November 26, 2020

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The Glass Transition

The Glass Transition
Author : E. Donth
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-04-17
Category : Science
Total pages :418
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Describes and interrelates the following processes: cooperative alpha processes in a cold liquid, structural relaxation in the glass near Tg, the Johari-Goldstein beta process, the Williams-Götze process in a warm liquid, fast nonactivated cage rattling and boson peak, and ultraslow Fischer modes.

Liquids, Freezing and Glass Transition

Liquids, Freezing and Glass Transition
Author : NATO Advanced Study Institute
Publisher : North-Holland
Release Date : 1991
Category : Glass
Total pages :995
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Liquids, Freezing and Glass Transition

Liquids, Freezing and Glass Transition
Author : Jean Pierre Hansen,Jean Zinn-Justin,D. Levesque
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1991
Category :
Total pages :995
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Liquid Glass Transition

Liquid Glass Transition
Author : Toyoyuki Kitamura
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2012-12-31
Category : Science
Total pages :400
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A glass is disordered material like a viscous liquid and behaves mechanically like a solid. A glass is normally formed by supercooling the viscous liquid fast enough to avoid crystallization, and the liquid-glass transition occurs in diverse manners depending on the materials, their history, and the supercooling processes, among other factors. The glass transition in colloids, molecular systems, and polymers is studied worldwide. This book presents a unified theory of the liquid-glass transition on the basis of the two band model from statistical quantum field theory associated with the temperature Green’s function method. It is firmly original in its approach and will be of interest to researchers and students specializing in the glass transition across the physical sciences. Examines key theoretical problems of the liquid-glass transition and related phenomena Clarifies the mechanism and the framework of the liquid-glass transition

Liquid Glass Transition

Liquid Glass Transition
Author : Toyoyuki Kitamura
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2012-12-31
Category : Science
Total pages :400
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A glass is disordered material like a viscous liquid and behaves mechanically like a solid. A glass is normally formed by supercooling the viscous liquid fast enough to avoid crystallization, and the liquid-glass transition occurs in diverse manners depending on the materials, their history, and the supercooling processes, among other factors. The glass transition in colloids, molecular systems, and polymers is studied worldwide. This book presents a unified theory of the liquid-glass transition on the basis of the two band model from statistical quantum field theory associated with the temperature Green’s function method. It is firmly original in its approach and will be of interest to researchers and students specializing in the glass transition across the physical sciences. Examines key theoretical problems of the liquid-glass transition and related phenomena Clarifies the mechanism and the framework of the liquid-glass transition

Assignment of the Glass Transition

Assignment of the Glass Transition
Author : Rickey J. Seyler
Publisher : ASTM International
Release Date : 1994-01-01
Category : Amorphous substances
Total pages :310
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Phase Transitions in Polymers: The Role of Metastable States

Phase Transitions in Polymers: The Role of Metastable States
Author : Stephen Z.D. Cheng
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2008-09-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :324
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A classical metastable state possesses a local free energy minimum at infinite sizes, but not a global one. This concept is phase size independent. We have studied a number of experimental results and proposed a new concept that there exists a wide range of metastable states in polymers on different length scales where their metastability is critically determined by the phase size and dimensionality. Metastable states are also observed in phase transformations that are kinetically impeded on the pathway to thermodynamic equilibrium. This was illustrated in structural and morphological investigations of crystallization and mesophase transitions, liquid-liquid phase separation, vitrification and gel formation, as well as combinations of these transformation processes. The phase behaviours in polymers are thus dominated by interlinks of metastable states on different length scales. This concept successfully explains many experimental observations and provides a new way to connect different aspects of polymer physics. * Written by a leading scholar and industry expert * Presents new and cutting edge material encouraging innovation and future research * Connects hot topics and leading research in one concise volume

Metastable Liquids

Metastable Liquids
Author : Pablo G. Debenedetti
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release Date : 2020-06-16
Category : Science
Total pages :129
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Metastable Liquids provides a comprehensive treatment of the properties of liquids under conditions where the stable state is a vapor, a solid, or a liquid mixture of different composition. It examines the fundamental principles that govern the equilibrium properties, stability, relaxation mechanisms, and relaxation rates of metastable liquids. Building on the interplay of kinetics and thermodynamics that determines the thermophysical properties and structural relaxation of metastable liquids, it offers an in-depth treatment of thermodynamic stability theory, the statistical mechanics of metastability, nucleation, spinodal decomposition, supercooled liquids, and the glass transition. Both traditional topics--such as stability theory--and modern developments--including modern theories of nucleation and the properties of supercooled and glassy water--are treated in detail. An introductory chapter illustrates, with numerous examples, the importance and ubiquity of metastable liquids. Examples include the ascent of sap in plants, the strategies adopted by many living organisms to survive prolonged exposure to sub-freezing conditions, the behavior of proteins at low temperatures, metastability in mineral inclusions, ozone depletion, the preservation and storage of labile biochemicals, and the prevention of natural gas clathrate hydrate formation. All mathematical symbols are defined in the text and key equations are clearly explained. More complex mathematical explanations are available in the appendixes.

Ageing and the Glass Transition

Ageing and the Glass Transition
Author : Malte Henkel,Michel Pleimling,Roland Sanctuary
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-04-24
Category : Science
Total pages :349
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Understanding cooperative phenomena far from equilibrium is one of the fascinating challenges of present-day many-body physics. Glassy behaviour and the physical ageing process of such materials are paradigmatic examples. The present volume, primarily intended as introduction and reference, collects six extensive lectures addressing selected experimental and theoretical issues in the field of glassy systems.

Glass Transition and Phase Transitions in Food and Biological Materials

Glass Transition and Phase Transitions in Food and Biological Materials
Author : Jasim Ahmed,Mohammad Shafiur Rahman,Yrjo H. Roos
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2017-04-24
Category : Science
Total pages :496
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16.2.2 Pasting Properties of Starches

Supercooled Liquids, Glass Transition and Bulk Metallic Glasses: Volume 754

Supercooled Liquids, Glass Transition and Bulk Metallic Glasses: Volume 754
Author : T. Egami,A. L. Greer,A. Inoue,S. Ranganathan
Publisher : Mrs Proceedings
Release Date : 2003-07-16
Category : Science
Total pages :483
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The MRS Symposium Proceeding series is an internationally recognised reference suitable for researchers and practitioners.

Disordered Materials

Disordered Materials
Author : Paolo Ossi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-03-10
Category : Science
Total pages :329
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The teaching of solid state physics essentially concerns focusing on crystals and their properties. We study crystals and their properties because of the simple and elegant results obtained from the analysis of a spatially periodic system; this is why the analysis can be made considering a small set of atoms that represent the whole system of many particles. In contrast to the formal neat approach to crystals, the study of str- turally disordered condensed systems is somewhat complicated and often leads to relatively imprecise results, not to mention the experimental and computational e?ort involved. As such, almost all university textbooks, - cluding the advanced course books, only brie?y touch on the physics of am- phous systems. In any case, both the fundamental aspect and the ever wider industrial applications have given structurally disordered matter a role that should not be overlooked. The study of amorphous solids and their structure, stability and properties is a vibrant research branch; it is di?cult to imagine how any physicist, chemist or engineer who has to deal with materials could possibly ignore this class of systems. The author of Disordered Matter – an Introduction uses this course book atthePolitecnicoinMilan,Italy.Collectingthematerialforthecourseproved no mean task, leading him to have to prepare ad hoc didactic material. The continualexchangebetweenteacherandstudenthasledtothepresentversion of the book.

Glasses and the Glass Transition

Glasses and the Glass Transition
Author : Ivan S. Gutzow,Oleg V. Mazurin,Jürn W. P. Schmelzer,Snejana V. Todorova,Boris B. Petroff,Alexander I. Priven
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2011-04-27
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :428
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Written by renowned researchers in the field, this up-to-date treatise fills the gap for a high-level work discussing current materials and processes. It covers all the steps involved, from vitrification, relaxation and viscosity, right up to the prediction of glass properties, paving the way for improved methods and applications. For solid state physicists and chemists, materials scientists, and those working in the ceramics industry. With a preface by L. David Pye and a foreword by Edgar D. Zanotto

Complex Dynamics of Glass-Forming Liquids

Complex Dynamics of Glass-Forming Liquids
Author : Wolfgang Götze
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release Date : 2008-12-11
Category : Science
Total pages :654
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The book contains the only available complete presentation of the mode-coupling theory (MCT) of complex dynamics of glass-forming liquids, dense polymer melts, and colloidal suspensions. It describes in a self-contained manner the derivation of the MCT equations of motion and explains that the latter define a model for a statistical description of non-linear dynamics. It is shown that the equations of motion exhibit bifurcation singularities, which imply the evolution of dynamical scenarios different from those studied in other non-linear dynamics theories. The essence of the scenarios is explained by the asymptotic solution theory of the equations of motion. The leading-order results deal with scaling laws and the range of validity of these general laws is obtained by the derivation of the leading-correction results. Comparisons of numerical solutions of the MCT equations of motion with the analytic results of the asymptotic analysis demonstrate various facets of the MCT dynamics. Some comparisons of MCT results with data are used to show the relevance of MCT for the discussion of amorphous matter dynamics.

Glass

Glass
Author : Eric Le Bourhis
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-07-08
Category : Science
Total pages :416
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Glass is a material with essentially unlimited application possibilities. This second edition of a comprehensive reference in glass science, points out the correlation between the performance of industrial processes and practice-relevant properties, such as strength and optical properties. Interdisciplinary in his approach, the author discusses both the science and technology, starting with an outline of history and applications, glass structure, and rheology. The sections on properties include mechanical strength and contact resistance, ageing, mechanics of glass processes, the production and control of residual stresses, high-tech products, and current research and development. Applications include glazing, packaging, optical glass, glass fibers for reinforcement, and abrasive tools. The development of touchscreen technology showed how important were the design and resistance of thin flexible glass and these new thin aluminosilicate glasses are also discussed.