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Monoclonal Antibodies

Monoclonal Antibodies
Author : Philip Shepherd,Christopher J. Dean
Publisher : Practical Approach (Paperback)
Release Date : 2000
Category : Medical
Total pages :479
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Monoclonal Antibodies: A Practical Approach covers the preparation, testing, derivation, and applications of monoclonal antibodies. New immunological techniques incorporating tried and tested methodologies are described, making the book of interest to established and inexperienced immunologists. Both the standard somatic hybridization technique and recombinant techniques, including the use of phage libraries, for the preparation of rodent and human monoclonal antibodies are described. Protocols for both the small and large scale production are detailed, as well as purification and labelling (with both radioisotopes and non-radioisotopes) methods. The applications of monoclonal antibodies in immunoblotting, enzyme linked immunoassays, immunofluorescence, and FACS analysis are all covered in detail. Finally protocols are given for the use of monoclonal antibodies in rheumatoid arthritis, tissue typing, detecting DNA modified during chemotherapy, and in the clinical analysis of transplantation samples for malignancy. This book will therefore be an invaluable laboratory companion to anyone using monoclonal antibodies in their research.

Monoclonal Antibodies

Monoclonal Antibodies
Author : Maher Albitar
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007
Category : Medical
Total pages :228
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Monoclonal Antibodies: Methods and Protocols examines a collection of state-of-the-art methods that employ monoclonal antibodies in a clinical setting with opening chapters focusing on the gold standard method for generating mouse monoclonal antibodies through hybridoma technology, future methods for engineering recombinant and humanized antibodies, methods for engineering soluble Fc fusion protein, and the use of antibodies and flow cytometry in the quantification of cell signaling proteins. Specific chapters describe how antibodies are used for the diagnosis and classification of hematologic diseases. Subsequent chapters examine the advantages and most recent advances of using bead-based immunoassays, including the ability of bead-based technology to multiplex and analyze several analytes simultaneously, and the use of beads in detecting fusion proteins resulting from chromosomal translocations. Concluding chapters provide additional examples of methodologies that employ monoclonal antibodies.

Monoclonal Antibody Production

Monoclonal Antibody Production
Author : National Research Council,Institute for Laboratory Animal Research,Committee on Methods of Producing Monoclonal Antibodies
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 1999-05-06
Category : Medical
Total pages :74
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The American Anti-Vivisection Society (AAVS) petitioned the National Institutes of Health (NIH) on April 23, 1997, to prohibit the use of animals in the production of mAb. On September 18, 1997, NIH declined to prohibit the use of mice in mAb production, stating that "the ascites method of mAb production is scientifically appropriate for some research projects and cannot be replaced." On March 26, 1998, AAVS submitted a second petition, stating that "NIH failed to provide valid scientific reasons for not supporting a proposed ban." The office of the NIH director asked the National Research Council to conduct a study of methods of producing mAb. In response to that request, the Research Council appointed the Committee on Methods of Producing Monoclonal Antibodies, to act on behalf of the Institute for Laboratory Animal Research of the Commission on Life Sciences, to conduct the study. The 11 expert members of the committee had extensive experience in biomedical research, laboratory animal medicine, animal welfare, pain research, and patient advocacy (Appendix B). The committee was asked to determine whether there was a scientific necessity for the mouse ascites method; if so, whether the method caused pain or distress; and, if so, what could be done to minimize the pain or distress. The committee was also asked to comment on available in vitro methods; to suggest what acceptable scientific rationale, if any, there was for using the mouse ascites method; and to identify regulatory requirements for the continued use of the mouse ascites method. The committee held an open data-gathering meeting during which its members summarized data bearing on those questions. A 1-day workshop (Appendix A) was attended by 34 participants, 14 of whom made formal presentations. A second meeting was held to finalize the report. The present report was written on the basis of information in the literature and information presented at the meeting and the workshop.

Biosimilars of Monoclonal Antibodies

Biosimilars of Monoclonal Antibodies
Author : Cheng Liu,K. John Morrow
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2016-12-19
Category : Medical
Total pages :704
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Addressing a significant need by describing the science and process involved to develop biosimilars of monoclonal antibody (mAb) drugs, this book covers all aspects of biosimilar development: preclinical, clinical, regulatory, manufacturing. • Guides readers through the complex landscape involved with developing biosimilar versions of monoclonal antibody (mAb) drugs • Features flow charts, tables, and figures that clearly illustrate processes and makes the book comprehensible and accessible • Includes a review of FDA-approved mAb drugs as a quick reference to facts and useful information • Examines new technologies and strategies for improving biosimilar mAbs

Trends in Monoclonal Antibody Research

Trends in Monoclonal Antibody Research
Author : Marie A. Simmons
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release Date : 2005
Category : Medical
Total pages :148
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This new and important international source of information brings together leading-edge research dedicated to monoclonal antibodies. Monoclonal antibodies (MABs) are: antibodies of exceptional purity and specificity; components of the immune system; able to recognise and bind to a specific antigen. Monoclonal antibodies are currently utilised in many diagnostic procedures, including: measuring protein and drug levels in serum; typing tissue and blood; identifying infectious agents; identifying clusters of differentiation for the classification and follow-up therapy of leukaemias and lymphomas; identifying tumour antigens and auto-antibodies; identifying the specific cells involved in the immune response; identifying and quantifying hormones. For example, monoclonal antibodies (MABs or MOABs) work on cancer cells in the same way natural antibodies work, by identifying and binding to the target cells. They then alert other cells in the immune system to the presence of the cancer cells. MABs are specific for a particular antigen-one designed for a B-cell lymphoma will not work on cells for ovarian cancer cells for example.

Radiolabeled Monoclonal Antibodies for Imaging and Therapy

Radiolabeled Monoclonal Antibodies for Imaging and Therapy
Author : Suresh C. Srivastava
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-03-14
Category : Medical
Total pages :876
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The advent of hybridoma technology leading to the successful produc tion of monoclonal antibodies against a variety of tumor-associated antigens has, during the last decade, provided a very powerful tool for research and clinical investigations. These highly specific reagents have essentially replaced the polysera of the earlier days. The successful demonstration of the many wide ranging capabilities of the monoclonal antibody technique has already begun to exert an enormous impact on diverse areas of research in basic science and medicine. In particular, the potential of monoclonal antibodies to serve as carriers for selective targeting of radionuclides to tumors for diagnosis or therapy, has stimulated an intense surge of research interest and even revived hopes of realizing Ehrlich's concept of the "magic bullet". Indeed, the technology appears to be on the threshold of a revolution in diagnosing and treating malignant disease. Much work remains to be done, however, and even though the progress has been impressive, results to date have shown only moderate success. There is no question that the limited success we have achieved thus far is merely a prelude to the many more exciting developments yet to come.

Monoclonal Antibodies

Monoclonal Antibodies
Author : Steven Shire
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2015-04-24
Category : Medical
Total pages :224
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Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) are currently the major class of protein bio therapeutic being developed by biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies. Monoclonal Antibodies discusses the challenges and issues revolving around development of a monoclonal antibody produced by recombinant DNA technology into a therapeutic agent.This book covers downstream processing which includes design of processes to manufacture the formulation, formulation design, fill and finish into closure systems and routes of administration. The characterization of the final drug product is covered where the use of biophysical methods combined with genetic engineering is used to understand the solution properties of the formulation. The latter has become very important since many indications such as arthritis and asthma require the development of formulations for subcutaneous delivery (SC). The development of formulations for IV delivery is also important and comes with a different set of challenges. The challenges and strategies that can overcome these limitations are discussed in this book, starting with an introduction to these issues, followed by chapters detailing strategies to deal with them. Subsequent chapters explore the processing and storage of mAbs, development of delivery device technologies and conclude with a chapter on the future of mAbs in therapeutic remedies. Discusses the challenges to develop MAbs for intravenous (IV) and subcutaneous delivery (SC) Presents strategies to meet the challenges in development of MAbs for SC and IV administration Discusses the use of biophysical analytical tools coupled with MAb engineering to understand what governs MAb properties at high concentration

Monoclonal Antibodies

Monoclonal Antibodies
Author : Roger H. Kennett
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Medical
Total pages :424
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On August 7, 1975, Kohler and Milstein published in Nature (256:495) a report describing "Continuous cultures of fused cells secreting antibody of predefined specificity. " Their report has become a classic and has already had a profound effect on basic and applied research in biology and medicine. By the time the first Workshop on Lymphocyte Hybridomas (Current Topics in Microbiology and Im munology 81, 1978) was held on April 3-5, 1978, in Bethesda, Maryland, investi gators from many laboratories had made hybrids between plasmacytomas and spleen cells from immunized animals and had obtained monoclonal antibodies reacting with a broad variety of antigenic determinants. At the time Kohler and Milstein introduced this new technology, the editors of this volume were involved in the production of antisera against differentiation antigens (K. B. B. ), histocompatibility antigens (T. ]. McK. ), and human tumor associated antigens (R. H. K. ). Because of the potential usefulness of monoclonal antibodies in these areas, we each began production of hybridomas and analysis of the resulting monoclonal reagents. One of the most interesting aspects of participation in the early stages of the development and application of hybrid oma technology has been observing how the implications of the initial observa tions gradually spread first among the practitioners of immunology and immu nogenetics, and then to other areas of the biological sciences, such as developmental biology, biochemistry, human genetics, and cell and tumor biology.

Monoclonal Antibodies

Monoclonal Antibodies
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1989
Category : Monoclonal antibodies
Total pages :2
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Applications And Engineering Of Monoclonal Antibodies

Applications And Engineering Of Monoclonal Antibodies
Author : David J. King
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1998-11-27
Category : Medical
Total pages :249
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A valuable resource for researchers and workers in the fields of both pharmaceuticals and biotechnology as well as undergraduates in biochemistry, applied biology, biomedical sciences and pharmacy, this book compares established techniques of antibody production with the new. Antibody structure and the implications of antibody engineering are fully discussed, and a case study approach illustrates how antibodies are finding increasing use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease. The volume ends with commercial expression, purification and large-scale manufacture of antibodies and their future potential, particularly as therapeutic agents.

Monoclonal Antibodies

Monoclonal Antibodies
Author : James W. Goding
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 1996-02-26
Category : Medical
Total pages :492
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Monoclonal Antibodies now have applications in virtually all areas of biology and medicine, and much of the world's biotechnology industry has its foundations in the exploitation of this technology. The Third Edition of this well established book meets the needs of both newcomers to the area and experienced researchers, by providing an integrated treatment of both the production and application of monoclonal antibodies. As in previous editions, detailed and critical accounts of the theory, production, purification, fragmentation, storage and radiolabelling of monoclonal antibodies are given, along with descriptions of their use in antigen characterization, affinity chromatography and immunofluorescence. The present volume has been comprehensively updated to cover recent rapid advances, particularly with respect to the applications of molecular biology, the use of antibodies in closing and heterologous expression of genes, immunohistology and phage display libraries. Since the previous edition, there has been a growing trend towards the replacement of procedures using radioactive isotopes, and the current edition incorporates these newer technologies. The text is oriented towards problems solving, and makes it easy to adapt each procedure to individual needs. Extensive cross-referencing, a glossary and a comprehensive index make this book an essential reference. This book will be vital both for laboratories already producing or using monoclonal antibodies, and for workers in many disciplines who are contemplating their use. Provides an integrated treatment of both the production and application of monoclonals in cell biology, biochemistry, and immunology Gives detailed and critical accounts of the theory, production, purification, storage, and relabelling of monoclonals, and their use in antigen characterization, affinity chromorography, and immunofluroscence Comprehensively updated to cover the rapid advances that have occurred since the publication of the Second Edition

Monoclonal Antibodies and Cancer Therapy

Monoclonal Antibodies and Cancer Therapy
Author : Ralph A. Reisfeld,Stewart Sell
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1985
Category : Antibodies, Monoclonal
Total pages :609
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Monoclonal Antibody Technology: The Production and Characterization of Rodent and Human Hybridomas

Monoclonal Antibody Technology: The Production and Characterization of Rodent and Human Hybridomas
Author : A.M. Campbell
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2000-04-01
Category : Medical
Total pages :264
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This volume contains detailed, comprehensive advice on rat, mouse and human hybridoma production. It begins with a general introduction, then describes the practical applications of the technology with photographs and protocols for everything from animal dissection to epitope analysis of antigens.

Monoclonal Antibodies

Monoclonal Antibodies
Author : Heddy Zola
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2013-11-20
Category : Medical
Total pages :232
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This book describes, in detail, tested techniques for the produc-tion and use of monoclonal antibodies. It covers those aspects of interest to all scientists working with monoclonal antibodies and presents methods in a step-by-step format for easy refer-ence. The text serves as a laboratory manual; and discusses rationale behind each method, and th

Monoclonal Antibodies

Monoclonal Antibodies
Author : Mary A. Ritter,Heather M. Ladyman
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 1995-01-26
Category : Medical
Total pages :480
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This book aims to provide a unique combination of the production (by both cellular and molecular biology techniques), structure and functional characteristics of monoclonal antibodies, together with detailed discussions of the various analytic, diagnostic and therapeutic applications.