December 2, 2020

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Molten Salts Chemistry

Molten Salts Chemistry
Author : Frederic Lantelme,Henri Groult
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2013-08-14
Category : Science
Total pages :592
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Molten salts and fused media provide the key properties and the theory of molten salts, as well as aspects of fused salts chemistry, helping you generate new ideas and applications for fused salts. Molten Salts Chemistry: From Lab to Applications examines how the electrical and thermal properties of molten salts, and generally low vapour pressure are well adapted to high temperature chemistry, enabling fast reaction rates. It also explains how their ability to dissolve many inorganic compounds such as oxides, nitrides, carbides and other salts make molten salts ideal as solvents in electrometallurgy, metal coating, treatment of by-products and energy conversion. This book also reviews newer applications of molten salts including materials for energy storage such as carbon nano-particles for efficient super capacitors, high capacity molten salt batteries and for heat transport and storage in solar plants. In addition, owing to their high thermal stability, they are considered as ideal candidates for the development of safer nuclear reactors and for the treatment of nuclear waste, especially to separate actinides from lanthanides by electrorefining. Explains the theory and properties of molten salts to help scientists understand these unique liquids Provides an ideal introduction to this expanding field Illustrated text with key real-life applications of molten salts in synthesis, energy, nuclear, and metal extraction

Molten Salts Chemistry and Technology

Molten Salts Chemistry and Technology
Author : Marcelle Gaune-Escard,Geir Martin Haarberg
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-05-12
Category : Science
Total pages :632
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Written to record and report on recent research progresses in the field of molten salts, Molten Salts Chemistry and Technology focuses on molten salts and ionic liquids for sustainable supply and application of materials. Including coverage of molten salt reactors, electrodeposition, aluminium electrolysis, electrochemistry, and electrowinning, the text provides researchers and postgraduate students with applications include energy conversion (solar cells and fuel cells), heat storage, green solvents, metallurgy, nuclear industry, pharmaceutics and biotechnology.

Advances in Molten Salt Chemistry

Advances in Molten Salt Chemistry
Author : J. Braunstein,Gleb Mamantov,G. P. Smith
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-11-21
Category : Science
Total pages :469
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The first chapter of this volume deals with computer simulation of molten salt behavior by molecular dynamics calculations. The next four chapters are reviews of experimental work: Chapter 2 deals with the solubility of nonre active gases in molten salts, Chapter 3 with various types of organic reactions in molten tetrachloroaluminates, Chapter 4 with techniques for the study of molten fluorides, and Chapter 5 with the physical and chemical properties of thiocyanate melts. The last chapter is a collection of phase diagrams for binary and ternary fluoride systems. J. B., G. M., G. P. S. v CONTENTS Chapter 1 MOLECULAR DYNAMICS CALCULATIONS ON MOLTEN IONIC SALTS L. V. Woodcock 1. Introduction. . 4 2. Intermolecular Forces in Molten Salts 4 2.1. True and Effective Pair Potentials 2.2. Semiempirical Models 6 3. Computational Techniques 13 3.1. Molecular Dynamics Simulation 13 3.2. The Monte Carlo Method 15 3.3. Electrostatic Summations . . 18 4. Calculation of Physical Properties 23 4.1. Equilibrium Properties . 23 4.2. Transport Coefficients 27 4.3. Spectroscopic Properties 32 5. Applications. . . . . . . . 35 5.1. Studies of Interionic Forces. 35 5.2. Microstructure and Mechanisms 40 5.3. Interpretation of Experimental Observables 50 5.4. Reappraisal of Molten Salt Theories . 64 70 6. Conclusions 7. References. 72 vii Contents viii Chapter 2 GAS SOLUBILITY IN MOLTEN SALTS P. Field 1. Introduction 75 2. Experimental Techniques 78 3. Solution Thermodynamics.

Molten Salt Chemistry

Molten Salt Chemistry
Author : Milton Blander
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1964
Category : Fused salts
Total pages :775
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The Chemistry of Molten Salts

The Chemistry of Molten Salts
Author : Harry Bloom
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1967
Category : Fused salts
Total pages :184
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Molten Salts Handbook

Molten Salts Handbook
Author : George J. Janz
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-06-11
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :602
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Molten Salts Handbook focuses on the features, properties, and structure of molten salts. This book presents several topics in annotated bibliographic table form, including phase equilibria, chemical syntheses, and molten salt electrolytes. Organized into six chapters, this book starts with a tabular presentation of data of the physical properties, thermodynamic properties, electrochemical properties, practical features, as well as spectroscopy and structure of molten salts. This text then illustrates the design features of different experimental assemblies and provides information on the technique through a liberally annotated bibliography. Other chapters provide a chemical index, which offers a ready guide to the status of data over the entire range of interests. This book presents as well the properties of viscosity, density, surface tension, refractive index, and electrical conductance for different compounds as single salt melts. This book is a valuable resource for scientists and researchers from diverse fields, including theoretical and applied electrochemistry, inorganic coordination chemistry, and transition metal chemistry.

Refractory Metals in Molten Salts

Refractory Metals in Molten Salts
Author : D.H. Kerridge,Evgeny G. Polyakov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-04-17
Category : Science
Total pages :273
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This NATO Advanced Research Workshop was devoted to a specialized topic in molten salt chemistry and was held in an exotic location (as far as Westerners were concerned) well within the Arctic Circle. It nevertheless facilitated a fruitful week, both ofscience and ofhuman contacts. The 42 oral presentations and posters from nine countries enabled the 59 participants to learn a great deal about many areas of recent research in the molten salt chemistry of refractory metals, while making new contacts as well as renewing old friendships. The time ofinformal contact ledto the beginningofa numberofnew research cooperations with interchangeofpersonnel. Thus the twin aimsofadvancing science and improving East-West understanding were both amply fulfilled. Indeed a warm and happy family atmosphere was very tangible doth during the scientific sessions and the social events, which participants, accompanying persons and local staffall enjoyed. This opportunity of living for a short time within the Arctic Circle was a novelty for most Westerners, who generally appreciated the very warm weather (the hottest for 20 years according to some residents), as well as the beautiful surroundings ofvery green birch/pine forest, rushing rivers,vast lakes and rounded mountains,frequently illuminated by wonderful sunsets. The evening barbeque beside Lake Imandra (100 km long) and the coach tour beside the beautiful White Sea dotted with islands in the Kandalaksha Recreational Area (National Park), to sample Pomor culture, dancing and fresh salmon soup, were high spots ofthe social programme.

Molten Salt Chemistry and Technology

Molten Salt Chemistry and Technology
Author : M. Chemla,D. Devilliers,M. Vogler
Publisher : Trans Tech Publication
Release Date : 1991
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :787
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This state-of-the-art volume presents the new developments in fundamental research and in industrial applications of Molten Salts. Special attention is placed on recent developments of special topics such as Electrodeposition of Refractory Metals (Niobium, Molybdenum), and Organic Chemistry and Electrochemistry in Molten Salts.

Molten Salt Chemistry

Molten Salt Chemistry
Author : Gleb Mamantov,Roberto Marassi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1987-06-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :525
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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, Camerino, Italy, August 3-15, 1986

Physical Chemistry of Molten Salts and Slags

Physical Chemistry of Molten Salts and Slags
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1963
Category : Fused salts
Total pages :604
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Molten Salts and Ionic Liquids

Molten Salts and Ionic Liquids
Author : Marcelle Gaune-Escard,Kenneth R. Seddon
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2012-07-06
Category : Science
Total pages :250
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For many years, the related fields of molten salts and ionic liquids have drifted apart, to their mutual detriment. Both molten salts and ionic liquids are liquid salts containing only ions - all that is different is the temperature! Both fields involve the study of Coulombic fluids for academic and industrial purposes; both employ the same principles; both require skilled practitioners; both speak the same language; all then that is truly different is their semantics, and how superficial is that? The editors of this book, recognising that there was so much knowledge, both empirical and theoretical, which can be passed from the molten salt community to the ionic liquid community, and vice versa, organised a landmark meeting in Tunisia, designed to bridge the gap and heal the rift. Leaders from both communities met for a week for a mutual exchange, with a high tutorial content intermixed with cutting edge findings. This volume is a condensate of the principal offerings of that week, and emphasises the success which was achieved. Indeed, four future biannual meetings, under the title of “EUCHEM Conferences on Molten Salts and Ionic Liquids”, have now been planned as a direct result of this meeting of minds. Topics discussed in this volume include structure, dynamics, electrochemistry, interfacial and thermodynamic properties, spectroscopy, synthesis, and theoretical studies. Experimental and theoretical methods for investigating these data are elaborated, as are techniques for data collection and analysis. This book represents the first serious discussion on the transfer of these methods and techniques between the differing temperature regimes, and is a major contribution to the future of both fields.

Physico-Chemical Analysis of Molten Electrolytes

Physico-Chemical Analysis of Molten Electrolytes
Author : Vladimir Danek †
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2006-09-14
Category : Science
Total pages :464
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Physico-Chemical Analysis of Molten Electrolytes includes selected topics on the measurement and evaluation of physico-chemical properties of molten electrolytes. It describes the features, properties, and experimental measurement of different physico-chemical properties of molten salt systems used as electrolytes for different metal production, metallic layer deposition, as a medium for reactions in molten salts. The physico-chemical properties such as phase equilibria, density (molar volume), enthalpy (calorimetry), surface tension, vapor pressure, electrical conductivity, viscosity, etc. are the most important parameters of electrolytes needed for technological use. For each property the theoretical background, experimental techniques, as well as examples of the latest knowledge and the processing of most important salt systems will be given. The aim of Physico-Chemical Analysis of Molten Electrolytes is not only to present the state of the art on different properties of molten salts systems and their measurement, but also to present the possibilities of modeling molten salt systems, to be able to forecast the properties of an electrolyte mixture from the properties of the pure components in order to avoid experimentally demanding, and in most cases also expensive measurements. This book fills a substantial gap in this field of science. Also documententing the latest research in molten salts chemistry and brings new results and new insights into the study of molten salts systems using the results of X-ray diffraction and XAFS methods, Raman spectroscopy, and NMR measurements. * This book fills a substantial gap in this field of science * Serves as a invaluable reference for all people working in the field of molten salts chemistry * Describes fundamentals of the various properties of molten electrolytes

Exam Prep for: Molten Salts Chemistry; From Lab to ...

Exam Prep for: Molten Salts Chemistry; From Lab to ...
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2020
Category :
Total pages :129
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Electrochemical Technology of Molten Salts

Electrochemical Technology of Molten Salts
Author : C.A.C. Sequeira,G.S. Picard
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date : 1993-10-28
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :442
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During the past several years there has been remarkable interest and activity in two fields of the fused salt chemistry, namely Molten Salt Extractive Metallurgy and High-Temperature Fuel Cells. The required fundamental investigations for improving industrial processes are necessarily devoted to all aspects of the reactivity in molten salts. Therefore, most of the relevant disciplines are represented here: electrochemistry, spectroscopy and computer modelling.

Advances in Molten Salt Chemistry

Advances in Molten Salt Chemistry
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1987
Category : Fused salts
Total pages :129
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