January 21, 2021

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In Vitro Toxicology

In Vitro Toxicology
Author : Alok Dhawan,Seok (Soga) Kwon
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2017-11-13
Category : Science
Total pages :248
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In Vitro Toxicology details the protocols and methods of in vitro testing, highlighting the usefulness of models, methods and the cost-effectiveness and reproducibility of such methodologies. The current approaches and strategies required to develop an easy, reliable, validated and high throughput system for use in alternative animal models to circumvent in vivo testing are discussed in detail. The book also includes chapters on the principles involved in the general selection and use of models that address safety concerns, regulatory acceptance and the current understandings and strategies for the identification of biomarkers in toxicity testing. Furthermore, principles involved in the general selection and use of models that address the issues of safety concerns and regulatory acceptance of these models are discussed, making the book beneficial to students, scientists, and regulators working in toxicology, as well as those in the field of chemicals and the safety assessment of novel materials. Discusses new techniques and protocols in a clear and concise manner includes examinations of nanotoxicity, genotoxicity and carcinogenicity Explains practical laboratory methods and the theories behind in vitro testing

In Vitro Toxicology Systems

In Vitro Toxicology Systems
Author : Anna Bal-Price,Paul Jennings
Publisher : Humana Press
Release Date : 2014-05-01
Category : Medical
Total pages :583
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In Vitro Toxicology Systems brings together important issues and considerations needed in order to develop a workable, reliable, integrated testing strategy for the replacement of animals in toxicity testing regimes. This thorough volume includes sections on in vitro models for systemic organ toxicity, neurotoxicity, sensory organs, immunotoxicity and reproductive toxicity and addresses how stem cells may be used going forward. The book also tackles difficult areas of toxicology such as carcinogenicity and nanotoxicology, with additional chapters dedicated to kinetics, metabolism, and in vitro in vivo extrapolation. The book also addresses biological processes such as stress response pathways and mechanistic biomarkers and how these can be uncovered and measured using high content approaches. Reliable and authoritative, In Vitro Toxicology Systems will be of benefit not only to students, scientists and regulators working in the field of chemical safety assessment but also to a wider scientific audience.

Cell Culture Methods for In Vitro Toxicology

Cell Culture Methods for In Vitro Toxicology
Author : G. Stacey,Alan Doyle,Margherita Ferro
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-06-29
Category : Medical
Total pages :153
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Cell Culture Methods for in vitro Toxicology introduces the reader to a range of techniques involved in the use of in vitro cell culture in toxicological studies. It deals with major cell types studied in the field of toxicology and will be useful for anyone wishing to start work with animal cell cultures or to refresh their knowledge relating to in vitro cell models. Fundamental chapters deal with the general biology of cytotoxicity and cell immortalisation these are key issues for in vitro systems addressing the `3Rs' principle. Up-to-date overviews deal with the use of cells from liver, brain and intestine. In addition, biochemical analysis of cell responses, biotransformation pathways in cells and recombinant approaches to the early detection of cell stress are also covered in detail. Prominent features of in vitro technologies also include regulation, biosafety and standardisation. Dedicated chapters deal with these issues in a practical way in order to lead the reader to the right source of information. This book provides an up-to-date, informative and practical review of cell culture methods for in vitro toxicology. It will be of equal benefit to students and experienced toxicologists with little experience of in vitro cell culture.

In Vitro Toxicology

In Vitro Toxicology
Author : A. McQueen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1989-10-15
Category : Medical
Total pages :129
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The past several years have witnessed a dramatic increase in the development and use of in vitro systems in pharmacology and toxicology. This volume consists of information on all major in vitro models which have been developed and are currently being used to identify and study toxic and pharmacological phenomena. These models include methods for isolating and culturing cells, tissue slices, and perfused organs for the liver, kidney, lung and heart. The advantages and disadvantages for each model are examined closely and examples of how each model is used are also provided. Toxicologists, pharmacologists, and biochemists will find this book to be a useful addition to their reference collection.

In Vitro Toxicity Testing Protocols

In Vitro Toxicity Testing Protocols
Author : Sheila O’Hare,C. K. Atterwill
Publisher : Humana Press
Release Date : 1995-05-04
Category : Medical
Total pages :332
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In Vitro Toxicity Testing Protocols is a collection of proven, state-of-the-art methods that toxicologists can use in carrying out laboratory studies. The book's expert contributors offer a variety of efficient in vitro toxicology techniques that can be applied regularly in your lab, or can serve as the fundamental basis for the establishment of novel techniques in working laboratories. All the procedures are highly reliable. Also included are ex vivo techniques, whose development embraces the twin aims of reduction and refinement of the use of laboratory animals; the editors believe this is an important step toward the ethical treatment of laboratory animals. In keeping with the successful format of preceding volumes of the Methods in Molecular Biology series, concise, easy-to-follow, step-by-step protocols are provided for each technique, together with extensive notes that cover troubleshooting and offer special tips to ensure the successful completion of your experiments.

Toxicity Testing in the 21st Century

Toxicity Testing in the 21st Century
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Institute for Laboratory Animal Research,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Toxicity Testing and Assessment of Environmental Agents
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2007-11-05
Category : Nature
Total pages :216
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Advances in molecular biology and toxicology are paving the way for major improvements in the evaluation of the hazards posed by the large number of chemicals found at low levels in the environment. The National Research Council was asked by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to review the state of the science and create a far-reaching vision for the future of toxicity testing. The book finds that developing, improving, and validating new laboratory tools based on recent scientific advances could significantly improve our ability to understand the hazards and risks posed by chemicals. This new knowledge would lead to much more informed environmental regulations and dramatically reduce the need for animal testing because the new tests would be based on human cells and cell components. Substantial scientific efforts and resources will be required to leverage these new technologies to realize the vision, but the result will be a more efficient, informative and less costly system for assessing the hazards posed by industrial chemicals and pesticides.

Principles of Toxicology Testing

Principles of Toxicology Testing
Author : Frank A Barile
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2013-04-02
Category : Medical
Total pages :362
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Nationally, toxicology programs have evolved from a traditional exploration of the chemistry and applied toxicity of chemicals and drugs to a more comprehensive study of toxicology and toxicology testing as independent entities. Consequently, the second edition of Principles of Toxicology Testing starts with basic toxicological principles, includin

Introduction to In Vitro Cytotoxicology

Introduction to In Vitro Cytotoxicology
Author : Frank A. Barile
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2019-06-04
Category : Medical
Total pages :240
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First Published in 1994, Introduction to In Vitro Cytotoxicology examines in vitro cytotoxicology, which offers new methodologies to toxicity testing. This important new discipline of modern toxicology is gaining increased acceptance as a viable alternative to traditional testing methods. The text discusses the application of in vitro cytotoxicology to toxicity testing and human risk assessment, and it analyzes the advantages and limitations of the tests performed under scientific and regulatory conditions. The book also reviews the optimum utilization of certain tests for specific groups of chemicals relevant to validation programs currently in progress. This book is a useful reference tool for students, researchers, and practitioners interested in academic, industrial, and regulatory toxicology; environmental health; cell biology; pharmacology; dentistry; or human and veterinary medicine.

Genetic Toxicology Testing

Genetic Toxicology Testing
Author : Ray Proudlock
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-05-28
Category : Medical
Total pages :460
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Genetic Toxicology Testing: A Laboratory Manual presents a practical guide to genetic toxicology testing of chemicals in a GLP environment. The most commonly used assays are described, from laboratory and test design to results analysis. In a methodical manner, individual test methods are described step-by-step, along with equipment, suggested suppliers, recipes for reagents, and evaluation criteria. An invaluable resource in the lab, this book will help to troubleshoot any assay problems you may encounter to optimise quality and efficiency in your genetic toxicology tests. Genetic Toxicology Testing: A Laboratory Manual is an essential reference for those new to the genetic toxicology laboratory, or anyone involved in setting up their own. Offers practical and consistent guidance on the most commonly-performed tests and procedures in a genetic toxicology lab Describes standard genetic toxicology assays, their methodology, reagents, suppliers, and analysis of their results Includes guidance on general approaches: formulation for in vitro assays, study monitoring, and Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) Serves as an essential reference for those new to the genetic toxicology laboratory, or anyone involved in setting up their own lab

In Vitro Methods in Pharmaceutical Research

In Vitro Methods in Pharmaceutical Research
Author : Jose V. Castell,Maria Jose Gmez-Lechn
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 1996-10-04
Category : Medical
Total pages :467
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In Vitro Methods in Pharmaceutical Research provides a comprehensive guide to laboratory techniques for evaluating in vitro organ toxicity using cellular models. Step-by-step practical tips on how to perform and interpret assays for drug metabolism and toxicity assessment are provided, along with a comparison of different techniques available. It is a welcome addition to the literature at a time when interest is growing in cellular in vitro models for toxicology and pharmacology studies. Meets the continuing demand for information in this field Compares In Vitro techniques with other methods Describes cell-culture methods used to investigate toxicity in cells derived from different organs Includes contributions by leading experts in the field

In Vitro Toxicology

In Vitro Toxicology
Author : Alan M. Goldberg,Marilyn L. Principe
Publisher : Mary Ann Liebert
Release Date : 1991
Category : Medical
Total pages :484
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In Vitro Toxicology, Second Edition

In Vitro Toxicology, Second Edition
Author : Shayne C. Gad
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2000-11-02
Category : Medical
Total pages :410
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Toxicology has made tremendous strides in the sophistication of the models used to identify and understand the mechanisms of agents that can harm or kill humand and other higher organisms. Non-animals or in vitro models started to gain significant use in the 1960s. As a result of the increased concern over animal welfare, economic factors, and the need for greater sensitivity and understanding of mechanisms, interest in in vitro^n models has risen. This volume demonstrates that there now exists a broad range of in vitro models for use in either identifying or understanding most forms of toxicity. The availability of in vitro models spans both the full range of endpoints (irritation, sensitization, lethality, mutagenicity, and devlopmental toxicity) and the full spectrum of target organ systems (skin, eye, heart, liver, kidney, nervous system, etc.). Chapters are devoted to each of these speciality areas from a perspective of presenting the principal models and their uses and limitations. Chapters that overview the principles involved in the general selection and use of models, and that address the issues of safety concerns and regulatory acceptance of these methods are also included.

Drug Discovery Toxicology

Drug Discovery Toxicology
Author : Yvonne Will,J. Eric McDuffie,Andrew J. Olaharski,Brandon D. Jeffy
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2016-03-22
Category : Medical
Total pages :584
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As a guide for pharmaceutical professionals to the issues and practices of drug discovery toxicology, this book integrates and reviews the strategy and application of tools and methods at each step of the drug discovery process. • Guides researchers as to what drug safety experiments are both practical and useful • Covers a variety of key topics – safety lead optimization, in vitro-in vivo translation, organ toxicology, ADME, animal models, biomarkers, and –omics tools • Describes what experiments are possible and useful and offers a view into the future, indicating key areas to watch for new predictive methods • Features contributions from firsthand industry experience, giving readers insight into the strategy and execution of predictive toxicology practices

Cellular and Molecular Toxicology and In Vitro Toxicology

Cellular and Molecular Toxicology and In Vitro Toxicology
Author : Daniel Acosta
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-07-28
Category : Medical
Total pages :176
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This work concentrates on cellular and molecular toxicity of selected well-known drugs or chemicals on the cardiovascular system. The primary objective is to provide a better understanding of the mechanisms by which xenobiotics are toxic to mammalian tissues and cells. The use of in vitro cellular and tissue systems provides attractive experimental models to assess toxic manifestations of xenobiotics. This work addresses the most recent findings on the cellular and molecular mechanisms of toxicity of several important cardiotoxic agents: doxorubicin, ethanol, cocaine, and the catecholamines. It presents an overview of vascular toxins and their biochemical effects. Included is a summary of in vitro cardiovascular techniques for assessing toxicity of xenobiotics. This publication is important for those in toxicology, tissue culture, pharmacology, in vitro toxicology, developmental biology and related areas.

Cell Culture Methods for In Vitro Toxicology

Cell Culture Methods for In Vitro Toxicology
Author : Glyn Stacey,Alan Doyle,Margherita Ferro
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2001-12-31
Category : Medical
Total pages :153
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Cell Culture Methods for in vitro Toxicology introduces the reader to a range of techniques involved in the use of in vitro cell culture in toxicological studies. It deals with major cell types studied in the field of toxicology and will be useful for anyone wishing to start work with animal cell cultures or to refresh their knowledge relating to in vitro cell models. Fundamental chapters deal with the general biology of cytotoxicity and cell immortalisation these are key issues for in vitro systems addressing the `3Rs' principle. Up-to-date overviews deal with the use of cells from liver, brain and intestine. In addition, biochemical analysis of cell responses, biotransformation pathways in cells and recombinant approaches to the early detection of cell stress are also covered in detail. Prominent features of in vitro technologies also include regulation, biosafety and standardisation. Dedicated chapters deal with these issues in a practical way in order to lead the reader to the right source of information. This book provides an up-to-date, informative and practical review of cell culture methods for in vitro toxicology. It will be of equal benefit to students and experienced toxicologists with little experience of in vitro cell culture.