December 4, 2020

Download Ebook Free Molecular, Genetic, And Nutritional Aspects Of Major And Trace Minerals

Molecular, Genetic, and Nutritional Aspects of Major and Trace Minerals

Molecular, Genetic, and Nutritional Aspects of Major and Trace Minerals
Author : James F Collins
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-09-14
Category : Medical
Total pages :576
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Molecular, Genetic, and Nutritional Aspects of Major and Trace Minerals is a unique reference that provides a complete overview of the non-vitamin micronutrients, including calcium, copper, iodine, iron, magnesium, manganese, molybdenum, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, sodium, and zinc. In addition, the book covers the nutritional and toxicological properties of nonessential minerals chromium, fluoride and boron, and silicon and vanadium, as well as ultra-trace minerals and those with no established dietary requirement for humans. Users will find in-depth chapters on each essential mineral and mineral metabolism, along with discussions of dietary recommendations in the United States and around the world. Presents the only scientific reference to cover all of the nutritionally relevant essential major and trace minerals Provides a broad introductory chapter on each mineral to give readers valuable background and context Clarifies the cellular and molecular aspects of each mineral and its genetic and genomic aspects Includes coverage of all nutritionally relevant minerals—essential major trace minerals and ultra-trace minerals Underscores the important interactions between minerals so readers learn how metabolism of one mineral influences another

Essential Metals in Medicine: Therapeutic Use and Toxicity of Metal Ions in the Clinic

Essential Metals in Medicine: Therapeutic Use and Toxicity of Metal Ions in the Clinic
Author : Peggy L. Carver
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date : 2019-01-14
Category : Science
Total pages :455
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Volume 19, entitled Essential Metals in Medicine: Therapeutic Use and Toxicity of Metal Ions in the Clinic of the series Metal Ions in Life Sciences centers on the role of metal ions in clinical medicine. Metal ions are tightly regulated in human health: while essential to life, they can be toxic as well. Following an introductory chapter briefly discussing several important metal-related drugs and diseases and a chapter about drug development, the focus is fi rst on iron: its essentiality for pathogens and humans as well as its toxicity. Chelation therapy is addressed in the context of thalassemia, its relationship to neurodegenerative diseases and also the risks connected with iron administration are pointed out. A subject of intense debate is the essentiality of chromium and vanadium. For example, chromium(III) compounds are taken as a nutritional supplement by athletes and bodybuilders; in contrast, chromate, Cr(VI), is toxic and a carcinogen for humans. The benefi cial and toxic effects of manganese, cobalt, and copper on humans are discussed. The need for antiparasitic agents is emphasized as well as the clinical aspects of metal-containing antidotes for cyanide poisoning. In addition to the essential and possibly essential ones, also other metal ions play important roles in human health, causing harm (like the metalloid arsenic, lead or cadmium) or being used in diagnosis or treatment of human diseases, like gadolinium, gallium, lithium, gold, silver or platinum. The impact of this vibrant research area on metals in the clinic is provided in 14 stimulating chapters, written by internationally recognized experts from the Americas, Europe and China, and is manifested by approximately 2000 references, and about 90 illustrations and tables. Essential Metals in Medicine: Therapeutic Use and Toxicity of Metal Ions in the Clinic is an essential resource for scientists working in the wide range from pharmacology, enzymology, material sciences, analytical, organic, and inorganic biochemistry all the way through to medicine ... not forgetting that it also provides excellent information for teaching.

Present Knowledge in Nutrition

Present Knowledge in Nutrition
Author : Bernadette P. Marriott,Diane F. Birt,Virginia A. Stalling,Allison A. Yates
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-07-21
Category : Health & Fitness
Total pages :678
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Present Knowledge in Nutrition: Basic Nutrition and Metabolism, Eleventh Edition, provides an accessible, referenced source on the most current information in the broad field of nutrition. Now broken into two volumes and updated to reflect scientific advancements since the publication of the last edition, the book includes expanded coverage on basic nutrition, metabolism and clinical and applied topics. This volume provides coverage of macronutrients, vitamins, minerals and other dietary components and concludes with new approaches in nutrition science that apply to many, if not all, of the nutrients and dietary components presented throughout the reference. Advanced undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate students in nutrition, public health, medicine and related fields will find this resource useful. In addition, professionals in academia and medicine, including clinicians, dietitians, physicians, health professionals, academics and industrial and government researchers will find the content extremely useful. The book was produced in cooperation with the International Life Sciences Institute (https://ilsi.org/). Provides an accessible source of the most current, reliable and comprehensive information in the broad field of nutrition Features new chapters on topics of emerging importance, including the microbiome, eating disorders, nutrition in extreme environments, and the role of nutrition and cognition in mental status Covers topics of clinical relevance, including the role of nutrition in cancer support, ICU nutrition, supporting patients with burns, and wasting, deconditioning and hypermetabolic conditions

Dietary Trace Minerals

Dietary Trace Minerals
Author : Elad Tako
Publisher : MDPI
Release Date : 2020-02-21
Category : Medical
Total pages :208
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Dietary trace minerals are pivotal and hold a key role in numerous metabolic processes. Trace mineral deficiencies (except for iodine, iron, and zinc) do not often develop spontaneously in adults on ordinary diets; infants are more vulnerable because their growth is rapid and their intake varies. Trace mineral imbalances can result from hereditary disorders (e.g., hemochromatosis, Wilson disease), kidney dialysis, parenteral nutrition, restrictive diets prescribed for people with inborn errors of metabolism, or various popular diet plans. The Special Issue “Dietary Trace Minerals” comprised 13 peer-reviewed papers on the most recent evidence regarding the dietary intake of trace minerals, as well as their effect on the prevention and treatment of non-communicable diseases. Original contributions and literature reviews further demonstrated the crucial and central part that dietary trace minerals play in human health and development. This editorial provides a brief and concise overview of the content of the Dietary Trace Minerals Special Issue.

Trace Elements and Minerals in Health and Longevity

Trace Elements and Minerals in Health and Longevity
Author : Marco Malavolta,Eugenio Mocchegiani
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-11-13
Category : Medical
Total pages :328
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This book describes the role of trace elements in health and longevity, pursuing a biogerontological approach. It offers essential information on the impact of trace elements on molecular and physiological processes of aging, and on their impact on health in connection with aging. The major topics covered in its 11 chapters, each dedicated to a specific trace element or mineral, are: a) Role of the element in species longevity, b) Recommended intake for longevity in animal species and in the elderly, c) Deficiency and age-related disease, d) Excess/toxicity and age-related disease, and e) Interactions with drugs prescribed in the elderly. Clinical, animal and other laboratory models of interest in aging are included, which enable a more in-depth analysis to be made. The respective chapters are a mixture of overviews and more in-depth reviews in which the mechanisms of aging are described from the point of view of their specific interactions with trace elements and minerals.

Molecular Breeding and Nutritional Aspects of Buckwheat

Molecular Breeding and Nutritional Aspects of Buckwheat
Author : Meiliang Zhou,Ivan Kreft,Sun-Hee Woo,Nikhil Chrungoo,Gunilla Wieslander
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-06-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :482
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Molecular Breeding and Nutritional Aspects of Buckwheat describes the general characterization and genetic diversity of buckwheat (family Polygonaceae, genus Fagopyrum) around the globe (especially in Russia, China, India, and Eastern Europe), the arid and cool regions where it is most frequently consumed, and nutritional information on a variety of buckwheat uses, including tea, groats, flour, and noodles. With detailed information on buckwheat regeneration, genetic transformation, gene function analysis, and the metabolic engineering of bioactive compounds, the book guides readers through a variety of buckwheat varietal adaptations, providing foundation information on which additional research should be conducted. It is divided into four parts, including genetic resource and phylogenetic relationship, food nutrition, growth and cultivation, and molecular breeding, with each section providing insights into the most current developments. Addresses all aspects of buckwheat research, including genetic resources, biological nutrition, genetic transformation, and molecular breeding Presents global characterization on the genetic resource of Fagopyrum, giving researchers insights that will help them breed new cultivars Explores the bioactivity of buckwheat Includes detailed information on the environmental factors that affect the growth and production of buckwheat

Trace Elements

Trace Elements
Author : Hosam El-Din M. Saleh,Eithar El-Adham
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-09-05
Category : Nature
Total pages :186
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Over the last few years, we have witnessed increasing efforts dedicated to the scientific investigation and characteristics of trace elements. Especially in the field of human and animal nutrition, trace elements display a considerably attractive issue for research because they play an essential role in the nutrition of both animals and humans. Aquatic environments contaminated with trace elements are an emerging research area due to the toxicity, abundance, and environmental persistence of trace elements. Accumulation of heavy metals as a class of trace elements in various environments, and the subsequent transition of these elements into the food and feed chain, severely affects human health. The determination of type and concentration of trace elements is regarded as the first and most important step to follow the mechanisms controlling the dispersal and accumulation of trace elements. Element speciation in different media (water, soil, food, plants, coal, biological matter, food, and fodder) is pivotal to assess an element's toxicity, bioavailability, environmental mobility, and biogeochemical performance. Recently, new analytical techniques have been developed, which greatly simplified the quantitation of many trace elements and considerably extended their detection range. In this context, the development of reproducible and accurate techniques for trace element analysis in different media using spectroscopic instrumentation is continuously updated.

Trace Elements in Man and Animals 10

Trace Elements in Man and Animals 10
Author : A.M. Roussel,A.E. Favier,R.A. Anderson
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2006-04-29
Category : Science
Total pages :1172
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This volume, containing the proceedings of the tenth of the highly successful TEMA meetings, presents recent progress in the research on the functional role and metabolism of trace elements, and new developments in the understanding of molecular and cellular biology.

Molecular Basis of Nutrition and Aging

Molecular Basis of Nutrition and Aging
Author : Marco Malavolta,Eugenio Mocchegiani
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-04-15
Category : Science
Total pages :784
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Molecular Basis of Nutrition and Aging: A Volume in the Molecular Nutrition Series focuses on the nutritional issues associated with aging and the important metabolic consequences of diet, nutrition, and health. The book is subdivided into four parts that reflect the impact of nutrition from a biomolecular level to individual health. In Part One, chapters explore the general aspects of aging, aging phenotypes, and relevant aspects of nutrition related to the elderly and healthy aging. Part Two includes molecular and cellular targets of nutrition in aging, with chapters exploring lipid peroxidation, inflammaging, anabolic and catabolic signaling, epigenetics, DNA damage and repair, redox homeostasis, and insulin sensitivity, among others. Part Three looks at system-level and organ targets of nutrition in aging, including a variety of tissues, systems, and diseases, such as immune function, the cardiovascular system, the brain and dementia, muscle, bone, lung, and many others. Finally, Part Four focuses on the health effects of specific dietary compounds and dietary interventions in aging, including vitamin D, retinol, curcumin, folate, iron, potassium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, selenium, iodine, vitamin B, fish oil, vitamin E, resveratrol, polyphenols, vegetables, and fruit, as well as the current nutritional recommendations. Offers updated information and a perspectives on important future developments to different professionals involved in the basic and clinical research on all major nutritional aspects of aging Explores how nutritional factors are involved in the pathogenesis of aging across body systems Investigates the molecular and genetic basis of aging and cellular senescence through the lens of the rapidly evolving field of molecular nutrition

Drinking Water and Health, Volume 7

Drinking Water and Health, Volume 7
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Safe Drinking Water Committee
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 1987-02-01
Category : Nature
Total pages :212
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Chlorination in various forms has been the predominant method of drinking water disinfection in the United States for more than 70 years. The seventh volume of the Drinking Water and Health series addresses current methods of drinking water disinfection and compares standard chlorination techniques with alternative methods. Currently used techniques are discussed in terms of their chemical activity, and their efficacy against waterborne pathogens, including bacteria, cysts, and viruses, is compared. Charts, tables, graphs, and case studies are used to analyze the effectiveness of chlorination, chloramination, and ozonation as disinfectant processes and to compare these methods for their production of toxic by-products. Epidemiological case studies on the toxicological effects of chemical by-products in drinking water are also presented.

Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease E-Book

Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease E-Book
Author : Mark Feldman,Lawrence S. Friedman,Lawrence J. Brandt
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2010-05-03
Category : Medical
Total pages :2480
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Make optimal use of the newest techniques, technologies, and treatments with Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease - the indispensable information source in this broad field! Edited by Mark Feldman, MD, Lawrence S. Friedman, MD, and Lawrence J. Brandt, MD, this 9th Edition equips you with the amassed knowledge of hundreds of respected authorities from around the world, helping you to overcome all of your most complex clinical challenges and make the most effective use of the newest techniques, technologies, and treatments. Significant updates on bariatric surgery, Barrett's esophagus, and many other evolving areas keep your practice current. Full-text online access includes downloadable illustrations and links to reference abstracts. The result remains the indispensable core reference in gastroenterology and hepatology. World-renowned experts provide reliable guidance on every area of your field. A consistent, full-color chapter design lets you find information quickly. Significant updates on bariatric surgery, Barrett's esophagus, endoscopic ultrasound, endosonography, treatment of liver disease, and much more keep you current on the latest advances. Many new contributors from all over the world provide you with fresh insights on all areas of gastroenterology and hepatology. Full-text online access via Expert Consult includes downloadable illustrations and links to reference abstracts.

Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates

Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Ad Hoc Committee on Nonhuman Primate Nutrition,Committee on Animal Nutrition
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2003-03-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :306
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This new release presents the wealth of information gleaned about nonhuman primates nutrition since the previous edition was published in 1978. With expanded coverage of natural dietary habits, gastrointestinal anatomy and physiology, and the nutrient needs of species that have been difficult to maintain in captivity, it explores the impact on nutrition of physiological and life-stage considerations: infancy, weaning, immune function, obesity, aging, and more. The committee also discusses issues of environmental enrichment such as opportunities for foraging. Based on the world's scientific literature and input from authoritative sources, the book provides best estimates of nutrient requirements. The volume covers requirements for energy: carbohydrates, including the role of dietary fiber; proteins and amino acids; fats and fatty acids; minerals, fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins; and water. The book also analyzes the composition of important foods and feed ingredients and offers guidelines on feed processing and diet formulation.

Molecular Aspects of Alcohol and Nutrition

Molecular Aspects of Alcohol and Nutrition
Author : Vinood B. Patel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-11-06
Category : Science
Total pages :400
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Molecular Aspects of Alcohol and Nutrition is a valuable resource for nutrition researchers and nutritionists who study or treat alcohol-related diseases. Experts from across the field of alcohol research explain how alcohol disrupts normal fat, carbohydrate, and protein metabolic processes occurring in the liver as well as other parts of the body. The book discusses how this can lead to alcoholic liver disease (ALD) as well as contribute to the onset of Type 2 diabetes and the metabolic syndrome. It also explores how alcohol affects nutrient absorption in the gastrointestinal tract and can lead to anemia and reduced amounts of fat soluble vitamins. This book explores both the primary and secondary consequences of alcohol consumption. Chapters in the first section investigate the basic science of alcohol metabolism – focusing on how alcohol and its toxic metabolites disrupt and impair normal nutrient regulation at the molecular level. Further chapters explore how alcohol affects many extra-hepatic organs and tissues as well as the secondary consequences of alcohol consumption such as reduced levels of minerals like magnesium, calcium, and trace elements like zinc. Offers a valuable resource for nutrition researchers and nutritionists who study alcohol-related diseases and attempt to treat them through nutritional strategies Explores how alcohol and its toxic metabolite acetaldehyde disrupt and impair normal macro and micro nutrient regulation at the molecular level Investigates how alcohol affects and interferes with cell signaling, cell death pathways, calcium homeostasis leading to osteoporosis, oxygen balance, as well as the pathophysiology of alcohol consumption and abuse

The Mineral Nutrition of Livestock

The Mineral Nutrition of Livestock
Author : Eric John Underwood
Publisher : CABI
Release Date : 1999
Category : Nature
Total pages :614
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This edition is a thorough revision of the previous. There are 3 chapters on general principles, natural sources of minerals, and detection and correction of mineral imbalances in animals. Individual chapters are given to Ca, P, Mg, Na and Cl, K, S, Co, Cu, I, Fe, Mn, Se, and Zn. Three final chapters cover occasionally beneficial elements (B, Cr, Li, Mo, Ni, Si, Sn, V), essentially toxic elements (Al, As, Cd, F, Pb, Hg), and design of supplementation trials for assessing mineral deprivation.

Genetic Aspects of Plant Mineral Nutrition

Genetic Aspects of Plant Mineral Nutrition
Author : N. El Bassam,M. Dambroth,B.C. Loughman
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Science
Total pages :560
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Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Genetic Aspects of Plant Mineral Nutrition, June 19-24 June, 1988, Braunschweig, Germany