December 4, 2020

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Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace

Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace
Author : National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Institute of Medicine,Board on Human-Systems Integration,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Panel on Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2001-05-24
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :512
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Every year workers' low-back, hand, and arm problems lead to time away from jobs and reduce the nation's economic productivity. The connection of these problems to workplace activities-from carrying boxes to lifting patients to pounding computer keyboards-is the subject of major disagreements among workers, employers, advocacy groups, and researchers. Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace examines the scientific basis for connecting musculoskeletal disorders with the workplace, considering people, job tasks, and work environments. A multidisciplinary panel draws conclusions about the likelihood of causal links and the effectiveness of various intervention strategies. The panel also offers recommendations for what actions can be considered on the basis of current information and for closing information gaps. This book presents the latest information on the prevalence, incidence, and costs of musculoskeletal disorders and identifies factors that influence injury reporting. It reviews the broad scope of evidence: epidemiological studies of physical and psychosocial variables, basic biology, biomechanics, and physical and behavioral responses to stress. Given the magnitude of the problem-approximately 1 million people miss some work each year-and the current trends in workplace practices, this volume will be a must for advocates for workplace health, policy makers, employers, employees, medical professionals, engineers, lawyers, and labor officials.

Musculoskeletal Disorders in the Workplace

Musculoskeletal Disorders in the Workplace
Author : Margareta Nordin,Malcolm Henry Pope,Gunnar Andersson
Publisher : Mosby
Release Date : 2007
Category : Medical
Total pages :428
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Covers both the theoretical background and the clinical managementas well as the biomechanics and ergonomicsof orthopedic injuries occurring in the workplace.

Ergonomics and Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) in the Workplace

Ergonomics and Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) in the Workplace
Author : Richard Graveling
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018
Category : Human engineering
Total pages :198
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Whether you call them work-related upper limb disorders (WRULDs), cumulative trauma disorders (CTDS), or occupational overuse syndromes (OOSs), these conditions are a cause of pain, disability and suffering to workers worldwide. These designations often imply that their causes are related to work, but the supporting evidence can be unclear. Transparency is important, especially when it is necessary to form a connection with work factors to obtain treatment or compensation. This book addresses the dilemma. Written by a professional ergonomist with almost 40 years of experience in workplace ergonomics, this book combines a critical summary and assessment of the epidemiological literature with an exploration of the scientific and medical evidence for possible causal mechanisms to develop well-informed conclusions on causation of a number of common musculoskeletal disorders of the upper limb and intervertebral disc injury. Although much of the book focuses on physical factors, the role of psychosocial factors is increasingly being recognized and an additional chapter reviews a number of the current theories relating to this important issue. Features Focuses on a clear and authoritative account of the evidence for the role of work in the causation of commonly occurring ULDs and disc injury Provides an up-to-date compilation of the scientific evidence, devoid of views based on assumptions or prejudice Presents a clear explanation of the most likely causal mechanisms for common ULDs and disc injuries Includes a summary of theories concerning the role played by psychosocial factors Outlines the statistical evidence in a clear and understandable manner Bridges the gap between the evidence-base in the scientific and medical research literature and the practitioner

Anatomy, Posture, Prevalence, Pain, Treatment and Interventions of Musculoskeletal Disorders

Anatomy, Posture, Prevalence, Pain, Treatment and Interventions of Musculoskeletal Disorders
Author : Orhan Korhan
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2019-04-23
Category : Science
Total pages :128
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Musculoskeletal disorders are defined as disorders that affect a part of the body's musculoskeletal system, which includes bones, nerves, tendons, ligaments, joints, cartilage, blood vessels, and spinal disks. These are the injuries that result from repeated motions, vibrations, and forces placed on human bodies while performing various job actions. They are extremely common and costly problems for people and companies. Thus, this book is designed to include a wide array of extensive and comprehensive discussions provided on occupational, educational, and medical aspects of ergonomics. Thus, it can be utilized as a guide to identify and analyze the risk factors, reveal the impact of prevention and intervention, and discuss treatment of musculoskeletal disorders.

Handbook of Musculoskeletal Pain and Disability Disorders in the Workplace

Handbook of Musculoskeletal Pain and Disability Disorders in the Workplace
Author : Robert J. Gatchel,Izabela Z. Schultz
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2014-05-08
Category : Psychology
Total pages :509
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This book addresses the complexity of preventing, diagnosing, and treating musculoskeletal pain and disability disorders in the workplace. Divided evenly between common occupational pain disorders, conceptual and methodological issues, and evidence-based intervention methods, this comprehensive reference presents current findings on prevalence, causation, and physical and psychological aspects common to these disorders. Attention is given to working-world concerns, including insurance and compensation issues and AMA guidelines for disability evaluations. Also, specialized chapters offer lenses for understanding and administering the best approaches for treating specific pain disorders, and explore what workplaces can do to accommodate affected employees and prevent injuries from occurring in the first place.

Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders Wmsds

Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders Wmsds
Author : I Kourinkaetal,Mats Hagberg
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1995
Category : Medical
Total pages :421
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Work-related musculoskeletal disorders, or WMSDs, have become a major problem in many industrialized countries. It was previously thought that the number of repetitive jobs would decline in the future, which would have led to a decline in the number of WMSDs: however this has not been the case. Some government agencies expect WMSDs to be one of the major work-related disorders of the late 20th early 21st centuries.; WMSDs have the face of Janus; on one hand they are diseases like any other, having their natural history, diagnostic criteria and therapy. On the other hand, having been designated work-related, they have become the subject of special legislation and compensation. This has an influence on how they are understood and how companies and labour react to them.; This book contains evaluated scientific information that should help prevent WMSDs. It is derived from original research and field experience via a Canadian Government sponsored project on work-related musculoskeletal disorders. The team was headed by Ilkka Kuorinka, past President of the IEA, and consisted of a group of international experts in the field. The expert group's goal was two fold: the first objective was to examine the work-relatedness of WMSDs in the light of existing literature, and the second was to explore and systhesize information, avenues and approaches that could help in the prevention of WMSDs. The content of this book is the result of a collective effort by everyone, experts and scientific editors alike; each chapter has had one or two main authors. Its central themes are identification, evaluation, action, implementation, and change.

Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders

Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders
Author : Steering Committee for the Workshop on Work-Related Musculoskeletal Injuries: The Research Base,Board on Human-Systems Integration,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 1999-03-25
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :199
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Estimated costs associated with lost days and compensation claims related to musculoskeletal disorders-including back pains and repetitive motion injuries-range from $13 billion to $20 billion annually. This is a serious national problem that has spurred considerable debate about the causal links between such disorders and risk factors in the workplace. This book presents a preliminary assessment of what is known about the relationship between musculoskeletal disorders and what may cause them. It includes papers and a workshop summary of findings from orthopedic surgery, public health, occupational medicine, epidemiology, risk analysis, ergonomics, and human factors. Topics covered include the biological responses of tissues to stress, the biomechanics of work stressors, the epidemiology of physical work factors, and the contributions of individual, recreational, and social factors to such disorders. The book also considers the relative success of various workplace interventions for prevention and rehabilitation.

Musculoskeletal Disorders and Workplace Factors

Musculoskeletal Disorders and Workplace Factors
Author : Bruce P. Bernard
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1997
Category : Arm
Total pages :129
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Occupational Ergonomics: Work Related Musculoskeletal Disorders of the Upper Limb and Back

Occupational Ergonomics: Work Related Musculoskeletal Disorders of the Upper Limb and Back
Author : Francesco Violante,Asa Kilbom
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release Date : 2000-12-14
Category : Medical
Total pages :220
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A collection of lectures from renowned international experts from the 1999 International Course for the Advanced Training in Occupational Health. Deals with work-related musculoskeletal disorders.

Biomechanics in Ergonomics

Biomechanics in Ergonomics
Author : Shrawan Kumar
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2007-12-07
Category : Medical
Total pages :744
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Safety or comfort? Can you truly have one without the other? Is it feasible to have both? Although by no means the only factor, a deep understanding of biomechanics plays a leading role in the design of work and workplaces that are both pain and injury free. Standing firmly on the foundation built by the previous edition, the second edition of Biom

Cumulative Trauma Disorders in the Workplace

Cumulative Trauma Disorders in the Workplace
Author : DIANE Publishing Company
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release Date : 1996-09-01
Category :
Total pages :208
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Provides a compilation of materials describing research conducted by NIOSH on CTD's in the workplace. The best known occupational CTD is carpal tunnel syndrome, which is caused by compression of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel of the wrist. This bibliography includes complete or partial copies of NIOSH and non-NIOSH references on CTD. Also contains a comprehensive bibliography of NIOSH documents on CTD as well as a brief listing of non-NIOSH references (journal articles, book chapters, testimony, grant and contract reports, and more).

Ergonomics and the Management of Musculoskeletal Disorders

Ergonomics and the Management of Musculoskeletal Disorders
Author : Martha J. Sanders
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann Medical
Release Date : 2004
Category : Medical
Total pages :556
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This comprehensive resource provides a strong medical, ergonomic, and industrial foundation for understanding and managing musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in business and industry. Addressing multiple perspectives - including the individual worker, insurance companies, regulatory agencies, industry, and the medical community, this practical text provides an integrated approach to understanding and management of these conditions. Well-referenced and highly organized, it follows a logical progression that moves from presenting a broad background on the historical and present day phenomena of MSDs, to explanation of the multiple risk factors involved with MSDs, including physiologic, biomechanical, and psychosocial factors. A strong physiologic, biomechanical, and psychological basis for understanding work-related MSDs is provided. A thorough review of medical conditions associated with work-related MSDs is included because they directly affect analysis, assessment, and treatment of MSDs. Actual work-related MSD programs for high-risk industries and populations are presented. A sophisticated outcome assessment model for work-related MSDs provides a practical approach for therapists to use when assessing patients. Content is well organized, beginning with a discussion of the various professional perspectives of those involved with treating work-related MSDs, then addressing the medical diagnosis and treatment, the ergonomic analysis and intervention, and cost-benefit analyses. Extensive referencing throughout provides an evidence-based approach for analysis and treatment of work-related MSDs. A comprehensive discussion is included on the risk factors that contribute to work-related MSDs. A panel of highly recognizable contributors provides expertise so readers can get first hand knowledge from the pros. Content covers home and leisure as well as work-related MSDs to help readers understand how to treat special situations, such as geriatrics, children, and the home. The structure of the book is set up in a logical and easy-to-read manner that offers a client-centered approach as well as a systems perspective on the management of MSDs using a variety of modalities. Each chapter has been completely updated with extensive references to the history of work, latest research on biomechanical and psychosocial risk factors for MSDs, latest ergonomic assessment tools (including EMGs), treatment of MSDs, and regulatory information. Several groundbreaking chapters have been added - The Expanded Definition of Ergonomics, Joint-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders, Ergonomics of Caring for Children, Ergonomics in the Home, and Management of the Older Worker.

Beyond Biomechanics

Beyond Biomechanics
Author : Steve Sauter,S D Moon
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2005-08-12
Category : Medical
Total pages :336
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There is now widespread recognition that psychosocial factors play a key role in the aetiology, perpetuation, management and prevention of cumulative trauma disorders CTDs. This text addresses the strength, direction and importance of links between psychosocial factors and CTDs.; The book's contributors examine critically current research data, identify potential link mechanisms, and recommend measures for control and prevention. Topics covered include socio-organizational psychology, medical anthropology, occupational medicine, rehabilitation, orthopaedics, job stress and ergonomic interventions. The book aims to demystify the concept of the "psychosocial", so as to promote and assure effective prevention in the workplace.

Occupational Health

Occupational Health
Author : Orhan Korhan
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-02-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :260
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Occupational Health deals with all aspects of health and safety in the workplace and has a strong focus on primary prevention of hazards. A wide array of workplace hazards presents risks to the health and safety of people at work, which include physical factors, adverse ergonomic conditions, chemicals, biological agents, allergens, and a complex network of safety risks. This book covers topics from health and safety management, occupational medicine, work-related musculoskeletal disorders, and occupational protection. Thus, it can be utilized as a guide to identify and analyze hazards, assess risk, apply risk reduction strategies, and manage process safety for various occupations.

Advances in Physical Ergonomics and Safety

Advances in Physical Ergonomics and Safety
Author : Tareq Z. Ahram,Waldemar Karwowski
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2012-07-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :604
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Based on recent research, this book discusses physical ergonomics, which is concerned with human anatomical, anthropometric, physiological and biomechanical characteristics as they relate to physical activity. Topics include working postures, materials handling, repetitive movements, work-related musculoskeletal disorders, workplace layout, safety, and health.