November 26, 2020

Download Ebook Free Lithium Process Chemistry

Lithium Process Chemistry

Lithium Process Chemistry
Author : Alexandre Chagnes,Jolanta Swiatowska
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-06-14
Category : Science
Total pages :312
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Lithium Process Chemistry: Resources, Extraction, Batteries and Recycling presents, for the first time, the most recent developments and state-of-the-art of lithium production, lithium-ion batteries, and their recycling. The book provides fundamental and theoretical knowledge on hydrometallurgy and electrochemistry in lithium-ion batteries, including terminology related to these two fields. It is of particular interest to electrochemists who usually have no knowledge in hydrometallurgy and hydrometallurgists not familiar with electrochemistry applied to Li-ion batteries. It is also useful for both teachers and students, presenting an overview on Li production, Li-ion battery technologies, and lithium battery recycling processes that is accompanied by numerous graphical presentations of different battery systems and their electrochemical performances. The book represents the first time that hydrometallurgy and electrochemistry on lithium-ion batteries are assembled in one unique source. Provides fundamental and theoretical knowledge on hydrometallurgy and electrochemistry in lithium-ion batteries Represents the first time that hydrometallurgy and electrochemistry on lithium-ion batteries are assembled in one unique source. Ideal for both electrochemists who usually have no knowledge in hydrometallurgy and hydrometallurgists not familiar with electrochemistry applied to Li-ion batteries Presents recent developments, as well as challenges in lithium production and lithium-ion battery technologies and their recycling Covers examples of Li processes production with schematics, also including numerous graphical presentations of different battery systems and their electrochemical performances

Exam Prep for: Lithium Process Chemistry

Exam Prep for: Lithium Process Chemistry
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2020
Category :
Total pages :129
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Lithium Process Chemistry: Resources, Extraction, Batteries, and Recycling

Lithium Process Chemistry: Resources, Extraction, Batteries, and Recycling
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2020
Category :
Total pages :129
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Process Chemistry in the Pharmaceutical Industry, Volume 2

Process Chemistry in the Pharmaceutical Industry, Volume 2
Author : Kumar Gadamasetti,Tamim Braish
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2007-12-10
Category : Science
Total pages :520
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As pharmaceutical companies strive to develop safer medicines at a lower cost, they must keep pace with the rapid growth of technology and research methodologies. Defying the misconception of process chemistry as mere scale-up work, Process Chemistry in the Pharmaceutical Industry, Vol. 2: Challenges in an Ever Changing Climate explores novel applications of synthetic, physical, and analytical chemistry in drug discovery and development. It offers an accurate depiction of the most up-to-date process research and development methods applied to synthesis, clinical trials, and commercializing drug candidates. The second installment in this progressive series, this volumereviews the latest breakthroughs to advance process chemistry, including asymmetric synthesis, crystallization, morphology, enzymatic intervention, green chemistry, macromolecules (monoclonal antibodies, biological molecules, polymers), enantioselectivity, organometallic chemistry, process analytical tools, chemical engineering controls, regulatory compliance, and outsourcing/globalization. It explores new approaches to synthetic processes, examines the latest safety methods and experiment design, and suggests realistic solutions to problems encountered in manufacturing and process development. Significant topics include atom economy, ease of synthesis, instrumentation, automization, quality control, cost considerations, green practices, and future trends. Jointly edited by the founder/president of Delphian Pharmaceuticals and the director of Chemical R&D at Pfizer, this book brings together contributions byreputed scientists, technologists, engineers, and professors from leading academic institutions, such as the Imperial College, UK, the University of Tokyo, ETH, Switzerland, the International University at Bermen, Germany, and the University of Connecticut, USA, and from principal pharmaceutical companies that include Merck, Bristol Myers Squibb, Pfizer, Novartis, Eli Lilly, Astrazeneca and DSM.

Organometallics in Process Chemistry

Organometallics in Process Chemistry
Author : Ahmed F. Abdel-Magid
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2004-06-15
Category : Science
Total pages :295
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The design of efficient syntheses of medicinal agents is one of the prime goals of the process chemist in the pharmaceutical industry. The expanding list of metal-mediated reactions has had a major impact on this endeavor over the last two decades. This volume will highlight some of the areas of organometallic chemistry that have played a particularly important role in development. The chapters are written by chemists who work in the process groups of major pharmaceutical companies and fine chemical manufacturers. Having demonstrated the power of organometallics in their processes the authors herein expand upon their experiences with examples from the literature as reported by process groups within the industry. The chapters are organized either by the application of a particular metal or reaction class. Removal of the residual metal(s) from the isolated active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) is key to the release of the material for human consumption, and hence, is reviewed here as well. This volume of Topics in Organometallic Chemistry is presented to offer a representative cross section of organometallic applications in the pharmaceutical industry as well as to give an appreciation for the creativity possible in process chemistry.

Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries

Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries
Author : Thandavarayan Maiyalagan,Perumal Elumalai
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2020-12-18
Category : Science
Total pages :370
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Lithium-ion batteries are the most promising among the secondary battery technologies, for providing high energy and high power required for hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) and electric vehicles (EV). Lithium-ion batteries consist of conventional graphite or lithium titanate as anode and lithium transition metal-oxides as cathode. A lithium salt dissolved in an aprotic solvent such as ethylene carbonate and diethylene carbonate is used as electrolyte. This rechargeable battery operates based on the principle of electrochemical lithium insertion/re-insertion or intercalation/de-intercalation during charging/discharging of the battery. It is essential that both electrodes have layered structure which should accept and release the lithium-ion. In advanced lithium-ion battery technologies, other than layered anodes are also considered. High cell voltage, high capacity as well as energy density, high Columbic efficiency, long cycle life, and convenient to fabricate any size or shape of the battery, are the vital features of this battery technology. Lithium-ion batteries are already being used widely in most of the consumer electronics such as mobile phones, laptops, PDAs etc. and are in early stages of application in HEV and EV, which will have far and wide implications and benefits to society. The book contains ten chapters, each focusing on a specific topic pertaining to the application of lithium-ion batteries in Electric Vehicles. Basic principles, electrode materials, electrolytes, high voltage cathodes, recycling spent Li-ion batteries and battery charge controller are addressed. This book is unique among the countable books focusing on the lithium-ion battery technologies for vehicular applications. It provides fundamentals and practical knowledge on the lithium-ion battery for vehicular application. Students, scholars, academicians, and battery and automobile industries will find this volume useful.

The Art of Process Chemistry

The Art of Process Chemistry
Author : Nobuyoshi Yasuda
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2010-12-01
Category : Science
Total pages :298
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Providing must-have knowledge for the pharmaceutical industry and process chemists in industry, this ready reference offers solutions for saving time and money and supplying -- in a sustainable way -- valuable products. Application-oriented and well structured, each chapter presents successful strategies for the latest modern drugs, showing how to provide very fast bulk quantities of drug candidates. Throughout, the text illustrates how all the key factors are interwoven and dependent on one another in creating optimized methods for optimal products.

Recycling of Spent Lithium-Ion Batteries

Recycling of Spent Lithium-Ion Batteries
Author : Liang An
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2019-10-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :217
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​This book presents a state-of-the-art review of recent advances in the recycling of spent lithium-ion batteries. The topics covered include: introduction to the structure of lithium-ion batteries; development of battery-powered electric vehicles; potential environmental impact of spent lithium-ion batteries; pretreatment of spent lithium-ion batteries for recycling processing; pyrometallurgical processing for recycling spent lithium-ion batteries; hydrometallurgical processing for recycling spent lithium-ion batteries; direct processing for recycling spent lithium-ion batteries; high value-added products from recycling of spent lithium-ion batteries; and effects of recycling of spent lithium-ion batteries on environmental burdens. The book provides an essential reference resource for professors, researchers, and policymakers in academia, industry, and government around the globe.

Handbook of Lithium and Natural Calcium Chloride

Handbook of Lithium and Natural Calcium Chloride
Author : Donald E. Garrett
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2004-04-05
Category : Science
Total pages :488
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Handbook of Lithium and Natural Calcium Chloride is concerned with two major industrial minerals: Lithium and Calcium Chloride. The geology of their deposits is first reviewed, along with discussions of most of the major deposits and theories of their origin. The commercial mining and processing plants are next described, followed by a review of the rather extensive literature on other proposed processing methods. The more important uses for lithium and calcium chloride are next covered, along with their environmental considerations. This is followed by a brief review of the production statistics for each industry, and some of their compounds' phase data and physical properties. Describes the chemistry, chemical engineering, geology and mineral processing aspects of lithium and calcium chloride Collects in one source the most important information concerning these two industrial minerals Presents new concepts and more comprehensive theories on their origin

Lithium-Ion Battery Chemistries

Lithium-Ion Battery Chemistries
Author : John T. Warner
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-05-10
Category : Science
Total pages :353
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Lithium-Ion Battery Chemistries: A Primer offers a simple description on how different lithium-ion battery chemistries work, along with their differences. It includes a refresher on the basics of electrochemistry and thermodynamics, and an understanding of the fundamental processes that occur in the lithium-ion battery. Furthermore, it reviews each of the major chemistries that are in use today, including Lithium-Iron Phosphate (LFP), Lithium-Cobalt Oxide (LCO), Lithium Manganese Oxide (LMO), Lithium-Nickel Manganese Cobalt (NMC), Lithium-Nickel Cobalt Aluminium (NCA), and Lithium-Titanate Oxide (LTO) and outlines the different types of anodes, including carbon (graphite, hard carbon, soft carbon, graphene), silicon, and tin. In addition, the book offers performance comparisons of different chemistries to help users select the right battery for the right application and provides explanations on why different chemistries have different performances and capabilities. Finally, it offers a brief look at emerging and beyond-lithium chemistries, including lithium-air, zinc-air, aluminum air, solid-state, lithium-sulfur, lithium-glass, and lithium-metal. Presents a refresher on the basics of electrochemistry and thermodynamics, along with simple graphics and images of complex concepts Provides a clear-and-concise description of lithium-ion chemistries and how they operate Covers the fundamental processes that occur in lithium-ion batteries Includes a detailed review of current and future chemistries

Lithium Chemistry

Lithium Chemistry
Author : Anne-Marie Sapse,Paul von R. Schleyer
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 1995-06-09
Category : Science
Total pages :595
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An up-to-date, comprehensive guide to LITHIUM CHEMISTRY Although lithium has been the subject of numerous individualstudies, this intriguing element has rarely been examined from thebroad perspective many researchers require. Lithium Chemistry: ATheoretical and Experimental Overview fills this void by providingthe most thorough and up-to-date overview available of currenttheories and experimental data. Supported by nearly two hundred illustrations, this book draws uponthe expertise of prominent researchers in the field, and treats thefull range of modern applications and techniques. The result is aunique and invaluable guide to lithium studies for researchers andgraduate students working in the fields of organic, inorganic, andorgano-metallic chemistry. Lithium Chemistry: A Theoretical and Experimental Overview assumesa background in quantum chemistry and experimental physicalchemistry at the graduate level and includes coverage of thesemajor topics: * Bonding, structures, and energies in organolithium compounds * Theoretical studies of aggregates of lithium compounds * Comparison of lithium and hydrogen bonds * Lithium atom matrix reactions with small molecules * NMR of organolithium compounds * Aspects of the thermochemistry of lithium compounds * The structure of lithiated amines and lithiated ethers--fromcarbanions to carbenoids * Complexes of inorganic lithium salts * Structures of lithium salts of heteroatom compounds * Synthetic ionophores for lithium ions

Lithium Batteries

Lithium Batteries
Author : Gholam-Abbas Nazri,Gianfranco Pistoia
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2009-01-14
Category : Science
Total pages :708
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Lithium Batteries: Science and Technology is an up-to-date and comprehensive compendium on advanced power sources and energy related topics. Each chapter is a detailed and thorough treatment of its subject. The volume includes several tutorials and contributes to an understanding of the many fields that impact the development of lithium batteries. Recent advances on various components are included and numerous examples of innovation are presented. Extensive references are given at the end of each chapter. All contributors are internationally recognized experts in their respective specialty. The fundamental knowledge necessary for designing new battery materials with desired physical and chemical properties including structural, electronic and reactivity are discussed. The molecular engineering of battery materials is treated by the most advanced theoretical and experimental methods.

Modern Chemical Processes

Modern Chemical Processes
Author : Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1952
Category : Chemical industry
Total pages :129
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The Chemistry of Lithium, Sodium, Potassium, Rubidium, Cesium and Francium

The Chemistry of Lithium, Sodium, Potassium, Rubidium, Cesium and Francium
Author : William A. Hart,O. F. Beumel,Thomas P. Whaley
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-10-22
Category : Science
Total pages :215
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The Chemistry of Lithium, Sodium, Potassium, Rubidium, Cesium, and Francium studies the physical and chemical properties of the elements listed in the title, including their chemical compounds and reactions. This book first features lithium, including its characterization, metals, and compounds. This topic is followed by discussions on the remaining featured elements in this text, encompassing their discovery and history, occurrence and distribution, and production. Then, this text presents the chemistry and chemical properties of the elements, specifically discussing topics such as the reactions of the metals, intermetallic compounds, hydrides, halides, cyanides and cyanates, and oxides and peroxides. The last two chapters examine biological activity and analytical chemistry of the elements. This book will be valuable to students and experts in the field of chemistry, as well as those in related fields.

Pharmaceutical Process Chemistry

Pharmaceutical Process Chemistry
Author : Takayuki Shioiri,Kunisuke Izawa,Toshiro Konoike
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2010-12-09
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :526
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Covering the whole area of process chemistry in the pharmaceutical industry, this monograph provides the essential knowledge on the basic chemistry needed for future development and key industrial techniques, as well as morphology, engineering and regulatory compliances. Application-oriented and well structured, the authors include recent examples of excellent industrial production of active pharmaceutical ingredients.