November 30, 2020

Download Ebook Free Introduction To Non-equilibrium Physical Chemistry

Introduction to Non-equilibrium Physical Chemistry

Introduction to Non-equilibrium Physical Chemistry
Author : R. P. Rastogi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2007-10-16
Category : Science
Total pages :356
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Introduction to Non-equilibrium Physical Chemistry presents a critical and comprehensive account of Non-equilibrium Physical Chemistry from theoretical and experimental angle. It covers a wide spectrum of non-equilibrium phenomena from steady state close to equilibrium to non-linear region involving transition to bistability, temporal oscillations, spatio-temporal oscillations and finally to far from equilibrium phenomena such as complex pattern formation, dynamic instability at interfaces, Chaos and complex growth phenomena (fractals) in Physico-chemical systems. Part I of the book deals with theory and experimental studies concerning transport phenomena in membranes (Thermo-osmosis,Electroosmotic ) and in continuous systems (Thermal diffusion,Soret effect) close to equilibrium Experimental tests provide insight into the domain of validity of Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics ,which is the major theoretical tool for this region. Later developments in Extended Irreversible Thermodynamics and Non-equilibrium Molecular dynamics have been discussed in the Appendix. Part II deals with non-linear steady states and bifurcation to multistability, temporal and spatio- temporal oscillations (Chemical waves). Similarly Part II deals with more complex phenomena such as Chaos and fractal growth occurring in very far from equilibrium region. Newer mathematical techniques for investigating such phenomena along with available experimental studies. Part IV deals with analogous non-equilibrium phenomena occurring in the real systems (Socio-political, Finance and Living systems etc.) for which physico-chemical systems discussed in earlier chapters provide a useful model for development of theories based on non-linear science and science of complexity. The book provides a critical account of theoretical studies on non-equilibrium phenomenon from region close to equilibrium to far equilibrium Experimental studies have been reported which provide test of the theories and their limitations Impacts of the concepts developed in non-equilibrium Physical Chemistry in sociology, economics and other social science and living systems has been discussed

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics
Author : Yasar Demirel
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2007-10-10
Category : Science
Total pages :754
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Natural phenomena consist of simultaneously occurring transport processes and chemical reactions. These processes may interact with each other and lead to instabilities, fluctuations, and evolutionary systems. This book explores the unifying role of thermodynamics in natural phenomena. Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics, Second Edition analyzes the transport processes of energy, mass, and momentum transfer processes, as well as chemical reactions. It considers various processes occurring simultaneously, and provides students with more realistic analysis and modeling by accounting possible interactions between them. This second edition updates and expands on the first edition by focusing on the balance equations of mass, momentum, energy, and entropy together with the Gibbs equation for coupled processes of physical, chemical, and biological systems. Every chapter contains examples and practical problems to be solved. This book will be effective in senior and graduate education in chemical, mechanical, systems, biomedical, tissue, biological, and biological systems engineering, as well as physical, biophysical, biological, chemical, and biochemical sciences. Will help readers in understanding and modelling some of the coupled and complex systems, such as coupled transport and chemical reaction cycles in biological systems Presents a unified approach for interacting processes - combines analysis of transport and rate processes Introduces the theory of nonequilibrium thermodynamics and its use in simultaneously occurring transport processes and chemical reactions of physical, chemical, and biological systems A useful text for students taking advanced thermodynamics courses

Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics

Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics
Author : Sybren Ruurds de Groot,Peter Mazur
Publisher : Courier Corporation
Release Date : 1984-01-01
Category : Science
Total pages :510
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Classic monograph treats the irreversible processes and phenomena of thermodynamics: non-equilibrium thermodynamics. Covers statistical foundations and applications of the field with special chapters on fluctuation theory, theory of stochastic processes, kinetic theory of gases, derivation of the Onsager reciprocal relations, more. 4 black-and-white illustrations.

Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics

Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics
Author : Robert Zwanzig
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2001-04-19
Category : Science
Total pages :240
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This is a presentation of the main ideas and methods of modern nonequilibrium statistical mechanics. It is the perfect introduction for anyone in chemistry or physics who needs an update or background in this time-dependent field. Topics covered include fluctuation-dissipation theorem; linear response theory; time correlation functions, and projection operators. Theoretical models are illustrated by real-world examples and numerous applications such as chemical reaction rates and spectral line shapes are covered. The mathematical treatments are detailed and easily understandable and the appendices include useful mathematical methods like the Laplace transforms, Gaussian random variables and phenomenological transport equations.

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics
Author : Yasar Demirel
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2013-12-16
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :792
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Natural phenomena consist of simultaneously occurring transport processes and chemical reactions. These processes may interact with each other and may lead to self-organized structures, fluctuations, instabilities, and evolutionary systems. Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics, Third Edition emphasizes the unifying role of thermodynamics in analyzing the natural phenomena. This third edition updates and expands on the first and second editions by focusing on the general balance equations for coupled processes of physical, chemical, and biological systems. The new edition contains a new chapter on stochastic approaches to include the statistical thermodynamics, mesoscopic nonequilibrium thermodynamics, fluctuation theory, information theory, and modeling the coupled biochemical systems in thermodynamic analysis. This new addition also comes with more examples and practice problems. Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field Contributions from leading authorities and industry experts A useful text for seniors and graduate students from diverse engineering and science programs to analyze some nonequilibrium, coupled, evolutionary, stochastic, and dissipative processes Highlights fundamentals of equilibrium thermodynamics, transport processes and chemical reactions Expands the theory of nonequilibrium thermodynamics and its use in coupled transport processes and chemical reactions in physical, chemical, and biological systems Presents a unified analysis for transport and rate processes in various time and space scales Discusses stochastic approaches in thermodynamic analysis including fluctuation and information theories Has 198 fully solved examples and 287 practice problems An Instructor Resource containing the Solution Manual can be obtained from the author: [email protected]

Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics

Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics
Author : Phil Attard
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2012-10-04
Category : Science
Total pages :462
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This title builds from basic principles to advanced techniques, and covers the major phenomena, methods, and results of time-dependent systems. It is a pedagogic introduction, a comprehensive reference manual, and an original research monograph--

An Introduction to Chaos in Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics

An Introduction to Chaos in Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics
Author : J. R. Dorfman
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 1999-08-28
Category : Science
Total pages :287
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Introduction to applications and techniques in non-equilibrium statistical mechanics of chaotic dynamics.

Non-equilibrium thermodynamics and physical kinetics

Non-equilibrium thermodynamics and physical kinetics
Author : Halid Bikkin,Igor I. Lyapilin
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date : 2014-08-22
Category : Science
Total pages :371
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This graduate textbook covers contemporary directions of non-equilibrium statistical mechanics as well as classical methods of kinetics. Starting from phenomenological non-equilibrium thermodynamics, the kinetic equation method discussed and demonstrated with electrons and phonons in conducting crystals. Linear response theory as well as the non-equilibrium statistical operator and the master equation approach are discussed in the course of the book. With one of the main propositions being to avoid terms such as "obviously" and "it is easy to show", this treatise is an easy-to-read introduction into this traditional, yet vibrant field. Problems and their well-documented solutions included at appropriate points of the narrative allow the reader to actively develop essential parts of the theory himself. From the content: Phenomenological thermodynamics of irreversible processes Brownian motion Kinetic equations in non-equilibrium thermodynamics Kinetic equation for electrons and phonons in conducting crystals Theory of non-linear response to an external mechanical pertubation Non-equilibrium statistical operator method Response of a highly non-equilibrium system to a weakly measuring field Master equation approach

Statistical Mechanics of Nonequilibrium Liquids

Statistical Mechanics of Nonequilibrium Liquids
Author : Denis J. Evans,Gary Morriss
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2008-05-08
Category : Science
Total pages :129
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In recent years the interaction between dynamical systems theory and non-equilibrium statistical mechanics has been enormous. The discovery of fluctuation theorems as a fundamental structure common to almost all non-equilibrium systems, and the connections with the free energy calculation methods of Jarzynski and Crooks, have excited both theorists and experimentalists. This graduate-level book charts the development and theoretical analysis of molecular dynamics as applied to equilibrium and non-equilibrium systems. Designed for both researchers in the field and graduate students of physics, it connects molecular dynamics simulation with the mathematical theory to understand non-equilibrium steady states. It also provides a link between the atomic, nano, and macro worlds. The book ends with an introduction to the use of non-equilibrium statistical mechanics to justify a thermodynamic treatment of non-equilibrium steady states, and gives a direction to further avenues of exploration.

Beyond Equilibrium Thermodynamics

Beyond Equilibrium Thermodynamics
Author : Hans Christian Öttinger
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2005-05-13
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :656
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Beyond Equilibrium Thermodynamics fills a niche in the market by providing a comprehensive introduction to a new, emerging topic in the field. The importance of non-equilibrium thermodynamics is addressed in order to fully understand how a system works, whether it is in a biological system like the brain or a system that develops plastic. In order to fully grasp the subject, the book clearly explains the physical concepts and mathematics involved, as well as presenting problems and solutions; over 200 exercises and answers are included. Engineers, scientists, and applied mathematicians can all use the book to address their problems in modelling, calculating, and understanding dynamic responses of materials.

Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics in Multiphase Flows

Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics in Multiphase Flows
Author : Roberto Mauri
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-11-08
Category : Science
Total pages :270
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Non-equilibrium thermodynamics is a general framework that allows the macroscopic description of irreversible processes. This book introduces non-equilibrium thermodynamics and its applications to the rheology of multiphase flows. The subject is relevant to graduate students in chemical and mechanical engineering, physics and material science. This book is divided into two parts. The first part presents the theory of non-equilibrium thermodynamics, reviewing its essential features and showing, when possible, some applications. The second part of this book deals with how the general theory can be applied to model multiphase flows and, in particular, how to determine their constitutive relations. Each chapter contains problems at the end, the solutions of which are given at the end of the book. No prior knowledge of statistical mechanics is required; the necessary prerequisites are elements of transport phenomena and on thermodynamics. “The style of the book is mathematical, but nonetheless it remains very readable and anchored in the physical world rather than becoming too abstract. Though it is up-to-date and includes recent important developments, there is a lot of classical material in the book, albeit presented with unprecedented clarity and coherence. The first six chapters are actually a very good introduction to the theory underlying many phenomena in soft matter physics, beyond the focus on flow and transport of the later chapters of the book.” Prof Richard A.L. Jones FRS, Pro-Vice-Chancellor for Research and Innovation, University of Sheffield

Nonequilibrium Many-Body Theory of Quantum Systems

Nonequilibrium Many-Body Theory of Quantum Systems
Author : Gianluca Stefanucci,Robert van Leeuwen
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2013-03-07
Category : Science
Total pages :600
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A pedagogical introduction to nonequilibrium theory, time-dependent phenomena and excited state properties, for graduate students and researchers.

Chemical Thermodynamics

Chemical Thermodynamics
Author : Byung Chan Eu,Mazen Al-Ghoul
Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
Release Date : 2010-08-06
Category : Science
Total pages :468
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Thermodynamics is an ever evolving subject. This book aims to introduce to advanced undergraduate students and graduate students the fundamental ideas and notions of the first and second laws of thermodynamics in a manner unavailable in the usual textbooks on the subject of thermodynamics. For example, it treats the notions of unavailable work, compensated and uncompensated heats, and dissipation, which make it possible to formulate the thermodynamic laws in more broadened forms than those in the conventional treatment of equilibrium thermodynamics. It thus strives to prepare students for more advanced subjects of irreversible processes, which are encountered in our everyday scientific activities. In addition, it also aims to provide them with functional and practical knowledge of equilibrium chemical thermodynamics of reversible processes in real fluids. It discusses temperature, work and heat, thermodynamic laws, equilibrium conditions and thermodynamic stability, thermodynamics of reversible processes in gases and liquids, in surfaces, chemical equilibria, reversible processes in electrolyte solutions and dielectrics in static electric and magnetic fields. A couple of examples for irreversible processes associated with fluid flows and chemical pattern formation and wave propagations are discussed as examples for applications of broader treatments of the thermodynamic laws in the realm of irreversible phenomena.

Physical Nonequilibrium in Soils

Physical Nonequilibrium in Soils
Author : H. Magdi Selim,Liwang Ma
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1998-06-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :500
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Physical Nonequilibrium in Soils provides cutting-edge knowledge on physical nonequilibrium phenomena in soils, offering unique insight into the complexity of our physical world. With 18 chapters comprising the book, topics cover soil properties fluid properties mechanistic models transfer function geostatistics fractal analysis cellular-automation fluids coupling of physical and chemical nonequilibrium models confirming and quantifying physical nonequilibrium in soils analytical solutions field-scale research environmental impacts.

An Introduction to Stochastic Processes and Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics

An Introduction to Stochastic Processes and Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics
Author : Horacio S Wio
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 1994-02-07
Category : Science
Total pages :232
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The purpose of this textbook is to bring together, in a self-contained introductory form, the scattered material in the field of stochastic processes and statistical physics. It offers the opportunity of being acquainted with stochastic, kinetic and nonequilibrium processes. Although the research techniques in these areas have become standard procedures, they are not usually taught in the normal courses on statistical physics. For students of physics in their last year and graduate students who wish to gain an invaluable introduction on the above subjects, this book is a necessary tool. Contents:Stochastic Processes and the Master Equation:Stochastic ProcessesMarkovian ProcessesMaster EquationsKramers Moyal ExpansionBrownian Motion, Langevin and Fokker-Planck EquationsDistributions, BBGKY Hierarchy, Density Operator:Probability Density as a FluidBBGKY HierarchyMicroscopic Balance EquationsDensity OperatorLinear Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics and Onsager Relations:Onsager Regression to Equilibrium HypothesisOnsager RelationsMinimum Production of EntropyLinear Response Theory, Fluctuation-Dissipation Theorem:Correlation Functions: Definitions and PropertiesLinear Response TheoryFluctuation-Dissipation TheoremInstabilities and Far from Equilibrium Phase-Transitions:Limit Cycles, Bifurcations, Symmetry BreakingNoise Induced TransitionsFormation and Propagation of Patterns in Far from Equilibrium Systems:Reaction-Diffusion Descriptions and Pattern FormationPattern Propagation Readership: Graduate students in physics and chemistry. keywords:Stochastic Processes;Langevin and Fokker-Planck Equations;Statistical Physics;Onsager Relations;Linear Response;Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics;Transport Processes;Noise Induced Transitions;Instabilities;Pattern Formation and Propagation “This book introduces ways to investigate nonequilibrium statistical physics, mainly via stochastic processes, and presents results achieved with such methodology … it is suitable for seminars directed towards relatively mature students in theoretical physics or applied mathematics.” H Muthsam “The present book is a good choice for a single book covering the field … suitable for undergraduate students in the last year and graduate students. They will find in it a suggestive introduction that motivates them to dig deeper into the field and to look for those topics omitted from the text … highly recommended to anyone interested in becoming acquainted with nonequilibrium statistical physics.” Journal of Statistical Physics