November 30, 2020

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Mucosal Health in Aquaculture

Mucosal Health in Aquaculture
Author : Benjamin H. Beck,Eric Peatman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-02-17
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :408
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Mucosal Health in Aquaculture is an essential reference on mucosal health for the diverse aquaculture community. Rich in explanatory figures and schematics, the book includes important concepts such as structural and cellular composition of mucosal surfaces in fish and shellfish, known functional roles of molecular and cellular actors during pathogen invasion, impacts of nutrition on the mucosal barriers, impacts of chemical treatments on mucosal surfaces, mucosal vaccines and vaccination strategies, and more. The health of cultured aquaculture species is critical in establishing the sustainable growth of the aquaculture industry worldwide, and mucosal health is of particular interest to those working in aquaculture because mucosal surfaces (skin, gill, intestine, reproductive tissues) constitute the first line of defense against pathogen invasion. Mucosal Health in Aquaculture captures the latest research on mucosal barriers in aquaculture species and their impacts on nutrition and immunity to ensure sustainable aquaculture development. Includes research case studies to exhibit the importance of various integrated approaches to mucosal health Examines the latest scientific methods and technologies to maximize efficiencies for healthy fish production for farming Brings together the latest knowledge and research on mucosal barriers and mechanisms from world-wide experts in mucosal health Utilizes detailed diagrams and figures to enhance comprehension

Probiotics and Prebiotics in Animal Health and Food Safety

Probiotics and Prebiotics in Animal Health and Food Safety
Author : Diana Di Gioia,Bruno Biavati
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-02-27
Category : Medical
Total pages :273
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This book discusses the role of probiotics and prebiotics in maintaining the health status of a broad range of animal groups used for food production. It also highlights the use of beneficial microorganisms as protective agents in animal derived foods. The book provides essential information on the characterization and definition of probiotics on the basis of recently released guidelines and reflecting the latest trends in bacterial taxonomy. Last but not least, it discusses the concept of “dead” probiotics and their benefits to animal health in detail. The book will benefit all professors, students, researchers and practitioners in academia and industry whose work involves biotechnology, veterinary sciences or food production.

Insect Molecular Genetics

Insect Molecular Genetics
Author : Marjorie A. Hoy
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2013-04-09
Category : Science
Total pages :838
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Insect Molecular Genetics, Third Edition, summarizes and synthesizes two rather disparate disciplines—entomology and molecular genetics. This volume provides an introduction to the techniques and literature of molecular genetics; defines terminology; and reviews concepts, principles, and applications of these powerful tools. The world of insect molecular genetics, once dominated by Drosophila, has become much more diverse, especially with the sequencing of multiple arthropod genomes (from spider mites to mosquitoes). This introduction includes discussion of honey bees, mosquitoes, flour beetles, silk moths, fruit flies, aphids, house flies, kissing bugs, cicadas, butterflies, tsetse flies and armyworms. This book serves as both a foundational text and a review of a rapidly growing literature. With fully revised and updated chapters, the third edition will be a valuable addition to the personal libraries of entomologists, geneticists, and molecular biologists. Up-to-date references to important review articles, websites, and seminal citations in the disciplines Well crafted and instructive illustrations integral to explaining the techniques of molecular genetics Glossary of terms to help beginners learn the vocabulary of molecular biology

Ongoing Research in Jawed Fish Immunity: Structural and Functional Studies at the Protein and Cellular Levels

Ongoing Research in Jawed Fish Immunity: Structural and Functional Studies at the Protein and Cellular Levels
Author : Monica Imarai,Brian Dixon
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2020-06-04
Category :
Total pages :129
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Knowledge of jawed fish immune systems obtained in the last 15 years has been mostly obtained through the sequencing of genomes of different fish species and from the use of high-throughput techniques such as transcriptomic analysis and RNA sequencing, which has allowed characterization of immune gene responses at the transcriptomic level. Although these have been important tools for exploring the complexities of the immune responses of fish species, the next generation of knowledge requires the use of new tools and methods capable of unveiling the diversity of immune cells and molecules in jawed fish, the network of interactions and responses, and the mechanisms leading to immune protection against pathogens. For more than 10 years, many laboratories have been engaged in developing antibodies against key molecules of jawed fish immune systems in several different species because the lack of sequence conservation of most immune genes makes it impossible to use the large panel of antibodies against mammalian molecules for recognition of fish molecules. The numerous genes encoding cytokines and receptors have now been used to make recombinant proteins available, allowing studies of the complex network of cytokine and receptor functions central to fish immune responses. From many laboratories, new and interesting knowledge about immune cells, their functions and interactions can be studied with the availability of new tools and methods have begun to provide a clear understanding fish immunity at the protein and cellular levels. This Research Topic gives a comprehensive overview of the current knowledge of jawed fish immune responses with a particular emphasis on structural and functional studies at the protein and cellular levels.

Aquaculture Nutrition

Aquaculture Nutrition
Author : Daniel L. Merrifield,Einar Ringo
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-08-13
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :488
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Manipulation of the microbial gut content of farmed fishes andcrustaceans can have a marked effect on their general health,growth, and quality. Expertly covering the science behind the useof prebiotics and probiotics this landmark book explains how thecorrect manipulation of the gut flora of farmed fishes andcrustaceans can have a positive effect on their health, growthrates, feed utilization, and general wellbeing. Aquaculture Nutrition: Gut Health, Probioticsand Prebiotics provides a comprehensive overview of the currentknowledge of the gut microbiomes of fish and their importance withrespect to host-fish health and performance, providing in-depth, cutting-edge fundamental and applied information. Written by many of the world’s leading authorities andedited by Dr Daniel Merrifield and Professor Einar Ringø, thisimportant book discusses in detail the common mechanisms formodulating microbiomes, particularly at the gut level (e.g.probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics). The book is a key resourcefor an understanding of the historical development of theseproducts, their known mechanisms of action and their degree ofefficacy as presently demonstrated in the literature. The fundamental material provided on the gut microbiota itself,and more broad aspects of microbe-live feed interactions, provideessential reading for researchers, academics and students in theareas of aquaculture nutrition, fish veterinary science,microbiology, aquaculture, fish biology and fisheries. Thoseinvolved in the development and formulation of aquaculture feedsand those with broader roles within the aquaculture industry willfind a huge wealth of commercially-important information within thebook’s covers. All libraries in universities and researchestablishments where biological sciences, nutrition and aquacultureare studied and taught, should have copies of this excellent bookon their shelves.

Aquatic Animal Nutrition

Aquatic Animal Nutrition
Author : Christian E. W. Steinberg
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-09-26
Category : Science
Total pages :474
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This book is a unique cross fertilization of aquatic ecology and aquaculture. It shows how diets structure the digestive tract and its microbiota and, in turn, the microbiota influences life history traits of its host, including behavior. Short-term starvation can have beneficial effects on individuals themselves and succeeding generations which may acquire multiple stress resistances – a mechanism strengthening the persistence of populations. From terrestrial, but not yet from aquatic animals, it is understood that circadian the rhythmicity makes toxins or good food. On the long-term, the dietary basis impacts succeeding generations and can trigger a sympatric speciation by (epi)-genetics. This volume defines gaps in nutritional research and practice of farmed fishes and invertebrates by referring to knowledge from marine and freshwater biology. It also points out that dietary benefits and deficiencies have effects on several succeeding generations, indicating that well designed diets may have the potential to successfully improve broodstock and breeding effort.

Natural Remedies in the Fight Against Parasites

Natural Remedies in the Fight Against Parasites
Author : Hanem Khater,M. Govindarajan,Giovanni Benelli
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-07-12
Category : Medical
Total pages :248
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This book emphasizes past and current research efforts about principles of natural control of major parasites affecting humans, animals, and crops. Each chapter is a complete and integrated subject that presents a problem and confers on the safe alternatives to chemicals. This book discusses and updates information about three major topics of natural remedies. The first topic is represented in a chapter outlining important information on biological control of parasites, the second topic is represented in three chapters dealing with botanicals as promising antiparasitic agents, and the last four chapters deal with miscellaneous control strategies against parasites. This easily readable book is designed precisely for students as well as professors linked with the field of parasitic control. We enhanced words with breathing areas in the form of graphical abstracts, figures, photographs, and tables.

Diagnosis and Control of Diseases of Fish and Shellfish

Diagnosis and Control of Diseases of Fish and Shellfish
Author : Brian Austin,Aweeda Newaj-Fyzul
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2017-03-20
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :320
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There has been a continual expansion in aquaculture, such that total production is fast approaching that of wild-caught fisheries. Yet the expansion is marred by continued problems of disease. New pathogens emerge, and others become associated with new conditions. Some of these pathogens become well established, and develop into major killers of aquatic species. Diagnosis and Control of Diseases of Fish and Shellfish focuses on the diagnosis and control of diseases of fish and shellfish, notably those affecting aquaculture. Divided into 12 chapters, the book discusses the range of bacterial, viral and parasitic pathogens, their trends, emerging problems, and the relative significance to aquaculture. Developments in diagnostics and disease management, including the widespread use of serological and molecular methods, are presented. Application/dose and mode of action of prebiotics, probiotics and medicinal plant products used to control disease are examined, as well as the management and hygiene precautions that can be taken to prevent/control the spread of disease. This book will be a valuable resource for researchers, students, diagnosticians, veterinarians, fish pathologists and microbiologists concerned with the management of diseases of fish and shellfish.

Microbial Communities in Aquaculture Ecosystems

Microbial Communities in Aquaculture Ecosystems
Author : Nicolas Derome
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-06-07
Category : Science
Total pages :163
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This book sheds light on the major functions of microbial communities in aquaculture ecosystems, showing that by recycling nutrients, degrading organic matter and preventing disease outbreaks, a variety of microbes are truly beneficial to a wide range of aquaculture industries. It discusses how deteriorating environmental quality enables some microbial strains to trigger disease, describes the development of highly sustainable tools to improve water quality, and identifies crucial factors that endanger microbial homeostasis in aquaculture ecosystems. The book also covers post-antibiotic approaches for preventing and treating opportunistic microbial infections based on harnessing environmental and fish-associated microbial communities. Furthermore, it explores how manipulating and engineering these complex microbial communities using bio-agents such as probiotics, phages, natural nutritional additives, or with fine-tuned biofilters will open the door for new ways to develop a more sustainable and cost-effective aquaculture industry. Including an accessible presentation of modern high-throughput sequencing technology to identify host-microbial interactions in aquaculture ecosystems, this book is a valuable resource for scientists, aquaculture and fishery experts, sustainability enthusiasts and scholars in the areas of biology and marine agriculture.

Mucosal Immunology

Mucosal Immunology
Author : Jiri Mestecky,Michael E. Lamm,Pearay L. Ogra,Warren Strober,John Bienenstock,Jerry R. McGhee,Lloyd Mayer
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2005-02-02
Category : Medical
Total pages :2064
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Mucosal immunology is so important since most infectious agents enter the body through the various mucous membranes, and many common infections take place in or on mucous membranes. Mucosal Immunology, now in its third edition, is the only comprehensive reference covering the basic science and clinical manifestations of mucosal immunology. This book contains new research data, exceptional illustrations, original theory, a new perspective and excellent organization. * The most comprehensive text on mucosal immunology from internationally recognized experts in the field * Includes exceptional color illustrations, new research data, original theory and information on all mucosal diseases * Contains nine new chapters and an expanded appendix

Fish Vaccination

Fish Vaccination
Author : Roar Gudding,Atle Lillehaug,Oystein Evensen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-05-05
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :404
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Fish farming, in seawater and in freshwater, in cages, tanks or ponds, makes an ever-increasing and significant contribution to the production of aquatic food in many regions of the world. During the last few decades there has been significant progress and expansion in the aquaculture sector, characterized by intensified production and the exploitation of many new species. Aquaculture must be a sustainable bio-production, environmentally as well as economically. Disease prevention in order to reduce losses, and the use of antimicrobials is crucial in this perspective. Vaccination has, in a few years, become the most important method for disease prevention in aquaculture, and effective prophylaxis based on stimulation of the immune system of the fish is essential for further development of the industry. This book provides general information about disease prevention in fish by vaccination, as well as specific descriptions of the correct use of vaccines against the most important bacterial and viral infectious diseases of aquatic animals. The book is written by some of the world’s leading experts in the subject, drawn from many countries where aquaculture is a significant and expanding part of the economy. Fish Vaccination is an encyclopedia of fish vaccinology for every present and future aquaculturist. Professionals in the aquaculture sector, including fish veterinarians and fish biologists, within the industry, in scientific institutions and regulatory authorities will all find a huge wealth of commercially important knowledge within this book. Libraries in all universities where aquaculture, biological and veterinary sciences are studied and taught should have copies of this important book on their shelves.

Microplastics in fisheries and aquaculture:

Microplastics in fisheries and aquaculture:
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release Date : 2018-11-09
Category : Nature
Total pages :147
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An overview of the occurrence and effects of microplastics on aquatic organisms, with recommendations regarding seafood safety and security, environmental risk assessment approaches and targeted monitoring of microplastics in the environment.

Success Factors for Fish Larval Production

Success Factors for Fish Larval Production
Author : Luis Conceicao
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2018-03-26
Category : Nature
Total pages :512
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A comprehensive and authoritative synthesis on the successful production of fish larvae Success Factors for Fish Larval Production is a vital resource that includes the most current understanding of larval biology, in the context of larval production. The text covers topics such as how external (environmental and nutritional) and internal (molecular/ developmental/ physiological/ behavioral/ genetic) factors interact in defining the phenotype and quality of fish larvae and juveniles. The expert contributors review broodstock genetics and husbandry, water quality, larval nutrition and feeding, growth physiology, health, metamorphosis, underlying molecular mechanisms, including epigenetics, for development, larval behavior and environmental conditions. Compiled by members of a European Union-funded consortium of top researchers, Success Factors for Fish Larval Production provides a wide-range of authoritative information for the aquaculture industry and academia. In addition to a wealth of information, the authors review research and commercially applicable larval quality indicators and predictors. The successful production of good-quality fish larvae is of vital importance for fish farming and stock enhancement of wild fisheries: Includes contributions from a consortium of noted researchers and experts in the field Deals with on how to improve egg quality and larval production via broodstock management and nutrition Suggests ways to control the phenotype of juveniles and table-size fish via manipulations of the conditions of larval rearing (e.g., epigenetics) Includes ideas for optimizing diet composition, formulation, and technology Integrates knowledge and practical experience in order to help advancing excellence in aquaculture Success Factors for Fish Larval Production offers fish biologists, developmental biologists, physiologists and zoologists the most current and reliable information on the topic. All those working in fish aquaculture facilities and hatcheries in particular will find great interest to their commercial operations within this book.

Fish Physiology: The Multifunctional Gut of Fish

Fish Physiology: The Multifunctional Gut of Fish
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2010-10-21
Category : Science
Total pages :460
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The Multifunctional Gut of Fish provides a comprehensive synthesis and an integrative overview of the range of gut functions and their implications for organismal physiology. The highly diversified anatomy and functions of the gut, including nutrient uptake, immune barrier function, salt and water homeostasis and respiration, as well as neuroendocrine actions and control are covered in detail by leading authors. In addition, this volume explores the pronounced implications of gut function for whole animal integrative physiology and compensatory demands for non-gastrointestinal organs. As the first comprehensive reference to discuss the diverse morphological and functional adaptations of the gut, this volume provides an excellent resource for comparative physiologists, aquaculturists and biomedical researchers employing fish as model organisms for mammalian physiology. Includes chapters dedicated to anatomical and functional features of the gastro-intestinal tract of fish as well as integrative aspects of gut organ function Includes in depth coverage of recently recognized implications of feeding on salt homeostasis and acid-base balance Provides syntheses of implications of gut function for homeostasis Essential text for those interested in the wide diversity of functions performed by the gut

Sex Control in Aquaculture

Sex Control in Aquaculture
Author : Hanping Wang,Francesc Piferrer,Songlin Chen,Zhi-Gang Shen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2018-11-08
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :888
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A comprehensive resource that covers all the aspects of sex control in aquaculture written by internationally-acclaimed scientists Comprehensive in scope, Sex Control in Aquaculture first explains the concepts and rationale for sex control in aquaculture, which serves different purposes. The most important are: to produce monosex stocks to rear only the fastest-growing sex in some species, to prevent precocious or uncontrolled reproduction in other species and to aid in broodstock management. The application of sex ratio manipulation for population control and invasive species management is also included. Next, this book provides detailed and updated information on the underlying genetic, epigenetic, endocrine and environmental mechanisms responsible for the establishment of the sexes, and explains chromosome set manipulation techniques, hybridization and the latest gene knockout approaches. Furthermore, the book offers detailed protocols and key summarizing information on how sex control is practiced worldwide in 35 major aquaculture species or groups, including fish and crustaceans, and puts the focus on its application in the aquaculture industry. With contributions from an international panel of leading scientists, Sex Control in Aquaculture will appeal to a large audience: aquaculture/fisheries professionals and students, scientists or biologists working with basic aspects of fish/shrimp biology, growth and reproductive endocrinology, genetics, molecular biology, evolutionary biology, and R&D managers and administrators. This text explores sex control technologies and monosex production of commercially-farmed fish and crustacean species that are highly in demand for aquaculture, to improve feed utilization efficiency, reduce energy consumption for reproduction and eliminate a series of problems caused by mixed sex rearing. Thus, this book: Contains contributions from an international panel of leading scientists and professionals in the field Provides comprehensive coverage of both established and new technologies to control sex ratios that are becoming more necessary to increase productivity in aquaculture Includes detailed coverage of the most effective sex control techniques used in the world's most important commercially-farmed species Sex Control in Aquaculture is the comprehensive resource for understanding the biological rationale, scientific principles and real-world practices in this exciting and expanding field.