November 30, 2020

Download Ebook Free Life Cycle And Criticality Assessment Of Platinum Extraction, Usage And Energy Applications

Life Cycle and Criticality Assessment of Platinum Extraction, Usage and Energy Applications

Life Cycle and Criticality Assessment of Platinum Extraction, Usage and Energy Applications
Author : Anup Pradhan,Nheta Willie,Junior Mabiza,Charles Mbohwa,Benedikt Buchspies
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-04
Category :
Total pages :320
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Recent Advances in Platinum based Fuel Cell Technology discusses past, present and future research works on platinum as it applies to fuel cells. It examines the global trends of platinum mining, processing and its application, with case studies from the Southern African region. Processing techniques and application of nanotechnology are also explored. The book offers a brief discussion on different types of fuel cell and a detailed description of platinum-based fuel cell technology. It includes the cutting edge technological advances driving the interest on these technologies. Environmental and socio-economic impacts of the production chain of fuel cell technology are evaluated using life cycle assessment, and criticality assessment of platinum group metals focusing on all aspects of its sustainability is also presented. Offers a comprehensive overview of the platinum value chain in relation to its application in energy technologies, including fuel cells and electrolyzers Presents trends and cutting-edge technologies Examines different perspectives, such as technologies of mining, processing, sustainability aspects and criticality for the use of platinum in fuel cells

Evolutionary and Revolutionary Technologies for Mining

Evolutionary and Revolutionary Technologies for Mining
Author : National Research Council,Committee on Earth Resources,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,National Materials Advisory Board,Committee on Technologies for the Mining Industries
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2002-03-14
Category : Science
Total pages :102
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The Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) of the U. S. Department of Energy commissioned the National Research Council (NRC) to undertake a study on required technologies for the Mining Industries of the Future Program to complement information provided to the program by the National Mining Association. Subsequently, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health also became a sponsor of this study, and the Statement of Task was expanded to include health and safety. The overall objectives of this study are: (a) to review available information on the U.S. mining industry; (b) to identify critical research and development needs related to the exploration, mining, and processing of coal, minerals, and metals; and (c) to examine the federal contribution to research and development in mining processes.

Critical Materials Strategy

Critical Materials Strategy
Author : Steven Chu
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release Date : 2011-05-01
Category :
Total pages :166
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This report examines the role of rare earth metals and other materials in the clean energy economy. It was prepared by the U.S. Department of Energy (DoE) based on data collected and research performed during 2010. In the report, DoE describes plans to: (1) develop its first integrated research agenda addressing critical materials, building on three technical workshops convened by the DoE during November and December 2010; (2) strengthen its capacity for information-gathering on this topic; and (3) work closely with international partners, including Japan and Europe, to reduce vulnerability to supply disruptions and address critical material needs. Charts and tables. This is a print on demand report.

Minerals, Critical Minerals, and the U.S. Economy

Minerals, Critical Minerals, and the U.S. Economy
Author : Anonim
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2008
Category : Mines and mineral resources
Total pages :245
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Renewable and Sustainable Energy II

Renewable and Sustainable Energy II
Author : Nan Qi Ren,Lam Kin Che,Bo Jin,Ren Jie Dong,Hai Quan Su
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date : 2012-05-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :3255
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This special collection contains selected papers from the International Conference on Energy and Environmental Protection (ICEEP 2012), held on the 23rd and 24th June, 2012, in Hohhot, China. The 590 peer-reviewed papers cover a wide area and are divided into: Chapter 1: Development and Utilization of Solar Energy; Chapter 2: Development and Utilization of Biomass Energy; Chapter 3: Development and Utilization of Wind Energy; Chapter 4: Nuclear Energy and other Energy Sources; Chapter 5: Energy Storage Technologies and Storage Batteries; Chapter 6: Energy-Saving Technology; Chapter 7: Hydrogen and Fuel Cells; Chapter 8: Energy Materials, Engineering Materials and Processing Technologies; Chapter 9: Energy Chemical Engineering; Chapter 10: Energy Security and Clean Use; Chapter 11: New Energy, New Energy Vehicles, Electric Vehicles; Chapter 12: Energy-Efficient Lighting Products and Technologies; Chapter 13: Green Building Materials and Energy-Saving Buildings

Extractive Metallurgy of Nickel, Cobalt and Platinum Group Metals

Extractive Metallurgy of Nickel, Cobalt and Platinum Group Metals
Author : Frank Crundwell,Michael Moats,Venkoba Ramachandran,Timothy Robinson,W. G. Davenport
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2011-07-18
Category : Science
Total pages :622
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This book describes and explains the methods by which three related ores and recyclables are made into high purity metals and chemicals, for materials processing. It focuses on present day processes and future developments rather than historical processes. Nickel, cobalt and platinum group metals are key elements for materials processing. They occur together in one book because they (i) map together on the periodic table (ii) occur together in many ores and (iii) are natural partners for further materials processing and materials manufacturing. They all are, for example, important catalysts – with platinum group metals being especially important for reducing car and truck emissions. Stainless steels and CoNiFe airplane engine super alloys are examples of practical usage. The product emphasises a sequential, building-block approach to the subject gained through the author’s previous writings (particularly Extractive Metallurgy of Copper in four editions) and extensive experience. Due to the multiple metals involved and because each metal originates in several types of ore – e.g. tropical ores and arctic ores this necessitates a multi-contributor work drawing from multiple networks and both engineering and science. Synthesizes detailed review of the fundamental chemistry and physics of extractive metallurgy with practical lessons from industrial consultancies at the leading international plants Discusses Nickel, Cobalt and Platinum Group Metals for the first time in one book Reviews extraction of multiple metals from the same tropical or arctic ore Industrial, international and multidisciplinary focus on current standards of production supports best practice use of industrial resources

Product Design and Life Cycle Assessment

Product Design and Life Cycle Assessment
Author : Ireneusz Zbicinski
Publisher : Baltic University Press
Release Date : 2006
Category : Environmental impact analysis
Total pages :308
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The Life Cycle of Copper, Its Co-Products and Byproducts

The Life Cycle of Copper, Its Co-Products and Byproducts
Author : Robert U. Ayres,Leslie W. Ayres,Ingrid Råde
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-03-14
Category : Science
Total pages :265
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Achieving the goals and objectives of sustainable development requires better information about the consequences of proposed actions. Partial information accounts for many failed efforts in the past. The financial implications for the proponent of the projects have often been more thoroughly analyzed than the implications for other actors. The impacts on biological diversity, or on the social fabric of local communities, have often been ignored. Decisi- makers may also focus more on the short-term consequences instead of long- term impacts, creating negative unintended consequences. It is clear that better decision-making processes are needed. Making better decisions requires identifying, obtaining, synthesizing and acting on larger and more diverse data sets, including information that has previously been overlooked in development decisions. The good news is that better processes are being developed and are becoming available. If the goal is to reach decisions that are broadly understood and accepted, affected communities need to be consulted. Early public participation in defining problems is a prerequisite to effective decision-making. There is no universal formula or checklist of information applicable to every proposed project. The scope of information required should not be determined from the start by small cadres of experts. It is unlikely that any individual or small group processes all of the expertise to achieve the kind of profound int- disciplinary synthesis that is needed.

Critical Mineral Resources of the United States

Critical Mineral Resources of the United States
Author : K. J. Schulz,John H. DeYoung,Robert R. Seal,Dwight C. Bradley
Publisher : Geological Survey
Release Date : 2018-07-27
Category : Industrial minerals
Total pages :797
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As the importance and dependence of specific mineral commodities increase, so does concern about their supply. The United States is currently 100 percent reliant on foreign sources for 20 mineral commodities and imports the majority of its supply of more than 50 mineral commodities. Mineral commodities that have important uses and face potential supply disruption are critical to American economic and national security. However, a mineral commodity's importance and the nature of its supply chain can change with time; a mineral commodity that may not have been considered critical 25 years ago may be critical today, and one considered critical today may not be so in the future. The U.S. Geological Survey has produced this volume to describe a select group of mineral commodities currently critical to our economy and security. For each mineral commodity covered, the authors provide a comprehensive look at (1) the commodity's use; (2) the geology and global distribution of the mineral deposit types that account for the present and possible future supply of the commodity; (3) the current status of production, reserves, and resources in the United States and globally; and (4) environmental considerations related to the commodity's production from different types of mineral deposits. The volume describes U.S. critical mineral resources in a global context, for no country can be self-sufficient for all its mineral commodity needs, and the United States will always rely on global mineral commodity supply chains. This volume provides the scientific understanding of critical mineral resources required for informed decisionmaking by those responsible for ensuring that the United States has a secure and sustainable supply of mineral commodities.

Linkages of Sustainability

Linkages of Sustainability
Author : T. E. Graedel,E. van der Voet
Publisher : Strungmann Forum Reports
Release Date : 2010
Category : Science
Total pages :532
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In this book, experts engage in an extended dialogue arguing for a comprehensive view of sustainability. They emphasize the constraints imposed by the relationships among the components, for example, how the need for clean, easily accessible water intersects with the need for the energy required to provide it. This book urges a transformation in the way we view sustainability, a transformation that is necessary if we are to plan responsibly for a more sustainable world.--[book jacket].

Analytical Tools for Environmental Design and Management in a Systems Perspective

Analytical Tools for Environmental Design and Management in a Systems Perspective
Author : Nicoline Wrisberg,Helias A. Udo de Haes,Ursula Triebswetter,Peter Eder,R. Clift
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :275
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The aim of this book is to link demand and supply of environmental information in the field of Life Cycle Management. The book is based on the results of the CHAINET concerted action financed by EU-DGXII for the work period 1998-2000, and is intended to build bridges between the different scientific communities in the field of Life Cycle Management. A structured approach is followed, meaning that both demand and supply of environmental information are characterised, after which the two are linked.

Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization

Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Committee on Developing a Research Agenda for Utilization of Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2019-02-22
Category : Science
Total pages :256
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In the quest to mitigate the buildup of greenhouse gases in Earth's atmosphere, researchers and policymakers have increasingly turned their attention to techniques for capturing greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane, either from the locations where they are emitted or directly from the atmosphere. Once captured, these gases can be stored or put to use. While both carbon storage and carbon utilization have costs, utilization offers the opportunity to recover some of the cost and even generate economic value. While current carbon utilization projects operate at a relatively small scale, some estimates suggest the market for waste carbon-derived products could grow to hundreds of billions of dollars within a few decades, utilizing several thousand teragrams of waste carbon gases per year. Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization: Status and Research Needs assesses research and development needs relevant to understanding and improving the commercial viability of waste carbon utilization technologies and defines a research agenda to address key challenges. The report is intended to help inform decision making surrounding the development and deployment of waste carbon utilization technologies under a variety of circumstances, whether motivated by a goal to improve processes for making carbon-based products, to generate revenue, or to achieve environmental goals.

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1981
Category : Power resources
Total pages :129
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Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1984
Category : Aeronautics
Total pages :129
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Achieving the Paris Climate Agreement Goals

Achieving the Paris Climate Agreement Goals
Author : Sven Teske
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-02-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :491
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This open access book presents detailed pathways to achieve 100% renewable energy by 2050, globally and across ten geographical regions. Based on state-of-the-art scenario modelling, it provides the vital missing link between renewable energy targets and the measures needed to achieve them. Bringing together the latest research in climate science, renewable energy technology, employment and resource impacts, the book breaks new ground by covering all the elements essential to achieving the ambitious climate mitigation targets set out in the Paris Climate Agreement. For example, sectoral implementation pathways, with special emphasis on differences between developed and developing countries and regional conditions, provide tools to implement the scenarios globally and domestically. Non-energy greenhouse gas mitigation scenarios define a sustainable pathway for land-use change and the agricultural sector. Furthermore, results of the impact of the scenarios on employment and mineral and resource requirements provide vital insight on economic and resource management implications. The book clearly demonstrates that the goals of the Paris Agreement are achievable and feasible with current technology and are beneficial in economic and employment terms. It is essential reading for anyone with responsibility for implementing renewable energy or climate targets internationally or domestically, including climate policy negotiators, policy-makers at all levels of government, businesses with renewable energy commitments, researchers and the renewable energy industry.