December 1, 2020

Download Ebook Free Managing Scientific Information And Research Data

Managing Scientific Information and Research Data

Managing Scientific Information and Research Data
Author : Svetla Baykoucheva
Publisher : Chandos Publishing
Release Date : 2015-07-14
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :162
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Innovative technologies are changing the way research is performed, preserved, and communicated. Managing Scientific Information and Research Data explores how these technologies are used and provides detailed analysis of the approaches and tools developed to manage scientific information and data. Following an introduction, the book is then divided into 15 chapters discussing the changes in scientific communication; new models of publishing and peer review; ethics in scientific communication; preservation of data; discovery tools; discipline-specific practices of researchers for gathering and using scientific information; academic social networks; bibliographic management tools; information literacy and the information needs of students and researchers; the involvement of academic libraries in eScience and the new opportunities it presents to librarians; and interviews with experts in scientific information and publishing. Promotes innovative technologies for creating, sharing and managing scientific content Presents new models of scientific publishing, peer review, and dissemination of information Serves as a practical guide for researchers, students, and librarians on how to discover, filter, and manage scientific information Advocates for the adoption of unique author identifiers such as ORCID and ResearcherID Looks into new tools that make scientific information easy to discover and manage Shows what eScience is and why it is becoming a priority for academic libraries Demonstrates how Electronic Laboratory Notebooks can be used to record, store, share, and manage research data Shows how social media and the new area of Altmetrics increase researchers’ visibility and measure attention to their research Directs to sources for datasets Provides directions on choosing and using bibliographic management tools Critically examines the metrics used to evaluate research impact Aids strategic thinking and informs decision making

Research Data Management

Research Data Management
Author : Joyce M. Ray
Publisher : Purdue University Press
Release Date : 2014
Category : BUSINESS & ECONOMICS
Total pages :436
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It has become increasingly accepted that important digital data must be retained and shared in order to preserve and promote knowledge, advance research in and across all disciplines of scholarly endeavor, and maximize the return on investment of public funds. To meet this challenge, colleges and universities are adding data services to existing infrastructures by drawing on the expertise of information professionals who are already involved in the acquisition, management and preservation of data in their daily jobs. Data services include planning and implementing good data management practices, thereby increasing researchers' ability to compete for grant funding and ensuring that data collections with continuing value are preserved for reuse. This volume provides a framework to guide information professionals in academic libraries, presses, and data centers through the process of managing research data from the planning stages through the life of a grant project and beyond. It illustrates principles of good practice with use-case examples and illuminates promising data service models through case studies of innovative, successful projects and collaborations. Contributors include: James L. Mullins, Purdue University; MacKenzie Smith, University of California at Davis; Sherry Lake, University of Virginia; John Kunze, University of California; Bernard Reilly, Center for Research Libraries; Jacob Carlson, Purdue University; Melissa Levine, University of Michigan; Jenn Riley, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; Jan Brase, German National Library of Science and Technology; Seamus Ross, University of Toronto; Sarah Shreeves, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; Jared Lyle, University of Michigan; Michele Kimpton, DuraSpace; Brian Schottlaender, University of California San Diego; Suzie Allard, University of Tennessee; Angus Whyte, Digital Curation Centre; Scott Brandt, Purdue University; Brian Westra, University of Oregon; Geneva Henry, Rice University; Gail Steinhart, Cornell University; and Cliff Lynch, Coalition for Networked Information. Charleston Insights in Library, Information, and Archival Sciences is a new series produced as a collaboration between the organizers of the Charleston Library Conference and Purdue University Press. Volumes in the series focus on important topics in library and information science, presenting the issues in a relatively jargon-free way that is accessible to all types of information professionals.

Bioinformatics

Bioinformatics
Author : Zoé Lacroix
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2003
Category : Science
Total pages :441
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The heart of the book lies in the collaboration efforts of eight distinct bioinformatics teams that describe their own unique approaches to data integration and interoperability. Each system receives its own chapter where the lead contributors provide precious insight into the specific problems being addressed by the system, why the particular architecture was chosen, and details on the system's strengths and weaknesses. In closing, the editors provide important criteria for evaluating these systems that bioinformatics professionals will find valuable. * Provides a clear overview of the state-of-the-art in data integration and interoperability in genomics, highlighting a variety of systems and giving insight into the strengths and weaknesses of their different approaches.-

Data Management for Researchers

Data Management for Researchers
Author : Kristin Briney
Publisher : Pelagic Publishing Ltd
Release Date : 2015-09-01
Category : Computers
Total pages :204
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A comprehensive guide to everything scientists need to know about data management, this book is essential for researchers who need to learn how to organize, document and take care of their own data. Researchers in all disciplines are faced with the challenge of managing the growing amounts of digital data that are the foundation of their research. Kristin Briney offers practical advice and clearly explains policies and principles, in an accessible and in-depth text that will allow researchers to understand and achieve the goal of better research data management. Data Management for Researchers includes sections on: * The data problem – an introduction to the growing importance and challenges of using digital data in research. Covers both the inherent problems with managing digital information, as well as how the research landscape is changing to give more value to research datasets and code. * The data lifecycle – a framework for data’s place within the research process and how data’s role is changing. Greater emphasis on data sharing and data reuse will not only change the way we conduct research but also how we manage research data. * Planning for data management – covers the many aspects of data management and how to put them together in a data management plan. This section also includes sample data management plans. * Documenting your data – an often overlooked part of the data management process, but one that is critical to good management; data without documentation are frequently unusable. * Organizing your data – explains how to keep your data in order using organizational systems and file naming conventions. This section also covers using a database to organize and analyze content. * Improving data analysis – covers managing information through the analysis process. This section starts by comparing the management of raw and analyzed data and then describes ways to make analysis easier, such as spreadsheet best practices. It also examines practices for research code, including version control systems. * Managing secure and private data – many researchers are dealing with data that require extra security. This section outlines what data falls into this category and some of the policies that apply, before addressing the best practices for keeping data secure. * Short-term storage – deals with the practical matters of storage and backup and covers the many options available. This section also goes through the best practices to insure that data are not lost. * Preserving and archiving your data – digital data can have a long life if properly cared for. This section covers managing data in the long term including choosing good file formats and media, as well as determining who will manage the data after the end of the project. * Sharing/publishing your data – addresses how to make data sharing across research groups easier, as well as how and why to publicly share data. This section covers intellectual property and licenses for datasets, before ending with the altmetrics that measure the impact of publicly shared data. * Reusing data – as more data are shared, it becomes possible to use outside data in your research. This chapter discusses strategies for finding datasets and lays out how to cite data once you have found it. This book is designed for active scientific researchers but it is useful for anyone who wants to get more from their data: academics, educators, professionals or anyone who teaches data management, sharing and preservation. "An excellent practical treatise on the art and practice of data management, this book is essential to any researcher, regardless of subject or discipline." —Robert Buntrock, Chemical Information Bulletin

Scientific Data Management

Scientific Data Management
Author : Arie Shoshani,Doron Rotem
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2009-12-16
Category : Computers
Total pages :590
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Dealing with the volume, complexity, and diversity of data currently being generated by scientific experiments and simulations often causes scientists to waste productive time. Scientific Data Management: Challenges, Technology, and Deployment describes cutting-edge technologies and solutions for managing and analyzing vast amounts of data, helping scientists focus on their scientific goals. The book begins with coverage of efficient storage systems, discussing how to write and read large volumes of data without slowing the simulation, analysis, or visualization processes. It then focuses on the efficient data movement and management of storage spaces and explores emerging database systems for scientific data. The book also addresses how to best organize data for analysis purposes, how to effectively conduct searches over large datasets, how to successfully automate multistep scientific process workflows, and how to automatically collect metadata and lineage information. This book provides a comprehensive understanding of the latest techniques for managing data during scientific exploration processes, from data generation to data analysis. Enhanced by numerous detailed color images, it includes real-world examples of applications drawn from biology, ecology, geology, climatology, and more. Check out Dr. Shoshani discuss the book during an interview with International Science Grid This Week (iSGTW): http://www.isgtw.org/?pid=1002259

Planning and Managing Scientific Research

Planning and Managing Scientific Research
Author : Brian Kennett
Publisher : ANU E Press
Release Date : 2014-03-09
Category : Science
Total pages :93
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Although there are many books on project management, few address the issues associated with scientific research. This work is based on extensive scientific research and management experiences and is designed to provide an introduction to planning and managing scientific research for the beginning researcher. The aim is to build an understanding of the nature of scientific research, and the way in which research projects can be developed, planned and managed to a successful outcome. The book is designed to help the transition from being a member of a research team to developing a project and making them work, and to provide a framework for future work. The emphasis of the book is on broadly applicable principles that can be of value irrespective of discipline. It should be of value to researchers in the later stages of Ph.D. work and Postdoctoral workers, and also for independent researchers.

Opening Science

Opening Science
Author : Sönke Bartling,Sascha Friesike
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2013-12-16
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :339
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Modern information and communication technologies, together with a cultural upheaval within the research community, have profoundly changed research in nearly every aspect. Ranging from sharing and discussing ideas in social networks for scientists to new collaborative environments and novel publication formats, knowledge creation and dissemination as we know it is experiencing a vigorous shift towards increased transparency, collaboration and accessibility. Many assume that research workflows will change more in the next 20 years than they have in the last 200. This book provides researchers, decision makers, and other scientific stakeholders with a snapshot of the basics, the tools, and the underlying visions that drive the current scientific (r)evolution, often called ‘Open Science.’

Preserving Scientific Data on Our Physical Universe

Preserving Scientific Data on Our Physical Universe
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Steering Committee for the Study on the Long-Term Retention of Selected Scientific and Technical Records of the Federal Government
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 1995-05-19
Category : Computers
Total pages :80
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This book advises the National Archives and Records Administration and federal R&D agencies on the long-term retention of scientific and technical data, particularly in electronic formats. It proposes the creation of a National Scientific Information Resource Federation, which would apply a strategic data life-cycle management plan to better link the government's existing scientific data holdings and improve public access to those holdings. The book is expected to draw attention to data management concerns in the context of the current government emphasis on promoting a National Information Infrastructure and to make a significant contribution to improving the inadequate situation regarding our nation's valuable scientific data and information resources.

Environmental Information Management And Analysis

Environmental Information Management And Analysis
Author : W K Michener,J W Brunt,S G Stafford
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2014-04-21
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :516
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Most environmental studies are based upon data collected at fine spatial scales plots, sediments, cores, etc.. Furthermore, temporal scales of these studies have been relatively short days, weeks, months and few studies have exceeded three years duration the typical funding cycle.; Despite this history, environmental scientists are now being called upon to extrapolate findings from "plot-level" studies to broader spatial scales and from short-term studies to longer temporal scales, up to decades for questions related to long-term processes such as global warming and the rise in sea level.; The complex questions being addressed internationally require that scientists take advantage of new technologies including remote sensing, geographic information systems GIS, and powerful climatic and environmental simulation models. As more environmental scientists begin to work at these broader spatial and temporal scales, and to utilize many of the newer technologies, they are recognising a whole new class of problems.; This book aims to address the most pertinent issues, and includes a comprehensive review of selected topics, case studies, and theoretical discussions, divided into seven sections each preceded by a brief introduction.

Research Methods

Research Methods
Author : Kirsty Williamson,Graeme Johanson
Publisher : Chandos Publishing
Release Date : 2017-11-27
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Total pages :622
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Research Methods: Information, Systems, and Contexts, Second Edition, presents up-to-date guidance on how to teach research methods to graduate students and professionals working in information management, information science, librarianship, archives, and records and information systems. It provides a coherent and precise account of current research themes and structures, giving students guidance, appreciation of the scope of research paradigms, and the consequences of specific courses of action. Each of these valuable sections will help users determine the relevance of particular approaches to their own questions. The book presents academics who teach research and information professionals who carry out research with new resources and guidance on lesser-known research paradigms. Provides up-to-date knowledge of research methods and their applications Provides a coherent and precise account of current research themes and structures through chapters written by authors who are experts in their fields Helps students and researchers understand the range of quantitative and qualitative approaches available for research, as well as how to make practical use of them Provides many illustrations from projects in which authors have been involved, to enhance understanding Emphasises the nexus between formulation of research question and choice of research methodology Enables new researchers to understand the implications of their planning decisions

Open Science by Design

Open Science by Design
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Research Data and Information,Committee on Toward an Open Science Enterprise
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2018-09-09
Category : Science
Total pages :232
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Openness and sharing of information are fundamental to the progress of science and to the effective functioning of the research enterprise. The advent of scientific journals in the 17th century helped power the Scientific Revolution by allowing researchers to communicate across time and space, using the technologies of that era to generate reliable knowledge more quickly and efficiently. Harnessing today's stunning, ongoing advances in information technologies, the global research enterprise and its stakeholders are moving toward a new open science ecosystem. Open science aims to ensure the free availability and usability of scholarly publications, the data that result from scholarly research, and the methodologies, including code or algorithms, that were used to generate those data. Open Science by Design is aimed at overcoming barriers and moving toward open science as the default approach across the research enterprise. This report explores specific examples of open science and discusses a range of challenges, focusing on stakeholder perspectives. It is meant to provide guidance to the research enterprise and its stakeholders as they build strategies for achieving open science and take the next steps.

Scientific Research in Information Systems

Scientific Research in Information Systems
Author : Jan Recker
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-07-30
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :164
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This book is designed to introduce doctoral and other higher-degree research students to the process of scientific research in the fields of Information Systems as well as fields of Information Technology, Business Process Management and other related disciplines within the social sciences. It guides research students in their process of learning the life of a researcher. In doing so, it provides an understanding of the essential elements, concepts and challenges of the journey into research studies. It also provides a gateway for the student to inquire deeper about each element covered​. Comprehensive and broad but also succinct and compact, the book is focusing on the key principles and challenges for a novice doctoral student.

Quality Management in Scientific Research

Quality Management in Scientific Research
Author : Antonella Lanati
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-05-23
Category : Medical
Total pages :205
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In recent years, the attention of the scientific and social community has not solely been on producing new findings, but increasingly also on the related issues of the reliability, safety, and efficacy of the discoveries made, as well as the efficient and effective use of resources. The adoption of management models and tools can help scientists to improve their research, ensuring valuable, robust and dependable outcomes. Quality disciplines have been widely used for decades in industrial and business fields, building a knowledge base that can be translated and exploited, much to the advantage of scientific research. However, quality references in scientific research are still extremely rare and largely limited to an international guideline and a few sector-specific standards. Despite WHO and EU Commission campaigns, there are still precious few practical texts that offer researchers guidance on quality principles and provide simple tools and methodologies for their daily work. The book, starting from the problem of the reproducibility of scientific results and the substantial contribution that the Quality approach can make to research (Chapter 1), introduces the reader to key principles and basic concepts of Quality and illustrates both general and research-specific quality standards, paving the way for further discussion (Chapter 2). In turn, Chapter 3 presents detailed applications of Quality principles in various aspects of research, from study and ethics to materials and equipment management. Chapters 4 and 5, respectively, are devoted to Quality tools and Quality methodologies, as well as soft skills, all of which are valuable to scientific experimentation and study management. The concepts and practical tools discussed are extensively illustrated with examples from actual applications in scientific research.

Managing and Sharing Research Data

Managing and Sharing Research Data
Author : Louise Corti,Veerle Van den Eynden,Libby Bishop,Matthew Woollard
Publisher : SAGE
Release Date : 2014-02-04
Category : Social Science
Total pages :240
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Research funders in the UK, USA and across Europe are implementing data management and sharing policies to maximize openness of data, transparency and accountability of the research they support. Written by experts from the UK Data Archive with over 20 years experience, this book gives post-graduate students, researchers and research support staff the data management skills required in today’s changing research environment. The book features guidance on: how to plan your research using a data management checklist how to format and organize data how to store and transfer data research ethics and privacy in data sharing and intellectual property rights data strategies for collaborative research how to publish and cite data how to make use of other people’s research data, illustrated with six real-life case studies of data use.

Federal Funds for Research, Development, and Other Scientific Activities

Federal Funds for Research, Development, and Other Scientific Activities
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1964
Category : Federal aid to research
Total pages :129
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