November 30, 2020

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Mathematical Modeling in Diffraction Theory

Mathematical Modeling in Diffraction Theory
Author : Alexander G. Kyurkchan,Nadezhda I. Smirnova
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-09-19
Category : Science
Total pages :280
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Mathematical Modeling in Diffraction Theory: Based on A Priori Information on the Analytical Properties of the Solution provides the fundamental physical concepts behind the theory of wave diffraction and scattered wave fields as well as its application in radio physics, acoustics, optics, radio astronomy, biophysics, geophysics, and astrophysics. This book provides a coherent discussion of several advanced topics that have the potential to push forward progress in this field. It begins with examples illustrating the importance of taking a priori information into account when developing algorithms for solving diffraction problems, with subsequent chapters discussing the basic analytical representations of wave fields, the auxiliary current and source methods for solving the problems of diffraction at compact scatterers, the null field and matrix methods that are widely used to solve problems in radio-physics, radio-astronomy, and biophysics, and the continued boundary condition and pattern equation method. Provides ideas and techniques for obtaining a priori information on analytical properties of wave fields and provides methods for solving diffraction problems Includes numerous concrete examples of localization of singularities of analytical continuation of wave fields Presents a qualitative explanation of the formation of visions of objects Formulates the concept of “invisible objects Supplies appropriate computer programs for all presented methods

Mathematical Modeling in Diffraction Theory

Mathematical Modeling in Diffraction Theory
Author : Alexander Kyurkchan,Nadezhda I. Smirnova
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-10-01
Category :
Total pages :280
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Mathematical Modeling in Diffraction Theory: Based on A Priori Information on the Analytical Properties of the Solution provides the fundamental physical concepts behind the theory of wave diffraction and scattered wave fields as well as its application in radio physics, acoustics, optics, radio astronomy, biophysics, geophysics, and astrophysics. This book provides a coherent discussion of several advanced topics that have the potential to push forward progress in this field. It begins with examples illustrating the importance of taking a priori information into account when developing algorithms for solving diffraction problems, with subsequent chapters discussing the basic analytical representations of wave fields, the auxiliary current and source methods for solving the problems of diffraction at compact scatterers, the null field and matrix methods that are widely used to solve problems in radio-physics, radio-astronomy, and biophysics, and the continued boundary condition and pattern equation method. Provides ideas and techniques for obtaining a priori information on analytical properties of wave fields and provides methods for solving diffraction problems Includes numerous concrete examples of localization of singularities of analytical continuation of wave fields Presents a qualitative explanation of the formation of visions of objects Formulates the concept of "invisible" objects Supplies appropriate computer programs for all presented methods

Mathematical Modeling of Protein Complexes

Mathematical Modeling of Protein Complexes
Author : Tatiana Koshlan,Kirill Kulikov
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-08-24
Category : Science
Total pages :367
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This book is devoted to the physical and mathematical modeling of the formation of complexes of protein molecules. The models developed show remarkable sensitivity to the amino acid sequences of proteins, which facilitates experimental studies and allows one to reduce the associated costs by reducing the number of measurements required according to the developed criteria. These models make it possible to reach a conclusion about the interactions between different amino acid chains and to identify more stable sites on proteins. The models also take the phosphorylation of amino acid residues into account. At the end of the book, the authors present possible directions of application of their physical and mathematical models in clinical medicine.

Mathematical Models in Boundary Layer Theory

Mathematical Models in Boundary Layer Theory
Author : O.A. Oleinik,V.N. Samokhin
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1999-05-25
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :528
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Since Prandtl first suggested it in 1904, boundary layer theory has become a fundamental aspect of fluid dynamics. Although a vast literature exists for theoretical and experimental aspects of the theory, for the most part, mathematical studies can be found only in separate, scattered articles. Mathematical Models in Boundary Layer Theory offers the first systematic exposition of the mathematical methods and main results of the theory. Beginning with the basics, the authors detail the techniques and results that reveal the nature of the equations that govern the flow within boundary layers and ultimately describe the laws underlying the motion of fluids with small viscosity. They investigate the questions of existence and uniqueness of solutions, the stability of solutions with respect to perturbations, and the qualitative behavior of solutions and their asymptotics. Of particular importance for applications, they present methods for an approximate solution of the Prandtl system and a subsequent evaluation of the rate of convergence of the approximations to the exact solution. Written by the world's foremost experts on the subject, Mathematical Models in Boundary Layer Theory provides the opportunity to explore its mathematical studies and their importance to the nonlinear theory of viscous and electrically conducting flows, the theory of heat and mass transfer, and the dynamics of reactive and muliphase media. With the theory's importance to a wide variety of applications, applied mathematicians-especially those in fluid dynamics-along with engineers of aeronautical and ship design will undoubtedly welcome this authoritative, state-of-the-art treatise.

Seismic Diffraction

Seismic Diffraction
Author : Tijmen Jan Moser,Michael A. Pelissier
Publisher : SEG Books
Release Date : 2016-06-30
Category : Science
Total pages :832
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The use of diffraction imaging to complement the seismic reflection method is rapidly gaining momentum in the oil and gas industry. As the industry moves toward exploiting smaller and more complex conventional reservoirs and extensive new unconventional resource plays, the application of the seismic diffraction method to image sub-wavelength features such as small-scale faults, fractures and stratigraphic pinchouts is expected to increase dramatically over the next few years. “Seismic Diffraction” covers seismic diffraction theory, modeling, observation, and imaging. Papers and discussion include an overview of seismic diffractions, including classic papers which introduced the potential of diffraction phenomena in seismic processing; papers on the forward modeling of seismic diffractions, with an emphasis on the theoretical principles; papers which describe techniques for diffraction mathematical modeling as well as laboratory experiments for the physical modeling of diffractions; key papers dealing with the observation of seismic diffractions, in near-surface-, reservoir-, as well as crustal studies; and key papers on diffraction imaging.

Light Propagation in Linear Optical Media

Light Propagation in Linear Optical Media
Author : Glen D. Gillen,Katharina Gillen,Shekhar Guha
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2013-11-19
Category : Science
Total pages :388
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Light Propagation in Linear Optical Media describes light propagation in linear media by expanding on diffraction theories beyond what is available in classic optics books. In one volume, this book combines the treatment of light propagation through various media, interfaces, and apertures using scalar and vector diffraction theories. After covering the fundamentals of light and physical optics, the authors discuss light traveling within an anisotropic crystal and present mathematical models for light propagation across planar boundaries between different media. They describe the propagation of Gaussian beams and discuss various diffraction models for the propagation of light. They also explore methods for spatially confining (trapping) cold atoms within localized light-intensity patterns. This book can be used as a technical reference by professional scientists and engineers interested in light propagation and as a supplemental text for upper-level undergraduate or graduate courses in optics.

General Research in Diffraction Theory

General Research in Diffraction Theory
Author : Nelson A. Logan
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1959
Category : Diffraction
Total pages :129
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Numerical Simulation of Water Waves

Numerical Simulation of Water Waves
Author : Jianhua Tao
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-03-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :482
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This book discusses the numerical simulation of water waves, which combines mathematical theories and modern techniques of numerical simulation to solve the problems associated with waves in coastal, ocean, and environmental engineering. Bridging the gap between practical mathematics and engineering, the book describes wave mechanics, establishment of mathematical wave models, modern numerical simulation techniques, and applications of numerical models in engineering. It also explores environmental issues related to water waves in coastal regions, such as pollutant and sediment transport, and introduces numerical wave flumes and wave basins. The material is self-contained, with numerous illustrations and tables, and most of the mathematical and engineering concepts are presented or derived in the text. The book is intended for researchers, graduate students and engineers in the fields of hydraulic, coastal, ocean and environmental engineering with a background in fluid mechanics and numerical simulation methods.

Mathematical Modeling in Optical Science

Mathematical Modeling in Optical Science
Author : Gang Bao,Lawrence Cowsar,Wen Masters
Publisher : SIAM
Release Date : 2001-01-01
Category : Science
Total pages :334
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This volume addresses recent developments in mathematical modeling in three areas of optical science: diffractive optics, photonic band gap structures, and waveguides. Particular emphasis is on the formulation of mathematical models and the design and analysis of new computational approaches. The book contains cutting-edge discourses on emerging technology in optics that provides significant challenges and opportunities for applied mathematicians, researchers, and engineers. Each of the three topics is presented through a series of survey papers to provide a broad overview focusing on the mathematical models. Chapters present model problems, physical principles, mathematical and computational approaches, and engineering applications corresponding to each of the three areas. Although some of the subject matter is classical, the topics presented are new and represent the latest developments in their respective fields.

Laser Interaction with Biological Material

Laser Interaction with Biological Material
Author : Kirill Kulikov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-09-16
Category : Science
Total pages :149
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This book covers the principles of laser interaction with biological cells and tissues of varying degrees of organization. The problems of biomedical diagnostics are considered. Scattering of laser irradiation of blood cells is modeled for biological structures (dermis, epidermis, vascular plexus). An analytic theory is provided which is based on solving the wave equation for the electromagnetic field. It allows the accurate analysis of interference effects arising from the partial superposition of scattered waves. Treated topics of mathematical modeling are: optical characterization of biological tissue with large-scale and small-scale inhomogeneities in the layers, heating blood vessel under laser irradiation incident on the outer surface of the skin and thermo-chemical denaturation of biological structures at the example of human skin.

Issues in Logic, Operations, and Computational Mathematics and Geometry: 2013 Edition

Issues in Logic, Operations, and Computational Mathematics and Geometry: 2013 Edition
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release Date : 2013-05-01
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :1225
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Issues in Logic, Operations, and Computational Mathematics and Geometry: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Random Structures and Algorithms. The editors have built Issues in Logic, Operations, and Computational Mathematics and Geometry: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Random Structures and Algorithms in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Logic, Operations, and Computational Mathematics and Geometry: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Laser Interaction with Heterogeneous Biological Tissue

Laser Interaction with Heterogeneous Biological Tissue
Author : Kirill Kulikov,Tatiana Koshlan
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-06-27
Category : Science
Total pages :189
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This book introduces readers to the principles of laser interaction with biological cells and tissues with varying degrees of organization. In addition to considering the problems of biomedical cell diagnostics, and modeling the scattering of laser irradiation of blood cells for biological structures (dermis, epidermis, vascular plexus), it presents an analytic theory based on solving the wave equation for the electromagnetic field. It discusses a range of mathematical modeling topics, including optical characterization of biological tissue with large-scale and small-scale inhomogeneities in the layers; heating blood vessels using laser irradiation on the outer surface of the skin; and thermo-chemical denaturation of biological structures based on the example of human skin. In this second edition, a new electrodynamic model of the interaction of laser radiation with blood cells is presented for the structure of cells and the in vitro prediction of optical properties. The approach developed makes it possible to determine changes in cell size as well as modifications in their internal structures, such as transformation and polymorphism nucleus scattering, which is of interest for cytological studies. The new model is subsequently used to calculate the size distribution function of irregular-shape particles with a variety of forms and structures, which allows a cytological analysis of the observed deviations from normal cells.

A Celebration of Mathematical Modeling

A Celebration of Mathematical Modeling
Author : Dan Czamanski,Joseph Bishop Keller,Dan Givoli,Marcus J. Grote,George C. Papanicolaou,George Papanicolaou
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2004-04-30
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :241
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This volume celebrates the eightieth birthday of the famous applied mathematician Joseph B. Keller. The book contains 12 chapters, each on a specific area of mathematical modeling, written by established researchers who have collaborated with J.B. Keller during his long career. These chapters, all inspired by J.B. Keller, deal with a variety of application fields and together span the broad subject of mathematical modeling. The models discussed in the book describe the behavior of various systems such as those related to finance, waves, microorganisms, shocks, DNA, flames, contact, optics, fluids, bubbles and jets. The book also contains a preface written by the Editors, a full list of J.B. Keller's publications, and a comprehensive index. The book is intended for mathematicians, scientists and engineers, as well as graduate students in these fields, who are interested in mathematical models of physical phenomena.

An Introduction to Mathematical Modeling

An Introduction to Mathematical Modeling
Author : J. Tinsley Oden
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2012-02-23
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :348
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A modern approach to mathematical modeling, featuring unique applications from the field of mechanics An Introduction to Mathematical Modeling: A Course in Mechanics is designed to survey the mathematical models that form the foundations of modern science and incorporates examples that illustrate how the most successful models arise from basic principles in modern and classical mathematical physics. Written by a world authority on mathematical theory and computational mechanics, the book presents an account of continuum mechanics, electromagnetic field theory, quantum mechanics, and statistical mechanics for readers with varied backgrounds in engineering, computer science, mathematics, and physics. The author streamlines a comprehensive understanding of the topic in three clearly organized sections: Nonlinear Continuum Mechanics introduces kinematics as well as force and stress in deformable bodies; mass and momentum; balance of linear and angular momentum; conservation of energy; and constitutive equations Electromagnetic Field Theory and Quantum Mechanics contains a brief account of electromagnetic wave theory and Maxwell's equations as well as an introductory account of quantum mechanics with related topics including ab initio methods and Spin and Pauli's principles Statistical Mechanics presents an introduction to statistical mechanics of systems in thermodynamic equilibrium as well as continuum mechanics, quantum mechanics, and molecular dynamics Each part of the book concludes with exercise sets that allow readers to test their understanding of the presented material. Key theorems and fundamental equations are highlighted throughout, and an extensive bibliography outlines resources for further study. Extensively class-tested to ensure an accessible presentation, An Introduction to Mathematical Modeling is an excellent book for courses on introductory mathematical modeling and statistical mechanics at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. The book also serves as a valuable reference for professionals working in the areas of modeling and simulation, physics, and computational engineering.

Sinusoids

Sinusoids
Author : Prem K. Kythe
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2014-07-08
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :519
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A Complete Treatment of Current Research Topics in Fourier Transforms and Sinusoids Sinusoids: Theory and Technological Applications explains how sinusoids and Fourier transforms are used in a variety of application areas, including signal processing, GPS, optics, x-ray crystallography, radioastronomy, poetry and music as sound waves, and the medical sciences. With more than 200 illustrations, the book discusses electromagnetic force and sychrotron radiation comprising all kinds of waves, including gamma rays, x-rays, UV rays, visible light rays, infrared, microwaves, and radio waves. It also covers topics of common interest, such as quasars, pulsars, the Big Bang theory, Olbers’ paradox, black holes, Mars mission, and SETI. The book begins by describing sinusoids—which are periodic sine or cosine functions—using well-known examples from wave theory, including traveling and standing waves, continuous musical rhythms, and the human liver. It next discusses the Fourier series and transform in both continuous and discrete cases and analyzes the Dirichlet kernel and Gibbs phenomenon. The author shows how invertibility and periodicity of Fourier transforms are used in the development of signals and filters, addresses the general concept of communication systems, and explains the functioning of a GPS receiver. The author then covers the theory of Fourier optics, synchrotron light and x-ray diffraction, the mathematics of radioastronomy, and mathematical structures in poetry and music. The book concludes with a focus on tomography, exploring different types of procedures and modern advances. The appendices make the book as self-contained as possible.