November 30, 2020

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Insect Resistance Management

Insect Resistance Management
Author : David W. Onstad
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2007-12-05
Category : Science
Total pages :320
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Insects, mites, and ticks have a long history of evolving resistance to pesticides, host-plant resistance, crop rotation, pathogens, and parasitoids. Insect resistance management (IRM) is the scientific approach to preventing or delaying pest evolution and its negative impacts on agriculture, public health, and veterinary issues. This book provides entomologists, pest management practitioners, developers of new technologies, and regulators with information about the many kinds of pest resistance including behavioral and phenological resistance. Abstract concepts and various case studies provide the reader with the biological and economic knowledge required to manage resistance. No other source has the breadth of coverage of this book: genomics to economics, transgenic insecticidal crops, insecticides, and other pest management tactics such as crop rotation. Dr. David W. Onstad and a team of experts illustrate how IRM becomes efficient, effective and socially acceptable when local, social and economic aspects of the system are considered. Historical lessons are highlighted with new perspectives emphasized, so that future research and management may be informed by past experience, but not constrained by it. * First book in 15 years to provide the history and explore aspects of a variety of stakeholders * Contributors include experts on ecological aspects of IRM, molecular and population genetics, economics, and IRM social issues * Biochemistry and molecular genetics of insecticides presented with an mphasis on past 15 years of research including Cry proteins in transgenic crops * Encourages scientists and stakeholders to implement and coordinate strategies based on local social conditions

Advances in Insect Control and Resistance Management

Advances in Insect Control and Resistance Management
Author : A. Rami Horowitz,Isaac Ishaaya
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-08-26
Category : Science
Total pages :339
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This book covers advanced concepts and creative ideas with regard to insect biorational control and insecticide resistance management. Some chapters present and summarize general strategies or tactics for managing insect pests such as the principles of IPM in various crop systems and biorational control of insect pests, advances in organic farming, alternative strategies for controlling orchard and field-crop pests. Other chapters cover alternative methods for controlling pests such as disruption of insect reproductive systems and utilization of semiochemicals and diatomaceous earth formulations, and developing bioacoustic methods for mating disruption. Another part is devoted to insecticide resistance: mechanisms and novel approaches for managing insect resistance in agriculture and in public health.

Insect Resistance Management

Insect Resistance Management
Author : David W. Onstad
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2013-10-08
Category : Science
Total pages :560
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Neither pest management nor resistance management can occur with only an understanding of pest biology. For years, entomologists have understood, with their use of economic thresholds, that at least a minimal use of economics was necessary for proper integrated pest management. IRM is even more complicated and dependent on understanding and using socioeconomic factors. The new edition of Insect Resistance Management addresses these issues and much more. Many new ideas, facts and case studies have been developed since the previous edition of Insect Resistance Management published. With a new chapter focusing on Resistance Mechanisms Related to Plant-incorporated Toxins and heavily expanded revisions of several existing chapters, this new volume will be an invaluable resource for IRM researchers, practitioners, professors and advanced students. Authors in this edition include professors at major universities, leaders in the chemical and seed industry, evolutionary biologists and active IRM practitioners. This revision also contains more information about IRM outside North America, and a modeling chapter contains a large new section on uncertainty analysis, a subject recently emphasized by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The final chapter contains a section on insecticidal seed treatments. No other book has the breadth of coverage of Insect Resistance Management, 2e. It not only covers molecular to economic issues, but also transgenic crops, seed treatments and other pest management tactics such as crop rotation. Major themes continuing from the first edition include the importance of using IRM in the integrated pest management paradigm, the need to study and account for pest behavior, and the influence of human behavior and decision making in IRM. Provides insights from the history of insect resistance management (IRM) to the latest science Includes contributions from experts on ecological aspects of IRM, molecular and population genetics, economics, and IRM social issues Offers biochemistry and molecular genetics of insecticides presented with an emphasis on recent research Encourages scientists and stakeholders to implement and coordinate strategies based on local social conditions

Insecticides Resistance

Insecticides Resistance
Author : Stanislav Trdan
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2016-03-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :450
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This book contains 20 chapters, which are divided into 5 sections. Section 1 covers different aspects of insecticide resistance of selected economically important plant insect pests, whereas section 2 includes chapters about the importance, development and insecticide resistance management in controlling malaria vectors. Section 3 is dedicated to some general questions in insecticide resistance, while the main topic of section 4 is biochemical approaches of insecticide resistance mechanisms. Section 5 covers ecologically acceptable approaches for overcoming insecticide resistance, such are the use of mycoinsecticides, and understanding the role of some plant chemical compounds, which are important in interactions between plants, their pests and biological control agents.

Exam Prep for: Insect Resistance Management

Exam Prep for: Insect Resistance Management
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2020
Category :
Total pages :129
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Insecticide Resistance

Insecticide Resistance
Author : Ian Denholm,John A. Pickett,Alan L. Devonshire
Publisher : C A B International
Release Date : 1999
Category : Science
Total pages :123
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This book addresses these topical issues and is based on a Discussion Meeting held at the Royal Society, London, in April 1998. Contributors include scientists from leading research groups in Europe, North America, Asia and Australia. The papers have also been published as an issue of the journal Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences, published by the Royal Society. Topics covered include molecular genetics, mechanisms, ecological genetics and management. There is also discussion of the genetically delivered toxicant derived from the insect pathogen Bacillus thuringiensis. The book is essential reading for agricultural, medical and veterinary entomologists concerned with pest management.

The Emergence of Insect Resistance in Bt-corn: Implication of Resistance Management Information under Uncertainty

The Emergence of Insect Resistance in Bt-corn: Implication of Resistance Management Information under Uncertainty
Author : Nicholas A. Linacre and Colin J. Thompson
Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Release Date : 2020
Category : Social Science
Total pages :129
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Management Practices for Insect Resistance in Bt Maize

Management Practices for Insect Resistance in Bt Maize
Author : Gleberson Guillen Piccinin
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2016
Category : Technology
Total pages :129
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The failure to reduce the population of a phytophagous species recognized as a key pest in a given situation usually occurs by not using the principles of Integrated Pest Management (IPM). The control of insect pests in agriculture has been done mainly through the application of chemical insecticides. However, chemical insecticides has lost effectiveness due to the selection of populations of resistant insects and cause adverse environmental effects. The main resistance management programs (IRM) strategy is the use of 'high dose/refuge', which involves the use of high dose of Bt protein in plants, promoting high mortality of heterozygotes associated with the planting of refuge, ie, a proportion of the crop in which it must be planted a non-Bt variety, allowing the survival of susceptible individuals. The emergence of Bt crops is an important step between the tactics available for pest control in various crops such as maize, canola, cotton and, in the near future, soybeans.

The Economics of Integrated Pest Management of Insects

The Economics of Integrated Pest Management of Insects
Author : David W Onstad,Philip Crain
Publisher : CABI
Release Date : 2019-09-02
Category : Science
Total pages :206
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The book begins by establishing an economic framework upon which to apply the principles of IPM. Then, it looks at the entomological applications of economics, specifically, economic analyses concerning chemical, biological, cultural, and genetic control tactics as well as host plant resistance and the cost of sampling. Lastly it evaluates whether the control provided by a traditional IPM system is sufficient, or if changes to the system design would yield greater benefits.

Pesticide Management and Insecticide Resistance

Pesticide Management and Insecticide Resistance
Author : David L. Watson,Anthony William Aldridge Brown
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1977
Category : Insect pests
Total pages :638
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The cost of commercializing pesticides; Pesticide residues and their relationship to pesticide management; Pesticide safety; Role of Application techniques in respect to safe and efficient pest control; Pesticide resistance II; The impact of chlorofluorocarbons/ozone; On international view of the significance and the control of urban pests; Agricultural pests in international commerce; Pesticide applicator training and certification as a factor in the management of pesticides; An experimental pesticide monitoring program in agricultural settlements of Israel; The importance of pesticides in successful pest management programs; Coordination in the US Federal Government on pests, pesticides, and pest management; Toxicology and safety evaluation of phosvel to Egyptian water buffalo; Survey of pesticide residues and their metabolites in humans; The current status of DDT in the United States; Dermal absorption, distribution, and the fate of six pesticides in the rabbit; Insecticide residues and tainting in Cocoa; Oil-based carbaryl for control of rice insects by ultralow volume; CM-UTH 1424, a new insecticide for the control of flies and agricultural insect pests; Growth promoting hormone and analogues in the food plant of notodontidae, sphingidae, and saturniidae and the effect of postembryonic development; Fate of fenitrothion in forests trees VI. Some factors affecting rate of dissipation from balsam fir and white spruce; Determination of suitable weather conditions for forest aerial spraying; Optimizing pesticide.

Insect Pest Management

Insect Pest Management
Author : A. Rami Horowitz,Isaac Ishaaya
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-04-17
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :344
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This book explores ecologically sound and innovative techniques in insect pest management in field and protected crops. From a general overview of pest management to new biorational insecticides such as insect growth regulators, and new strategies to reduce resistance, the coverage is entirely up-to-date. Other chapters describe advances in pest management of important crops such as cotton, corn, oilseed rape and various vegetables.

Pesticides in Crop Production: Physiological and Biochemical Action

Pesticides in Crop Production: Physiological and Biochemical Action
Author : Prabhat Kumar Srivastava,Vijay Pratap Singh,Anita Singh,Durgesh K. Tripathi,Samiksha Singh,Sheo Mohan Prasad
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2020-04-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :312
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A guide to the diversity of pesticides used in modern agricultural practices, and the relevant social and environmental issues Pesticides in Crop Production offers an important resource that explores pesticide action in plants; pesticide metabolism in soil microbes, plants and animals; bioaccumulation of pesticides and sensitiveness of microbiome towards pesticides. The authors explore pesticide risk assessment, the development of pesticide resistance in pests, microbial remediation of pesticide intoxicated legumes and pesticide toxicity amelioration in plants by plant hormones. The authors include information on eco-friendly pest management. They review the impact of pesticides on soil microorganism, crops and other plants along with the impact on other organisms like aquatic fauna and terrestrial animals including human beings. The book also contains an analysis of pesticide by GC-MS/MS (Gas Chromatography tandem Mass Spectrometry) a reliable method for the quantification and confirmation of multiclass pesticide residues. This important book: Offers a comprehensive guide to the use of the diversity of pesticides and the pertinent social and environmental issues Explores the impact of pesticides from morphological, anatomical, physiological and biochemical perspectives Shows how pesticides affects soil microorganisms, crops and other plants along with the impact on other organisms like aquatic fauna and animals Critically examines whether chemical pesticides are boon or bane and whether they can be replaced by environmental friendly pesticides Written for students, researchers and professionals in agriculture, botany, entomology and biotechnology, Pesticides in Crop Production examines the effects of chemical pesticides and the feasibility of using bio-pesticides.

Integration of Insect-Resistant Genetically Modified Crops within IPM Programs

Integration of Insect-Resistant Genetically Modified Crops within IPM Programs
Author : Jörg Romeis,Anthony M. Shelton,George Kennedy
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-07-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :441
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Insect pests remain one of the main constraints to food and fiber production worldwide despite farmers deploying a range of techniques to protect their crops. Modern pest control is guided by the principles of integrated pest management (IPM) with pest resistant germplasm being an important part of the foundation. Since 1996, when the first genetically modified (GM) insect-resistant maize variety was commercialized in the USA, the area planted to insect-resistant GM varieties has grown dramatically, representing the fastest adoption rate of any agricultural technology in human history. The goal of our book is to provide an overview on the role insect-resistant GM plants play in different crop systems worldwide. We hope that the book will contribute to a more rational debate about the role GM crops can play in IPM for food and fiber production.

Pesticide Management and Insecticide Resistance

Pesticide Management and Insecticide Resistance
Author : David Watson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-12-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :658
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Pesticide Management and Insecticide Resistance explores the problem of insect resistance to pesticides and reviews various approaches to pesticide management and safety. It looks at the environmental hazards of pesticide residues and their regulation, along with application techniques aimed at maximum efficiency against the pest and minimum waste to pollution, safety considerations in the development of pest control programs, and pesticide monitoring. Divided into eight parts encompassing 49 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the global pesticide industry and the costs of commercializing pesticides relative to their profit potential. It then introduces the reader to the release of fluorohydrocarbon propellants in pesticidal aerosols and their hazards to the ozone layer, management of pests in urban environments, international plant protection, the current status of DDT, the importance of training pest-control personnel, and procedures of forest spraying. Other chapters focus on pesticide management safety from a medical perspective; pesticide safety as it relates to the manufacturing, warehousing, and distribution of pesticides; importance of pesticide application equipment and related field practices in developing countries; and the importance of pesticides in successful pest management programs. This book is a valuable resource for scientists, students, researchers, and policymakers who want to ensure the safety of consumers, applicators, and harvesters when using pesticides.

Pest Resistance to Pesticides

Pest Resistance to Pesticides
Author : G. P. Georghiou
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Science
Total pages :810
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The development of resistance to pesticides is generally acknowledged as one of the most serious obstacles to effective pest control today. Since house flies first developed resistance to DDT in 1946, more than 428 species of arthropods, at least 91 species of plant pathogens, five species of noxious weeds and two species of nematodes were reported to have developed strains resistant to on~ or more pesticides. A seminar of U. S. and Japanese scientists was held in Palm Springs, California, during December 3-7, 1979, under the U. S. -Japan Cooperative Science Program, in order to evaluate the status of research on resistance and to discuss directions for future emphasis. A total of 32 papers were presented under three principal topics: Origins and Dynamics of Resistance (6), Mechanisms of Resistance (18), and Suppression and Management of Resistance (8). The seminar was unique in that it brought together for the first time researchers from the disciplines of entomology, plant pathology and weed science for a comprehensive discussion of this common problem. Significant advances have been identified in (a) the development of methods for detection and monitoring of resistance in arthropods (electrophoresis, diagnostic dosage tests) and plant pathogens, (b) research on biochemical and physiological mechanisms of resis tance (cytochrome p450, sensitivity of target site, gene regulation), (c) the identification and quantification of biotic, genetic and operational factors influencing the evolution of resistance, and (d) the exploration of pest management approaches incorporating resis tance-delaying measures.