April 14, 2021

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Laser Cooling of Solids

Laser Cooling of Solids
Author : S V Petrushkin,V V Samartsev
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2009-10-26
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :236
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Laser cooling is an important emerging technology in such areas as the cooling of semiconductors. The book examines and suggests solutions for a range of problems in the development of miniature solid-state laser refrigerators, self-cooling solid-state lasers and optical echo-processors. It begins by looking at the basic theory of laser cooling before considering such topics as self-cooling of active elements of solid-state lasers, laser cooling of solid-state information media of optical echo-processors, and problems of cooling solid-state quantum processors. Laser Cooling of Solids is an important contribution to the development of compact laser-powered cryogenic refrigerators, both for the academic community and those in the microelectronics and other industries. Provides a timely review of this promising field of research and discusses the fundamentals and theory of laser cooling Particular attention is given to the physics of cooling processes and the mathematical description of these processes Reviews previous experimental investigations in laser cooling and presents progress towards key potential applications

Optical Refrigeration

Optical Refrigeration
Author : Richard I. Epstein,Mansoor Sheik-Bahae
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2010-12-13
Category : Science
Total pages :258
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Edited by the two top experts in the field with a panel of International contributors, this is a comprehensive up-to-date review of research and applications. Starting with the basic physical principles of laser cooling of solids, the monograph goes on to discuss the current theoretical issues being resolved and the increasing demands of growth and evaluation of high purity materials suitable for optical refrigeration, while also examining the design and applications of practical cryocoolers. An advanced text for scientists, researchers, engineers, and students (masters, PHDs and Postdoc) in laser and optical material science, and cryogenics.

Laser Cooling

Laser Cooling
Author : Galina Nemova
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2016-10-26
Category : Science
Total pages :478
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In the recent decades, laser cooling or optical refrigeration—a physical process by which a system loses its thermal energy as a result of interaction with laser light—has garnered a great deal of scientific interest due to the importance of its applications. Optical solid-state coolers are one such application. They are free from liquids as well as moving parts that generate vibrations and introduce noise to sensors and other devices. They are based on reliable laser diode pump systems. Laser cooling can also be used to mitigate heat generation in high-power lasers. This book compiles and details cutting-edge research in laser cooling done by various scientific teams all over the world that are currently revolutionizing optical refrigerating technology. It includes recent results on laser cooling by redistribution of radiation in dense gas mixtures, three conceptually different approaches to laser cooling of solids such as cooling with anti-Stokes fluorescence, Brillouin cooling, and Raman cooling. It also discusses crystal growth and glass production for laser cooling applications. This book will appeal to anyone involved in laser physics, solid-state physics, low-temperature physics or cryogenics, materials research, development of temperature sensors, or infrared detectors.

Laser Cooling of Solids Through Inelastic Light Scattering

Laser Cooling of Solids Through Inelastic Light Scattering
Author : Yin-Chung Chen
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2018
Category :
Total pages :129
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Laser Cooling of Solids

Laser Cooling of Solids
Author : Richard I. Epstein,Mansoor Sheik-Bahae
Publisher : Society of Photo Optical
Release Date : 2007
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :132
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Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.

Laser Cooling of Solids

Laser Cooling of Solids
Author : Richard I. Epstein,Mansoor Sheik-Bahae
Publisher : Society of Photo Optical
Release Date : 2007
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :132
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Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.

Field Guide to Laser Cooling Methods

Field Guide to Laser Cooling Methods
Author : Galina Nemova
Publisher : SPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering
Release Date : 2019
Category : Laser cooling
Total pages :160
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"The primary objective of this Field Guide is to present an overview of the various concepts and methods of laser cooling including Doppler cooling, polarization gradient cooling, different sub-recoil schemes of laser cooling, laser cooing with anti-Stokes fluorescence and so on. This Field Guide will serve to introduce students, scientists, and engineers to this exciting field"--

A Student's Guide to Atomic Physics

A Student's Guide to Atomic Physics
Author : Mark Fox
Publisher : Student's Guides
Release Date : 2018-06-14
Category : Science
Total pages :292
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A concise overview of the fundamental concepts and applications of atomic physics for students including examples, problems, and diagrams of key concepts.

Electrodynamics of Solids

Electrodynamics of Solids
Author : Martin Dressel,George Gruner,George Grüner
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2002-01-17
Category : Science
Total pages :474
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A graduate-level book about the propagation of electromagnetic fields and their interaction with condensed matter.

Optical Properties of Highly Transparent Solids

Optical Properties of Highly Transparent Solids
Author : Bernard Bendow
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :538
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Although much work has been performed on measure ments and interpretation of light absorption by opaque or nearly opaque solids, it is surprising to note that until recently relatively little reliable experimental data, and much less theoretical work was available on the nature of transparent solids. This, in spite of the fact that a vast majority of engineering and device ap plications of a solid depend on its optical transparency. Needless to say, all solids are both transparent and opa que depending on the spectral region of consideration. The absorption processes that limit the transparency of a solid are either due to lattice vibrations, as in ionic or partially ionic solids, or due to electronic transi tions, both intrinsic and impurity-induced. For most materials, a sufficiently wide spectral window exists be tween these two limits, where the material is transpar ent. In general, the absorption coefficient, in the long wavelength side of, but sufficiently away from, the fun damental absorption edge, is relatively structureless and has an exponential dependence on frequency. Recent evi dence suggests that in the short wavelength side of the one-phonon region, but beyond two- or three-phonon sin gularities, the absorption coefficient of both polar and nonpolar solids is also relatively structureless and de pends exponentially on frequency.

Additive Manufacturing of High-performance Metals and Alloys

Additive Manufacturing of High-performance Metals and Alloys
Author : Igor Shishkovsky
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-07-11
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :154
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Freedoms in material choice based on combinatorial design, different directions of process optimization, and computational tools are a significant advantage of additive manufacturing technology. The combination of additive and information technologies enables rapid prototyping and rapid manufacturing models on the design stage, thereby significantly accelerating the design cycle in mechanical engineering. Modern and high-demand powder bed fusion and directed energy deposition methods allow obtaining functional complex shapes and functionally graded structures. Until now, the experimental parametric analysis remains as the main method during AM optimization. Therefore, an additional goal of this book is to introduce readers to new modeling and material's optimization approaches in the rapidly changing world of additive manufacturing of high-performance metals and alloys.

High Energy and Short Pulse Lasers

High Energy and Short Pulse Lasers
Author : Richard Viskup
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2016-09-07
Category : Science
Total pages :424
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This book gives the readers an introduction to experimental and theoretical knowledge acquired by large-scale laser laboratories that are dealing with extra-high peak power and ultrashort laser pulses for research of terawatt (TW), petawatt (PW), or near-future exawatt (EW) laser interactions, for soft X-ray sources, for acceleration of particles, or for generation of hot dense thermal plasma for the laser fusion. The other part of this book is dealing with the small-scale laser laboratories that are using for its research on commercial sources of laser radiation, nanosecond (ns), picosecond (ps), or femtosecond (fs) laser pulses, either for basic research or for more advanced applications. This book is divided into six main sections dealing with short and ultrashort laser pulses, laser-produced soft X-ray sources, large-scale high-power laser systems, free-electron lasers, fiber-based sources of short optical pulse, and applications of short pulse lasers. In each chapter readers can find fascinating topics related to the high energy and/or short pulse laser technique. Individual chapters should serve the broad spectrum of readers of different expertise, layman, undergraduate and postgraduate students, scientists, and engineers, who may in this book find easily explained fundamentals as well as advanced principles of particular subjects related to these phenomena.

Precarious Life

Precarious Life
Author : Judith Butler
Publisher : Verso
Release Date : 2006
Category : Political Science
Total pages :168
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An appraisal of post-September 11 America presents the U.S. government's decision to attack Afghanistan and Iraq as a response to loss and grief, arguing that the vulnerability being experienced in the western world is posing an opportunity to imagine a global political community without violence. Reprint.

Microphysics of Clouds and Precipitation

Microphysics of Clouds and Precipitation
Author : H.R. Pruppacher,J.D. Klett
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-06-25
Category : Science
Total pages :954
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Cloud physics has achieved such a voluminous literature over the past few decades that a significant quantitative study of the entire field would prove unwieldy. This book concentrates on one major aspect: cloud microphysics, which involves the processes that lead to the formation of individual cloud and precipitation particles. Common practice has shown that one may distinguish among the following addi tional major aspects: cloud dynamics, which is concerned with the physics respon sible for the macroscopic features of clouds; cloud electricity, which deals with the electrical structure of clouds and the electrification processes of cloud and precipi tation particles; and cloud optics and radar meteorology, which describe the effects of electromagnetic waves interacting with clouds and precipitation. Another field intimately related to cloud physics is atmospheric chemistry, which involves the chemical composition ofthe atmosphere and the life cycle and characteristics of its gaseous and particulate constituents. In view of the natural interdependence of the various aspects of cloud physics, the subject of microphysics cannot be discussed very meaningfully out of context. Therefore, we have found it necessary to touch briefly upon a few simple and basic concepts of cloud dynamics and thermodynamics, and to provide an account of the major characteristics of atmospheric aerosol particles. We have also included a separate chapter on some of the effects of electric fields and charges on the precipitation-forming processes.

Solid-State Lasers

Solid-State Lasers
Author : Walter Koechner,Michael Bass
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2006-05-29
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :409
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Koechner's well-known ‘bible’ on solid-state laser engineering is now available in an accessible format at the graduate level. Numerous exercises with hints for solution, new text and updated material where needed make this text very accessible.