June 16, 2021

Download Ebook Free Marine Mammal Ecotoxicology

Marine Mammal Ecotoxicology

Marine Mammal Ecotoxicology
Author : Maria Cristina Fossi,Cristina Panti
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-08-06
Category : Science
Total pages :512
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Marine Mammal Ecotoxicology: Impacts of Multiple Stressors on Population Health provides tactics on how to develop a comprehensive methodology for the study of existing threats to marine mammals. By presenting a conservation-biology approach and new and emerging technologies, this work helps provide crucial knowledge on the status of marine mammal populations that not only helps readers understand the ecosystem’s health, but also instigate mitigation measures. This volume provides information that helps investigators unravel the relationships between exposure to environmental stressors (e.g., climate change, pollutants, marine litter, pathogens and biotoxins) and a range of endpoints in marine mammal species. The application of robust examination procedures and biochemical, immunological, and molecular techniques, combined with pathological examination and feeding ecology, has led to the development of health assessment methods at the individual and population levels in wild marine mammals. Provides a comprehensive, worldwide update and state of knowledge on current research and topics on marine mammal ecotoxicology Includes coverage of both new and emerging technologies Features a multidisciplinary approach that gives readers a broad, updated overview of the threats facing marine mammals and related conservation measures

Comparative Immunology of Marine Mammals

Comparative Immunology of Marine Mammals
Author : Giovanni Di Guardo,Michael F. Criscitiello,Eva Sierra,Sandro Mazzariol
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2019-11-21
Category :
Total pages :101
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Marine mammals (MMs) are regarded as valuable bioindicators with tremendous potential for public health. However, many aspects of their immune system remain poorly understood. Monitoring immune responses of MMs is pivotal for the health assessment of both individuals and populations, as well as providing the scientific basis for analyzing the anthropogenic environmental impact on marine ecosystems and marine-terrestrial interphases. For instance, the increasing susceptibility of Mediterranean whale and dolphin populations to various diseases has been linked to a possible negative influence of multiple environmental factors on the immune system of MMs. The currently limited knowledge on MM immunology has mainly centered on: (i) lymphocyte transformation assays; (ii) natural killer cell activity; (iii) phagocytic activity and respiratory burst; (iv) humoral immune responses; (v) cytokines and (vi) acute phase immune responses. Therefore, further research is essential for deepening our understanding of the specificity of the host immune response in MMs, with a particular emphasis on the genesis and dynamics of (i) cytokine ‘networks’ or ‘signatures’; (ii) transcriptional regulation of immune cells and (iii) major immunomodulators. High-throughput molecular techniques, such as transcriptomic analysis and RNA sequencing, may enable the characterization of immune gene responses at the transcriptomic level. This integrative and holistic approach requires sophisticated tools and methods capable of unveiling the diversity of immune cells and immunologically relevant molecules that orchestrate environmental adaptation and immune protection against pathogens in MMs. This Research Topic aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the current knowledge of MM immunology with a particular emphasis on structural and functional studies at the protein and cellular level. We wish to encourage and coordinate studies and investigations in order to fill gaps of knowledge in this field. This article collection aims to help gain more data regarding: a) The characterization of the immune system in several species of MMs, i.e. cetaceans, pinnipeds and sirenians; b) The interplay between the host immune system and the most relevant pathogens, e.g., Morbillivirus, Brucella, Toxoplasma gondii and c) The possible interplay between the immune system and contaminants.

Ecotoxicology of Wild Mammals

Ecotoxicology of Wild Mammals
Author : Richard A. Shore,Shore
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release Date : 2001-04-25
Category : Nature
Total pages :730
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This landmark book, which contains contributions from the world's foremost mammalian ecotoxicologists, is a truly impressive summary of research undertaken in this field in recent years. It is also the first book to draw such information together in a seamless and unified approach. In examining the exposure and effects of environmental contaminants in wild mammal populations, this book addresses four core questions: * What exactly do we know about environmental contaminants in wild mammals? * What are the commonalities and differences between mammal orders/species in the effects that contaminants have? * How and to what degree of accuracy can we predict the adverse effects of environmental contaminants on mammalian wildlife? * How significant are contaminant insults compared with other density-independent and -dependent factors such as habitat loss, climatic factors and disease? The key underlying scientific principles and issues raised by the team of international authors will have significance throughout the world, making this an invaluable book not only for all those studying the effects of environmental pollutants on mammals, but also on regulatory agencies, and those carrying out environmental impact assessment.

Ecotoxicology

Ecotoxicology
Author : Rachel Ann Hauser-Davis,Thiago Estevam Parente
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-05-15
Category : Nature
Total pages :282
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This book presents an integrated discussion on ecotoxicology, containing both general concepts and specific ecotoxicological issues of major biological groups, extending beyond conventional systems. It explores worldwide, regional, and biocompartmentalized topics, bringing forth new points of view on global issues and addressing the increasing diversity and complexity of the ecotoxicological field. It also contains novel information on emerging contaminants, presents bioaccumulation effects on different levels of ecological organization and risk analyses, and discusses novel fields of methodological applications, including key aspects in ecotoxicological and environmental monitoring studies.

Toxicology and Pathology of St. Lawrence Marine Mammals

Toxicology and Pathology of St. Lawrence Marine Mammals
Author : Pierre Béland,Sylvain De Guise,Richard Plante,World Wildlife Fund (Canada). Wildlife Toxicology Fund,St. Lawrence National Institute of Ecotoxicology
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1991
Category : Pollution
Total pages :95
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Heavy Metals in the Environment, Athens, September 1985

Heavy Metals in the Environment, Athens, September 1985
Author : T. D.. Lekkas
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1985
Category : Heavy metals
Total pages :751
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Ecological Risk Management

Ecological Risk Management
Author : Hiroyuki Matsuda
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2021-05-20
Category : Science
Total pages :315
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This book introduces the theory and practice of ecological risk management. Using recent and live case studies in Japan, the book explains the use of basic mathematical techniques in extinction risk, adaptive population management, avian collision risk in wind farms, potential biological removal for marine mammals, and ecological risk assessment of heavy metals. The focus of this book is on case studies of nature conservation in Japan, including internationally renowned topics of Japanese fisheries, Shiretoko World Heritage, Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. It also covers the adaptive risk management of the new coronavirus disease. The book comprises four parts covering ecotoxicology, fisheries, wildlife management and conservation, and ecosystem-based management. It differs from other books in having its primary interest in human impacts on animals, plant, and ecosystems, while existing works in this area concentrate on the fate of toxic substances in the environments and their effects on humans. This book is unique in that it indicates various environmental issues that the theoretical ecology is potentially applicable without concentrating into any particular subject such as ecotoxicology or conservation biology. Primary readers are undergraduate/graduate students, staffs of environmental consultant companies and environmental NPOs, and journalists. Readers will find this book useful for its abundant information on case studies of ecological risk management and consensus building in Japan.

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2007
Category : Environmental chemistry
Total pages :129
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The Accumulation and Impact of Organotins on Marine Mammals, Seabirds and Fish for Human Consumption

The Accumulation and Impact of Organotins on Marine Mammals, Seabirds and Fish for Human Consumption
Author : Guy Linley-Adams
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1999
Category : Fishes
Total pages :52
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Ecotoxicological Risk Assessment of the Chlorinated Organic Chemicals

Ecotoxicological Risk Assessment of the Chlorinated Organic Chemicals
Author : SETAC (Society),SETAC Foundation for Environmental Education
Publisher : S E T A C Foundation for
Release Date : 1998
Category : Science
Total pages :375
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The objectives of the July 1994 workshop were to assess and characterize risk of organochlorines to the environment, to identify risk management options, and to develop strategies that address ecotoxicological problems. Topics discussed include sources, uses, and history of chlorine; distribution, transport, and transformation of organochlorine compounds; bioaccumulation and metabolism; modeling the fate and transport of compounds; effects on organisms; and risk management. Also included are appendices which provide case studies of trends in Canada, Sweden, and the United States. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Population Biology of the Indo-Pacific Hump-backed Dolphin in Hong Kong Waters

Population Biology of the Indo-Pacific Hump-backed Dolphin in Hong Kong Waters
Author : Thomas A. Jefferson
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2000
Category : Cetacea populations
Total pages :65
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The science of the total environment

The science of the total environment
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1994
Category :
Total pages :129
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Identification and Levels of Organochlorine Compounds in Birds and Marine Mammals

Identification and Levels of Organochlorine Compounds in Birds and Marine Mammals
Author : Walter M. Jarman
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1991
Category : Birds
Total pages :216
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Marine Mammals, Seabirds and Pollution of Marine Systems

Marine Mammals, Seabirds and Pollution of Marine Systems
Author : Thierry Jauniaux,Jean Marie Bouquegneau,Freddy Coignoul
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1997
Category : Marine ecology
Total pages :181
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The book is divided in 4 sections.

Molecular and Cell Biology of Marine Mammals

Molecular and Cell Biology of Marine Mammals
Author : Carl J. Pfeiffer
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2002
Category : Nature
Total pages :427
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Marine mammals comprise some of the most highly adapted mammals, many with unbelievable diving capabilities, high intelligence and complex social behaviour, and some with brains larger than that of humans. Many possess echolocating and communication skills that we are only beginning to understand. This work brings together a group of experts focused upon cell and molecular biology of aquatic mammals. Methods currently being used to explore marine mammal biology are discussed, such as genetic tracing of subpopulations of whales and seals by DNA fingerprinting, use of immune system molecular markers, cell culture and ELISA techniques, and electron microscopy.