November 29, 2020

Download Ebook Free Memory Systems

Memory Systems

Memory Systems
Author : Bruce Jacob,Spencer Ng,David Wang
Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
Release Date : 2010-07-28
Category : Computers
Total pages :900
GET BOOK

Is your memory hierarchy stopping your microprocessor from performing at the high level it should be? Memory Systems: Cache, DRAM, Disk shows you how to resolve this problem. The book tells you everything you need to know about the logical design and operation, physical design and operation, performance characteristics and resulting design trade-offs, and the energy consumption of modern memory hierarchies. You learn how to to tackle the challenging optimization problems that result from the side-effects that can appear at any point in the entire hierarchy. As a result you will be able to design and emulate the entire memory hierarchy. Understand all levels of the system hierarchy -Xcache, DRAM, and disk. Evaluate the system-level effects of all design choices. Model performance and energy consumption for each component in the memory hierarchy.

The Evolution of Memory Systems

The Evolution of Memory Systems
Author : Kim S. Graham
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2016-11-03
Category :
Total pages :512
GET BOOK

Current theories about human memory have been shaped by clinical observations and animal experiments. This doctrine holds that the medial temporal lobe subserves one memory system for explicit or declarative memories, while the basal ganglia subserves a separate memory system for implicit or procedural memories, including habits. Cortical areas outside the medial temporal lobe are said to function in perception, motor control, attention, or other aspects of executive function, but not in memory. 'The Evolution of Memory Systems' advances dramatically different ideas on all counts. It proposes that several memory systems arose during evolution and that they did so for the same general reason: to transcend problems and exploit opportunities encountered by specific ancestors at particular times and places in the distant past. Instead of classifying cortical areas in terms of mutually exclusive perception, executive, or memory functions, the authors show that all cortical areas contribute to memory and that they do so in their own ways-using specialized neural representations. The book also presents a proposal on the evolution of explicit memory. According to this idea, explicit (declarative) memory depends on interactions between a phylogenetically ancient navigation system and a representational system that evolved in humans to represent one's self and others. As a result, people embed representations of themselves into the events they experience and the facts they learn, which leads to the perception of participating in events and knowing facts. 'The Evolution of Memory Systems' is an important new work for students and researchers in neuroscience, psychology, and biology.

High Performance Memory Systems

High Performance Memory Systems
Author : Haldun Hadimioglu,David Kaeli,Jeffrey Kuskin,Ashwini Nanda,Josep Torrellas
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2011-06-27
Category : Computers
Total pages :297
GET BOOK

The State of Memory Technology Over the past decade there has been rapid growth in the speed of micropro cessors. CPU speeds are approximately doubling every eighteen months, while main memory speed doubles about every ten years. The International Tech nology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS) study suggests that memory will remain on its current growth path. The ITRS short-and long-term targets indicate continued scaling improvements at about the current rate by 2016. This translates to bit densities increasing at two times every two years until the introduction of 8 gigabit dynamic random access memory (DRAM) chips, after which densities will increase four times every five years. A similar growth pattern is forecast for other high-density chip areas and high-performance logic (e.g., microprocessors and application specific inte grated circuits (ASICs)). In the future, molecular devices, 64 gigabit DRAMs and 28 GHz clock signals are targeted. Although densities continue to grow, we still do not see significant advances that will improve memory speed. These trends have created a problem that has been labeled the Memory Wall or Memory Gap.

Memory Systems and Pipelined Processors

Memory Systems and Pipelined Processors
Author : Harvey G. Cragon
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release Date : 1996
Category : Computers
Total pages :575
GET BOOK

Memory Systems and Pipelined Processors

Innovations in the Memory System

Innovations in the Memory System
Author : Rajeev Balasubramonian
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release Date : 2019-09-10
Category : Computers
Total pages :151
GET BOOK

This is a tour through recent and prominent works regarding new DRAM chip designs and technologies, near data processing approaches, new memory channel architectures, techniques to tolerate the overheads of refresh and fault tolerance, security attacks and mitigations, and memory scheduling. The memory system will soon be a hub for future innovation. While conventional memory systems focused primarily on high density, other memory system metrics like energy, security, and reliability are grabbing modern research headlines. With processor performance stagnating, it is also time to consider new programming models that move some application computations into the memory system. This, in turn, will lead to feature-rich memory systems with new interfaces. The past decade has seen a number of memory system innovations that point to this future where the memory system will be much more than dense rows of unintelligent bits.

Memory Systems 1994

Memory Systems 1994
Author : University Daniel L Schacter, PhD,Daniel L. Schacter,Endel Tulving
Publisher : MIT Press
Release Date : 1994
Category : Psychology
Total pages :407
GET BOOK

Assembled by the prominent psychologists Daniel Schacter and Endel Tulving, the contributions in Memory Systems 1994 focus on the nature and number of memory systems in humans and animals. Together they present ideas from cognitive psychology, neuropsychology, and neuroscience in a review of intriguing experimental outcomes at the cutting edge of this domain, grappling, often passionately, with the behavioral and neuroanatomical composition of memory systems and subsystems. Chapters are revised versions of contributions that appeared in a special issue of the Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. This book includes an integrated discussion of and cross-commentary on the earlier contributions.A Bradford Book

From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection

From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection
Author : Howard Eichenbaum,Neal J. Cohen
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2004-11-18
Category : Medical
Total pages :600
GET BOOK

This cutting-edge book offers a theoretical account of the evolution of multiple memory systems of the brain. The authors conceptualize these memory systems from both behavioral and neurobiological perspectives, guided by three related principles. First, that our understanding of a wide range of memory phenomena can be advanced by breaking down memory into multiple forms with different operating characteristics. Second, that different forms of memory representation are supported by distinct brain pathways with circuitry and neural coding properties. Third, that the contributions of different brain systems can be compared and contrasted by distinguishing between dedicated (or specific) and elaborate (or general) memory systems. A primary goal of this work is to relate the neurobiological properties of dedicated and elaborate systems to their neuropsychological counterparts, and in so doing, account for the phenomenology of memory, from conditioning to conscious recollection.

Intelligent Memory Systems

Intelligent Memory Systems
Author : Frederic T. Chong,Christoforos Kozyrakis
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2001-08-29
Category : Computers
Total pages :191
GET BOOK

This book presents the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Intelligent Memory Systems, IMS 2000, held in Cambridge, MA, USA, in November 2000. The nine revised full papers and six poster papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 28 submissions. The papers cover a wide range of topics in intelligent memory computing; they are organized in topical sections on memory technology, processor and memory architecture, applications and operating systems, and compiler technology.

Memory Systems New and Old

Memory Systems New and Old
Author : A. E. Middleton,G. S. Fellows
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1888
Category : Mnemonics
Total pages :143
GET BOOK

Computer Peripheral Memory System Forecast

Computer Peripheral Memory System Forecast
Author : Robert B. J. Warnar,Peter J. Calomeris,Steve A. Recicar
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1979
Category : Computer storage devices
Total pages :136
GET BOOK

The Memory System

The Memory System
Author : Bruce Jacob
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release Date : 2009-07-08
Category : Computers
Total pages :77
GET BOOK

Today, computer-system optimization, at both the hardware and software levels, must consider the details of the memory system in its analysis; failing to do so yields systems that are increasingly inefficient as those systems become more complex. This lecture seeks to introduce the reader to the most important details of the memory system; it targets both computer scientists and computer engineers in industry and in academia. Roughly speaking, computer scientists are the users of the memory system and computer engineers are the designers of the memory system. Both can benefit tremendously from a basic understanding of how the memory system really works: the computer scientist will be better equipped to create algorithms that perform well and the computer engineer will be better equipped to design systems that approach the optimal, given the resource limitations. Currently, there is consensus among architecture researchers that the memory system is "the bottleneck," and this consensus has held for over a decade. Somewhat inexplicably, most of the research in the field is still directed toward improving the CPU to better tolerate a slow memory system, as opposed to addressing the weaknesses of the memory system directly. This lecture should get the bulk of the computer science and computer engineering population up the steep part of the learning curve. Not every CS/CE researcher/developer needs to do work in the memory system, but, just as a carpenter can do his job more efficiently if he knows a little of architecture, and an architect can do his job more efficiently if he knows a little of carpentry, giving the CS/CE worlds better intuition about the memory system should help them build better systems, both software and hardware. Table of Contents: Primers / It Must Be Modeled Accurately / ...\ and It Will Change Soon

Memory Systems Design and Applications

Memory Systems Design and Applications
Author : Dave Bursky
Publisher : Hayden
Release Date : 1980
Category : Computer storage devices
Total pages :229
GET BOOK

Cache and Memory Hierarchy Design

Cache and Memory Hierarchy Design
Author : Steven A. Przybylski
Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
Release Date : 1990
Category : Computers
Total pages :223
GET BOOK

A widely read and authoritative book for hardware and software designers. This innovative book exposes the characteristics of performance-optimal single- and multi-level cache hierarchies by approaching the cache design process through the novel perspective of minimizing execution time.

The Development of Implicit and Explicit Memory

The Development of Implicit and Explicit Memory
Author : Carolyn K. Rovee-Collier,Harlene Hayne,Michael Colombo
Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
Release Date : 2001-01-01
Category : Psychology
Total pages :322
GET BOOK

This is the only book that examines the theory and data on the development of implicit and explicit memory. It first describes the characteristics of implicit and explicit memory (including conscious recollection) and tasks used with adults to measure them. Next, it reviews the brain mechanisms thought to underlie implicit and explicit memory and the studies with amnesics that initially prompted the search for different neuroanatomically-based memory systems. Two chapters review the Jacksonian (first in, last out) principle and empirical evidence for the hierarchical appearance and dissolution of two memory systems in animal models (rats, nonhuman primates), children, and normal/amnesic adults. Two chapters examine memory tasks used with human infants and evidence of implicit and explicit memory during early infancy. Three final chapters consider structural and processing accounts of adult memory dissociations, their applicability to infant memory dissociations, and implications of infant data for current concepts of implicit and explicit memory. (Series B)

Science of Memory

Science of Memory
Author : Henry L. Roediger III,Yadin Dudai,Susan M. Fitzpatrick
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2007-04-26
Category : Psychology
Total pages :464
GET BOOK

Scientists currently study memory from many different perspectives: neurobiological, ethological, animal conditioning, cognitive, behavioral neuroscience, social, and cultural. The aim of this book is to help initiate a new science of memory by bringing these perspectives together to create a unified understanding of the topic. The book began with a conference where leading practitioners from all these major approaches met to analyze and discuss 16 concepts that are crucial to our understanding of memory. Each of these 16 concepts is addressed in a section of the book, and in the 66 succinct chapters that fill these sections, a leading researcher addresses the section's concept by clearly stating his or her position on it, elucidating how it is used, and discussing how it should be used in future research. For some concepts, there is general agreement among practitioners from different fields and levels of analysis, but for others there is general disagreement and much controversy. A final chapter in each section, also written by a leading researcher, integrates the various viewpoints offered on the section's concept, then draws conclusions about the concept. This groundbreaking volume will be an indispensable reference for all the students and researchers who will build upon the foundation it provides for the new science of memory.