November 23, 2020

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Validity and Validation in Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences

Validity and Validation in Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences
Author : Bruno D. Zumbo,Eric K.H. Chan
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2014-09-26
Category : Social Science
Total pages :327
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This book combines an overview of validity theory, trends in validation practices and a review of standards and guidelines in several international jurisdictions with research synthesis of the validity evidence in different research areas. An overview of theory is both useful and timely, in view of the increased use of tests and measures for decision-making, ranking and policy purposes in large-scale testing, assessment and social indicators and quality of life research. Research synthesis is needed to help us assemble, critically appraise and integrate the overwhelming volume of research on validity in different contexts. Rather than examining whether any given measure is “valid”, the focus is on a critical appraisal of the kinds of validity evidence reported in the published research literature. The five sources of validity evidence discussed are: content-related, response processes, internal structure, associations with other variables and consequences. The 15 syntheses included here, represent a broad sampling of psychosocial, health, medical and educational research settings, giving us an extensive evidential basis to build upon earlier studies. The book concludes with a meta-synthesis of the 15 syntheses and a discussion of the current thinking of validation practices by leading experts in the field.

The Backbone of Europe

The Backbone of Europe
Author : Richard H. Steckel,Clark Larsen,Charlotte A. Roberts,Joerg Baten
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2018-11-15
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :493
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Represents the largest recorded dataset based on human skeletal remains from archaeological sites across the continent of Europe.

Narrative Medicine and Community-Based Health Care and Planning

Narrative Medicine and Community-Based Health Care and Planning
Author : John W Murphy,Berkeley A. Franz,Jung Min Choi,Karen A. Callaghan
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-09-30
Category : Psychology
Total pages :136
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This progressive resource brings the innovative power of narrative medicine to the forefront of community public health care. Chapters describe community involvement across a continuum of control, from health consultants describing problems and suggesting solutions to health committees designing programs and evaluating results. Narrative strategies to this end, including authentic dialogue and community mapping, are examined in the context of public health and fleshed out with examples of different levels of participation by community members. From the respectful collaboration modeled here, the principles of community public health care can potentially expand beyond the immediate community into other social domains on a greater scale. Included in the coverage: · Narratives, local knowledge, and world entry. · Community and narratives. · What is dialogue? · Storylines, causes, and locus of interventions. · Community mapping tells a story. · The politics of storytelling. Narrative Medicine and Community-Based Health Care and Planning gives health psychologists, sociologists, social workers, and public health administrators realistic practical insights for tapping into the unique resources communities and clients have to offer. This is the next step in the evolution of public health, toward large-scale improvements in care delivery, access to and relevance of services, and patient and community outcomes.

Applications of Modern Linguistics

Applications of Modern Linguistics
Author : Moha Ennaji,Fatima Sadiqi
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1994
Category : Computational linguistics
Total pages :348
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Innovative Strategies, Statistical Solutions and Simulations for Modern Clinical Trials

Innovative Strategies, Statistical Solutions and Simulations for Modern Clinical Trials
Author : Mark Chang,John Balser,Jim Roach,Robin Bliss
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2019-03-29
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :362
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"This is truly an outstanding book. [It] brings together all of the latest research in clinical trials methodology and how it can be applied to drug development.... Chang et al provide applications to industry-supported trials. This will allow statisticians in the industry community to take these methods seriously." Jay Herson, Johns Hopkins University The pharmaceutical industry's approach to drug discovery and development has rapidly transformed in the last decade from the more traditional Research and Development (R & D) approach to a more innovative approach in which strategies are employed to compress and optimize the clinical development plan and associated timelines. However, these strategies are generally being considered on an individual trial basis and not as part of a fully integrated overall development program. Such optimization at the trial level is somewhat near-sighted and does not ensure cost, time, or development efficiency of the overall program. This book seeks to address this imbalance by establishing a statistical framework for overall/global clinical development optimization and providing tactics and techniques to support such optimization, including clinical trial simulations. Provides a statistical framework for achieve global optimization in each phase of the drug development process. Describes specific techniques to support optimization including adaptive designs, precision medicine, survival-endpoints, dose finding and multiple testing. Gives practical approaches to handling missing data in clinical trials using SAS. Looks at key controversial issues from both a clinical and statistical perspective. Presents a generous number of case studies from multiple therapeutic areas that help motivate and illustrate the statistical methods introduced in the book. Puts great emphasis on software implementation of the statistical methods with multiple examples of software code (both SAS and R). It is important for statisticians to possess a deep knowledge of the drug development process beyond statistical considerations. For these reasons, this book incorporates both statistical and "clinical/medical" perspectives.

The Future of the Public's Health in the 21st Century

The Future of the Public's Health in the 21st Century
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention,Committee on Assuring the Health of the Public in the 21st Century
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2003-02-01
Category : Medical
Total pages :536
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The anthrax incidents following the 9/11 terrorist attacks put the spotlight on the nation’s public health agencies, placing it under an unprecedented scrutiny that added new dimensions to the complex issues considered in this report. The Future of the Public’s Health in the 21st Century reaffirms the vision of Healthy People 2010, and outlines a systems approach to assuring the nation’s health in practice, research, and policy. This approach focuses on joining the unique resources and perspectives of diverse sectors and entities and challenges these groups to work in a concerted, strategic way to promote and protect the public’s health. Focusing on diverse partnerships as the framework for public health, the book discusses: The need for a shift from an individual to a population-based approach in practice, research, policy, and community engagement. The status of the governmental public health infrastructure and what needs to be improved, including its interface with the health care delivery system. The roles nongovernment actors, such as academia, business, local communities and the media can play in creating a healthy nation. Providing an accessible analysis, this book will be important to public health policy-makers and practitioners, business and community leaders, health advocates, educators and journalists.

The Fundamentals of Modern Statistical Genetics

The Fundamentals of Modern Statistical Genetics
Author : Nan M. Laird,Christoph Lange
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-12-13
Category : Medical
Total pages :226
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This book covers the statistical models and methods that are used to understand human genetics, following the historical and recent developments of human genetics. Starting with Mendel’s first experiments to genome-wide association studies, the book describes how genetic information can be incorporated into statistical models to discover disease genes. All commonly used approaches in statistical genetics (e.g. aggregation analysis, segregation, linkage analysis, etc), are used, but the focus of the book is modern approaches to association analysis. Numerous examples illustrate key points throughout the text, both of Mendelian and complex genetic disorders. The intended audience is statisticians, biostatisticians, epidemiologists and quantitatively- oriented geneticists and health scientists wanting to learn about statistical methods for genetic analysis, whether to better analyze genetic data, or to pursue research in methodology. A background in intermediate level statistical methods is required. The authors include few mathematical derivations, and the exercises provide problems for students with a broad range of skill levels. No background in genetics is assumed.

Genomics and Health in the Developing World

Genomics and Health in the Developing World
Author : Dhavendra Kumar
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2012-06-14
Category : Medical
Total pages :1501
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This book is designed to be the first major text to discuss advances in medical genetics in the developing world.

Modern Scientific Evidence

Modern Scientific Evidence
Author : David Laurence Faigman
Publisher : West Group Publishing
Release Date : 2002
Category : Evidence (Law)
Total pages :4
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Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation

Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Sleep Medicine and Research
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2006-10-13
Category : Medical
Total pages :424
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Clinical practice related to sleep problems and sleep disorders has been expanding rapidly in the last few years, but scientific research is not keeping pace. Sleep apnea, insomnia, and restless legs syndrome are three examples of very common disorders for which we have little biological information. This new book cuts across a variety of medical disciplines such as neurology, pulmonology, pediatrics, internal medicine, psychiatry, psychology, otolaryngology, and nursing, as well as other medical practices with an interest in the management of sleep pathology. This area of research is not limited to very young and old patientsâ€"sleep disorders reach across all ages and ethnicities. Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation presents a structured analysis that explores the following: Improving awareness among the general public and health care professionals. Increasing investment in interdisciplinary somnology and sleep medicine research training and mentoring activities. Validating and developing new and existing technologies for diagnosis and treatment. This book will be of interest to those looking to learn more about the enormous public health burden of sleep disorders and sleep deprivation and the strikingly limited capacity of the health care enterprise to identify and treat the majority of individuals suffering from sleep problems.

Migration, Ethnicity, Race, and Health in Multicultural Societies

Migration, Ethnicity, Race, and Health in Multicultural Societies
Author : Raj S. Bhopal
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release Date : 2013-12-19
Category : Medical
Total pages :408
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The globalization of trade and increasing international travel and migration poses huge challenges for health practitioners and policy makers who have to meet legal and policy obligations to provide health care of equal quality and effectiveness for all. Migration, Ethnicity, Race, and Health in Multicultural Societies provides an accessible introduction to the complex issues of race, ethnicity and minority populations. The book explains the process of migration and the uses and misuses of the key concepts of race and ethnicity, illustrating their strengths and weaknesses in epidemiology, policy making, health service planning, research, health care and health promotion. Including many examples from around the world to demonstrate the theory in a practical way, and written in a clear and straightforward style with all terminology explained, this is an ideal book for all students and professionals in the field of migration, ethnicity and race in the health care context. "Bhopal's important and comprehensive Ethnicity, Race, and Health in Multicultural Societies challenges us to achieve better health for ethnic minority populations... provides critical and thought-provoking insights into public health research and clinical practice with multi-ethnic populations." - The Lancet "Professor Bhopal has produced an invaluable addition to the growing mountain of resources on ethnicity and health...One of the greatest merits of this text is that it is written by someone who has been involved in high-quality research on ethnicity and health in many contexts and for many years. The author therefore is able to draw upon first-hand experience or research with which he has been associated, as well as providing examples from other key players in the field." - Diversity in Health and Social Care

Clinical Radiation Oncology E-Book

Clinical Radiation Oncology E-Book
Author : Leonard L. Gunderson,Joel E. Tepper
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2011-09-16
Category : Medical
Total pages :1660
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With thorough updates throughout, Clinical Radiation Oncology provides the most comprehensive, authoritative, and up-to-date information available for treating patients with cancer. From a multidisciplinary perspective, this new edition, edited by Drs. Leonard L. Gunderson and Joel E. Tepper, examines the therapeutic management of specific disease sites based on both single-modality and combined-modality approaches - providing you with the well-rounded, cutting-edge guidance you need to offer the most effective treatments. A consistent chapter format, full-color design, and access to the full text at www.expertconsult.com make reference fast and easy. It is an ideal resource for mastering the latest, most effective techniques and modalities! Deepen your knowledge with a comprehensive, clinical approach to the scientific foundations of radiation oncology and general oncology as well as state-of-the-art techniques and modalities. Implement a multidisciplinary, "team care" approach to providing intricate treatment plans for patients, often in conjunction with medical oncologists, and surgeons. Broaden your understanding of the basic biology of the disease processes. Examine the therapeutic management of specific disease sites based on single-modality and combined-modality approaches. Quickly and easily find critical information thanks to an easily accessible, full-color design with over 800 color figures that clearly depict treatment techniques. Get broad multimodality perspectives and unique insights from a diverse team of respected editors and contributors –many of whom are new to this edition – affiliated with institutions across North America and internationally Access the fully searchable text anywhere, anytime at www.expertconsult.com, along with references, additional images and tables, video clips and more! Stay current with comprehensive updates throughout that include a new chapter on survivorship issues, and additional video clips on treatments such as prostate and penile cancer brachytherapy. Improve outcomes by providing the most effective treatment for each patient with expanded coverage of new modalities and treatment regimens. Understand and comply with the latest staging guidelines.

Modern Scientific Evidence

Modern Scientific Evidence
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2006
Category : Evidence, Expert
Total pages :129
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Physiology and Medicine

Physiology and Medicine
Author : Ivan Y. Torshin
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release Date : 2007
Category : Medical
Total pages :302
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Several years have passed since the sequencing of the human genome and what might be called "the post-genomic era" has begun. Of course, there are many different genomes and the term "post-genomic" does not necessarily imply the human genome. However, it is the data encoded in the human genome that hold the promise to be of practical importance in a wide range of biomedical applications. The sequencing and preliminary annotations of the human genome provided an incredible amount of the raw, largely unprocessed information. Coupled with the millions of publications on human physiology already available in public databases, it is clear that certain informational strategies should be adopted for the retrieval, analysis and representation of these data. Among biological sciences, bioinformatics is a specific branch that deals with managing complexities in the biological information. However, the bioinformatics is in no way restricted to the compilation of large databases or elaboration of sophisticated software. The methods of bioinformatics can greatly assist the generation of productive hypotheses that allow subsequent experimental testing followed by confirmation or disapproval. The main idea behind the present volume is not worrying about the steadily growing amounts of biomedical information or about the relative quality of it. This volume, as well as the entire book series, is based on the purpose-oriented attitude: how to make a good use of this information in particular research projects.

Evidentiality and Perception Verbs in English and German

Evidentiality and Perception Verbs in English and German
Author : Richard Jason Whitt
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2008
Category :
Total pages :398
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