April 13, 2021

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Metabolic Syndrome and Psychiatric Illness: Interactions, Pathophysiology, Assessment and Treatment

Metabolic Syndrome and Psychiatric Illness: Interactions, Pathophysiology, Assessment and Treatment
Author : Scott D Mendelson
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2007-12-19
Category : Psychology
Total pages :224
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Metabolic syndrome is a set of risk factors that includes: abdominal obesity, a decreased ability to process glucose (insulin resistance), dyslipidemia (unhealthy lipid levels), and hypertension. Patients who have this syndrome have been shown to be at an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease and/or type 2 diabetes. Metabolic syndrome is a common condition that goes by many names (dysmetabolic syndrome, syndrome X, insulin resistance syndrome, obesity syndrome, and Reaven's syndrome). This is the first book to fully explain the relationships between psychiatric illness, Metabolic Syndrome, diet, sleep, exercise, medications, and lifestyle choices. Metabolic Syndrome is a major risk factor in Major Depression, Alzheimer's Disease, Sleep Disorders, Sexual Dysfunction, Fibromyalgia, and several other illnesses of psychiatric significance. Conversely, some psychiatric illnesses tend to predispose patients to Metabolic Syndrome. Of further interest is the fact that some of the medications used in the treatment of psychiatric illnesses have been found to cause or exacerbate Metabolic Syndrome. The author here provides basic information about what genetic predispositions, medical conditions, and lifestyle choices make Metabolic Syndrome more likely to occur. Among the contributing factors that are discussed are genetics, habitual intake of high glycemic index carbohydrates, fructose, saturated fats, trans fatty acids, vitamins, micronutrients, obesity, smoking, and lack of exercise. The author describes the actual mechanisms by which Metabolic Syndrome progresses and causes damage in the body, including the action of insulin and the pathophysiology of insulin resistance. Details are provided on what occurs in the liver, pancreas, muscle, fat cells, and immune system as Metabolic Syndrome progresses. New findings are presented on fat cells, including the fact that they are beginning to be considered as endocrine cells. There is a substantive discussion of leptin, which is one of the important adipocytokines. Also carbohydrate, 'bad fats', inflammation, oxidative damage, over-stimulation of the 'fight or flight' system, and high levels of the stress hormone cortisol can actually cause the manifestations of Metabolic Syndrome. These explanations set the stage for an explanation of the inter-relationships between Metabolic Syndrome, psychiatric illness, dementia and effects of not only diet and life choices, but also the effects of psychiatric medications. Finally, there is an important and unique section on the relationship between Metabolic Syndrome and various psychiatric illnesses, and how they exacerbate each other. The significance of Metabolic Syndrome in Major Depression, Bipolar Affective Disorder, Schizophrenia, fibromyalgia and Polycystic Ovary Disease is vast and it is important to realise the effects of psychiatric medications on Metabolic Syndrome. The author discusses antidepressants, mood stabilizers and the new atypical antipsychotics. There are dramatic differences among medications in the way they affect Metabolic Syndrome and pharmaceutical companies will want to promote patient awareness with this book.

The Metabolic Syndrome

The Metabolic Syndrome
Author : Christopher D. Byrne,Sarah H. Wild
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2011-08-08
Category : Medical
Total pages :400
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The Metabolic Syndrome is a valuable reference text, covering all aspects of the metabolic syndrome and its constituent diseases including inflammation, oxidation and adipocytokines. This book explains the aetiology, pathogenesis and clinical treatment of all risk factors as well as the relationship with diabetes, non alcoholic fatty liver disease, polycystic ovary syndrome and coronary heart disease. The Metabolic Syndrome has been further improved from the 1st edition that was highly commended in 2006 Annual British Medical Association medical books competition. All chapters from the first edition are fully updated and this new edition contains an increase in international contributions and five new chapters on: Childhood obesity and metabolic syndrome Bariatric surgery for obesity Fitness Brain insulin resistance and appetite The nature of the insulin resistance seen in metabolic syndrome. This brand new edition of The Metabolic Syndrome will be an indispensable resource for all clinical researchers, physicians and scientists requiring detailed up-to-date information on the metabolic syndrome to further their own research or to treat and manage the syndrome and its complications. Specifically, the text will be of particular relevance to those involved and working in the fields of diabetes, endocrinology, obesity, cardiology, vascular disease and hepatology.

Managing Metabolic Abnormalities in the Psychiatrically Ill

Managing Metabolic Abnormalities in the Psychiatrically Ill
Author : Evelyn McElroy
Publisher : American Psychiatric Pub
Release Date : 2007-04-02
Category : Medical
Total pages :326
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Patients with mental and substance use disorders have shown higher rates of morbidity and mortality from medical illnesses than the general population, and physicians are also increasingly aware of adverse effects of psychiatric medications on metabolic and cardiovascular health. In light of these problems, this book addresses an important unmet need of patients with mental disorders -- namely, the lack of integration of general medical care with psychiatric care and the related problem of barriers to collaboration and communication among health care providers. Managing Metabolic Abnormalities in the Psychiatrically Ill is the first book to provide a current review of the relationships among psychiatric illnesses, metabolic abnormalities, and treatment, focusing on how clinicians can tailor care to those doubly-afflicted patients. The book integrates research findings into practical clinical guidelines that spell out what psychiatrists need to know when their patients with mental illness suffer from -- or are at risk of developing -- obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, or the metabolic syndrome. The contributors address those risks that need to be considered in the overall context of treatment, background risks of medical illnesses associated with specific psychiatric disorders themselves, and the means of applying these data to treatment recommendations, monitoring, and clinical practice. Among the specific topics addressed are: Potential effects of psychotropics on appetite, body weight, and metabolic parameters in obese patients, and the potential effects of anti-obesity agents on psychotic, manic, and depressive syndromes Increased risk of type 2 diabetes among individuals with psychotic and mood disorders due to neurobiological changes and behavioral effects associated with these disorders Greater risk for cardiovascular disease among the mentally ill, stressing the importance of mental health providers understanding cardiovascular risk classification and modification strategies An association between dysregulation of glucose and lipid metabolism and the related risk of type 2 diabetes during treatment with any of the eight second-generation antipsychotics currently available in the United States Guidance in choice of medications and appropriate monitoring strategies for hyperlipidemia, along with recognition of which antipsychotics pose the greatest risk and an understanding of the common dyslipidemia patterns seen with their use Chapters include key clinical concepts, quick-reference tables, and extensive references, and a final chapter provides an assessment tool for evaluating patients' metabolic risk. Together, the chapters in this book constitute an authoritative clinical guide that enables psychiatrists to better integrate the treatment of patients' mental disorders with their metabolic conditions.

Research Awards Index

Research Awards Index
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1984
Category : Medicine
Total pages :129
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Pharmacological Management of Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders

Pharmacological Management of Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders
Author : Sam J. Enna,Joseph T. Coyle
Publisher : McGraw-Hill
Release Date : 1998
Category : Medical
Total pages :594
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A practical, user-friendly guide for the diagnosis, management, and treatment of neurologic and psychiatric disorders. An introductory chapter covers basic neuroscience and pharmacology as they pertain to the diagnosis and treatment of central nervous system disorders. Subsequent chapters cover the full spectrum of major psychiatric and neurological conditions including schizophrenia, ADD and developmental disorders, obsessive-compulsive behavior, disorders of sleep, neuromuscular disorders, delirium and dementia, and much more. Chapter organization for each condition features a clinical description (presenting symptoms), diagnostic criteria (pathophsiology), pharmacotherapeutics, and recommended management and treatment regimens.

Physical Consequences of Depression

Physical Consequences of Depression
Author : Jogin H. Thakore
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2001
Category : Medical
Total pages :239
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First Published in 2001. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Women's Mental Health

Women's Mental Health
Author : Joan C. Urbancic
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release Date : 2009
Category : Health & Fitness
Total pages :535
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Written for advanced practice registered nurses, certified nurse midwives, physician assistants, and other primary care providers, this book is the first comprehensive reference on women's mental health in primary care settings. The book provides all the information needed on psychosocial assessment, evaluation of mental health, and treatment of mental health problems. Coverage includes assessment and screening tools, comparison tables of psychotropic drugs, resource materials for professionals and patients, and listings of relevant Websites for practitioners and patients.

Journal of the American Medical Association

Journal of the American Medical Association
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2008-10
Category :
Total pages :129
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Metabolic Disease

Metabolic Disease
Author : Robert M. Cohn,Karl S. Roth
Publisher : W.B. Saunders Company
Release Date : 1983
Category : Man - Metabolic disorders - Diagnosis
Total pages :442
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Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders in Endocrine Diseases

Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders in Endocrine Diseases
Author : Gianluca Tamagno,Jacques Epelbaum
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2015-07-16
Category :
Total pages :129
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Neurological and psychiatric disorders can occur in endocrine diseases either in the setting of the clinical manifestations of the same (i.e., hyper- or hyposecretion of hormones or peptides from the endocrine glands) or as events secondary to the pathogenetic mechanisms of the endocrinopathy (i.e., autommunity affecting endocrine glands and the brain). Also the medical or surgical treatment of the endocrine disease can sometimes determine the occurrence of neurological or psychiatric abnormalities. Moreover some genetic alterations can lead to syndromes affecting both the endocrine and the nervous system with a variety of possible manifestations. In the last couple of decades a number of associations between dysfunctions of the endocrine system and neurological or psychiatric manifestations have appeared and only in the minority of the cases this link has been fully elucidated. Often the neurological or psychiatric alterations still represent a relevant challenge for clinicians with regard to the management of the patients. The complexity of the topic and the limited availability of laboratory research models for the study of the endocrine system-nervous system cross-interaction are making the scientific progresses intricate and, sometimes, slow. A dedicated focus to such broad and often still obscure topic might help and clarify the current state-of-the-art in the field and direct the goals of future research.

Brain Dysfunction in Metabolic Disorders

Brain Dysfunction in Metabolic Disorders
Author : Association for Research in Nervous and Mental Disease
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1974
Category : Brain
Total pages :324
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The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry

The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1987
Category : Neuropsychiatry
Total pages :129
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Mental Health & Mental Illness

Mental Health & Mental Illness
Author : Arthur James Morgan,Mabyl K. Johnston
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release Date : 1976
Category : Developmental psychology
Total pages :301
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Psychiatric Illness

Psychiatric Illness
Author : Harold Merskey
Publisher : Bailliere Tindall Limited
Release Date : 1974
Category : Psychiatry
Total pages :434
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The American Journal of Psychiatry

The American Journal of Psychiatry
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1980-05
Category : Psychiatry
Total pages :129
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