December 1, 2020

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Introduction to Mineralogy and Petrology

Introduction to Mineralogy and Petrology
Author : Swapan Kumar Haldar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-10-19
Category : Science
Total pages :354
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Introduction to Mineralogy and Petrology presents the essentials of both disciplines through an approach accessible to industry professionals, academic researchers, and students. Mineralogy and petrology stand as the backbone of the geosciences. Detailed knowledge of minerals and rocks and the process of formation and association are essential for practicing professionals and advanced students. This book is designed as an accessible, step-by-step guide to exploring, retaining, and implementing the core concepts of mineral and hydrocarbon exploration, mining, and extraction. Each topic is fully supported by working examples, diagrams and full-color images. The inclusion of petroleum, gas, metallic deposits and economic aspects enhance the book’s value as a practical reference for mineralogy and petrology. Authored by two of the world’s premier experts, this book is a must for any young professional, researcher, or student looking for a thorough and inclusive guide to mineralogy and petrology in a single source. Authored by two of the world’s experts in mineralogy and petrology, who have more than 70 years of experience in research and instruction combined Addresses the full scope of the core concepts of mineralogy and petrology, including crystal structure, formation and grouping of minerals and soils, definition, origin, structure and classification of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks Features more than 150 figures, illustrations, and color photographs to vividly explore the fundamental principles of mineralogy and petrology Offers a holistic approach to both subjects, beginning with the formation of geologic structures followed by the hosting of mineral deposits and concluding with the exploration and extraction of lucrative, usable products to improve the health of global economies

Earth Materials

Earth Materials
Author : Cornelis Klein,Anthony R. Philpotts
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2012-08-27
Category : Nature
Total pages :533
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Key concepts in mineralogy and petrology are explained alongside beautiful full-color illustrations, in this concisely written textbook.

Earth Materials 2nd Edition

Earth Materials 2nd Edition
Author : Cornelis Klein,Anthony Philpotts
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2016-12-15
Category : Science
Total pages :129
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This concise, accessible, market-leading textbook brings together the wide-ranging fundamentals students need to understand rocks and minerals, and shows them how they relate to the broader Earth, materials and environmental sciences. Designed specifically for one-semester courses, it is beautifully illustrated to explain the key concepts in mineralogy and petrology. This edition has been fully updated based on classroom experience, and new features include a completely new chapter providing an elementary introduction to thermodynamics, kinetics, radioactive decay and absolute dating; new mineral descriptions and many new stunning color photographs; and a new section on hydraulic fracturing and discussion of some of its most serious potential environmental consequences. The book uses stunning photos of mineral specimens and rock thin sections to help students build a core understanding. It also creates a highly effective learning experience through close integration of clear illustrations with engaging text, and helps students to easily visualize crystal structures through the CrystalViewer's 3D software, available online.

Introduction to Mineralogy and Petrology

Introduction to Mineralogy and Petrology
Author : Swapan Kumar Haldar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-08-07
Category : Science
Total pages :436
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Introduction to Mineralogy and Petrology, Second Edition presents the essentials in an approach that is accessible to industry professionals, academic researchers and students. The book emphasizes the relationship between rocks and minerals, from the structures created during rock formation straight through to the economics of mineral deposits. While petrology is classified on the lines of geological evolution and rock formation, mineralogy speaks to physical and chemical properties, uses and global occurrences. The book's primary goal is for the reader to identify minerals in all respects, including host-rocks and mineral deposits, mineral-exploration, resources, extraction processes, and their further usage. To help provide a comprehensive analysis across ethical and socioeconomic dimensions, a separate chapter describes the hazards associated with minerals, rock and mineral industries, and the consequences to humanity that includes remedies and case studies. Addresses the full scope of core concepts of mineralogy and petrology, including crystal structure, formation and grouping of minerals and soils, definition, origin, structure and classification of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks Features more than 250 figures, illustrations and color photographs to vividly explore the fundamental principles of mineralogy and petrology Offers a holistic approach to both subjects, beginning with the formation of geologic structures that is followed by the hosting of mineral deposits and the exploration and extraction of lucrative, usable products that improve the health of global economies Includes new content on minerals and petrology in extraterrestrial environments and case studies on hazards in the mining industry

Earth Materials

Earth Materials
Author : Cornelis Klein,Anthony Philpotts
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2016-12-15
Category : Nature
Total pages :616
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Designed specifically for one-semester courses, this beautifully illustrated textbook explains the key concepts in mineralogy and petrology.

Introduction to Mineralogy

Introduction to Mineralogy
Author : Carl W. Correns
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Science
Total pages :485
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The first edition of this book has been out of print for seven years. The ques tion as to whether a new edition should be produced was answered affirmatively on many counts. I think that the considerations which led me to write this book in 1949 are still valid (see Preface to the First Edition). Moreover, a description of those areas of interest which together comprise the field of Mineralogy seems to be more necessary than ever, because of the rapid advances which have been made. Due to the rapid extension of our knowledge, I did not dare again to treat the whole field by myself. Accordingly, Professor ZEMANN kindly agreed to revise the first part of the book dealing with Crystallography. He made many important corrections. In Part II the basic question arose as to whether the physical-chemical approach to rock forming processes, becoming more and more important, required inclusive treatment of the fundamentals of physical chemistry in the book. I see certain dangers in trying to produce a petrology text which is physical chemically self-sufficient. Thus, I retain the same opinion which prevailed when I wrote the previous edition; namely that the necessary basic knowledge should be acquired in lectures and laboratory classes in physics, chemistry, and physical chemistry, and with the help of standard literature dealing with these subjects. This back ground is, therefore, presumed and fundamentals are only referred to occasionally.

Mineralogy

Mineralogy
Author : Martin Okrusch,Hartwig E. Frimmel
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-09-18
Category : Science
Total pages :719
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This book presents a translation and update of the classic German textbook of Mineralogy and Petrology that has been published for decades. It provides an introduction to mineralogy, petrology, and geochemistry, discussing the principles of mineralogy, including crystallography, chemical bonding, and physical properties, and the genesis of minerals in a didactic and understandable way. Illustrated with numerous figures and tables, it also features several sections dedicated to the genesis of mineral resources. The textbook reflects the authors’ many years of experience and is ideal for use in lectures on mineralogy and petrology.

Introduction to Optical Mineralogy

Introduction to Optical Mineralogy
Author : William D. Nesse,Professor Emeritus of Geology at the Department of Earth Sciences William D Nesse,William D.. Nesse
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date : 1991
Category : Mineralogy, Determinative
Total pages :335
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This is an ideal textbook for both advanced undergraduates and graduate students. It contains valuable coverage of the optical properties of minerals, as well as up-to-date descriptions of common rock-forming minerals. The chapters on optical theory include discussions of the nature and properties of light, the petrographic microscope, and the behavior of light in isotropic materials and in uniaxial and biaxial anisotropic materials. Thoroughly revised to include recent developments in the field, the book includes step-by-step procedures to guide students through the determination of all optical properties by which minerals are routinely identified with a petrographic microscope. Readers will find descriptive information on over 125 common rock forming minerals, and many photomicrographs and illustrations. The book also includes a flow sheet to guide students through the process of identifying an unknown mineral.

Essentials of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology

Essentials of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
Author : B. Ronald Frost,Carol D. Frost
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2019-10-31
Category : Science
Total pages :350
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A concise introduction to the mineralogy and petrology of igneous and metamorphic rocks for all Earth Science students.

Sedimentary Petrology

Sedimentary Petrology
Author : Maurice E. Tucker
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2013-05-22
Category : Science
Total pages :272
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The earlier editions of this book have been used by successivegenerations of students for more than 20 years, and it is thestandard text on the subject in most British universities and manyothers throughout the world. The study of sediments and sedimentary rocks continues to be acore topic in the Earth Sciences and this book aims to provide aconcise account of their composition, mineralogy, textures,structures, diagenesis and depositional environments. This latest edition is noteworthy for the inclusion of 16 plateswith 54 colour photomicrographs of sedimentary rocks inthin-section. These bring sediments to life and show their beautyand colorful appearance down the microscope; they will aid thestudent enormously in laboratory petrographic work. The text hasbeen revised where necessary and the reference and further readinglists brought up-to-date. New tables have been included to helpundergraduates with rock and thin-section description andinterpretation. New 16-page colour section will mean students do not need tobuy Longman Atlas All illustrations redrawn to higher standard Complete revision of text - new material on sedimentarygeochemistry, etc

Introduction to Optical Mineralogy and Petrography - The Practical Methods of Identifying Minerals in Thin Section with the Microscope and the Princip

Introduction to Optical Mineralogy and Petrography - The Practical Methods of Identifying Minerals in Thin Section with the Microscope and the Princip
Author : M. G. Edwards
Publisher : Camp Press
Release Date : 2008-11
Category : Science
Total pages :208
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Originally published in 1916. INTRODUCTION - To Optical Mineralogy and Petrography The Practical Methods of Identifying Minerals in Thin Section With the Microscope and The Principles Involved in The Classification of Rocks - PREFACE: IN THE preparation of this volume the writer has attempted to gather together and systematize in a manner accessible for ready reference those facts which are essential to a field geologist or to a mining engineer in an understanding of the fundamental principles involved in the classification and identification of rocks. In the field, a preliminary classification is usually made by macroscopic means. However, it is often necessary to make a more careful classification by a microscopic examination of a thin section of the minerals comprising the rock mass. To do this successfully requires a knowledge of the application of light to crystalline substances. This volume differs from most of the reference and text books relating to this subject in that it incorporates in one volume the elements of optical mineralogy and the elements of petrography. In Part One, eight general operations for the determination of unknown minerals in thin section are described, prefaced by a short summary of the principles of optics which apply to the transmission of polarized light through minerals. Descriptions of fiftyeight of the most common of the rock-making minerals are given, special attention being given to the criteria for the determination of these minerals in thin section. Their form, cleavage, twinning, color, refringence, bi refringence, extinction angles, pleochroism, absorption, optical character, inclusions, alterations, occurrences, uses, and differentiation from similar minerals, are all discussed whenever applicable. An elementary knowledge of crystallography and descriptive mineralogy is assumed. In Part Two, the principles of petrography are discussed briefly. Attention is given to the classification and description of the more important igneous rock types. Following Iddings, Winchell, and other American petrographers, the symbols X, Y, and Z, are here employed in referring to the axes of ether elasticity, instead of the German a, b, and c, used in many text and reference books. This is done to avoid confusion, especially in conversation or discussion, with the crystallographic axes. 2 The writer is indebted to Professor Frank R. Van Horn for suggestions. Among the reference and text books most frequently consulted the writer wishes to acknowledge Winchells Elements of Optical Mineralogy, Johannsens Manual of Petrographic Methods, Luquers Minerals in Rock Sections, Rogerss Study of Minerals, Findlays Igneous Rocks, Kemps Handbook of Rocks, Ries and Watsons Engineering Geology, and Farrells Practical Field Geology. Cleveland, Olzio, Februarp, 1916. Contents include: INTRODUCTION. PAGE PART ONE. - OPTICAL MINERALOGY. CHAPTER 1 . - THE ELEMENTS O F OPTICS A ND THE APPLICATIO O N F POLARIZELDI GHT T O CRYSTALLINE SUBSTANCES .. .............................. 13 The Nature of Light - Isotropic and Anisotropic Media - Uniaxial and Biaxial Crystals - Index of Refraction - Double Refraction - Interference - Polarization. CHAPTER 2. - THE POLARIZINMGI CROSCOP A E N D ITS PARTS ...................................... 25 Microscope - Nicol Prisms - Condensing Lens - Cross Hairs - Stage - Mirror - Objective - Rertrand Lens - Ocular Micrometer - Ad j ustment Screws. CHAPTER 3 . - GENERALM ETHODS O F MINERALD E TERMINATION ............................... 33 1. By the General Physical Properties 2...

Rock-forming Minerals

Rock-forming Minerals
Author : M.J. Wilson
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release Date : 1978
Category : Science
Total pages :724
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Principles of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology

Principles of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
Author : Anthony Philpotts,Jay J. Ague
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2009-01-29
Category : Science
Total pages :667
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A textbook providing a quantitative approach to the petrologic principles of igneous and metamorphic rocks in a new edition.

Beryllium

Beryllium
Author : Edward S. Grew
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date : 2018-12-17
Category : Science
Total pages :703
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Volume 50 of Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry treats Beryllium and its cosmogenic isotopes. This volume includes an overview of Be studies in the earth sciences and a systematic classification of Be minerals based on their crystal structure. It treats the analysis of these minerals by the secondary ion mass spectroscopy as well as experimental studies of systems involving Be. Moreover, this volume reviews the behavior of Be in the Solar System, with an emphasis on meteorites, the Moon and Mars, and the implications of this behavior for the evolution of the solar system. It gives an overview of the terrestrial geochemistry of Be and discusses the contamination of the environment by this anthropogenic toxin. It reports use of the longer lived Be-10 to assess erosion rates and other surficial processes and how this isotope can yield independent temporal records of geomagnetic field variations for comparison with records obtained by measuring natural remnant magnetization, be a chemical tracer for processes in convergent margins, and can date events in Cenozoic tectonics. It reviews applications of the shorter lived isotope Be-7 in environmental studies as well. Residual phases include acidic plutonic and volcanic rocks, whose geochemistry and evolution are covered, while granitic pegmatites, which are well-known for their remarkable, if localized, Be enrichments and a wide variety of Be mineral assemblages, are reviewed. Not all Be concentrations have obvious magmatic affinities; for example, one class of emerald deposits results from Be being introduced by heated brines. Pelitic rocks are an important reservoir of Be in the Earth's crust and their metamorphism plays a critical role in recycling of Be in subduction zones, eventually, anatectic processes complete the cycle, providing a source of Be for granitic rocks.

Earth Materials

Earth Materials
Author : Kevin Hefferan,John O'Brien
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2010-11-09
Category : Science
Total pages :480
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Minerals and rocks form the foundation of geologic studies. This new textbook has been written to address the needs of students at the increasing number of universities that have compressed separate mineralogy and petrology courses into a one- or two-semester Earth materials course. Key features of this book include: equal coverage of mineralogy, sedimentary petrology, igneous petrology and metamorphic petrology; copious field examples and regional relationships with graphics that illustrate the concepts discussed; numerous case studies to show the uses of earth materials as resources and their fundamental role in our lives and the global economy, and their relation to natural and human-induced hazards; the integration of earth materials into a cohesive process-based earth systems framework; two color thoughout with 48 pages of four color. Readership: students taking an earth materials, or combined mineralogy and petrology course in an earth science degree program. It will also be useful for environmental scientists, engineering geologists, and physical geographers who need to learn about minerals, rocks, soil and water in a comprehensive framework. A companion website for this book is available at: www.wiley.com/go/hefferan/earthmaterials.