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Interface Science and Composites

Interface Science and Composites
Author : Soo-Jin Park,Min-Kang Seo
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2011
Category : Science
Total pages :834
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The goal of Interface Science and Composites is to facilitate the manufacture of technological materials with optimized properties on the basis of a comprehensive understanding of the molecular structure of interfaces and their resulting influence on composite materials processes. From the early development of composites of various natures, the optimization of the interface has been of major importance. While there are many reference books available on composites, few deal specifically with the science and mechanics of the interface of materials and composites. Further, many recent advances in composite interfaces are scattered across the literature and are here assembled in a readily accessible form, bringing together recent developments in the field, both from the materials science and mechanics perspective, in a single convenient volume. The central theme of the book is tailoring the interface science of composites to optimize the basic physical principles rather than on the use of materials and the mechanical performance and structural integrity of composites with enhanced strength/stiffness and fracture toughness (or specific fracture resistance). It also deals mainly with interfaces in advanced composites made from high-performance fibers, such as glass, carbon, aramid, and some inorganic fibers, and matrix materials encompassing polymers, carbon, metals/alloys, and ceramics. Includes chapter on the development of a nanolevel dispersion of graphene particles in a polymer matrix Focus on tailoring the interface science of composites to optimize the basic physical principles Covers mainly interfaces in advanced composites made from high performance fibers

Engineered Interfaces in Fiber Reinforced Composites

Engineered Interfaces in Fiber Reinforced Composites
Author : Jang-Kyo Kim,Yiu-Wing Mai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 1998-10-21
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :416
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The study and application of composite materials are a truly interdisciplinary endeavour that has been enriched by contributions from chemistry, physics, materials science, mechanics and manufacturing engineering. The understanding of the interface (or interphase) in composites is the central point of this interdisciplinary effort. From the early development of composite materials of various nature, the optimization of the interface has been of major importance. While there are many reference books available on composite materials, few of them deal specifically with the science and mechanics of the interface of fiber reinforced composites. Further, many recent advances devoted solely to research in composite interfaces have been scattered in a variety of published literature and have yet to be assembled in a readily accessible form. To this end this book is an attempt to bring together recent developments in the field, both from the materials science and mechanics perspective, in a single convenient volume. The central theme of the book is tailoring the interface properties to optimise the mechanical peformance and structural integrity of composites with enhanced strength/stiffness and fracture toughness (or specific fracture resistance). It deals mainly with interfaces in advanced composites made from high performance fibers, such as glass, carbon, aramid, ultra high modulus polyethylene and some inorganic (e.g. B/W, A12O3, SiC) fibers, and matrix materials encompassing polymers, metals/alloys and ceramics. The book is intended to provide a comprehensive treatment of composite interfaces in such a way that it should be of interest to materials scientists, technologists and practising engineers, as well as graduate students and their supervisors in advanced composites. We hope that this book will also serve as a valuable source of reference to all those involved in the design and research of composite interfaces. The book contains eight chapters of discussions on microstructure-property relationships with underlying fundamental mechanics principles. In Chapter 1, an introduction is given to the nature and definition of interfaces in fiber reinforced composites. Chapter 2 is devoted to the mechanisms of adhesion which are specific to each fiber-matrix system, and the physio-chemical characterization of the interface with regard to the origin of adhesion. The experimental techniques that have been developed to assess the fiber-matrix interface bond quality on a microscopic scale are presented in Chapter 3, along with the techniques of measuring interlaminar/intralaminar strengths and fracture toughness using bulk composite laminates. The applicability and limitations associated with loading geometry and interpretation of test data are compared. Chapter 4 presents comprehensive theoretical analyses based on shear-lag models of the single fiber composite tests, with particular interest being placed on the interface debond process and the nature of the fiber-matrix interfacial bonding. Chapter 5 is devoted to reviewing current techniques of fiber surface treatments which have been devised to improve the bond strength and the fiber-matrix compatibility/stability during the manufacturing processes of composites. The micro-failure mechanisms and their associated theories of fracture toughness of composites are discussed in Chapter 6. The roles of the interface and its effects on the mechanical performance of fiber composites are addressed from several viewpoints. Recent research efforts to augment the transverse and interlaminar fracture toughness by means of controlled interfaces are presented in Chapters 7 and 8.

Trends in Colloid and Interface Science XXIV

Trends in Colloid and Interface Science XXIV
Author : Victor Starov,Karel Procházka
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2011-05-25
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :202
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This volume includes 35 contributions to the 24th Conference of the European Colloid and Interface Society which took place in September 2010 in Prague. The contributions from leading scientists cover a broad spectrum of the following topics: • Self-assembling, Stimuli-responsive and Hierarchically Organized Systems • Colloid, Polymer and Polyelectrolyte Solutions; Concentrated Systems and Gels • Thin Films, Interfaces and Surfaces; Wetting Phenomena • Novel Nano-to-Mesostructured Functional Materials • Biologically Important and Bioinspired Systems; Pharmaceutical and Medical Applications

Interface Engineering of Natural Fibre Composites for Maximum Performance

Interface Engineering of Natural Fibre Composites for Maximum Performance
Author : Nikolaos E Zafeiropoulos
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2011-02-26
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :428
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One of the major reasons for composite failure is a breakdown of the bond between the reinforcement fibres and the matrix. When this happens, the composite loses strength and fails. By engineering the interface between the natural fibres and the matrix, the properties of the composite can be manipulated to give maximum performance. Interface engineering of natural fibre composites for maximum performance looks at natural (sustainable) fibre composites and the growing trend towards their use as reinforcements in composites. Part one focuses on processing and surface treatments to engineer the interface in natural fibre composites and looks in detail at modifying cellulose fibre surfaces in the manufacture of natural fibre composites, interface tuning through matrix modification and preparation of cellulose nanocomposites. It also looks at the characterisation of fibre surface treatments by infrared and raman spectroscopy and the effects of processing and surface treatment on the interfacial adhesion and mechanical properties of natural fibre composites. Testing interfacial properties in natural fibre composites is the topic of part two which discusses the electrochemical characterisation of the interfacial properties of natural fibres, assesses the mechanical and thermochemical properties and moisture uptake behaviour of natural fibres and studies the fatigue and delamination of natural fibre composites before finishing with a look at Raman spectroscopy and x-ray scattering for assessing the interface in natural fibre composites With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors Interface engineering of natural fibre composites for maximum performance is an invaluable resource to composite manufacturers and developers, materials scientists and engineers and anyone involved in designing and formulating composites or in industries that use natural fibre composites. Examines characterisation of fibre surface treatments by infrared and raman spectroscopy and the effects of processing and surface treatment Reviews testing interfacial properties in natural fibre composites including the electrochemical characterisation of the interfacial properties of natural fibres Assesses the mechanical and thermochemical properties and moisture uptake behaviour of natural fibres and studies the fatigue and delamination of natural fibre composites

Interfaces in Polymer Matrix Composites

Interfaces in Polymer Matrix Composites
Author : Edwin P. Plueddemann
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2016-06-03
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :316
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Composite Materials, Volume 6: Interfaces in Polymer Matrix Composites covers the interface region as deduced from extensive practical studies of composite properties and from scientific studies of surfaces and surface modifiers. The book starts by providing a historical background on the studies and theories of the interface. The text then discusses the mechanics of load transfer at the interface; the surface chemistry of moisture-induced composite failure; and radioisotope studies of coupling agents at the interface. The use of silane coupling agents in particulate mineral filled composites; the mechanism of adhesion through silane coupling agents; as well as the high-modulus fibers and the fiber-resin interface in resin composites are also considered. Materials scientists, materials engineers, and design engineers will find the book invaluable.

Polymer Matrix Composites and Technology

Polymer Matrix Composites and Technology
Author : Ru-Min Wang,Shui-Rong Zheng,Yujun George Zheng
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2011-07-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :568
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Given such properties as low density and high strength, polymer matrix composites have become a widely used material in the aerospace and other industries. Polymer matrix composites and technology provides a helpful overview of these materials, their processing and performance. After an introductory chapter, part one reviews the main reinforcement and matrix materials used as well as the nature of the interface between them. Part two discusses forming and molding technologies for polymer matrix composites. The final part of the book covers key aspects of performance, including tensile, compression, shear and bending properties as well as impact, fatigue and creep behaviour. Polymer matrix composites and technology provides both students and those in industry with a valuable introduction to and overview of this important class of materials. Provides a helpful overview of these materials, their processing and performance incorporating naming and classification of composite materials Reviews the main reinforcement and matrix materials used as well as the nature of the interface between them including damage mechanisms Discusses forming and molding technologies for polymer matrix composites outlining various techniques and technologies

Composite Materials

Composite Materials
Author : F. L. Matthews,Rees D. Rawlings
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 1999
Category : Composite materials
Total pages :470
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This volume focuses on quasilinear elliptic differential equations of degenerate type, evolution variational inequalities, and multidimensional hysteresis. It serves both as a survey of results in the field, and as an introductory text for non-specialists interested in related problems.

Molecular Characterization of Composite Interfaces

Molecular Characterization of Composite Interfaces
Author : Hatsuo Ishida,Ganesh Kumar
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-11-11
Category : Science
Total pages :454
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This book is an extended version of the proceedings of the Symposium on Polymer Composites, Interfaces, which was held under the auspices of the Division of Polymer Chemistry, American Chemical Society (ACS) during the annual ACS meeting in Seattle, March, 1983. The importance of the interface in composite materials has been recognized since the inception of modern composite technology. Specifically, silane coupling agents were developed for glass fiber reinforced compOSites at a very early date. Ever since then the diversity of composite materials and the development of various surface treatment methods have led to the establishment of an "interface art." A trial-and-error approach has dominated the interfacial aspects of composite technology until very recently. With the advent of modern analytical techniques for surface characterization, it became possible to study detailed surface and interface structures. It was hoped that this symposium would catalyze such a fundamental and scientific approach in composite studies. For this reason, the symposium was structured to verify the influence of interfacial structures on the mechanical and physical performance of composites and to improve our knowledge of the microstructure of composite interfaces. As the word ·composite" indicates, interdisciplinary interaction is indispensable for proper understanding of multiphase systems.

Micromechanics of Composites

Micromechanics of Composites
Author : Volodymyr Kushch
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 2020-02-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :640
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Micromechanics of Composites: Multipole Expansion Approach, Second Edition outlines substantial recent progress in the development of the multipole expansion method and focuses on its application to actual micromechanical problems. The book covers micromechanics topics such as conductivity and elasticity of particulate and fibrous composites, including those with imperfect and partially debonded interfaces, nanocomposites, cracked solids, and more. Complete analytical solutions and accurate numerical data are presented in a unified manner for the multiple inhomogeneity models of finite, semi-, and infinite heterogeneous solids. This new edition has been updated to include the theories and techniques of the multipole expansion method. Two entirely new chapters covering the conductivity and elasticity of composites with ellipsoidal inhomogeneities and anisotropic constituents have been added. A special emphasis is made on the heterogeneous solids with imperfect interfaces, including the nanoporous and nanocomposite materials. Gives a systematic account on the multipole expansion method, including its theoretical foundations, analytical and numerical techniques, and a new, dipole moment-based approach to the homogenization problem Contains detailed analytical and numerical analyses of a variety of micromechanical multiple inhomogeneity models, providing clear insight into the physical nature of the problems under study Provides a reliable theoretical framework for developing the full-field based micromechanical theories of a composite’s strength, brittle/fatigue damage development, and other properties

Magnetic Resonance in Colloid and Interface Science

Magnetic Resonance in Colloid and Interface Science
Author : J. Fraissard,Olga Lapina
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Science
Total pages :664
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Magnetic resonance techniques are especially interesting in the study of colloids and interfaces due to their unique ability to elucidate structure, dynamics and function at the atomic and molecular level. This book illustrates the most up to date applications of innovative NMR and EPR techniques, including magnetic resonance imaging and microscopy, to gas-solid and liquid-solid interfaces, organic and biological surfaces, microemulsions, liquid crystals, membranes, structure and dynamics of polymers and micellar systems, and diffusion in heterogeneous systems. A compendium of advanced NMR and EPR techniques and a state of the art description of the power of advanced new methodologies for the study of molecular dynamics and interfaces.

The Interfacial Interactions in Polymeric Composites

The Interfacial Interactions in Polymeric Composites
Author : Güneri Akovali
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :455
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Polymer composites represent materials of great and of continuously growing importance. Their potential for application appears to be limitless. They have been the subject of numerous studies both at academic and industrial levels. Much progress has been made in the incisive formulation of composites; sophisticated methods of property evaluation have been developed in the past decade and many, largely empirical solutions have been proposed to resolve the problem of their long-term performance under typical conditions of use (i. e. the use of silane or titane coupling agents to enhance adhesion within composite materials). Assuredly one of the most essential factors in the performance of these systems is the condition of the interface and interphase among the constituents of a given system. It has become clear that it is the interface/interphase, and the interactions which take place in this part of a system, which determine to a significant degree the initial properties of the material. In order to achieve leadership in the formulation and application of polymer composites, it is evident that in depth understanding of interfacial and interphase phenomena becomes a prerequisite.

Interfaces in Particle and Fibre Reinforced Composites

Interfaces in Particle and Fibre Reinforced Composites
Author : Kheng Lim Goh,Sabu Thomas,Rangika Thilan De Silva,Aswathi M.K.
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2019-11-27
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :582
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Interfaces in Particle and Fibre-Reinforced Composites: From Macro- to Nanoscale addresses recent research findings on the particle-matrix interface at different length scales. The book's main focus is on the reinforcement of materials by particles that can result in a composite material of high stiffness and strength, but it also focuses on how the particle interacts with the (matrix) material, which may be a polymer, biological-based material, ceramic or conventional metal. The different types of particle reinforced composites are discussed, as is load transfer at the particle-matrix interface. Readers will learn how to select materials and about particle structure. Significant progress has been made in applying these approaches, thus making this book a timely piece on recent research findings on the particle-matrix interface at different length scales. Features wide coverage, from polymer, to ceramics and metal-based particulate composites Structured in a logical order to cover fundamental studies, computer simulations, experimental techniques and characterization

Trends in Colloid and Interface Science XXIII

Trends in Colloid and Interface Science XXIII
Author : Seyda Bucak
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-08-27
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :64
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ofblockcopolymer?lms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 LarisaTsarkova InterfacialPhenomena TheStructureofDodecanamideMonolayersAdsorbedonGraphite. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 TejBhinde,ThomasArnold,andStuartM. Clarke TheStructureofModelMembranesStudiedbyVibrational SumFrequencySpectroscopy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 JonathanF. D. Liljeblad,MarkW. Rutland,VincentBulone, andC. MagnusJohnson ColloidalDispersionsandColloidalStability OutstandingStabilityofPoorly-protectedPickeringEmulsions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 MathieuDestribats,SergeRavaine,Vale´rieHeroguez, FernandoLeal-Calderon,andVe´roniqueSchmitt PolymerSolution,GelsandPhaseBehaviour pH-andThermo-responsivePolymerAssembliesinAqueousSolution. . . . . . . . . . . 19 ElodieSiband,YvetteTran,andDominiqueHourdet NanostructuredMaterials Nano-sizedTiO SynthesisinTritonX-100ReverseMicelles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 2 H. BanuYener,SelinS¸arkaya,andS¸erife. S¸Helvac? PercolationandJamminginRandomHeterogeneousMaterials withCompetingLengthScales. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 AndriyV. Kyrylyuk,AlanWouterse,andAlbertP. Philipse FabricationofMagneticClustersandRodsUsingElectrostaticCo-assembly. . . . . . 35 M. Yan,L. Chevry,andJ. -F. Berret BiomaterialsandMedicalAspects BacterialAttachmentResponseonTitaniumSurfaceswithNanometric TopographicFeatures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 ViKhanhTruong,JamesWang,RimmaLapovok,YuriEstrin, FrancoisMalherbe,ChristopherBerndt, RussellCrawford,andElenaIvanova vii viii Contents COSTD43Action SynthesisofCarbideCompoundsDerivedfromColloidalOxide andCarbohydrate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 X. Deschanels,M. ElGhazzal,C. Delchet,D. Herault,V. Magnin, A. Grandjean,R. Podor,G. Cerveau, T. Zemb,andR. Corriu Poly(n-butylcyanoacrylate)SubmicronParticlesLoadedwith Cipro?oxacinforPotentialTreatmentofBacterialInfections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 GeorgiYordanov,NikolaAbrashev,andCecoDushkin Index. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 ProgrColloidPolymSci(2010)137:1–4 DOI:10. 1007/978-3-642-13461-6_1 Con?nementEffectsontheMicrophaseSeparationand SwellingofBlockCopolymerFilms LarisaTsarkova Abstract Con?nement signi?cantly affects the main Up to now published results contain non-consistent or physicalpropertiesofsoftmaterials,inparticularsolvent– evencontradictinginformationconcerningthein?uenceof polymerinteractions. Microphaseseparationinblockcopol- thecon?nementonthesolventabsorptionanddistributionin ymer?lmsisknowntobesensitivetothechangesinthe a swollen ?lm. In particular, the correlation between the system parameters and experimental conditions. Here we absolutesolventup-takeandthe?lmthickness,aswellas presentrecentstudiesonthesolvent-assistedself-assembly theeffectofthesubstrateinteractionsonthesolventconc- of block copolymers, and their swelling behavior under trationpro?lethroughthe?lmremainunclear.

Interface Science and Engineering '87

Interface Science and Engineering '87
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1988
Category : Ceramic to metal bonding
Total pages :836
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Interfacial Phenomena in Composite Materials '91

Interfacial Phenomena in Composite Materials '91
Author : Ignaas Verpoest,Frank Jones
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-10-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :314
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Interfacial Phenomena in Composite Materials '91 is a collection of papers dealing with the science of composite interfaces, with emphasis on theoretical modeling, test methods, and characterization methods of polymer matrix, metal, or ceramic matrix composites. One paper reviews the micromechanical test methods used in evaluating mechanical properties of fiber-matrix interface. Another paper shows that the critical fiber length cannot always be considered a material constant in the framework of load transfer models based on the shear lag theory. Microwave plasma treatment is a quick technology to change fiber surface structure as the oxidation or the roughening of the fiber increases fiber-matrix adhesion. Another paper evaluates the effect of improved adhesion on mechanical performance under static, dynamic, and impact conditions. It also examines the role of fiber anisotropy on the performance of high performance polyethylene/epoxy composites. By using the Laser Raman Spectroscopy, the investigator can analyze the effects of the fiber surface treatment, the fiber modulus, the curing temperature on the Shear strength, and the fracture mechanics of the interface. The collection can be read profitably by chemists, biochemists, and academicians involved in material compound research.