes on to review the varied applications of printed films in devices. Printed resistive sensors are considered, as is the role of printed films in capacitive, piezoelectric and pyroelectric sensors, mechanical micro-systems and gas sensors. The applications of printed films in biosensors, actuators, heater elements, varistors and polymer solar cells are then explored, followed by a review of screen printing for the fabrication of solid oxide fuel cells and laser printed micro- and meso-scale power generating devices. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Printed films is a key text for anyone working in such fields as microelectronics, fuel cell and sensor technology in both industry and academia. Provides a comprehensive analysis of the most significant recent developments in printed films and their applications Reviews the concepts, properties, technologies and materials involved in the production and use of printed films Analyses the varied applications of printed films in devices, including printed restrictive sensors for physical quantities and printed thick film mechanical micro-systems (MEMS), among others

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Handbook

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Handbook
Author : Vannessa Goodship,Ab Stevels
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-08-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :752
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Electrical and electronic waste is a growing problem as volumes are increasing fast. Rapid product innovation and replacement, especially in information and communication technologies (ICT), combined with the migration from analog to digital technologies and to flat-screen televisions and monitors has resulted in some electronic products quickly reaching the end of their life. The EU directive on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) aims to minimise WEEE by putting organizational and financial responsibility on producers and distributors for collection, treatment, recycling and recovery of WEEE. Therefore all stakeholders need to be well-informed about their WEEE responsibilities and options. While focussing on the EU, this book draws lessons for policy and practice from all over the world. Part one introduces the reader to legislation and initiatives to manage WEEE. Part two discusses technologies for the refurbishment, treatment and recycling of waste electronics. Part three focuses on electronic products that present particular challenges for recyclers. Part four explores sustainable design of electronics and supply chains. Part five discusses national and regional WEEE management schemes and part six looks at corporate WEEE management strategies. With an authoritative collection of chapters from an international team of authors, Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) handbook is designed to be used as a reference by policy-makers, producers and treatment operators in both the developed and developing world. Draws lessons for waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) policy and practice from around the world Discusses legislation and initiatives to manage WEEE, including global e-waste initiatives, EU legislation relating to electronic waste, and eco-efficiency evaluation of WEEE take-back systems Sections cover technologies for refurbishment, treatment and recycling of waste, sustainable design of electronics and supply chains, national and regional waste management schemes, and corporate WEEE management strategies

Characterization of Polymer Blends

Characterization of Polymer Blends
Author : Sabu Thomas,Yves Grohens,P. Jyotishkumar
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-10-28
Category : Science
Total pages :994
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Filling the gap for a reference dedicated to the characterization of polymer blends and their micro and nano morphologies, this book provides comprehensive, systematic coverage in a one-stop, two-volume resource for all those working in the field. Leading researchers from industry and academia, as well as from government and private research institutions around the world summarize recent technical advances in chapters devoted to their individual contributions. In so doing, they examine a wide range of modern characterization techniques, from microscopy and spectroscopy to diffraction, thermal analysis, rheology, mechanical measurements and chromatography. These methods are compared with each other to assist in determining the best solution for both fundamental and applied problems, paying attention to the characterization of nanoscale miscibility and interfaces, both in blends involving copolymers and in immiscible blends. The thermodynamics, miscibility, phase separation, morphology and interfaces in polymer blends are also discussed in light of new insights involving the nanoscopic scale. Finally, the authors detail the processing-morphology-property relationships of polymer blends, as well as the influence of processing on the generation of micro and nano morphologies, and the dependence of these morphologies on the properties of blends. Hot topics such as compatibilization through nanoparticles, miscibility of new biopolymers and nanoscale investigations of interfaces in blends are also addressed. With its application-oriented approach, handpicked selection of topics and expert contributors, this is an outstanding survey for anyone involved in the field of polymer blends for advanced technologies.

High Tc Superconductor Thin Films

High Tc Superconductor Thin Films
Author : L. Correra
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-12-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :908
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Interdisciplinary research on superconducting oxides is the main focus of the contributions in this volume. Several aspects of the thin film field from fundamental properties to applications are examined. Interesting results for the Bi system are also reviewed. The 132 papers, including 8 invited, report mainly on the 1-2-3 system, indicating that the Y-Ba-Cu-O and related compounds are still the most intensively studied materials in this field. The volume attests to the significant progress that has been made in this field, as well as reporting on the challenging problems that still remain to be solved.

Science and Technology of Thin Films

Science and Technology of Thin Films
Author : F. C. Matacotta,G. Ottaviani
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 1995
Category : Science
Total pages :359
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This book brings together detailed discussions by leading experts on the various innovative aspects of thin films growth, deposition and characterization techniques, and new thin film materials and devices. It addresses through the different viewpoints of the contributors, the major problem of thin films science - the relation between the energy of the condensing species and the resulting properties of the films. Some of the issues considered include energetic condensation, bombardment stabilization, pulsed electron beam ablation, orientation and self-organization of organic, ferroelectric and nanoparticle thin films. Several chapters focus on applications such as the recent developments in organic optoelectronics, large area electronic technology and superconducting thin film devices.

Metal Oxide-Based Thin Film Structures

Metal Oxide-Based Thin Film Structures
Author : Nini Pryds,Vincenzo Esposito
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-09-07
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :560
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Metal Oxide-Based Thin Film Structures: Formation, Characterization and Application of Interface-Based Phenomena bridges the gap between thin film deposition and device development by exploring the synthesis, properties and applications of thin film interfaces. Part I deals with theoretical and experimental aspects of epitaxial growth, the structure and morphology of oxide-metal interfaces deposited with different deposition techniques and new developments in growth methods. Part II concerns analysis techniques for the electrical, optical, magnetic and structural properties of thin film interfaces. In Part III, the emphasis is on ionic and electronic transport at the interfaces of Metal-oxide thin films. Part IV discusses methods for tailoring metal oxide thin film interfaces for specific applications, including microelectronics, communication, optical electronics, catalysis, and energy generation and conservation. This book is an essential resource for anyone seeking to further their knowledge of metal oxide thin films and interfaces, including scientists and engineers working on electronic devices and energy systems and those engaged in research into electronic materials. Introduces the theoretical and experimental aspects of epitaxial growth for the benefit of readers new to the field Explores state-of-the-art analysis techniques and their application to interface properties in order to give a fuller understanding of the relationship between macroscopic properties and atomic-scale manipulation Discusses techniques for tailoring thin film interfaces for specific applications, including information, electronics and energy technologies, making this book essential reading for materials scientists and engineers alike

Thin Films and Heterostructures for Oxide Electronics

Thin Films and Heterostructures for Oxide Electronics
Author : Satishchandra B. Ogale
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2006-03-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :420
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Oxides form a broad subject area of research and technology development which encompasses different disciplines such as materials science, solid state chemistry, physics etc. The aim of this book is to demonstrate the interplay of these fields and to provide an introduction to the techniques and methodologies involving film growth, characterization and device processing. The literature in this field is thus fairly scattered in different research journals covering one or the other aspect of the specific activity. This situation calls for a book that will consolidate this information and thus enable a beginner as well as an expert to get an overall perspective of the field, its foundations, and its projected progress.

Modern Technologies for Creating the Thin-film Systems and Coatings

Modern Technologies for Creating the Thin-film Systems and Coatings
Author : Nikolay Nikitenkov
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-03-08
Category : Science
Total pages :444
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Development of the thin film and coating technologies (TFCT) made possible the technological revolution in electronics and through it the revolution in IT and communications in the end of the twentieth century. Now, TFCT penetrated in many sectors of human life and industry: biology and medicine; nuclear, fusion, and hydrogen energy; protection against corrosion and hydrogen embrittlement; jet engine; space materials science; and many others. Currently, TFCT along with nanotechnologies is the most promising for the development of almost all industries. The 20 chapters of this book present the achievements of thin-film technology in many areas mentioned above but more than any other in medicine and biology and energy saving and energy efficiency.

Metal Oxide Nanomaterials for Chemical Sensors

Metal Oxide Nanomaterials for Chemical Sensors
Author : Michael A. Carpenter,Sanjay Mathur,Andrei Kolmakov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-11-09
Category : Science
Total pages :548
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This book presents a state-of-the-art summary and critical analysis of work recently performed in leading research laboratories around the world on the implementation of metal oxide nanomaterial research methodologies for the discovery and optimization of new sensor materials and sensing systems. The book provides a detailed description and analysis of (i) metal oxide nanomaterial sensing principles, (ii) advances in metal oxide nanomaterial synthesis/deposition methods, including colloidal, emulsification, and vapor processing techniques, (iii) analysis of techniques utilized for the development of low temperature metal oxide nanomaterial sensors, thus enabling a broader impact into sensor applications, (iv) advances, challenges and insights gained from the in situ/ex situ analysis of reaction mechanisms, and (v) technical development and integration challenges in the fabrication of sensing arrays and devices.

Spectroscopic Ellipsometry

Spectroscopic Ellipsometry
Author : Harland G. Tompkins,James N. Hilfiker
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2015-12-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :159
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Ellipsometry is an experimental technique for determining the thickness and optical properties of thin films. It is ideally suited for films ranging in thickness from subnanometer to several microns. Spectroscopic measurements have greatly expanded the capabilities of this technique and introduced its use into all areas where thin films are found: semiconductor devices, flat panel and mobile displays, optical coating stacks, biological and medical coatings, protective layers, and more. While several scholarly books exist on the topic, this book provides a good introduction to the basic theory of the technique and its common applications. It follows in the footsteps of two previous books written by one of the authors with important updates to emphasize modern instrumentation and applications. The target audience is not the ellipsometry scholar, but process engineers and students of materials science who are experts in their own fields and wish to use ellipsometry to measure thin film properties without becoming an expert in ellipsometry itself.

SERI Photovoltaic Advanced Research and Development Bibliography, 1982-1985

SERI Photovoltaic Advanced Research and Development Bibliography, 1982-1985
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1986
Category : Photoelectric cells
Total pages :168
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