November 24, 2020

Download Ebook Free Informatics For Materials Science And Engineering

Informatics for Materials Science and Engineering

Informatics for Materials Science and Engineering
Author : Krishna Rajan
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 2013-07-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :542
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Materials informatics: a ‘hot topic’ area in materials science, aims to combine traditionally bio-led informatics with computational methodologies, supporting more efficient research by identifying strategies for time- and cost-effective analysis. The discovery and maturation of new materials has been outpaced by the thicket of data created by new combinatorial and high throughput analytical techniques. The elaboration of this "quantitative avalanche"—and the resulting complex, multi-factor analyses required to understand it—means that interest, investment, and research are revisiting informatics approaches as a solution. This work, from Krishna Rajan, the leading expert of the informatics approach to materials, seeks to break down the barriers between data management, quality standards, data mining, exchange, and storage and analysis, as a means of accelerating scientific research in materials science. This solutions-based reference synthesizes foundational physical, statistical, and mathematical content with emerging experimental and real-world applications, for interdisciplinary researchers and those new to the field. Identifies and analyzes interdisciplinary strategies (including combinatorial and high throughput approaches) that accelerate materials development cycle times and reduces associated costs Mathematical and computational analysis aids formulation of new structure-property correlations among large, heterogeneous, and distributed data sets Practical examples, computational tools, and software analysis benefits rapid identification of critical data and analysis of theoretical needs for future problems

Materials Informatics

Materials Informatics
Author : Olexandr Isayev,Alexander Tropsha,Stefano Curtarolo
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2019-10-21
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :304
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Provides everything readers need to know for applying the power of informatics to materials science There is a tremendous interest in materials informatics and application of data mining to materials science. This book is a one-stop guide to the latest advances in these emerging fields. Bridging the gap between materials science and informatics, it introduces readers to up-to-date data mining and machine learning methods. It also provides an overview of state-of-the-art software and tools. Case studies illustrate the power of materials informatics in guiding the experimental discovery of new materials. Materials Informatics: Methods, Tools and Applications is presented in two parts?Methodological Aspects of Materials Informatics and Practical Aspects and Applications. The first part focuses on developments in software, databases, and high-throughput computational activities. Chapter topics include open quantum materials databases; the ICSD database; open crystallography databases; and more. The second addresses the latest developments in data mining and machine learning for materials science. Its chapters cover genetic algorithms and crystal structure prediction; MQSPR modeling in materials informatics; prediction of materials properties; amongst others. -Bridges the gap between materials science and informatics -Covers all the known methodologies and applications of materials informatics -Presents case studies that illustrate the power of materials informatics in guiding the experimental quest for new materials -Examines the state-of-the-art software and tools being used today Materials Informatics: Methods, Tools and Applications is a must-have resource for materials scientists, chemists, and engineers interested in the methods of materials informatics.

Materials Science and Engineering

Materials Science and Engineering
Author : Krishna Rajan
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-07-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :542
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This chapter provides a discussion of how informatics tools can address one of the fundamental historical developments in crystal chemistry, that of structure maps. Such maps serve as a means to explore how specific parameters associated with crystal and electronic structure can serve as a way to rationalize groupings, or classifications, relating structure and chemistry. Historically, structure maps have evolved through a variety of heuristic approaches that define a priori how parameters may be important, and then classifications are discovered as one populates these maps with data. The resulting clustering of data serves as a heuristic tool to rationalize new discoveries and new structure–bonding relationships.

Hierarchical Materials Informatics

Hierarchical Materials Informatics
Author : Surya R. Kalidindi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-08-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :230
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Custom design, manufacture, and deployment of new high performance materials for advanced technologies is critically dependent on the availability of invertible, high fidelity, structure-property-processing (SPP) linkages. Establishing these linkages presents a major challenge because of the need to cover unimaginably large dimensional spaces. Hierarchical Materials Informatics addresses objective, computationally efficient, mining of large ensembles of experimental and modeling datasets to extract this core materials knowledge. Furthermore, it aims to organize and present this high value knowledge in highly accessible forms to end users engaged in product design and design for manufacturing efforts. As such, this emerging field has a pivotal role in realizing the goals outlined in current strategic national initiatives such as the Materials Genome Initiative (MGI) and the Advanced Manufacturing Partnership (AMP). This book presents the foundational elements of this new discipline as it relates to the design, development, and deployment of hierarchical materials critical to advanced technologies. Addresses a critical gap in new materials research and development by presenting a rigorous statistical framework for the quantification of microstructure Contains several case studies illustrating the use of modern data analytic tools on microstructure datasets (both experimental and modeling)

Materials Science and Engineering

Materials Science and Engineering
Author : Joseph Glick
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-07-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :542
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The discipline of informatics emerged from the need to translate biomedical research into evidence-based healthcare protocols and policy. Materials science informatics is rooted in an analogous need to “translate” physical sciences research and discoveries into materials-based solutions to address a broad range of issues and challenges for business, government, and the environment. Ontologies and databases are key elements of translational architectures and therefore are fundamental tools of the practice of informatics. Databases are tools for engineering data and information, while ontologies are tools for engineering knowledge and utility. Since knowledge and utility are the core objectives of informatics, correctly understanding and utilizing ontologies is critical to the development of effective materials informatics programs and tools. Rooted in philosophy, the term ontology appears most frequently today in connection with semantic web technology, where it refers to vocabularies used by inference engines to interpret human use of language. Materials science ontologies need to capture the scientific context of the defined concepts to support modeling and prediction of multidimensional structure–property relationships in variable environments and applications. Addressing the complexity of materials science ontologies requires a significant departure from traditional database and semantic web ontology approaches, including the use of neural networks that are capable of implementing methods for modeling context, relevance, complex systems, and human expertise. Pioneering efforts in this space include the Knowledge Engineering for Nanoinformatics Pilot (KENI) launched by the Nanoinformatics Society in 2010, and a collaborative Materials Genome Modeling Methodology initiative led by Iowa State University and initiated in 2011.

Materials Science and Engineering

Materials Science and Engineering
Author : Surya R. Kalidindi
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-07-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :542
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Accelerated design and development of new advanced materials with improved performance characteristics and their successful insertion in engineering practice are largely hindered by the lack of a rigorous mathematical framework for the robust generation of microstructure informatics relevant to the specific application. In this chapter, we describe a set of novel data-driven, computationally efficient protocols that are capable of accelerating significantly the process of building the necessary microstructure informatics for a targeted application. Specific applications in establishing processing–structure–property linkages are discussed as representative examples of how data science can potentially transform the current practices in the materials design and development arena.

Materials Science, Testing and Informatics II

Materials Science, Testing and Informatics II
Author : J. Gyulai
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date : 2005-01-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :520
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Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The series, “Hungarian Conference and Exhibition on Materials Science, Testing and Informatics”, was founded in order to provide a forum in which Hungarian and foreign scientists and research groups - interested in metals and alloys, silicates, polymers and composites - would have the opportunity to exchange and publish ideas and to establish new integrated partnerships. The 4th Hungarian Conference and Exhibition on Materials Science, Testing and Informatics was held on the Balaton lakeside, at Balatonfüred, October 12-14th , 2003.

Nanoinformatics

Nanoinformatics
Author : Isao Tanaka
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-01-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :298
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This open access book brings out the state of the art on how informatics-based tools are used and expected to be used in nanomaterials research. There has been great progress in the area in which “big-data” generated by experiments or computations are fully utilized to accelerate discovery of new materials, key factors, and design rules. Data-intensive approaches play indispensable roles in advanced materials characterization. "Materials informatics" is the central paradigm in the new trend. "Nanoinformatics" is its essential subset, which focuses on nanostructures of materials such as surfaces, interfaces, dopants, and point defects, playing a critical role in determining materials properties. There have been significant advances in experimental and computational techniques to characterize individual atoms in nanostructures and to gain quantitative information. The collaboration of researchers in materials science and information science is growing actively and is creating a new trend in materials science and engineering. This book is open access under a CC BY license.

Materials Science, Testing and Informatics I

Materials Science, Testing and Informatics I
Author : J. Gyulai
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date : 2003-01-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :520
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This 3rd Conference on Materials Science, Testing and Informatics provided an invaluable forum for discussions on Functional Materials and Technologies for the New Millennium. Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS).

Materials Informatics

Materials Informatics
Author : Krishna Rajan
Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
Release Date : 2018-01-03
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :300
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Materials Informatics: Data-Driven Discovery in Materials Science outlines the value of adding an "informatics" dimension to the analysis of materials science phenomena, by processes which can permit one to gather and survey complex, multiscale information. Such informatics and combinatorial approaches have emerged as powerful tools in materials design and discovery, in much the same way that genomics and bioinformatics impacted the biological arena. Including topics like data mining and combinatorial experimentation, this book covers the current state of the field, and provides examples (via case studies) of the analysis of multivariate data on a wide array of materials systems.

Information Science for Materials Discovery and Design

Information Science for Materials Discovery and Design
Author : Turab Lookman,Francis J. Alexander,Krishna Rajan
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-12-12
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :307
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This book deals with an information-driven approach to plan materials discovery and design, iterative learning. The authors present contrasting but complementary approaches, such as those based on high throughput calculations, combinatorial experiments or data driven discovery, together with machine-learning methods. Similarly, statistical methods successfully applied in other fields, such as biosciences, are presented. The content spans from materials science to information science to reflect the cross-disciplinary nature of the field. A perspective is presented that offers a paradigm (codesign loop for materials design) to involve iteratively learning from experiments and calculations to develop materials with optimum properties. Such a loop requires the elements of incorporating domain materials knowledge, a database of descriptors (the genes), a surrogate or statistical model developed to predict a given property with uncertainties, performing adaptive experimental design to guide the next experiment or calculation and aspects of high throughput calculations as well as experiments. The book is about manufacturing with the aim to halving the time to discover and design new materials. Accelerating discovery relies on using large databases, computation, and mathematics in the material sciences in a manner similar to the way used to in the Human Genome Initiative. Novel approaches are therefore called to explore the enormous phase space presented by complex materials and processes. To achieve the desired performance gains, a predictive capability is needed to guide experiments and computations in the most fruitful directions by reducing not successful trials. Despite advances in computation and experimental techniques, generating vast arrays of data; without a clear way of linkage to models, the full value of data driven discovery cannot be realized. Hence, along with experimental, theoretical and computational materials science, we need to add a “fourth leg’’ to our toolkit to make the “Materials Genome'' a reality, the science of Materials Informatics.

Materials Science, Testing and Informatics ...

Materials Science, Testing and Informatics ...
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2007
Category : Materials
Total pages :129
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The Fourth Paradigm

The Fourth Paradigm
Author : Tony Hey
Publisher : Microsoft Press
Release Date : 2009
Category : Science
Total pages :252
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Foreword. A transformed scientific method. Earth and environment. Health and wellbeing. Scientific infrastructure. Scholarly communication.

Database Technology for Life Sciences and Medicine

Database Technology for Life Sciences and Medicine
Author : Claudia Plant,Christian B”hm
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2010
Category : Computers
Total pages :378
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This book presents innovative approaches from database researchers supporting the challenging process of knowledge discovery in biomedicine. Ranging from how to effectively store and organize biomedical data via data quality and case studies to sophisticated data mining methods, this book provides the state-of-the-art of database technology for life sciences and medicine. A valuable source of information for experts in life sciences who want to be updated about the possibilities of database technology in their field, this volume will also be inspiring for students and researchers in informatics who are keen to contribute to this emerging field of interdisciplinary research.

Chemical Technology and Informatics in Chemistry with Applications

Chemical Technology and Informatics in Chemistry with Applications
Author : Alexander V. Vakhrushev,Omari V. Mukbaniani,Heru Susanto
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2019-01-15
Category : Science
Total pages :350
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This volume reflects the huge breadth and diversity in research and the application of industrial and engineering chemistry and cheminformatics. The book presents cutting-edge research developments and new insights that emphasize the vibrancy of industrial and engineering chemistry and cheminformatics today. The first section of the book focuses on new insights in engineering chemistry while the second part looks at the promising future and novel approaches in chemical informatics, which has vast implications for industrial and pharmaceutical applications. Several chapters examine various industrial processes for emerging materials and determine practical use under a wide range of conditions, helping to establish what is needed to produce a new generation of materials.