November 29, 2020

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Medical Modelling

Medical Modelling
Author : Richard Bibb,Dominic Eggbeer,Abby Paterson
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2014-12-13
Category : Computers
Total pages :516
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Medical modelling and the principles of medical imaging, Computer Aided Design (CAD) and Rapid Prototyping (also known as Additive Manufacturing and 3D Printing) are important techniques relating to various disciplines - from biomaterials engineering to surgery. Building on the success of the first edition, Medical Modelling: The application of Advanced Design and Rapid Prototyping techniques in medicine provides readers with a revised edition of the original text, along with key information on innovative imaging techniques, Rapid Prototyping technologies and case studies. Following an overview of medical imaging for Rapid Prototyping, the book goes on to discuss working with medical scan data and techniques for Rapid Prototyping. In this second edition there is an extensive section of peer-reviewed case studies, describing the practical applications of advanced design technologies in surgical, prosthetic, orthotic, dental and research applications. Covers the steps towards rapid prototyping, from conception (modelling) to manufacture (manufacture) Includes a comprehensive case studies section on the practical application of computer-aided design (CAD) and rapid prototyping (RP) Provides an insight into medical imaging for rapid prototyping and working with medical scan data

Modelling Degradation of Bioresorbable Polymeric Medical Devices

Modelling Degradation of Bioresorbable Polymeric Medical Devices
Author : J Pan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-10-24
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :260
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The use of bioresorbable polymers in stents, fixation devices and tissue engineering is revolutionising medicine. Both industry and academic researchers are interested in using computer modelling to replace some experiments which are costly and time consuming. This book provides readers with a comprehensive review of modelling polymers and polymeric medical devices as an alternative to practical experiments. Chapters in part one provide readers with an overview of the fundamentals of biodegradation. Part two looks at a wide range of degradation theories for bioresorbable polymers and devices. The final set of chapters look at advances in modelling biodegradation of bioresorbable polymers. This book is an essential guide to those concerned with replacing tests and experiments with modelling. Provides a comprehensive mathematical framework for computer modelling of polymers and polymeric medical devices that can significantly reduce the number of experiments needed. Reviews the fundamental methods of modelling degradation, and applies these to particular materials including amorphous bioresorbable polyesters, semicrystalline biodegradable polyesters, and composite materials made of biodegradable polyesters and triclcium phosphates

Modelling in Medicine and Biology VIII

Modelling in Medicine and Biology VIII
Author : C. A. Brebbia
Publisher : WIT Press
Release Date : 2009
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :324
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Featuring contributions from the eighth International Conference on Modelling in Medicine and Biology, this volume covers a broad spectrum of topics including the application of computers to simulate biomedical phenomena. It will be of interest to medical and physical scientists and engineers.

Modelling in Medicine and Biology

Modelling in Medicine and Biology
Author : C. A. Brebbia
Publisher : WIT Press
Release Date : 2011-01-01
Category : Computers
Total pages :209
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The idea of preparing this volume originated from the ever increasing importance of computational modelling of complex problems in medicine. Considerable advances have been made in this area as demonstrated by the continued success of the International Conference on Modelling in Medicine and Biology organised by the Wessex Institute of Technology.The work reported at those meetings and the research carried out at the Wessex Institute of Technology indicated the increasing interaction and collaboration between medical and engineering scientists. Advances presented at these conferences are now being used in practice for a wide range of medical and surgical applications.The considerable improvements and evolution of the field has led to some of the best scientists, who have participated in our conferences, to write an article on their most recent research. This has led to thirteen outstanding articles published in this volume which encompass important areas of biomedical modelling.

Modelling Survival Data in Medical Research, Second Edition

Modelling Survival Data in Medical Research, Second Edition
Author : David Collett
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2003-03-28
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :410
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Critically acclaimed and resoundingly popular in its first edition, Modelling Survival Data in Medical Research has been thoroughly revised and updated to reflect the many developments and advances--particularly in software--made in the field over the last 10 years. Now, more than ever, it provides an outstanding text for upper-level and graduate courses in survival analysis, biostatistics, and time-to-event analysis.The treatment begins with an introduction to survival analysis and a description of four studies that lead to survival data. Subsequent chapters then use those data sets and others to illustrate the various analytical techniques applicable to such data, including the Cox regression model, the Weibull proportional hazards model, and others. This edition features a more detailed treatment of topics such as parametric models, accelerated failure time models, and analysis of interval-censored data. The author also focuses the software section on the use of SAS, summarising the methods used by the software to generate its output and examining that output in detail. Profusely illustrated with examples and written in the author's trademark, easy-to-follow style, Modelling Survival Data in Medical Research, Second Edition is a thorough, practical guide to survival analysis that reflects current statistical practices.

Mixture Modelling for Medical and Health Sciences

Mixture Modelling for Medical and Health Sciences
Author : Shu-Kay Ng
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2019-05-03
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :300
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Mixture Modelling for Medical and Health Sciences provides a direct connection between theoretical developments in mixture modelling and their applications in real world problems. The book describes the development of the most important concepts through comprehensive analyses of real and practical examples taken from real-life research problems in

Computational Modelling of Objects Represented in Images. Fundamentals, Methods and Applications

Computational Modelling of Objects Represented in Images. Fundamentals, Methods and Applications
Author : João Manuel R.S. Tavares,Jorge R.M. Natal
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-05-08
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :480
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This book contains keynote lectures and full papers presented at the International Symposium on Computational Modelling of Objects Represented in Images (CompIMAGE), held in Coimbra, Portugal, on 20-21 October 2006. International contributions from nineteen countries provide a comprehensive coverage of the current state-of-the-art in the fields of: - Image Processing and Analysis; - Image Segmentation; - Data Interpolation; - Registration, Acquisition and Compression; - 3D Reconstruction; - Objects Tracking; - Motion and Deformation Analysis; - Objects Simulation; - Medical Imaging; - Computational Bioimaging and Visualization. Related techniques also covered in this book include the finite element method, modal analyses, stochastic methods, principal and independent components analyses and distribution models. Computational Modelling of Objects Represented in Images will be useful to academics, researchers and professionals in Computational Vision (image processing and analysis), Computer Sciences, and Computational Mechanics.

Modelling & Data Analysis in Biotechnology & Medical Engineering

Modelling & Data Analysis in Biotechnology & Medical Engineering
Author : G.C. Vansteenkiste,P.C. Young
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 1983-01-01
Category :
Total pages :158
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Modelling & Data Analysis in Biotechnology & Medical Engineering

Modelling in Medicine and Biology VI

Modelling in Medicine and Biology VI
Author : Mauro Ursino
Publisher : WIT Press
Release Date : 2005
Category : Science
Total pages :601
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Featuring contributions from the Sixth International Conference on Modelling in Medicine and Biology, this volume covers a broad spectrum of topics including the application of computers to simulate biomedical phenomena. It will be of interest both to medical and physical scientists and engineers and to professionals working in medical enterprises actively involved in this field.Areas highlighted include: Simulation of Physiological Processes; Computational Fluid Dynamics in Biomedicine; Orthopaedics and Bone Mechanics; Simulations in Surgery; Design and Simulation of Artificial Organs; Computers and Expert Systems in Medicine; Advanced Technology in Dentistry; Gait and Motion Analysis; Cardiovascular System; Virtual Reality in Medicine; Biomechanics; and Neural Systems.

Advanced Models of Cognition for Medical Training and Practice

Advanced Models of Cognition for Medical Training and Practice
Author : David A. Evans,Vimla L. Patel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1992-11-10
Category : Medical
Total pages :376
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Cognitive science is a multidisciplinary science concerned with understanding and utilizing models of cognition. It has spawned a great dealof research on applications such as expert systems and intelligent tutoring systems, and has interacted closely with psychological research. However, it is generally accepted that it is difficult to apply cognitive-scientific models to medical training and practice. This book is based on a NATO Advanced Research Workshop held in Italy in 1991, the purpose of which was to examine the impact ofmodels of cognition on medical training and practice and to outline future research programmes relating cognition and education, and in particular to consider the potential impact of cognitive science on medical training and practice. A major discovery presented in the book is that the research areas related to artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology, and medical decision making are considerably closer, both conceptually and theoretically, than many of the workshop participants originally thought.

Advanced Manufacturing Technology for Medical Applications

Advanced Manufacturing Technology for Medical Applications
Author : Ian Gibson
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2006-06-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :254
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Advanced manufacturing technologies (AMTs) combine novel manufacturing techniques and machines with the application of information technology, microelectronics and new organizational practices within the manufacturing sector. They include "hard" technologies such as rapid prototyping, and "soft" technologies such as scanned point cloud data manipulation. AMTs contribute significantly to medical and biomedical engineering. The number of applications is rapidly increasing, with many important new products now under development. Advanced Manufacturing Technology for Medical Applications outlines the state of the art in advanced manufacturing technology and points to the future development of this exciting field. Early chapters look at actual medical applications already employing AMT, and progress to how reverse engineering allows users to create system solutions to medical problems. The authors also investigate how hard and soft systems are used to create these solutions ready for building. Applications follow where models are created using a variety of different techniques to suit different medical problems One of the first texts to be dedicated to the use of rapid prototyping, reverse engineering and associated software for medical applications Ties together the two distinct disciplines of engineering and medicine Features contributions from experts who are recognised pioneers in the use of these technologies for medical applications Includes work carried out in both a research and a commercial capacity, with representatives from 3 companies that are established as world leaders in the field – Medical Modelling, Materialise, & Anatomics Covers a comprehensive range of medical applications, from dentistry and surgery to neurosurgery and prosthetic design Medical practitioners interested in implementing new advanced methods will find Advanced Manufacturing Technology for Medical Applications invaluable as will engineers developing applications for the medical industry. Academics and researchers also now have a vital resource at their disposal.

Knowledge-based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems

Knowledge-based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems
Author : Ignac Lovrek,Robert J. Howlett,L. C. Jain
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-08-18
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :788
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Delegates and friends, we are very pleased to extend to you a warm welcome to this, the 12th International Conference on Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems organised by the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing at the University of Zagreb, in association with KES International. For over a decade, KES International has provided an annual wide-spectrum intelligent systems conference for the applied arti?cial intelligence researchc- munity. Having originated in Australia and been held there during 1997–99,the conference visited the UK in 2000,Japan in 2001, Italy in 2002,the UK in 2003, New Zealand in 2004, Australia in 2005, the UK in 2006, Italy in 2007, and now in Zagreb, Croatia in 2008. It is planned that KES 2009 will be held in Santiago, Chile before returning to the UK in 2010. The KES conference is - ture and regularlyattracts severalhundred delegates. As it encompassesa broad range of intelligent systems topics, it provides delegates with an opportunity to mix with researchers from other groups and learn from them. The conference is linked to the InternationalJournalof Intelligent and Knowledge-BasedSystems, published by IOS Press under KES editorship. Extended and enhanced versions of the best papers presented at the KES conference may be published in the Journal. In addition to the annual wide-range intelligent systems conference,KES has run successful symposia in several speci?c areas of the discipline. Agents and Multi-Agent Systems is a popular area of research.

Modelling Methodology for Physiology and Medicine

Modelling Methodology for Physiology and Medicine
Author : Ewart Carson,Claudio Cobelli
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2013-12-05
Category : Science
Total pages :588
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Modelling Methodology for Physiology and Medicine, Second Edition, offers a unique approach and an unprecedented range of coverage of the state-of-the-art, advanced modeling methodology that is widely applicable to physiology and medicine. The second edition, which is completely updated and expanded, opens with a clear and integrated treatment of advanced methodology for developing mathematical models of physiology and medical systems. Readers are then shown how to apply this methodology beneficially to real-world problems in physiology and medicine, such as circulation and respiration. The focus of Modelling Methodology for Physiology and Medicine, Second Edition, is the methodology that underpins good modeling practice. It builds upon the idea of an integrated methodology for the development and testing of mathematical models. It covers many specific areas of methodology in which important advances have taken place over recent years and illustrates the application of good methodological practice in key areas of physiology and medicine. It builds on work that the editors have carried out over the past 30 years, working in cooperation with leading practitioners in the field. Builds upon and enhances the reader's existing knowledge of modeling methodology and practice Editors are internationally renowned leaders in their respective fields Provides an understanding of modeling methodologies that can address real problems in physiology and medicine and achieve results that are beneficial either in advancing research or in providing solutions to clinical problems

Modeling and Simulation in the Medical and Health Sciences

Modeling and Simulation in the Medical and Health Sciences
Author : John A. Sokolowski,Catherine M. Banks
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2012-01-25
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :228
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This edited book is divided into three parts: Fundamentals of Medical and Health Sciences Modeling and Simulation introduces modeling and simulation in the medical and health sciences; Medical and Health Sciences Models provides the theoretical underpinnings of medical and health sciences modeling; and Modeling and Simulation Applications in Medical and Health Sciences focuses on teaching, training, and research applications. The book begins with a general discussion of modeling and simulation from the modeling and simulation discipline perspective. This discussion grounds the reader in common terminology. It also relates this terminology to concepts found in the medical and health care (MHC) area to help bridge the gap between developers and MHC practitioners. Three distinct modes of modeling and simulation are described: live, constructive, and virtual. The live approach explains the concept of using real (live) people employing real equipment for training purposes. The constructive mode is a means of engaging medical modeling and simulation. In constructive simulation, simulated people and simulated equipment are developed to augment real-world conditions for training or experimentation purposes. The virtual mode is perhaps the most fascinating as virtual operating rooms and synthetic training environments are being produced for practitioners and educators at break-neck speed. In this mode, real people are employing simulated equipment to improve physical skills and decision-making ability.

Regression Models as a Tool in Medical Research

Regression Models as a Tool in Medical Research
Author : Werner Vach
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2012-11-27
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :496
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While regression models have become standard tools in medical research, understanding how to properly apply the models and interpret the results is often challenging for beginners. Regression Models as a Tool in Medical Research presents the fundamental concepts and important aspects of regression models most commonly used in medical research, including the classical regression model for continuous outcomes, the logistic regression model for binary outcomes, and the Cox proportional hazards model for survival data. The text emphasizes adequate use, correct interpretation of results, appropriate presentation of results, and avoidance of potential pitfalls. After reviewing popular models and basic methods, the book focuses on advanced topics and techniques. It considers the comparison of regression coefficients, the selection of covariates, the modeling of nonlinear and nonadditive effects, and the analysis of clustered and longitudinal data, highlighting the impact of selection mechanisms, measurement error, and incomplete covariate data. The text then covers the use of regression models to construct risk scores and predictors. It also gives an overview of more specific regression models and their applications as well as alternatives to regression modeling. The mathematical details underlying the estimation and inference techniques are provided in the appendices.