December 1, 2020

Download Ebook Free Macromolecules In Solution And Brownian Relativity

Macromolecules in Solution and Brownian Relativity

Macromolecules in Solution and Brownian Relativity
Author : Stefano Antonio Mezzasalma
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2008-07-22
Category : Science
Total pages :248
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Macromolecules in Solution and Brownian Relativity illustrates the recent picture of statistical physics of polymers and polymer solutions that emerges from some paradigms of contemporary science joint together. Among its principal aims are discussing the consequences of a novel self-diffusion theory, which benefits from an extension towards relativistic-like principles, and the generalization of usual concepts met in polymer science in terms of geometry alone. The monograph gives the whole fundamentals necessary to handle the view proposed, which is set in the final chapters. All the formers see about to provide the reader with a comprehensive treatation of the necessary fundamentals of classical, relativistic, quantum and statistical mechanics. Among the most important mechanical theories ever developed, a chapter on the Brownian movement and another on macromolecules prepare the ground that is specific to face universality and scaling behaviors in polymer solutions. The scope of the book is therefore two-fold: On the one hand, it wishes to involve the readers and scholars into a new research on polymer physics and chemistry. On the other, to get close chemical physicists and physical chemists to disciplines which, traditionally, are far from their direct fields of interest. Cross-disciplinarity Novelty Potentiality

Universality and Diversity in Science

Universality and Diversity in Science
Author : W Becker,M V Fedorov
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2004-09-13
Category : Science
Total pages :176
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This festschrift collects contributions from renowned experts in atomic and molecular physics, chemistry, and related fields dedicated to Professor Dr Naseem K Rahman on the occasion of his 60th birthday. The book includes topics at the forefront of research in these fields and captures insights of experts rarely found in other publications. Most of all, it reflects Rahman's wide interests in physics, chemistry and the life sciences. This book has been selected for coverage in: • CC / Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences • Index to Scientific Book Contents® (ISBC) Contents:The Simple Rahman's Theory (P Agostini)Supersymmetry in Molecular Time-Dependent Quantum Mechanics (A D Bandrauk)Atomic Dynamics with Chirped Ultra-Short Intense Laser Pulses (K Batra et al.)Wormhole Core, Extra Dimensions, and Physical Universe (A L Choudhury)The Maximum Entropy Principle in the Treatment of Structural Data from Liquid Crystal NMR Spectroscopy (G Cinacchi & C A Veracini)Cause-Effect Relationships Concerning Period-Doubling Bifurcations: Step-by-Step Analysis of a Complex System (C Dejak)Harmonic Generation by a Simple Degenerate Three-Level Atom (E Fiordilino et al.)Laser Physics and the Brain: Are There Analogies? (H Haken)Laser Control of Molecular Processes by Weak Fields (A Lami & F Santoro)Confined Electron Assemblies in Intense Electric and Magnetic Fields and a Generalization Emden's Equation (N H March)The Complex Picture of Statistics, Relativity, and Geometrical Scaling Suggested by Polymers and Polymer Solutions (S A Mezzasalma)The Role of the Zwitterionic Chromophore in the Photophysics of Green Fluorescent Proteins (R Nifosi et al.)Quantum Effects in the Collective Light Scattering from a Bose-Einstein Condensate (N Piovella)Facts and Fallacies in Strong-Field Physics (H R Reiss) Readership: Researchers and academics in atomic physics, molecular physics, condensed matter physics, high energy physics, biophysics and theoretical chemistry. Keywords:Intense-Laser Atom and Molecular Physics;Supersymmetry in Nonrelativistic Quantum Mechanics;Coherent Control;Laser-Brain Analogies;Relativity;Maximum Entropy Principle;Collective Light Scattering;Complex SystemsKey Features:Unique and highly personal collection of diverse topics covered by outstanding contributorsForemost interest to the colleagues, students and friends of Prof Rahman

Particles at Interfaces

Particles at Interfaces
Author : Zbigniew Adamczyk
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-10-27
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :700
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Particles and Interfaces: Interaction, Deposition, Structure, Volume 20, Second Edition unifies particle and protein adsorption phenomena by presenting recent developments in this growing field of nanoscience. While experimental data is available in vast quantities, there is a deficit in quality interpretation of that data. This title provides such information, emphasizing the basic physics behind practical problems, thus empowering the reader to estimate relevant effects. The book includes solved problems of particle transport under non-linear conditions and their relevance to predicting protein adsorption, including an entirely new chapter devoted to polyelectrolyte and protein adsorption at solid/liquid and solid/gas interfaces. Unifies information from various fields, such as electrostatics, hydrodynamic, colloid science and biophysics Presents information in a user-friendly manner, including computer aided graphics and schematic drawings Applies a phenomenological approach to the content and provides readily accessible reference data

Multiscale Computational Methods in Chemistry and Physics

Multiscale Computational Methods in Chemistry and Physics
Author : Achi Brandt,Jerzy Bernholc,Kurt Binder,K. Binder
Publisher : Ios PressInc
Release Date : 2001
Category : Computers
Total pages :363
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This book brings together interdisciplinary contributions ranging from applied mathematics, theoretical physics, quantum chemistry and molecular biology, all addressing various facets of the problem to connect the many different scales that one has to deal with in the computer simulation of many systems of interest in chemistry (e.g. polymeric materials, biological molecules, clusters, surface and interface structure). Particular emphasis is on the -multigrid technique - and its applications, ranging from electronic structure calculations to the statistical mechanics of polymers.

Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science

Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science
Author : P. Somasundaran
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2006
Category : Science
Total pages :6675
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Master of Modern Physics

Master of Modern Physics
Author : D. ter Haar,Dirk ter TerHaar
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release Date : 1998
Category : Science
Total pages :288
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The author shows us that Kramers's remarkable and diverse work makes him at least the equal of such celebrated physicists as Fermi and Landau. He takes us through Kramers's groundbreaking research in such subjects as quantum theory, quantum electrodynamics, statistical mechanics, and solid-state physics.

Physicochemical Approaches to the Characterization of Pharmaceutical Systems

Physicochemical Approaches to the Characterization of Pharmaceutical Systems
Author : Ireneo Kikic,Mariarosa Moneghini,Nicola De Zordi,Stefano Antonio Mezzasalma,Gabriele Grassi,Mario Grassi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-05-01
Category : Medical
Total pages :416
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Chemical physics and thermodynamics cover a role of the outermost importance in the study of many pharmaceutical-based disciplines, especially whenever a thorough understanding of the involved chemical reactions or materials processing becomes highly desirable. In this line, the present book aims at providing any reader or worker in these fields with a consistent experimental data analysis, carried out exhaustively by a number of theoretical models and discussed in any necessary detail. In comparison with the existing texts, ours will include more practical aspects, with examples of calculus taken from or inspired to the modern literature. It will also tackle the most advanced chemical estimation methods employed in pharmaceutical sciences, taking care of communicating as best as possible a modern way of looking at the arguments involved. In this respect, observe that the ongoing bibliography on open questions which were formerly neglected is now continuously growing. The chapters developing the mathematical modeling will be organized so as to explain and quantify the physical and chemical frames of the complex systems met by pure and applied researchers in their daily activity. The theoretical sections, in particular, will take care of any method assuring an efficient coding for the employed procedures (as those relying on macroscopic or statistical thermodynamics) and of describing the experimental tests for the scrutinized molecular systems. As an example, any equation of state must be able to provide, in addition with density, enthalpy, fugacity coefficients and phase equilibrium conditions, with every (partial) thermodynamic derivative with respect to temperature, pressure and any quantity assigning the mixture composition. We will also emphasize the physical chemistry characterization of the active compounds, and concentrate on their crystal, amorphous and polymorphic forms, as well as on the roles played by their states of matter. An appropriate monographic section will thus be devoted to the application of X-ray diffraction to non-structural issues, like atomic and molecular vibrations, order-disorder transitions, theories of the defect solid state, crystal imperfections, and to structural problems such as the so-called "crystallite size" approaches (see, for instance, Scherrer’s and Warren-Averbach’s, sometimes hardly applicable with the necessary accuracy). At that point, we will try to argue whether the current thermal experiments, normally employed to check the assumptions coming from solid state physics and thermochemistry, may (or may not) introduce some novelty or original prospect within the modern arena of pharmaceutical sciences. A chapter on solubility and precipitation kinetics, particularly on how to exploit and modify their variables in a number of relevant cases, will then be presented. In another one, we will approach the most advanced methods which can estimate (the macroscopic) chemical features from theoretical and numerical tools, avoiding in this way the expenses connected with usual laboratory routes. The plenty of techniques illustrated in the literature, unfortunately, are often unable to return satisfactory estimations of properties associated with complex molecular geometries. Our intention in this respect will be supplying several guidelines bringing to better evaluations of some, at least, among the most important drug, polymer and biopolymer characteristics. A final step, now more related to molecular topology, chemical graph theories and several issues of "group contributions" in physical chemistry, will be inquiring on the relationship between the (atomic/molecular) shape of organic compounds and their larger-scale (thermodynamic) features. This is a long-standing problem of physics and chemistry that, on considering the number of open questions in this matter, could find here the room for new insights, statements and formal approaches.

Selected Papers of Richard Feynman

Selected Papers of Richard Feynman
Author : Richard Phillips Feynman
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2000
Category : Science
Total pages :999
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Selected articles on quantum chemistry, classical and quantum electrodynamics, path integrals and operator calculus, liquid helium, quantum gravity and computer theory

Brownian Motion

Brownian Motion
Author : Albert P. Philipse
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-09-24
Category : Science
Total pages :178
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This textbook is an introduction to the Brownian motion of colloids and nano-particles, and the diffusion of molecules. One very appealing aspect of Brownian motion, as this book illustrates, is that the subject connects a broad variety of topics, including thermal physics, hydrodynamics, reaction kinetics, fluctuation phenomena, statistical thermodynamics, osmosis and colloid science. The book is based on a set of lecture notes that the authors used for an undergraduate course at the University of Utrecht, Netherland. It aims to provide more than a simplified qualitative description of the subject, without getting bogged down in difficult mathematics. Each chapter contains exercises, ranging from straightforward ones to more involved problems, addressing instances from (thermal motion in) chemistry, physics and life sciences. Exercises also deal with derivations or calculations that are skipped in the main text. The book offers a treatment of Brownian motion on a level appropriate for bachelor/undergraduate students of physics, chemistry, soft matter and the life sciences. PhD students attending courses and doing research in colloid science or soft matter will also benefit from this book.

Colloids and the Depletion Interaction

Colloids and the Depletion Interaction
Author : Henk N.W. Lekkerkerker,Remco Tuinier
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2011-05-23
Category : Science
Total pages :234
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Colloids are submicron particles that are ubiquitous in nature (milk, clay, blood) and industrial products (paints, drilling fluids, food). In recent decades it has become clear that adding depletants such as polymers or small colloids to colloidal dispersions allows one to tune the interactions between the colloids and in this way control the stability, structure and rheological properties of colloidal dispersions. This book offers a concise introduction to the fundamentals of depletion effects and their influence on the phase behavior of colloidal dispersions. Throughout the book, conceptual explanations are accompanied by experimental and computer simulation results. From the review by Kurt Binder: "They have succeeded in writing a monograph that is a very well balanced compromise between a very pedagogic introduction, suitable for students and other newcomers, and reviews of the advanced research trends in the field. Thus each chapter contains many and up to date references, but in the initial sections of the chapters, there are suggested exercises which will help the interested reader to recapitulate the main points of the treatment and to deepen his understanding of the subject. Only elementary knowledge of statistical thermodynamics is needed as a background for understanding the derivations presented in this book; thus this text is suitable also for advanced teaching purposes, useful of courses which deal with the physics for soft condensed matter. There does not yet exist any other book with a similar scope..... The readability of this book is furthermore enhanced by a list of symbols, and index of keywords, and last not least by a large number of figures, including many pedagogic sketches which were specifically prepared for this book. Thus, this book promises to be very useful for students and related applied sciences alike." Eur. Phys. J. E (2015) 38: 73

Scattering, Two-Volume Set

Scattering, Two-Volume Set
Author : E. R. Pike,Pierre C. Sabatier
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2002
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :1831
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Part 1: SCATTERING OF WAVES BY MACROSCOPIC TARGET -- Interdisciplinary aspects of wave scattering -- Acoustic scattering -- Acoustic scattering: approximate methods -- Electromagnetic wave scattering: theory -- Electromagnetic wave scattering: approximate and numerical methods -- Electromagnetic wave scattering: applications -- Elastodynamic wave scattering: theory -- Elastodynamic wave scattering: Applications -- Scattering in Oceans -- Part 2: SCATTERING IN MICROSCOPIC PHYSICS AND CHEMICAL PHYSICS -- Introduction to direct potential scattering -- Introduction to Inverse Potential Scattering -- Visible and Near-visible Light Scattering -- Practical Aspects of Visible and Near-visible Light Scattering -- Nonlinear Light Scattering -- Atomic and Molecular Scattering: Introduction to Scattering in Chemical -- X-ray Scattering -- Neutron Scattering -- Electron Diffraction and Scattering -- Part 3: SCATTERING IN NUCLEAR PHYSICS -- Nuclear Physics -- Part 4: PARTICLE SCATTERING -- State of ...

Molecular Theory of Solutions

Molecular Theory of Solutions
Author : Arieh Ben-Naim
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2006-07-27
Category : Science
Total pages :380
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This book presents new and updated developments in the molecular theory of mixtures and solutions. It is based on the theory of Kirkwood and Buff which was published more than fifty years ago. This theory has been dormant for almost two decades. It has recently become a very powerful and general tool to analyze, study and understand any type of mixtures from the molecular, or the microscopic point of view. The traditional approach to mixture has been, for many years, based on the study of excess thermodynamic quantities. This provides a kind of global information on the system. The new approach provides information on the local properties of the same system. Thus, the new approach supplements and enriches our information on mixtures and solutions.

Selected Topics in Applications of Quantum Mechanics

Selected Topics in Applications of Quantum Mechanics
Author : Mohammad Reza Pahlavani
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2015-05-13
Category : Science
Total pages :468
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This book has two sections. The section Selected Topics in Applications of Quantum Mechanics provides seven chapters about different applications of quantum mechanics in science and technology. The section Selected Topics in Foundations of Quantum Mechanics provides seven chapters about the foundations of quantum mechanics. This book is written by a community of expert scientists from different research institutes and universities from all over the world. Without a doubt, quantum mechanics is the greatest discovery of the 20th century. Therefore, its history and foundations are of great interest to scientists and students. This book covers some of the applications of quantum mechanics in nuclear physics, medical science, information technology, atomic physics and material science, as well as selected topics of quantum mechanics through different bases and ideas about quantum mechanics. The basic idea of the publication of this book is to make scientists and researchers, as well as graduate students, familiar with the foundations of quantum mechanics.

Path Integrals in Physics

Path Integrals in Physics
Author : M Chaichian,A Demichev
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2001-07-01
Category : Science
Total pages :336
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Path Integrals in Physics: Volume I, Stochastic Processes and Quantum Mechanics presents the fundamentals of path integrals, both the Wiener and Feynman type, and their many applications in physics. Accessible to a broad community of theoretical physicists, the book deals with systems possessing a infinite number of degrees in freedom. It discusses the general physical background and concepts of the path integral approach used, followed by a detailed presentation of the most typical and important applications as well as problems with either their solutions or hints how to solve them. It describes in detail various applications, including systems with Grassmann variables. Each chapter is self-contained and can be considered as an independent textbook. The book provides a comprehensive, detailed, and systematic account of the subject suitable for both students and experienced researchers.

MacSween's Pathology of the Liver

MacSween's Pathology of the Liver
Author : Alastair D. Burt,Roderick N. M. MacSween,Bernard Portmann
Publisher : Churchill Livingstone
Release Date : 2012
Category : Medical
Total pages :1020
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This definitive reference text provides you with all of the information necessary to effectively diagnose and confidently sign out hepatobilary tissue samples. An invaluable aid to pathologists and hepatologists at all levels of training and practice, this book covers the full range of both benign and malignant lesions of the liver and biliary tract. All entities are accompanied by over a thousand carefully chosen photographs of outstanding quality. Summary tables, diagnostic flow charts, and analytic tables provide all the information you need for confident interpretation and accurate diagnosis. New technologies on the horizon in diagnostic Hepatology New terminology/nomenclature of liver tumors particularly precursor lesions Up to date coverage of drug induced injury covering entire spectrum including adverse reactions to novel biologics and alternative medicines Readers can apply the 2010 WHO Classification in their routine diagnostic practice New chapter on methods: state of the art and forward looking which includes scoping new microscopic methods and puts biopsies in context with other new diagnostics Expanded and enhanced chapter on Tumors with inclusion of cytopathology and use of WHO 2010 classification Fresh approach to fatty liver disease by leaders in the field State of the art new chapter on iron overload with novel approach to classification (guided by the involvement of arguably the world leading scientist in this field. Even broader coverage of infections and liver disease