December 4, 2020

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Inverse Theory and Applications in Geophysics

Inverse Theory and Applications in Geophysics
Author : Michael S. Zhdanov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-07-15
Category : Science
Total pages :730
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Geophysical Inverse Theory and Applications, Second Edition, brings together fundamental results developed by the Russian mathematical school in regularization theory and combines them with the related research in geophysical inversion carried out in the West. It presents a detailed exposition of the methods of regularized solution of inverse problems based on the ideas of Tikhonov regularization, and shows the different forms of their applications in both linear and nonlinear methods of geophysical inversion. It’s the first book of its kind to treat many kinds of inversion and imaging techniques in a unified mathematical manner. The book is divided in five parts covering the foundations of the inversion theory and its applications to the solution of different geophysical inverse problems, including potential field, electromagnetic, and seismic methods. Unique in its focus on providing a link between the methods used in gravity, electromagnetic, and seismic imaging and inversion, it represents an exhaustive treatise on inversion theory. Written by one of the world’s foremost experts, this work is widely recognized as the ultimate researcher’s reference on geophysical inverse theory and its practical scientific applications. Presents state-of-the-art geophysical inverse theory developed in modern mathematical terminology—the first to treat many kinds of inversion and imaging techniques in a unified mathematical way. Provides a critical link between the methods used in gravity, electromagnetic, and seismic imaging and inversion, and represents an exhaustive treatise on geophysical inversion theory. Features more than 300 illustrations, figures, charts and graphs to underscore key concepts. Reflects the latest developments in inversion theory and applications and captures the most significant changes in the field over the past decade.

Seismic Inversion

Seismic Inversion
Author : Yanghua Wang
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2016-09-15
Category : Science
Total pages :256
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Seismic inversion aims to reconstruct a quantitative model of the Earth subsurface, by solving an inverse problem based on seismic measurements. There are at least three fundamental issues to be solved simultaneously: non-linearity, non-uniqueness, and instability. This book covers the basic theory and techniques used in seismic inversion, corresponding to these three issues, emphasising the physical interpretation of theoretical concepts and practical solutions. This book is written for master and doctoral students who need to understand the mathematical tools and the engineering aspects of the inverse problem needed to obtain geophysically meaningful solutions. Building on the basic theory of linear inverse problems, the methodologies of seismic inversion are explained in detail, including ray-impedance inversion and waveform tomography etc. The application methodologies are categorised into convolutional and wave-equation based groups. This systematic presentation simplifies the subject and enables an in-depth understanding of seismic inversion. This book also provides a practical guide to reservoir geophysicists who are attempting quantitative reservoir characterisation based on seismic data. Philosophically, the seismic inverse problem allows for a range of possible solutions, but the techniques described herein enable geophysicists to exclude models that cannot satisfy the available data. This book summarises the author’s extensive experience in both industry and academia and includes innovative techniques not previously published.

Geophysical Data Analysis: Discrete Inverse Theory

Geophysical Data Analysis: Discrete Inverse Theory
Author : William Menke
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2012-12-02
Category : Science
Total pages :272
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Geophysical Data Analysis: Discrete Inverse Theory is an introductory text focusing on discrete inverse theory that is concerned with parameters that either are truly discrete or can be adequately approximated as discrete. Organized into 12 chapters, the book’s opening chapters provide a general background of inverse problems and their corresponding solution, as well as some of the basic concepts from probability theory that are applied throughout the text. Chapters 3-7 discuss the solution of the canonical inverse problem, that is, the linear problem with Gaussian statistics, and discussions on problems that are non-Gaussian and nonlinear are covered in Chapters 8 and 9. Chapters 10-12 present examples of the use of inverse theory and a discussion on the numerical algorithms that must be employed to solve inverse problems on a computer. This book is of value to graduate students and many college seniors in the applied sciences.

Inverse Problems

Inverse Problems
Author : Mathias Richter
Publisher : Birkhäuser
Release Date : 2016-11-24
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :240
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The overall goal of the book is to provide access to the regularized solution of inverse problems relevant in geophysics without requiring more mathematical knowledge than is taught in undergraduate math courses for scientists and engineers. From abstract analysis only the concept of functions as vectors is needed. Function spaces are introduced informally in the course of the text, when needed. Additionally, a more detailed, but still condensed introduction is given in Appendix B. A second goal is to elaborate the single steps to be taken when solving an inverse problem: discretization, regularization and practical solution of the regularized optimization problem. These steps are shown in detail for model problems from the fields of inverse gravimetry and seismic tomography. The intended audience is mathematicians, physicists and engineers having a good working knowledge of linear algebra and analysis at the upper undergraduate level.

Geophysical Inverse Theory and Regularization Problems

Geophysical Inverse Theory and Regularization Problems
Author : Michael S. Zhdanov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2002-04-24
Category : Science
Total pages :633
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This book presents state-of-the-art geophysical inverse theory developed in modern mathematical terminology. The book brings together fundamental results developed by the Russian mathematical school in regularization theory and combines them with the related research in geophysical inversion carried out in the West. It presents a detailed exposition of the methods of regularized solution of inverse problems based on the ideas of Tikhonov regularization, and shows the different forms of their applications in both linear and nonlinear methods of geophysical inversion. This text is the first to treat many kinds of inversion and imaging techniques in a unified mathematical manner. The book is divided in five parts covering the foundations of the inversion theory and its applications to the solution of different geophysical inverse problems, including potential field, electromagnetic, and seismic methods. The first part is an introduction to inversion theory. The second part contains a description of the basic methods of solution of the linear and nonlinear inverse problems using regularization. The following parts treat the application of regularization methods in gravity and magnetic, electromagnetic, and seismic inverse problems. The key connecting idea of these applied parts of the book is the analogy between the solutions of the forward and inverse problems in different geophysical methods. The book also includes chapters related to the modern technology of geophysical imaging, based on seismic and electromagnetic migration. This volume is unique in its focus on providing a link between the methods used in gravity, electromagnetic, and seismic imaging and inversion, and represents an exhaustive treatise on inversion theory.

Deconvolution and Inverse Theory

Deconvolution and Inverse Theory
Author : V. Dimri
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-10-22
Category : Science
Total pages :249
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This is the first study to present simultaneously both deconvolution and inversion, two powerful tools of data analysis. Featured within this volume are various geophysical convolution models and a treatment of deconvolution for a time-varying signal. The single channel time-varying deconvolution is shown equivalent to the multichannel time-invariant deconvolution, thus a formalism and associated algorithms can handle both. Inverse theory as well as various inversion schemes are presented on the basis of a relationship between a small perturbation to the model and its effects on the observation. The information theory inversion scheme is discussed, and several types of norm of minimization presented. Additionally, concepts and results of inverse theory are applied to design a new deconvolution operator for estimating magnetization and density distribution, and the constraint of the Backus-Gilbert formalism of inverse theory is used to design a new prediction error filter for maximum entropy spectral estimates. Maximum likelihood, another high resolution method is also presented. This volume can be utilised as a graduate-level text for courses in Geophysics. Some chapters will be of use for graduate courses in Applied Mathematics, Applied Statistics, and Oceanography.

Exam Prep for: Inverse Theory and Applications in Geophysics

Exam Prep for: Inverse Theory and Applications in Geophysics
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2020
Category :
Total pages :129
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Exam Prep Flash Cards for Inverse Theory and Applications in ...

Exam Prep Flash Cards for Inverse Theory and Applications in ...
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2020
Category :
Total pages :129
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Geophysical Data Analysis: Understanding Inverse Problem Theory and Practice

Geophysical Data Analysis: Understanding Inverse Problem Theory and Practice
Author : Max A. Meju
Publisher : SEG Books
Release Date : 1994
Category : Geophysics
Total pages :296
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This publication is designed to provide a practical understanding of methods of parameter estimation and uncertainty analysis. The practical problems covered range from simple processing of time- and space-series data to inversion of potential field, seismic, electrical, and electromagnetic data. The various formulations are reconciled with field data in the numerous examples provided in the book; well-documented computer programmes are also given to show how easy it is to implement inversion algorithms.

Time Series Analysis and Inverse Theory for Geophysicists

Time Series Analysis and Inverse Theory for Geophysicists
Author : David Gubbins
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2004-03-18
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :255
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The first textbook covering spectral analysis and geophysical data inversion for undergraduate and graduate students.

Geophysical Inversion

Geophysical Inversion
Author : J. Bee Bednar
Publisher : SIAM
Release Date : 1992-01-01
Category : Science
Total pages :453
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This collection of papers on geophysical inversion contains research and survey articles on where the field has been and where it's going, and what is practical and what is not. Topics covered include seismic tomography, migration and inverse scattering.

Inverse Problems in Geophysical Applications

Inverse Problems in Geophysical Applications
Author : Heinz W. Engl,Alfred Karl Louis,William Rundell
Publisher : Society for Industrial & Applied
Release Date : 1997
Category : Science
Total pages :303
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The papers in this volume describe recent accomplishments in the area, and also give pointers for future research, thereby prompting questions that advance the science and lead to open questions about the underlying mathematics. This volume should be of interest to mathematicians who wish to know more about this application area, and to geophysicists interested in theoretical analysis.

Parameter Estimation and Inverse Problems

Parameter Estimation and Inverse Problems
Author : Richard C. Aster,Brian Borchers,Clifford H. Thurber
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2013
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :360
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Parameter Estimation and Inverse Problems, Second Edition provides geoscience students and professionals with answers to common questions like how one can derive a physical model from a finite set of observations containing errors, and how one may determine the quality of such a model. This book takes on these fundamental and challenging problems, introducing students and professionals to the broad range of approaches that lie in the realm of inverse theory. The authors present both the underlying theory and practical algorithms for solving inverse problems. The authors' treatment is appropriate for geoscience graduate students and advanced undergraduates with a basic working knowledge of calculus, linear algebra, and statistics. Parameter Estimation and Inverse Problems, Second Edition introduces readers to both Classical and Bayesian approaches to linear and nonlinear problems with particular attention paid to computational, mathematical, and statistical issues related to their application to geophysical problems. The textbook includes Appendices covering essential linear algebra, statistics, and notation in the context of the subject. Includes appendices for review of needed concepts in linear, statistics, and vector calculus. Accessible to students and professionals without a highly specialized mathematical background.

Theory and Practice of Geophysical Data Inversion

Theory and Practice of Geophysical Data Inversion
Author : Andreas Vogel
Publisher : Vieweg+Teubner Verlag
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Science
Total pages :376
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The contributions to this volume cover a wide spectrum of recent developments in geophysical data inversion, including basic mathematics and general theory, numerical methods, as well as computer implementation of algorithms. Most of the papers are motivated by problems arising from geophysical research and applications both on a global scale and with respect to local geophysical surveys, underlining the increasing importance of geophysical exploration methods in various fields, such as structural geology, prospecting for mineral and energy resources, hydro geology, geotechnology, environmental protection and archaeology. The first section of the book deals with basic mathematics and general theory underlying geophysical data inversion. Papers presented here are concerned with stabilization algorithms to solve ill-posed inverse problems, sensitivity of kernel function estimations to random data errors and reduction of errors in inverse modelling of response functions by linear constraints, numerical procedures for approximating the solution to boundary value problems, accuracy and stability of inverse ill-posed problems constituted by problems of moments, and fast Fourier transforms for solving potential field problems. The second section contains papers on gravity and magnetics, dealing with the solvability of the inverse gravimetric problem for sources represented by point masses and other elementary, solution of the inverse problem in cases of nonuniformly distributed data as obtained by palaeomagnetic studies, satellite observations, and surface projections of buried archaeological targets by inverse filtering of geomagnetic data.

Integrated Imaging of the Earth

Integrated Imaging of the Earth
Author : Max Moorkamp,Peter G. Leli?vre,Amir Khan,Niklas Linde
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2016-05-02
Category : Science
Total pages :270
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Reliable and detailed information about the Earth’s subsurface is of crucial importance throughout the geosciences. Quantitative integration of all available geophysical and geological data helps to make Earth models more robust and reliable. The aim of this book is to summarize and synthesize the growing literature on combining various types of geophysical and other geoscientific data. The approaches that have been developed to date encompass joint inversion, cooperative inversion, and statistical post-inversion analysis methods, each with different benefits and assumptions. Starting with the foundations of inverse theory, this book systematically describes the mathematical and theoretical aspects of how to best integrate different geophysical datasets with geological prior understanding and other complimentary data. This foundational basis is followed by chapters that demonstrate the diverse range of applications for which integrated methods have been used to date. These range from imaging the hydrogeological properties of the near-surface to natural resource exploration and probing the composition of the lithosphere and the deep Earth. Each chapter is written by leading experts in the field, which makes this book the definitive reference on integrated imaging of the Earth. Highlights of this volume include: Complete coverage of the theoretical foundations of integrated imaging approaches from inverse theory to different coupling methods and quantitative evaluation of the resulting models Comprehensive overview of current applications of integrated imaging including hydrological investigations, natural resource exploration, and imaging the deep Earth Detailed case studies of integrated approaches providing valuable guidance for both experienced users and researchers new to joint inversion. This volume will be a valuable resource for graduate students, academics, industry practitioners, and researchers who are interested in using or developing integrated imaging approaches.