January 27, 2021

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Integrated Population Models

Integrated Population Models
Author : Michael Schaub,Marc Kery
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2021-07-15
Category : Nature
Total pages :436
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Integrated Population Models: Theory and Ecological Applications with R and JAGS is the first resource on integrated population models, which constitute a powerful framework for combining multiple data sets from the population and the individual levels to estimate demographic parameters and population size. These models identify drivers of population dynamics and forecast the composition and trajectory of a population. Offers practical and accessible ecological applications of IPMs (integrated population models) Provides full documentation of analyzed code in the Bayesian framework Written and structured for an easy approach to the subject, especially for non-statisticians

Integrated Population Models and Habitat Metrics for Wildlife Management

Integrated Population Models and Habitat Metrics for Wildlife Management
Author : James Nowak
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2015
Category :
Total pages :104
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Successful management of harvested species critically depends on an ability to predict the consequences of corrective actions. Ideally, managers would have comprehensive, quantitative and continuous knowledge of a managed system upon which to base decisions. In reality, wildlife managers rarely have comprehensive system knowledge. Despite imperfect knowledge and data deficiencies, a desire exists to manipulate populations and achieve objectives. To this end, manipulation of harvest regimes and the habitat upon which species rely have become staples of wildlife management. Contemporary statistical tools have potential to enhance both the estimation of population size and vital rates while making possible more proactive management. In chapter 1 we evaluate the efficacy of integrated population models (IPM) to fill knowledge voids under conditions of limited data and model misspecification. We show that IPMs maintain high accuracy and low bias over a wide range of realistic conditions. In recognition of the fact that many monitoring programs have focal data collection areas we then fit a novel form of the IPM that employs random effects to effectively share information through space and time. We find that random effects dramatically improve performance of optimization algorithms, produce reasonable estimates and make it possible to estimate parameters for populations with very limited data. We applied these random effect models to 51 elk management units in Idaho, USA to demonstrate the abilities of the models and information gains. Many of the estimates are the first of their kind. Short-term forecasting is the focus of population models, but managers assess viability on longer time horizons through habitat. Modern approaches to understanding large ungulate habitat requirements largely depend on resource selection. An implicit assumption of the resource selection approach is that disproportionate use of the landscape directly reflects an individual's desire to meet life history goals. However, we show that simple metrics of habitat encountered better describe variations in elk survival. Comparing population level variation through time to individual variation we found that individual variation in habitat used was the most supported model relating habitat to a fitness component. Further, resource selection coefficients did not correlate with survival.

Integrated Population Biology and Modeling

Integrated Population Biology and Modeling
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-09-26
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :633
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Integrated Population Biology and Modeling: Part A offers very complex and precise realities of quantifying modern and traditional methods of understanding populations and population dynamics. Chapters cover emerging topics of note, including Longevity dynamics, Modeling human-environment interactions, Survival Probabilities from 5-Year Cumulative Life Table Survival Ratios (Tx+5/Tx): Some Innovative Methodological Investigations, Cell migration Models, Evolutionary Dynamics of Cancer Cells, an Integrated approach for modeling of coastal lagoons: A case for Chilka Lake, India, Population and metapopulation dynamics, Mortality analysis: measures and models, Stationary Population Models, Are there biological and social limits to human longevity?, Probability models in biology, Stochastic Models in Population Biology, and more. Covers emerging topics of note in the subject matter Presents chapters on Longevity dynamics, Modeling human-environment interactions, Survival Probabilities from 5-Year Cumulative Life Table Survival Ratios (Tx+5/Tx), and more

Bayesian Population Analysis Using WinBUGS

Bayesian Population Analysis Using WinBUGS
Author : Marc Kéry,Michael Schaub
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2012
Category : Science
Total pages :535
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Bayesian statistics has exploded into biology and its sub-disciplines, such as ecology, over the past decade. The free software program WinBUGS, and its open-source sister OpenBugs, is currently the only flexible and general-purpose program available with which the average ecologist can conduct standard and non-standard Bayesian statistics. Comprehensive and richly commented examples illustrate a wide range of models that are most relevant to the research of a modern population ecologist All WinBUGS/OpenBUGS analyses are completely integrated in software R Includes complete documentation of all R and WinBUGS code required to conduct analyses and shows all the necessary steps from having the data in a text file out of Excel to interpreting and processing the output from WinBUGS in R

Modelling Population Dynamics

Modelling Population Dynamics
Author : K. B. Newman,S. T. Buckland,B. J. T. Morgan,R. King,D. L. Borchers,D. J. Cole,P. Besbeas,O. Gimenez,L. Thomas
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2014-07-16
Category : Medical
Total pages :215
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This book gives a unifying framework for estimating the abundance of open populations: populations subject to births, deaths and movement, given imperfect measurements or samples of the populations. The focus is primarily on populations of vertebrates for which dynamics are typically modelled within the framework of an annual cycle, and for which stochastic variability in the demographic processes is usually modest. Discrete-time models are developed in which animals can be assigned to discrete states such as age class, gender, maturity, population (within a metapopulation), or species (for multi-species models). The book goes well beyond estimation of abundance, allowing inference on underlying population processes such as birth or recruitment, survival and movement. This requires the formulation and fitting of population dynamics models. The resulting fitted models yield both estimates of abundance and estimates of parameters characterizing the underlying processes.

Analysis of Capture-Recapture Data

Analysis of Capture-Recapture Data
Author : Rachel S. McCrea,Byron J. T. Morgan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2014-08-01
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :314
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An important first step in studying the demography of wild animals is to identify the animals uniquely through applying markings, such as rings, tags, and bands. Once the animals are encountered again, researchers can study different forms of capture-recapture data to estimate features, such as the mortality and size of the populations. Capture-rec

Population Ecology in Practice

Population Ecology in Practice
Author : Brett K. Sandercock
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2020-02-10
Category : Science
Total pages :448
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A synthesis of contemporary analytical and modeling approaches in population ecology The book provides an overview of the key analytical approaches that are currently used in demographic, genetic, and spatial analyses in population ecology. The chapters present current problems, introduce advances in analytical methods and models, and demonstrate the applications of quantitative methods to ecological data. The book covers new tools for designing robust field studies; estimation of abundance and demographic rates; matrix population models and analyses of population dynamics; and current approaches for genetic and spatial analysis. Each chapter is illustrated by empirical examples based on real datasets, with a companion website that offers online exercises and examples of computer code in the R statistical software platform. Fills a niche for a book that emphasizes applied aspects of population analysis Covers many of the current methods being used to analyse population dynamics and structure Illustrates the application of specific analytical methods through worked examples based on real datasets Offers readers the opportunity to work through examples or adapt the routines to their own datasets using computer code in the R statistical platform Population Ecology in Practice is an excellent book for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in population ecology or ecological statistics, as well as established researchers needing a desktop reference for contemporary methods used to develop robust population assessments.

Integrated Population Biology and Modeling

Integrated Population Biology and Modeling
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-02-05
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :653
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Integrated Population Biology and Modeling: Part B, Volume 40, offers very delicately complex and precise realities of quantifying modern and traditional methods of understanding populations and population dynamics, with this updated release focusing on Prey-predator animal models, Back projections, Evolutionary Biology computations, Population biology of collective behavior and bio patchiness, Collective behavior, Population biology through data science, Mathematical modeling of multi-species mutualism: new insights, remaining challenges and applications to ecology, Population Dynamics of Manipur, Stochastic Processes and Population Dynamics Models: The Mechanisms for Extinction, Persistence and Resonance, Theories of Stationary Populations and association with life lived and life left, and more. Studies human and animal models that are studied both separately and throughout chapters Presents a comprehensive and timely update on integrated population biology

Bringing Bayesian Models to Life

Bringing Bayesian Models to Life
Author : Mevin B. Hooten,Trevor J. Hefley
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2019-05-15
Category : Science
Total pages :574
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Bringing Bayesian Models to Life empowers the reader to extend, enhance, and implement statistical models for ecological and environmental data analysis. We open the black box and show the reader how to connect modern statistical models to computer algorithms. These algorithms allow the user to fit models that answer their scientific questions without needing to rely on automated Bayesian software. We show how to handcraft statistical models that are useful in ecological and environmental science including: linear and generalized linear models, spatial and time series models, occupancy and capture-recapture models, animal movement models, spatio-temporal models, and integrated population-models. Features: R code implementing algorithms to fit Bayesian models using real and simulated data examples. A comprehensive review of statistical models commonly used in ecological and environmental science. Overview of Bayesian computational methods such as importance sampling, MCMC, and HMC. Derivations of the necessary components to construct statistical algorithms from scratch. Bringing Bayesian Models to Life contains a comprehensive treatment of models and associated algorithms for fitting the models to data. We provide detailed and annotated R code in each chapter and apply it to fit each model we present to either real or simulated data for instructional purposes. Our code shows how to create every result and figure in the book so that readers can use and modify it for their own analyses. We provide all code and data in an organized set of directories available at the authors' websites.

Sensitivity Analysis: Matrix Methods in Demography and Ecology

Sensitivity Analysis: Matrix Methods in Demography and Ecology
Author : Hal Caswell
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-04-02
Category : Social Science
Total pages :299
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This open access book shows how to use sensitivity analysis in demography. It presents new methods for individuals, cohorts, and populations, with applications to humans, other animals, and plants. The analyses are based on matrix formulations of age-classified, stage-classified, and multistate population models. Methods are presented for linear and nonlinear, deterministic and stochastic, and time-invariant and time-varying cases. Readers will discover results on the sensitivity of statistics of longevity, life disparity, occupancy times, the net reproductive rate, and statistics of Markov chain models in demography. They will also see applications of sensitivity analysis to population growth rates, stable population structures, reproductive value, equilibria under immigration and nonlinearity, and population cycles. Individual stochasticity is a theme throughout, with a focus that goes beyond expected values to include variances in demographic outcomes. The calculations are easily and accurately implemented in matrix-oriented programming languages such as Matlab or R. Sensitivity analysis will help readers create models to predict the effect of future changes, to evaluate policy effects, and to identify possible evolutionary responses to the environment. Complete with many examples of the application, the book will be of interest to researchers and graduate students in human demography and population biology. The material will also appeal to those in mathematical biology and applied mathematics.

Handbook Integrated Care

Handbook Integrated Care
Author : Volker Amelung,Viktoria Stein,Nicholas Goodwin,Ran Balicer,Ellen Nolte,Esther Suter
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-06-30
Category : Medical
Total pages :595
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This handbook gives profound insight into the main ideas and concepts of integrated care. It offers a managed care perspective with a focus on patient orientation, efficiency, and quality by applying widely recognized management approaches to the field of health care. The handbook also provides international best practices and shows how integrated care does work throughout various health systems. The delivery of health and social care is characterised by fragmentation and complexity in most health systems throughout the world. Therefore, much of the recent international discussion in the field of health policy and health management has focused on the topic of integrated care. “Integrated” acknowledges the complexity of patients ́ needs and aims to meet it by taking into account both health and social care aspects. Changing and improving processes in a coordinated way is at the heart of this approach.

Using Science to Improve the BLM Wild Horse and Burro Program

Using Science to Improve the BLM Wild Horse and Burro Program
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Committee to Review the Bureau of Land Management Wild Horse and Burro Management Program
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2013-09-04
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :398
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Using Science to Improve the BLM Wild Horse and Burro Program: A Way Forward reviews the science that underpins the Bureau of Land Management's oversight of free-ranging horses and burros on federal public lands in the western United States, concluding that constructive changes could be implemented. The Wild Horse and Burro Program has not used scientifically rigorous methods to estimate the population sizes of horses and burros, to model the effects of management actions on the animals, or to assess the availability and use of forage on rangelands. Evidence suggests that horse populations are growing by 15 to 20 percent each year, a level that is unsustainable for maintaining healthy horse populations as well as healthy ecosystems. Promising fertility-control methods are available to help limit this population growth, however. In addition, science-based methods exist for improving population estimates, predicting the effects of management practices in order to maintain genetically diverse, healthy populations, and estimating the productivity of rangelands. Greater transparency in how science-based methods are used to inform management decisions may help increase public confidence in the Wild Horse and Burro Program.

Strategic Job Modeling

Strategic Job Modeling
Author : Jeffery S. Schippmann
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release Date : 2013-09-05
Category : Psychology
Total pages :320
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(USE FOR PRACTITIONER/BUSINESS PIECES) In an increasingly knowledge-based economy, a company's success hinges on the quality of its people. People set strategy, make decisions, build relationships, and drive change. Businesses possess a powerful advantage if their people do their jobs better and faster than the competition. The need for more sophisticated, integrated, and strategically linked human resource applications (e.g., selection systems, training programs, and performance management interventions) is recasting the very role of HR. One of the critical tools in the HR professionals' toolkit that has been used to create these applications is job analysis. However, much of today's job analysis practice has failed to keep up with the evolutionary pace. This book is about a "next generation" job analysis method that involves translating business strategies into work performance and competency requirements, and using this information and data to create an architecture that can be used to support the sophisticated HR applications and enterprise resource planning systems that will be a part of high-performance third millennium organizations. Numerous case studies, applied examples, and project management tips contribute to the practice-oriented design of the book to illustrate a personnel research activity that is essentially an ongoing organizational development intervention. (USE THIS COPY FOR TEXTBOOK PIECES) The business landscape is changing and becoming more complex. Furthermore, human resources is at the vortex of much of what is changing. The need for more sophisticated, integrated, and strategically linked human resource applications (e.g., selection systems, training programs, and performance management interventions) is recasting the very role of HR. One of the critical tools in the HR professionals' toolkit that has been used to create these applications is job analysis. However, much of today's job analysis practice has failed to keep up with the evolutionary pace. This book is about a "next generation" job analysis method that involves translating business strategies into work performance and competency requirements, and using this information and data to create an architecture that can be used to support the sophisticated HR applications and enterprise resource planning systems that will be a part of high-performance third millennium organizations. Numerous case studies, applied examples, and project management tips contribute to the practice-oriented design of the book to illustrate a personnel research activity that is essentially an ongoing organizational development intervention.

Integrated Weed and Soil Management

Integrated Weed and Soil Management
Author : J. L. Hatfield,Bobby A. Stewart
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1997-11-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :400
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Integrated Weed and Soil Management explores the connection between soil science and weed control, providing the latest research and applications for weed management in agricultural systems. Five major areas discussed include: surface residue, tillage, and weed and soil management integration of soil and weed management to reduce environmental degradation modeling weed emergence, interference, and management new technology and management development of the next generation of weed management systems Throughout the text, the editors and contributors replace weed control terminology with weed management terminology, shifting the paradigm of one of control to one of better management. Integrated Weed and Soil Management, a great reference for higher research, improves your understanding of soil science, weed biology, and ecology - leading to effective practical application and maximum results.

Integrated Transport and Land Use Modeling for Sustainable Cities

Integrated Transport and Land Use Modeling for Sustainable Cities
Author : Michel Bierlaire,Andre De Palma,Paul Waddell,Ricardo Hurtubia
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2014-10-01
Category : Architecture
Total pages :280
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Integrated transport and land use models are an increasingly used tool for evaluation of urban policy and large scale projects. Although there is a well-built theoretical background supporting the existing models, there are few exhaustive descriptions of the methodological implications and implementation efforts behind these tools.This handbook describes the modeling effort, methodological contributions, and results of the SustainCity project. SustainCity, financed by the European Union, implemented integrated microsimulation models for European cities, generating a quantitative tool for policy evaluation, specially focused on sustainability issues. The book describes the implementation of an improved, UrbanSim-based platform for three European cities: Brussels, Paris, and Zurich. The analysis is focused on the methodological contributions that resulted from the modeling effort and the practical aspects of microsimulation models as policy evaluation tools. "