November 27, 2020

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Modelling of Flow and Transport in Fractal Porous Media

Modelling of Flow and Transport in Fractal Porous Media
Author : Jianchao Cai,Liehui Zhang,Wei Wei
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-11-16
Category : Science
Total pages :262
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This important resource explores recent theoretical advances and modelling on fluids transport in fractal porous systems and presents a systematic understanding of the characterization of complex microstructure and transport mechanism in fractal porous media. Modelling of Flow and Transport in Fractal Porous Media shows how fractal theory and technology, combined with other modern experiments and numerical simulation methods, will assist researchers and practitioners in modelling of transport properties of fractal porous media, such as fluid flow, heat and mass transfer, mechanical characteristics, and electrical conductivity. Presents the main methods and technologies for transport characterization of fractal porous media, including soils, reservoirs and artificial materials Provides the most recent theoretical advances in modelling of fractal porous media, including gas and vapor transport in fibrous materials, nonlinear seepage flow in hydrocarbon reservoirs, mass transfer of porous nanofibers, and fractal mechanics of unsaturated soils Includes multidisciplinary examples of applications of fractal theory to aid researchers and practitioners in characterizing various porous media structures

Modeling Phenomena of Flow and Transport in Porous Media

Modeling Phenomena of Flow and Transport in Porous Media
Author : Jacob Bear
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-01-25
Category : Science
Total pages :742
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This book presents and discusses the construction of mathematical models that describe phenomena of flow and transport in porous media as encountered in civil and environmental engineering, petroleum and agricultural engineering, as well as chemical and geothermal engineering. The phenomena of transport of extensive quantities, like mass of fluid phases, mass of chemical species dissolved in fluid phases, momentum and energy of the solid matrix and of fluid phases occupying the void space of porous medium domains are encountered in all these disciplines. The book, which can also serve as a text for courses on modeling in these disciplines, starts from first principles and focuses on the construction of well-posed mathematical models that describe all these transport phenomena.

Handbook of Porous Media

Handbook of Porous Media
Author : Kambiz Vafai
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2000-07-12
Category : Science
Total pages :928
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"Presents the most important and up-to-date research related to heat transfer in porous media, focusing on practical applications of the latest studies to engineering products and procedures. Includes theoretical models of fluid flow, capillary effects, application of fractal and percolation characterizing porous materials, multiphase flow and heat transfer, turbulent flow and heat transfer, improved measurement and flow visualization techniques, and enhanced design correlations."

Wicking in Porous Materials

Wicking in Porous Materials
Author : Reza Masoodi,Krishna M. Pillai
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2012-10-26
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :380
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A comprehensive presentation of wicking models developed in academia and industry, Wicking in Porous Materials: Traditional and Modern Modeling Approaches contains some of the most important approaches and methods available, from the traditional Washburn-type models to the latest Lattice-Boltzmann approaches developed during the last few years. It provides a sound conceptual framework for learning the science behind different mathematical models while at the same time being aware of the practical issues of model validation as well as measurement of important properties and parameters associated with various models. Top experts in the field reveal the secrets of their wicking models. The chapters cover the following topics: Wetting and wettability Darcy’s law for single- and multi-phase flows Traditional capillary models, such as the Washburn-equation based approaches Unsaturated-flow based methodologies (Richard’s Equation) Sharp-front (plug-flow) type approaches using Darcy’s law Pore network models for wicking after including various micro-scale fluid-flow phenomena Studying the effect of evaporation on wicking using pore network models Fractal-based methods Modeling methods based on mixture theory Lattice-Boltzmann method for modeling wicking in small scales Modeling wicking in swelling and non-rigid porous media This extensive look at the modeling of porous media compares various methods and treats traditional topics as well as modern technologies. It emphasizes experimental validation of modeling approaches as well as experimental determination of model parameters. Matching models to particular media, the book provides guidance on what models to use and how to use them.

Flow and Transport Properties of Unconventional Reservoirs 2018

Flow and Transport Properties of Unconventional Reservoirs 2018
Author : Jianchao Cai,Zhien Zhang,Qinjun Kang,Harpreet Singh
Publisher : MDPI
Release Date : 2019-07-23
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :364
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Unconventional reservoirs are usually complex and highly heterogeneous, such as shale, coal, and tight sandstone reservoirs. The strong physical and chemical interactions between fluids and pore surfaces lead to the inapplicability of conventional approaches for characterizing fluid flow in these low-porosity and ultralow-permeability reservoir systems. Therefore, new theories and techniques are urgently needed to characterize petrophysical properties, fluid transport, and their relationships at multiple scales for improving production efficiency from unconventional reservoirs. This book presents fundamental innovations gathered from 21 recent works on novel applications of new techniques and theories in unconventional reservoirs, covering the fields of petrophysical characterization, hydraulic fracturing, fluid transport physics, enhanced oil recovery, and geothermal energy. Clearly, the research covered in this book is helpful to understand and master the latest techniques and theories for unconventional reservoirs, which have important practical significance for the economic and effective development of unconventional oil and gas resources.

Percolation Theory for Flow in Porous Media

Percolation Theory for Flow in Porous Media
Author : Allen Hunt,Robert Ewing,Behzad Ghanbarian
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2014-02-04
Category : Science
Total pages :447
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This monograph presents, for the first time, a unified and comprehensive introduction to some of the basic transport properties of porous media, such as electrical and hydraulic conductivity, air permeability and diffusion. The approach is based on critical path analysis and the scaling of transport properties, which are individually described as functions of saturation. At the same time, the book supplies a tutorial on percolation theory for hydrologists, providing them with the tools for solving actual problems. In turn, a separate chapter serves to introduce physicists to some of the language and complications of groundwater hydrology necessary for successful modeling. The end-of-chapter problems often indicate open questions, which young researchers entering the field can readily start working on. This significantly revised and expanded third edition includes in particular two new chapters: one on advanced fractal-based models, and one devoted to the discussion of various open issues such as the role of diffusion vs. advection, preferential flow vs. critical path, universal vs. non-universal exponents for conduction, and last but not least, the overall influence of the experimental apparatus in data collection and theory validation. "The book is suitable for advanced graduate courses, with selected problems and questions appearing at the end of each chapter. [...] I think the book is an important work that will guide soil scientists, hydrologists, and physicists to gain a better qualitative and quantitative understanding of multitransport properties of soils." (Marcel G. Schaap, Soil Science Society of America Journal, May-June, 2006)

Mathematical Modeling of Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in Petroleum Industries and Geothermal Applications

Mathematical Modeling of Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in Petroleum Industries and Geothermal Applications
Author : Mehrdad Massoudi
Publisher : MDPI
Release Date : 2020-04-16
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :470
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Geothermal energy is the thermal energy generated and stored in the Earth's core, mantle, and crust. Geothermal technologies are used to generate electricity and to heat and cool buildings. To develop accurate models for heat and mass transfer applications involving fluid flow in geothermal applications or reservoir engineering and petroleum industries, a basic knowledge of the rheological and transport properties of the materials involved (drilling fluid, rock properties, etc.)—especially in high-temperature and high-pressure environments—are needed. This Special Issue considers all aspects of fluid flow and heat transfer in geothermal applications, including the ground heat exchanger, conduction and convection in porous media. The emphasis here is on mathematical and computational aspects of fluid flow in conventional and unconventional reservoirs, geothermal engineering, fluid flow, and heat transfer in drilling engineering and enhanced oil recovery (hydraulic fracturing, CO2 injection, etc.) applications.

Flow in Porous Media

Flow in Porous Media
Author : J. Douglas,U. Hornung
Publisher : Birkhäuser
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Total pages :180
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Jim Douglas, Jr.' These proceedings reflect some of the thoughts expressed at the Oberwolfach Con ference on Porous Media held June 21-27, 1992, organized by Jim Douglas, Jr., Ulrich Hornung, and Cornelius J, van Duijn. Forty-five scientists attended the conference, and about thirty papers were presented. Fourteen manuscripts were submitted for the proceedings and are incorporated in this volume; they cover a number of aspects of flow and transport in porous media. Indeed, there are 223 individual references in the fourteen papers, but fewer than fifteen are cited in more than one paper. The papers appear in alphabetical order (on the basis of the first author). A brief introduction to each paper is given below. Allen and Curran consider a variety of questions related to the simulation of ground water contamination. Accurate water velocities are essential for acceptable results, and the authors apply mixed finite elements to the pressure equation to obtain these ve locities. Since fine grids are required to resolve heterogenei ties, standard iterative procedures are too slow for practical simulation; the authors introduce a parallelizable, multigrid-based it.erative scheme for the lowest order Raviart-Thomas mixed method. Contaminant transport is approximated through a finite element collocation procedure, and an alternating-direction, modified method of characteristics technique is employed to time-step the simulation. Computational experiments carried out on an nCube 2 computer.

Petrophysical Characterization and Fluids Transport in Unconventional Reservoirs

Petrophysical Characterization and Fluids Transport in Unconventional Reservoirs
Author : Jianchao Cai,Xiangyun Hu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-01-24
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :352
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Petrophysical Characterization and Fluids Transport in Unconventional Reservoirs presents a comprehensive look at these new methods and technologies for the petrophysical characterization of unconventional reservoirs, including recent theoretical advances and modeling on fluids transport in unconventional reservoirs. The book is a valuable tool for geoscientists and engineers working in academia and industry. Many novel technologies and approaches, including petrophysics, multi-scale modelling, rock reconstruction and upscaling approaches are discussed, along with the challenge of the development of unconventional reservoirs and the mechanism of multi-phase/multi-scale flow and transport in these structures. Includes both practical and theoretical research for the characterization of unconventional reservoirs Covers the basic approaches and mechanisms for enhanced recovery techniques in unconventional reservoirs Presents the latest research in the fluid transport processes in unconventional reservoirs

Selected Topics of Computational and Experimental Fluid Mechanics

Selected Topics of Computational and Experimental Fluid Mechanics
Author : Jaime Klapp,Gerardo Ruíz Chavarría,Abraham Medina Ovando,Abel López Villa,Leonardo Di G. Sigalotti
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-03-05
Category : Science
Total pages :548
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This book contains invited lectures and selected contributions presented at the Enzo Levi and XIX Annual Meeting of the Fluid Dynamic Division of the Mexican Physical Society in 2013. It is aimed at fourth year undergraduate and graduate students, and scientists in the fields of physics, engineering and chemistry who are interested in fluid dynamics from an experimental and theoretical point of view. The invited lectures are introductory and avoid the use of complicated mathematics. The fluid dynamics applications include multiphase flow, convection, diffusion, heat transfer, rheology, granular material, viscous flow, porous media flow, geophysics and astrophysics. The material contained in the book includes recent advances in experimental and theoretical fluid dynamics and is suitable for both teaching and research.

Flow and Transport in Porous Media and Fractured Rock

Flow and Transport in Porous Media and Fractured Rock
Author : Muhammad Sahimi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2011-05-09
Category : Science
Total pages :733
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In this standard reference of the field, theoretical and experimental approaches to flow, hydrodynamic dispersion, and miscible displacements in porous media and fractured rock are considered. Two different approaches are discussed and contrasted with each other. The first approach is based on the classical equations of flow and transport, called 'continuum models'. The second approach is based on modern methods of statistical physics of disordered media; that is, on 'discrete models', which have become increasingly popular over the past 15 years. The book is unique in its scope, since (1) there is currently no book that compares the two approaches, and covers all important aspects of porous media problems; and (2) includes discussion of fractured rocks, which so far has been treated as a separate subject. Portions of the book would be suitable for an advanced undergraduate course. The book will be ideal for graduate courses on the subject, and can be used by chemical, petroleum, civil, environmental engineers, and geologists, as well as physicists, applied physicist and allied scientists that deal with various porous media problems.

Characterizing and modeling preferential flow using magentic resonance imaging and multifractal theory

Characterizing and modeling preferential flow using magentic resonance imaging and multifractal theory
Author : Anonim
Publisher : International Potato Center
Release Date : 2020
Category :
Total pages :129
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Numerical Simulation of Reactive Flow in Hot Aquifers

Numerical Simulation of Reactive Flow in Hot Aquifers
Author : Christoph Clauser
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Science
Total pages :332
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This product, consisting of a CD-ROM and a book, deals with the numerical simulation of reactive transport in porous media using the simulation package SHEMAT/Processing SHEMAT. SHEMAT (Simulator for HEat and MAss Transport) is an easy-to-use, general-purpose reactive transport simulation code for a wide variety of thermal and hydrogeological problems in two or three dimensions. The book is a richly documented manual for users of this software which discusses in detail the coded physical and chemical equations. Thus, it provides the in-depth background required by those who want to apply the code for solving advanced technical and scientific problems. The enclosed companion CD-ROM contains the software and data for all of the case studies. The software includes user-friendly pre- and post-processors which make it very easy to set up a model, run it and view the results, all from one platform. Therefore, the software is also very suitable for academic or technical "hands-on" courses for simulating flow, transport of heat and mass, and chemical reactions in porous media. You can find a link to the updated software on springer.com .

Petroleum Abstracts

Petroleum Abstracts
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1994
Category : Petroleum
Total pages :129
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Flow and Contaminant Transport in Fractured Rock

Flow and Contaminant Transport in Fractured Rock
Author : Jacob Bear,C-F. Tsang,Ghislain De Marsily
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2012-12-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :560
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In the past two or three decades, fractured rock domains have received increasing attention not only in reservoir engineering and hydrology, but also in connection with geological isolation of radioactive waste. Locations in both the saturated and unsaturated zones have been under consideration because such repositories are sources of heat and potential sources of groundwater contamination. Thus, in addition to the transport of mass of fluid phases in single and multiphase flow, the issues of heat transport and mass transport of components have to be addressed.