December 5, 2020

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Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
Author : Jagdish P. Singh,Surya Narayan Thakur
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-06-02
Category : Science
Total pages :620
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Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy, Second Edition, covers the basic principles and latest developments in instrumentation and applications of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS). Written by active experts in the field, it serves as a useful resource for analytical chemists and spectroscopists, as well as graduate students and researchers engaged in the fields of combustion, environmental science, and planetary and space exploration. This fully revised second edition includes several new chapters on new LIBS techniques as well as several new applications, including flame and off-gas measurement, pharmaceutical samples, defense applications, carbon sequestration and site monitoring, handheld instruments, and more. LIBS has rapidly developed into a major analytical technology with the capability of detecting all chemical elements in a sample, of real- time response, and of close-contact or stand-off analysis of targets. It does not require any sample preparation, unlike conventional spectroscopic analytical techniques. Samples in the form of solids, liquids, gels, gases, plasmas, and biological materials (like teeth, leaves, or blood) can be studied with almost equal ease. This comprehensive reference introduces the topic to readers in a simple, direct, and accessible manner for easy comprehension and maximum utility. Covers even more applications of LIBS beyond the first edition, including combustion, soil physics, environment, and life sciences Includes new chapters on LIBS techniques that have emerged in the last several years, including Femtosecond LIBS and Molecular LIBS Provides inspiration for future developments in this rapidly growing field in the concluding chapter

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
Author : Andrzej W. Miziolek,Vincenzo Palleschi,Israel Schechter
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2006-09-07
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :129
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Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) is an emerging technique for determining elemental composition. With the ability to analyse solids, liquids and gases with little or no sample preparation, it is more versatile than conventional methods and is ideal for on-site analysis. This is a comprehensive reference explaining the fundamentals of the LIBS phenomenon, its history and its fascinating applications across eighteen chapters written by recognized leaders in the field. Over 300 illustrations aid understanding. This book will be of significant interest to researchers in chemical and materials analysis within academia and industry.

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
Author : Sergio Musazzi,Umberto Perini
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2014-07-08
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :565
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This book deals with the Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) a widely used atomic emission spectroscopy technique for elemental analysis of materials. It is based on the use of a high-power, short pulse laser excitation. The book is divided into two main sections: the first one concerning theoretical aspects of the technique, the second one describing the state of the art in applications of the technique in different scientific/technological areas. Numerous examples of state of the art applications provide the readers an almost complete scenario of the LIBS technique. The LIBS theoretical aspects are reviewed. The book helps the readers who are less familiar with the technique to understand the basic principles. Numerous examples of state of the art applications give an almost complete scenario of the LIBS technique potentiality. These examples of applications may have a strong impact on future industrial utilization. The authors made important contributions to the development of this field.

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
Author : Jagdish P. Singh,Surya Narayan Thakur
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2007-10-03
Category : Science
Total pages :454
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Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is basically an emission spectroscopy technique where atoms and ions are primarily formed in their excited states as a result of interaction between a tightly focused laser beam and the material sample. The interaction between matter and high-density photons generates a plasma plume, which evolves with time and may eventually acquire thermodynamic equilibrium. One of the important features of this technique is that it does not require any sample preparation, unlike conventional spectroscopic analytical techniques. Samples in the form of solids, liquids, gels, gases, plasmas and biological materials (like teeth, leaf or blood) can be studied with almost equal ease. LIBS has rapidly developed into a major analytical technology with the capability of detecting all chemical elements in a sample, of real- time response, and of close-contact or stand-off analysis of targets. The present book has been written by active specialists in this field, it includes the basic principles, the latest developments in instrumentation and the applications of LIBS . It will be useful to analytical chemists and spectroscopists as an important source of information and also to graduate students and researchers engaged in the fields of combustion, environmental science, and planetary and space exploration. * Recent research work * Possible future applications * LIBS Principles

Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
Author : David A. Cremers,Leon J. Radziemski
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2013-03-15
Category : Science
Total pages :432
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Starting from fundamentals and moving through a thorough discussion of equipment, methods, and techniques, the Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy provides a unique reference source that will be of value for many years to come for this important new analysis method. The authors, with a total of over 60 years of experience in the LIBS method, use a combination of tutorial discussions ranging from basic principles up to more advanced descriptions along with extensive figures and photographs to clearly explain topics addressed in the text. In this second edition, chapters on the use of statistical analysis and advances in detection of weapons of mass destruction have been added. Tables of data related to analysis with LIBS have been updated. The Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy, Second Edition: provides a thorough but understandable discussion of the basic principles of the method based on atomic emission spectroscopy, including recently available data leading to better characterization of the LIBS plasma; presents a discussion of the many advantages of the method along with limitations, to provide the reader a balanced overview of capabilities of the method; describes LIBS instrumentation ranging from basic set-ups to more advanced configurations; presents a comprehensive discussion of the different types of components (laser, spectrometers, detectors) that can be used for LIBS apparatuses along with suggestions for their use, as well as an up-to-date treatment of the newest advances and capabilities of LIBS instruments; presents the analytical capabilities of the method in terms of detection limits, accuracy, and precision of measurements for a variety of different sample types; discusses methods of sampling different media such as gases, liquids, and solids; presents an overview of some real-world applications of the method, with new emphasis on sampling of biologically and physically dangerous materials; provides an up-to-date list of references to LIBS literature along with the latest detection limits and a unique list of element detection limits using a uniform analysis method; provides annotated examples of LIBS spectra which can serve as references for the general reader and will be especially useful for those starting out in the field.

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) and Its Application to Solution Samples

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) and Its Application to Solution Samples
Author : Helen Antony Archontaki
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1987
Category : Laser spectroscopy
Total pages :288
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Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
Author : Reinhard Noll
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-01-14
Category : Science
Total pages :544
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This book is a comprehensive source of the fundamentals, process parameters, instrumental components and applications of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). The effect of multiple pulses on material ablation, plasma dynamics and plasma emission is presented. A heuristic plasma modeling allows to simulate complex experimental plasma spectra. These methods and findings form the basis for a variety of applications to perform quantitative multi-element analysis with LIBS. These application potentials of LIBS have really boosted in the last years ranging from bulk analysis of metallic alloys and non-conducting materials, via spatially resolved analysis and depth profiling covering measuring objects in all physical states: gaseous, liquid and solid. Dedicated chapters present LIBS investigations for these tasks with special emphasis on the methodical and instrumental concepts as well as the optimization strategies for a quantitative analysis. Requirements, concepts, design and characteristic features of LIBS instruments are described covering laboratory systems, inspections systems for in-line process control, mobile systems and remote systems. State-of-the-art industrial applications of LIBS systems are presented demonstrating the benefits of inline process control for improved process guiding and quality assurance purposes.

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS)

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS)
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2014
Category :
Total pages :129
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Calibration and Validation of Analytical Methods

Calibration and Validation of Analytical Methods
Author : Mark Stauffer
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-04-25
Category : Science
Total pages :174
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This book seeks to introduce the reader to current methodologies in analytical calibration and validation. This collection of contributed research articles and reviews addresses current developments in the calibration of analytical methods and techniques and their subsequent validation. Section 1, "Introduction," contains the Introductory Chapter, a broad overview of analytical calibration and validation, and a brief synopsis of the following chapters. Section 2 "Calibration Approaches" presents five chapters covering calibration schemes for some modern analytical methods and techniques. The last chapter in this section provides a segue into Section 3, "Validation Approaches," which contains two chapters on validation procedures and parameters. This book is a valuable source of scientific information for anyone interested in analytical calibration and validation.

Laser-induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) and Digital Image Processing for Pigment Analysis

Laser-induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) and Digital Image Processing for Pigment Analysis
Author : Rosemarie Chinni
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2017
Category :
Total pages :129
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The purpose of this project is to show how laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) and digital imaging processing can be used for indirect dating, authentication, and identification of oil paint pigments. Ten oil paint pigments from traditional and modern palettes were used for the analysis. Since synthetic paints (modern) were not available prior to the 19 century, the presence of a synthetic paint could allow for determination of whether the artwork was conserved in the past or it if was a forgery. LIBS and digital imaging processing were used to analyze the oil paint pigments in both pure form and binary mixture form. In LIBS, a laser pulse is focused on a surface and this focused pulse heats, ablates, atomizes, and ionizes the surface material. This causes the formation of a plasma and the light emitted by the plasma is collected, spectrally resolved, and detected. Elements contained in the sample can be identified by their distinctive spectral signatures. LIBS can provide both qualitative and quantitative results. It has many applications from space to defense including metal sorting, explosive and fissile material detection, lead in paint determination, heavy metal contamination in soil, identification of cultural heritage objects, etc. For this part of the study, the data was taken on pure and binary mixtures using ten shot accumulation analysis. The data was analyzed to determine what spectral emission lines could be used to uniquely determine one pigment from another. The pure and mixture pigments in single and multilayer samples were analyzed with image processing technology and algorithms. The digital images were used to create image histograms. Using the image histogram, the peak location was used to determine if differences among the pure and binary mixture pigments existed and whether unique peak locations in the histograms of the pure pigments or mixture pigments were seen.

Remote Compositional Analysis

Remote Compositional Analysis
Author : Janice L. Bishop,James F. Bell III,Jeffrey E. Moersch
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2019-11-30
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Total pages :666
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Comprehensive overview of the spectroscopic, mineralogical, and geochemical techniques used in planetary remote sensing.

Operation Procedures for Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Operation Procedures for Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
Author : Jaron Wallace
Publisher : CreateSpace
Release Date : 2013-12-13
Category :
Total pages :26
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This manual covers the basics of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) and the procedures at which to properly set up and run the University of Utah LIBS machinery.

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy of Trace Metals

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy of Trace Metals
Author : National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release Date : 2018-06-21
Category :
Total pages :28
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An alternative approach for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) determination of trace metal determination in liquids is demonstrated. The limits of detection (LOD) for the technique ranged from 10 ppb to 10 ppm for 15 metals metals (Mg, Al, Si, Ca, Ti, Cr, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, Hg, Pb) tested. Simons, Stephen (Technical Monitor) and VanderWal, Randall L. and Ticich, Thomas M. and West, Joseph R., Jr. Glenn Research Center NASA/CR-2004-212980, E-14455

Industrial Applications of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Industrial Applications of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
Author : Yoshihiro Deguchi
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2016
Category : Science
Total pages :129
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Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is an analytical detection technique based on atomic emission spectroscopy to measure elemental composition. With the development of lasers and detection systems, applications of LIBS encompass a broad range, including physics, engineering, space missions, environment, et cetera due to the unique features of little or no sample preparation, noncontact, fast response, and multielemental analysis. The fundamental and application have been extensively studied to improve LIBS technique. This chapter largely targets the engineering fields, especially practical applications. Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy will be discussed in this chapter including its fundamentals, industrial applications, and challenges.