January 24, 2021

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Kappa Distributions

Kappa Distributions
Author : George Livadiotis
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-04-19
Category : Science
Total pages :738
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Kappa Distributions: Theory and Applications in Plasmas presents the theoretical developments of kappa distributions, their applications in plasmas, and how they affect the underpinnings of our understanding of space and plasma physics, astrophysics, and statistical mechanics/thermodynamics. Separated into three major parts, the book covers theoretical methods, analytical methods in plasmas, and applications in space plasmas. The first part of the book focuses on basic aspects of the statistical theory of kappa distributions, beginning with their connection to the solid backgrounds of non-extensive statistical mechanics. The book then moves on to plasma physics, and is devoted to analytical methods related to kappa distributions on various basic plasma topics, spanning linear/nonlinear plasma waves, solitons, shockwaves, and dusty plasmas. The final part of the book deals with applications in space plasmas, focusing on applications of theoretical and analytical developments in space plasmas from the heliosphere and beyond, in other astrophysical plasmas. Kappa Distributions is ideal for space, plasma, and statistical physicists; geophysicists, especially of the upper atmosphere; Earth and planetary scientists; and astrophysicists. Answers important questions, such as how plasma waves are affected by kappa distributions and how solar wind, magnetospheres, and other geophysical, space, and astrophysical plasmas can be modeled using kappa distributions Presents the features of kappa distributions in the context of plasmas, including how kappa indices, temperatures, and densities vary among the species populations in different plasmas Provides readers with the information they need to decide which specific formula of kappa distribution should be used for a certain occasion and system (toolbox)

Handbook of Fitting Statistical Distributions with R

Handbook of Fitting Statistical Distributions with R
Author : Zaven A. Karian,Edward J. Dudewicz
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2016-04-19
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :1718
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With the development of new fitting methods, their increased use in applications, and improved computer languages, the fitting of statistical distributions to data has come a long way since the introduction of the generalized lambda distribution (GLD) in 1969. Handbook of Fitting Statistical Distributions with R presents the latest and best methods

Permutation Methods

Permutation Methods
Author : Paul W. Mielke,Kenneth J. Berry
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2001
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :352
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The book will provide a comprehensive treatment of statistical inference using permutation techniques. Its purpose is to make available to practitioners a variety of useful and powerful data analytic tools that rely on very few distributional assumptions. Although many of these procedures have appeared in journal articles, they are not readily available to practitioners.

Monthly Weather Review

Monthly Weather Review
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1973
Category : Meteorology
Total pages :129
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U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper

U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1984
Category : Geology
Total pages :299
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Magnetotails in the Solar System

Magnetotails in the Solar System
Author : Andreas Keiling,Caitríona Jackman,Peter Delamere
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-12-30
Category : Science
Total pages :424
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All magnetized planets in our solar system (Mercury, Earth,Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune) interact strongly with thesolar wind and possess well developed magnetotails. It is not onlythe strongly magnetized planets that have magnetotails. Mars andVenus have no global intrinsic magnetic field, yet they possessinduced magnetotails. Comets have magnetotails that are formed bythe draping of the interplanetary magnetic field. In the case ofplanetary satellites (moons), the magnetotail refers to thewake region behind the satellite in the flow of either the solarwind or the magnetosphere of its parent planet. The largestmagnetotail of all in our solar system is the heliotail, the “magnetotail” of the heliosphere. The variety of solar wind conditions,planetary rotation rates, ionospheric conductivity, and physicaldimensions provide an outstanding opportunity to extend ourunderstanding of the influence of these factors on magnetotailprocesses and structures. Volume highlights include: Discussion on why a magnetotail is a fundamental problemof magnetospheric physics Unique collection of tutorials on a large range of magnetotailsin our solar system In-depth reviews comparing magnetotail processes at Earth withother magnetotail structures found throughout the heliosphere Collectively, Magnetotails in the Solar System bringstogether for the first time in one book a collection of tutorialsand current developments addressing different types ofmagnetotails. As a result, this book should appeal to a broadcommunity of space scientists, and it should also be of interest toastronomers who are looking at tail-like structures beyond oursolar system.

Journal of Pulp and Paper Science

Journal of Pulp and Paper Science
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2007
Category : Paper
Total pages :129
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Entropy-Based Parameter Estimation in Hydrology

Entropy-Based Parameter Estimation in Hydrology
Author : V.P. Singh
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-04-17
Category : Science
Total pages :368
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Since the pioneering work of Shannon in the late 1940's on the development of the theory of entropy and the landmark contributions of Jaynes a decade later leading to the development of the principle of maximum entropy (POME), the concept of entropy has been increasingly applied in a wide spectrum of areas, including chemistry, electronics and communications engineering, data acquisition and storage and retreival, data monitoring network design, ecology, economics, environmental engineering, earth sciences, fluid mechanics, genetics, geology, geomorphology, geophysics, geotechnical engineering, hydraulics, hydrology, image processing, management sciences, operations research, pattern recognition and identification, photogrammetry, psychology, physics and quantum mechanics, reliability analysis, reservoir engineering, statistical mechanics, thermodynamics, topology, transportation engineering, turbulence modeling, and so on. New areas finding application of entropy have since continued to unfold. The entropy concept is indeed versatile and its applicability widespread. In the area of hydrology and water resources, a range of applications of entropy have been reported during the past three decades or so. This book focuses on parameter estimation using entropy for a number of distributions frequently used in hydrology. In the entropy-based parameter estimation the distribution parameters are expressed in terms of the given information, called constraints. Thus, the method lends itself to a physical interpretation of the parameters. Because the information to be specified usually constitutes sufficient statistics for the distribution under consideration, the entropy method provides a quantitative way to express the information contained in the distribution.

Paper and Timber

Paper and Timber
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2003
Category : Lumber trade
Total pages :129
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Cosmic Rays in Magnetospheres of the Earth and other Planets

Cosmic Rays in Magnetospheres of the Earth and other Planets
Author : Lev Dorman
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2009-01-20
Category : Science
Total pages :770
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The problem of cosmic ray (CR) geomagnetic effects came to the fore at the beg- ning of the 1930s after the famous expeditions by J. Clay onboard ship (Slamat) between the Netherlands and Java using an ionization chamber. Many CR la- tude expeditions were organized by the famous scientists and Nobel Laureates R. Millikan and A. Compton. From the obtained latitude curves it follows that CRs cannot be gamma rays (as many scientists thought at that time), but must be charged particles. From measurements of azimuthally geomagnetic effect at that time it also followed that these charged particles must be mostly positive (see Chapter 1, and for more details on the history of the problem see monographs of Irina Dorman, M1981, M1989). The ?rst explanations of obtained results were based on the simple dipole - proximation of the geomagnetic ?eld and the theory of energetic charged particles moving in dipole magnetic ?elds, developed in 1907 by C. Stormer ̈ to explain the aurora phenomenon. Let us note that it was made about 5 years before V. Hess discovered CRs, and received the Nobel Prize in 1936 together with K. Anderson (for the discovery of CR and positrons in CR).

Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition

Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition
Author : Vijay P. Singh
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release Date : 2016-03-07
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :1808
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Fully Updated Hydrology Principles, Methods, and Applications Thoroughly revised for the first time in 50 years, this industry-standard resource features chapter contributions from a “who’s who” of international hydrology experts. Compiled by a colleague of the late Dr. Chow, Chow’s Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition, covers scientific and engineering fundamentals and presents all-new methods, processes, and technologies. Complete details are provided for the full range of ecosystems and models. Advanced chapters look to the future of hydrology, including climate change impacts, extraterrestrial water, social hydrology, and water security. Chow’s Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition, covers: · The Fundamentals of Hydrology · Data Collection and Processing · Hydrology Methods · Hydrologic Processes and Modeling · Sediment and Pollutant Transport · Hydrometeorologic and Hydrologic Extremes · Systems Hydrology · Hydrology of Large River and Lake Basins · Applications and Design · The Future of Hydrology

Annales Geophysicae

Annales Geophysicae
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2004
Category : Astrophysics
Total pages :129
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Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics: 2011 Edition

Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics: 2011 Edition
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release Date : 2012-01-09
Category : Science
Total pages :2979
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Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics / 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Astronomy and Astrophysics. The editors have built Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Astronomy and Astrophysics in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Solar Magnetic Fields and Magnetospheric-ionospheric Coupling

Solar Magnetic Fields and Magnetospheric-ionospheric Coupling
Author : Jack Ireland
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2008
Category : Ionosphere
Total pages :998
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IBM Journal of Research and Development

IBM Journal of Research and Development
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1994
Category : Computers
Total pages :129
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