January 26, 2021

Download Ebook Free Initial Report Of Continental Scientific Drilling Project Of The Cretaceous Songliao Basin (SK-1) In China

Continental Scientific Drilling Project of the Cretaceous Songliao Basin (SK-1) in China

Continental Scientific Drilling Project of the Cretaceous Songliao Basin (SK-1) in China
Author : Chengshan Wang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-11-28
Category : Science
Total pages :722
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Continental Scientific Drilling Project of the Cretaceous Songliao Basin (SK-1) in China is the first reference to provide the results of the first part of scientific drilling project at the Songliao Basin in the Daqing oil field, the largest known oil field in China. The project has two major objectives: one is to correlate the oceanic and continental records and determine the principal drivers of climate change in order to assist in future climate change predictions and its influence on the earth's environment. The second is to further test the theory of terrestrial genesis of hydrocarbons, and to explore the formation of intra-continental sedimentary basins, as many are major hydrocarbon provinces. In addition, this project provides the scientific basis for exploration of the Daqing Oilfields, which have a yearly production of forty million tons of oil. The world is entering a new exciting era to explore in which scientific drilling will provide a quantum leap in our understanding of its deep earth and history. Continental Scientific Drilling Project of the Cretaceous Songliao Basin (SK-1) in China will play an important role in promoting scientific drilling and earth system science research. Summarizes the geological background, seismic profile, and tectonic evolution of the Songliao Basin Provides detailed information on drilling technology of SK-1, which successfully obtained ~2500m core with a recovery rate of ~95% Includes detailed core information: stratigraphic charts, core photographs, and core photograph identification tables

The Changing Role of Geological Surveys

The Changing Role of Geological Surveys
Author : P.R. Hill,D. Lebel,M. Hitzman,M. Smelror,H. Thorleifson
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release Date : 2020-12-07
Category : Science
Total pages :305
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Senior managers and Heads of Geological Survey Organizations (GSOs) from around the world have contributed a collection of papers to provide a benchmark on how GSOs are responding to national and international needs in a rapidly changing world. GSOs continue to provide key scientific information about Earth systems, natural hazards and climate change. As countries adopt sustainable development principles and the public increasingly turns to social media to find information about resource and environmental issues, the generation and communication of Earth science knowledge become increasingly important. This volume provides a snapshot of how GSOs are adapting their activities to this changing world. The different national perspectives presented converge around several common themes related to resources, environment and big data. Climate change and the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals provide an increased incentive for GSOs of the world to work in harmony, to generate knowledge of Earth systems and to provide solutions for sustainable management of the planet.

Well Logging and Formation Evaluation

Well Logging and Formation Evaluation
Author : Toby Darling
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2005-05-26
Category : Science
Total pages :336
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This hand guide in the Gulf Drilling Guides series offers practical techniques that are valuable to petrophysicists and engineers in their day-to-day jobs. Based on the author’s many years of experience working in oil companies around the world, this guide is a comprehensive collection of techniques and rules of thumb that work. The primary functions of the drilling or petroleum engineer are to ensure that the right operational decisions are made during the course of drilling and testing a well, from data gathering, completion and testing, and thereafter to provide the necessary parameters to enable an accurate static and dynamic model of the reservoir to be constructed. This guide supplies these, and many other, answers to their everyday problems. There are chapters on NMR logging, core analysis, sampling, and interpretation of the data to give the engineer a full picture of the formation. There is no other single guide like this, covering all aspects of well logging and formation evaluation, completely updated with the latest techniques and applications. · A valuable reference dedicated solely to well logging and formation evaluation. · Comprehensive coverage of the latest technologies and practices, including, troubleshooting for stuck pipe, operational decisions, and logging contracts. · Packed with money-saving and time saving strategies for the engineer working in the field.

Hydraulic Rig Technology and Operations

Hydraulic Rig Technology and Operations
Author : Les Skinner
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release Date : 2018-11-30
Category : Science
Total pages :555
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Hydraulic Rig Technology and Operations delivers the full spectrum of topics critical to running a hydraulic rig. Also referred to as a snubbing unit, this single product covers all the specific specialties and knowledge needed to keep production going, from their history, to components and equipment. Also included are the practical calculations, uses, drilling examples, and technology used today. Supported by definitions, seal materials and shapes, and Q&A sections within chapters, this book gives drilling engineers the answers they need to effectively run and manage hydraulic rigs from anywhere in the world. Presents the full range of hydraulic machinery in drilling engineering, including basic theory, calculations, definitions and name conventions Helps readers gain practical knowledge on day-to-day operations, troubleshooting, and decision-making through real-life examples Includes Q&A quizzes that help users test their knowledge

Trace Fossils as Indicators of Sedimentary Environments

Trace Fossils as Indicators of Sedimentary Environments
Author : Dirk Knaust,Richard G. Bromley
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2012-12-31
Category : Science
Total pages :960
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Integration of ichnological information into sedimentological models, and vice versa, is one of the main means by which we can improve our understanding of ancient depositional environments. Mainly intended for sedimentologists, this book aims to make ichnological methods as part of facies interpretation more popular, providing an analytical review of the ichnology of all major depositional environments and the use of ichnology in biostratigraphic and sequence stratigraphic analysis. It starts with an introduction to the historical aspect of ichnology, introducing common concepts and methods, and then continues with parts treating the main depositional systems from continental, shallow-marine and deep-marine siliciclastics, and marine carbonates. The last part is dedicated to the ichnology in hydrocarbon reservoir and aquifer characterization. First overview in 25 years of the status of ichnological studies in facies reconstructions of all major depositional environments Written by a selected, well-experienced and specialized international authorship Provides easy access to the comprehensive and widespread literature

Origin and Evolution of the Ontong Java Plateau

Origin and Evolution of the Ontong Java Plateau
Author : Geological Society of London
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release Date : 2004
Category : Science
Total pages :374
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Palaeobiology and Geobiology of Fossil Lagerstätten through Earth History

Palaeobiology and Geobiology of Fossil Lagerstätten through Earth History
Author : Reitner, Joachim,Yang, Qun,Wang, Yongdong,Reich, Mike
Publisher : Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Release Date : 2013-09-06
Category : Science
Total pages :217
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Exceptionally preserved fossils from Fossil Lagerstätten contribute greatly to resolving details on the history of life on Earth. For the first time, the “Paläontologische Gesellschaft” (PalGes) and the “Palaeontological Society of China” (PSC) combined forces to jointly present an international conference aimed to highlight and encourage the study of exceptionally well-preserved fossil sites worldwide. The conference focused on all aspects of palaeontology and geobiology, also incorporating related fields like biogeochemistry, biology, sedimentology and stratigraphy. The present volume contains the abstracts of more than 275 lectures and posters presented during the joint international conference “Palaeobiology & Geobiology of Fossil Lagerstätten through Earth History”. This year’s conference was held at the northern campus of the Georg-August University in Göttingen, Germany, from September 23-27, 2013. More than three hundred palaeontologists, biologists, geologists and other scientists and researchers from sixteen countries, mainly from Germany and the P. R. of China, participated.

A Concise Geologic Time Scale

A Concise Geologic Time Scale
Author : J G Ogg,Gabi Ogg,F M Gradstein
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2016-05-13
Category : Science
Total pages :240
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A Concise Geologic Time Scale: 2016 presents a summary of Earth's history over the past 4.5 billion years, as well as a brief overview of contemporaneous events on the Moon, Mars, and Venus. The authors have been at the forefront of chronostratigraphic research and initiatives to create an international geologic time scale for many years, and the charts in this book present the most up-to-date international standard, as ratified by the International Commission on Stratigraphy and the International Union of Geological Sciences. This book is an essential reference for all geoscientists, including researchers, students, and petroleum and mining professionals. The presentation is non-technical and illustrated with numerous colour charts, maps and photographs. The book also includes a detachable laminated card of the complete time scale for use as a handy reference in the office, laboratory, or field. Presents a summary of Earth's history over the past 4.5 billion years Includes a brief overview of contemporaneous events on the Moon, Mars, and Venus Includes full-color figures including charts, stratigraphic profiles, and photographs to enhance understanding of each geologic period Correlates regional geologic stages to the standard definitions approved by the International Commission on Stratigraphy Offers an explanation of the methods used to create the time scale

Structural Control of Mineral Deposits

Structural Control of Mineral Deposits
Author : Alain Chauvet
Publisher : MDPI
Release Date : 2019-04-16
Category : Science
Total pages :256
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"Structural Control” remains a crucial point that frequently lacks in any scientific and/or economic analysis of ore deposits, whatever their type and class. The case of lode deposits is exemplary, although also other deposits, like breccia pipe, stockwerk, massive sulphides, skarn, etc., can, surprisingly, be concerned. Several concepts like the gold-bearing shear zone have not proven valid during the last few decades in terms of our understanding of gold deposit and have been totally abandoned. Additionally, the relationships between magmatism, regional tectonic context, and mineralization remain uncertain and have been debated in several recent publications. This demonstrates that this issue is still relevant, and its solution may help in the distinction between intrusion-related and orogenic deposits. In this Special Issue, we particularly invite any case study of mineral deposits, in which it has been demonstrated that structural geology may have a significant role in the establishment of the deposit model of formation and/or on exploration and exploitation programs. Examples in which the structural model diverges from those described in the classical literature are particularly welcomed, including studies in which relationships with magmatism can be suspected and/or demonstrated. Indeed, all cases that illustrate concepts that differ from the classic ones and from theoretical models may represent significant contributions to this volume.

Evolution of Fossil Ecosystems, Second Edition

Evolution of Fossil Ecosystems, Second Edition
Author : Paul Selden,John Nudds
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2012-03-15
Category : Science
Total pages :304
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Evolution of Fossil Ecosystems describes all of the main Fossil Lagerstätten (sites of exceptional fossil preservation) from around the world in a chronological order. It covers the history of research, stratigraphy and taphonomy, main faunal and floral elements, and the palaeoecology of each site and gives a comparison with coeval sites around the world. It includes all of the well-known fossil sites, such as the Burgess Shale, the Solnhofen Limestone, Mazon Creek, Rancho La Brea etc., and includes an appendix giving information on how to visit the sites and where to see the fossils in museum displays. Available now in its second edition, Lagerstätten included for the first time include Chengjiang, the Herefordshire Nodules and the Jehol Group. A welcome addition to the list of important localities of Cenozoic age is the White River Group, which preserves the finest examples of mammals around the Eocene-Oligocene boundary, including many now-extinct groups. The book is beautifully illustrated throughout with over 450 colour photographs and diagrams, and it is extensively referenced. Evolution of Fossil Ecosystems is essential reading to a wide range of students and professionals in palaeontology and related sciences, and to amateur enthusiasts.

CO2 Storage in Carboniferous Formations and Abandoned Coal Mines

CO2 Storage in Carboniferous Formations and Abandoned Coal Mines
Author : Manchao He,Luis Ribeiro e Sousa,Derek Elsworth,Euripedes Vargas Jr.
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2011-09-16
Category : Science
Total pages :203
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Underground geological storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) has considerable potential for mitigating climate change. CO2 can be safely injected and stored at well characterized and properly managed sites. Injecting carbon dioxide in deep geological formations can store it underground for long periods of time. Depleted oil and gas reservoirs, saline aquifers and carboniferous formations can be used for storage of CO2, as well as in abandoned coal mines. At depths below about 800-1000m, CO2 has a liquid-like density that permits the efficient use of underground reservoirs in porous sedimentary rocks. The papers in the present volume are from leading experts in the field of CO2 storage and were presented at an International Workshop on CO2 Storage in Carboniferous Formations and Abandoned Coal Mines (Beijing, China, 8-9 January 2011). CO2 storage in abandoned coal mines appears to have a bright future. Although CO2 Storage in Carboniferous Formations and Abandoned Coal Mines is primarily intended for mining engineers, environmental engineers and engineering geologists, the book will also be useful to civil engineers, and academics and professionals in geophysics and geochemistry.

Magnetic Stratigraphy

Magnetic Stratigraphy
Author : Meil D. Opdyke,James E.T. Channell
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 1996-11-19
Category : Science
Total pages :346
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Magnetic Stratigraphy is the most comprehensive book written in the English language on the subject of magnetic polarity stratigraphy and time scales. This volume presents the entirety of the known geomagneticrecord, which now extends back about 300 million years. The book includes the results of current research on sea floor spreading, magnetic stratigraphy of the Pliocene and Pleistocene, and postulations on the Paleozoic. Also included are both historicalbackground and applications of magnetostratigraphy. Individual chapters on correlation are presented, using changes in magnetic properties and secular variation. Key Features * Discusses pioneering work in the use of marine sediments to investigate the Earths magnetic field * Serves as a guide for students wishing to begin studies in magnetostratigraphy * Provides a comprehensive guide to magnetic polarity stratigraphy including up-to-date geomagnetic polarity time scales * Correlates magnetic stratigraphics from marine and non-marine Cenozoic sequences * Details reversal history of the magnetic field for the last 350 million years * Discusses correlation using magnetic dipole intensity changes * Up-to-date correlation of biostratigraphy with magnetic stratigraphy through the late Jurassic

Potassic Igneous Rocks and Associated Gold-Copper Mineralization

Potassic Igneous Rocks and Associated Gold-Copper Mineralization
Author : Daniel Müller,David I. Groves
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2013-04-17
Category : Science
Total pages :214
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In recent years, there has been increasing interest from geoscientists in potassic ig neous rocks. Academic geoscientists have been interested in their petrogenesis and their potential value in defining the tectonic setting of the terranes into which they were intruded, and exploration geoscientists have become increasingly interested in the association of these rocks with major epithermal gold and porphyry gold-copper deposits. Despite this current interest, there is no comprehensive textbook that deals with these aspects of potassic igneous rocks. This book redresses this situation by elucidating the characteristic features of potassic (high-K) igneous rocks, erecting a hierarchical scheme that allows interpre tation of their tectonic setting using whole-rock geochemistry, and investigating their associations with a variety of gold and copper-gold deposits, worldwide. About two thirds of the book is based on a PhD thesis by Dr Daniel Muller which was produced at the Key Centre for Strategic Mineral Deposits within the Department of Geology and Geophysics at The University of Western Australia under the supervision of Professor David Groves, the late Dr Nick Rock, Professor Eugen Stumpf!, Dr Wayne Taylor, and Dr Brendon Griffin. The remainder of the book has been compiled from the literature using the collective experience of the two authors. The book is dedi cated to the memory of Dr Rock who initiated the research project but died before its completion.

Natural Gas Seepage

Natural Gas Seepage
Author : Giuseppe Etiope
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-01-30
Category : Science
Total pages :199
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The book offers a modern, comprehensive, and holistic view of natural gas seepage, defined as the visible or invisible flow of gaseous hydrocarbons from subsurface sources to Earth’s surface. Beginning with definitions, classifications for onshore and offshore seepage, and fundamentals on gas migration mechanisms, the book reports the latest findings for the global distribution of gas seepage and describes detection methods. Seepage implications are discussed in relation to petroleum exploration, environmental impacts (hazards, pollution, atmospheric emissions, and past climate change), emerging scientific issues (abiotic gas and methane on Mars), and the role of seeps in ancient cultures. With an updated bibliography and an integrated analysis of available data, the book offers a new fundamental awareness - gas seepage is more widespread than previously thought and influences all of Earth’s external “spheres”, including the hydrosphere, atmosphere, biosphere, and anthroposphere.

Continents and Supercontinents

Continents and Supercontinents
Author : John J. W. Rogers,M. Santosh
Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
Release Date : 2004-09-16
Category : Science
Total pages :289
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Surveys the origin of continents, and the accretion and breakup of supercontinents through earth history. This book also shows how these processes affected the composition of seawater, climate, and the evolution of life.