November 23, 2020

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Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis
Author : Sally E. Smith,David J. Read
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2010-07-26
Category : Science
Total pages :800
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The roots of most plants are colonized by symbiotic fungi to form mycorrhiza, which play a critical role in the capture of nutrients from the soil and therefore in plant nutrition. Mycorrhizal Symbiosis is recognized as the definitive work in this area. Since the last edition was published there have been major advances in the field, particularly in the area of molecular biology, and the new edition has been fully revised and updated to incorporate these exciting new developments. Over 50% new material Includes expanded color plate section Covers all aspects of mycorrhiza Presents new taxonomy Discusses the impact of proteomics and genomics on research in this area

Biogeography of Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Biogeography of Mycorrhizal Symbiosis
Author : Leho Tedersoo
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-06-01
Category : Science
Total pages :566
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This book offers a timely overview and synthesis of biogeographic patterns of plants and fungi and their mycorrhizal associations across geographic scales. Written by leading experts in the field, it provides an updated definition of mycorrhizal types and establishes the best practices of modern biogeographic analyses. Individual chapters address the basic processes and mechanisms driving community ecology, population biology and dispersal in mycorrhizal fungi, which differ greatly from these of prokaryotes, plants and animals. Other chapters review the state-of-the-art knowledge about the distribution, ecology and biogeography of all mycorrhizal types and the most important fungal groups involved in mycorrhizal symbiosis. The book argues that molecular methods have revolutionized our understanding of the ecology and biogeography of mycorrhizal symbiosis and that rapidly evolving high-throughput identification and genomics tools will provide unprecedented information about the structure and functioning of mycorrhizal symbiosis on a global scale. This volume appeals to scientists in the fields of plant and fungal ecology and biogeography.

Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis
Author : Francis Martin
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2016-10-26
Category : Science
Total pages :528
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Recent years have seen extensive research in the molecular underpinnings of symbiotic plant-fungal interactions. Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis is a timely collection of work that will bridge the gap between molecular biology, fungal genomics, and ecology. A more profound understanding of mycorrhizal symbiosis will have broad-ranging impacts on the fields of plant biology, mycology, crop science, and ecology. Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis will open with introductory chapters on the biology, structure and phylogeny of the major types of mycorrhizal symbioses. Chapters then review different molecular mechanisms driving the development and functioning of mycorrhizal systems and molecular analysis of mycorrhizal populations and communities. The book closes with chapters that provide an overall synthesis of field and provide perspectives for future research. Authoritative and timely, Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis, will be an essential reference from those working in plant and fungal biology.

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis
Author : Sally E. Smith,David J. Read
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 1996-10-25
Category : Science
Total pages :605
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In nature, the roots of most plants are colonized by symbiotic fungi to form mycorrhiza, which play a critical role in the capture of nutrients from the soil, and therefore in plant nutrition. Thirteen years have passed since the publication of the First Edition of Mycorrhizal Symbiosis, the book that has been generally acclaimed as the most definitive work on this fascinating topic. The Second Edition co-authored by Professor Sally Smith and Professor David Read has been completely rewritten to cover the significant advances in our understanding of this field. Key Features * Separate accounts of major mycorrhizal types, highlighting structure, development, physiology and ecology * Integrative treatment, covering nutrient transport, roles of mycorrhizas in ecology, applications in man-made environments, and interactions with pollutants * In depth treatment of evolutionary and developmental aspects, plus closer examination of external mycelium, and transport processes * Appreciation of diversity of form and function within major mycorrhizal types, and its importance in ecosystems

Mycorrhizal Mediation of Soil

Mycorrhizal Mediation of Soil
Author : Nancy Collins Johnson,Catherine Gehring,Jan Jansa
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2016-11-03
Category : Science
Total pages :526
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Mycorrhizal Mediation of Soil: Fertility, Structure, and Carbon Storage offers a better understanding of mycorrhizal mediation that will help inform earth system models and subsequently improve the accuracy of global carbon model predictions. Mycorrhizas transport tremendous quantities of plant-derived carbon below ground and are increasingly recognized for their importance in the creation, structure, and function of soils. Different global carbon models vary widely in their predictions of the dynamics of the terrestrial carbon pool, ranging from a large sink to a large source. This edited book presents a unique synthesis of the influence of environmental change on mycorrhizas across a wide range of ecosystems, as well as a clear examination of new discoveries and challenges for the future, to inform land management practices that preserve or increase below ground carbon storage. Synthesizes the abundance of research on the influence of environmental change on mycorrhizas across a wide range of ecosystems from a variety of leading international researchers Focuses on the specific role of mycorrhizal fungi in soil processes, with an emphasis on soil development and carbon storage, including coverage of cutting-edge methods and perspectives Includes a chapter in each section on future avenues for further study

Mycorrhizal Ecology

Mycorrhizal Ecology
Author : Marcel G.A. van der Heijden,Ian R. Sanders
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-03-14
Category : Science
Total pages :471
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This multi-authored book gives an overview of recent advances and breakthroughs in the field of mycorrhizal ecology. The text elucidates mechanisms that determine plant biodiversity - a prerequisite to ensuring successful management for the conservation and restoration of ecosystems. Topics covered include: all the major mycorrhizal types, plant population biology, multitrophic interactions, biological diversity, ecosystem functioning, global change and evolution. This volume shows that collaboration in the rhizosphere is essential for plants, microbes, plant communities and ecosystems. It has been written with ecologists in mind, giving them easy access to an understanding of how these important interactions could shape our ecosystems.

Mycorrhiza in Tropical and Neotropical Ecosystems

Mycorrhiza in Tropical and Neotropical Ecosystems
Author : Mohamed Hijri,Amadou Bâ
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2018-10-19
Category :
Total pages :139
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Mycorrhizal symbiosis is a mutualistic association of plant roots and fungi that plays a major role in ecosystem function and diversification, as well as its stability and productivity. It also plays a key role in the biology and ecology of forest trees, affecting growth, water and nutrient absorption and protection against soil-borne pathogens. However, the mycorrhizal research in tropical and neotropical ecosystems remains largely unexplored despite its importance in tropical and neotropical ecosystems. These ecosystems represent more than 0.6% of the total land ecosystems and they have a crucial role in the Earth’s biogeochemical cycling and climate. Threats to tropical forest biodiversity should therefore encourage investigations and inventories of mycorrhizal diversity, function and ecology in tropical latitudes because they concern ecologically and economically important plant species. This Research Topic aims to provide an overview of the knowledge of mycorrhizal symbioses in tropical and neotropical ecosystems. For this Research Topic, we welcome articles that address the diversity, ecology and function of mycorrhiza associated with plants, the impacts of mycorrhiza on plant diversity and composition, the regeneration and dynamics of ecosystems, and biomass production in ecosystems.

Mycorrhizal Planet

Mycorrhizal Planet
Author : Michael Phillips
Publisher : Chelsea Green Publishing
Release Date : 2017
Category : Mycorrhizal fungi
Total pages :244
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In Mycorrhizal Planet, Michael Phillips offers new insights into the invisible world beneath our feet, explaining the crucial, symbiotic role that fungi play in everything from healthy plants to healthy soils to a healthy planet.--COVER.

New Visions in Plant Science

New Visions in Plant Science
Author : Özge Çelik
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-09-19
Category : Science
Total pages :170
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Over the past decade, progress in plant science and molecular technologies has grown considerably. This book focuses on plant biotechnology applications specializing in certain aspects of breeding and molecular marker-assisted selection processes, omic strategies, usage of bioinformatic tools, and nanotechnological improvements in agricultural sciences. Most farmers and breeders can no longer simply turn to the older strategies, and new instructions are needed to adapt their systems to achieve their production goals. The book covers new information on using metabolomics and nanotechnology in agriculture. In these circumstances, all new data and technology are very important in plant science. The topics in this book are practical and user-friendly. They allow practitioners, students, and academicians with specific background knowledge to feel confident about the principles presented on a new generation of molecular plant biotechnology applications.

Mycorrhizal Fungi in South America

Mycorrhizal Fungi in South America
Author : Marcela C. Pagano,Mónica A. Lugo
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-06-12
Category : Science
Total pages :374
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This new book shows the work done by researchers dedicated to the study of different mycorrhizas types, the fungal species associated and their distribution influenced by geographical and environmental factors among the different South American biogeographic regions. The exclusive biotic and abiotic characteristics delimit natural ecosystems with uniques biological communities, where mycorrhizologists have investigated plant symbioses in those ecosystems for decades, providing data from Venezuelan Great Savannah, Andes, Puna, Chaco, Caatinga, Monte, Atlantic Forest, Marginal Forest, Cerrado, Patagonia, Yungas, Rainforest, Andean-Patagonian Forests, and Antarctic section. In these environments, different mycorrhizal associations (arbuscular / ericoid / orchidoid / ectomycorrhizal / mycoheterotrophic) are present in herbaceous plants, shrubs, and trees. Mycorrhizal associations were studied from different researching points of view (biodiversity, biological invasions, biotic / abiotic disturbances, altitudinal variations, seasonal changes, land uses). The aim of this Book is to compile research on mycorrhizal fungi and their associations in environments of South America, throughout the synthesis of information from natural and anthropogenic related environments. The book focuses in different bioregions of South America from tropical areas to the southern cone, and it will be useful to those who work on plant-fungal interactions in different vegetation types and in agricultural lands from South America and worldwide.

Impacts of Domestication on the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis of 27 Crop Species

Impacts of Domestication on the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis of 27 Crop Species
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2017
Category :
Total pages :129
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The arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbiosis is key to plant nutrition, and hence is potentially key in sustainable agriculture. Fertilization and other agricultural practices reduce soil AM fungi and root colonization. Such conditions might promote the evolution of low mycorrhizal responsive crops. Therefore, we ask if and how evolution under domestication has altered AM symbioses of crops. We measured the effect of domestication on mycorrhizal responsiveness across 27 crop species and their wild progenitors. Additionally, in a subset of 14 crops, we tested if domestication effects differed under contrasting phosphorus (P) availabilities. The response of AM symbiosis to domestication varied with P availability. On average, wild progenitors benefited from the AM symbiosis irrespective of P availability, while domesticated crops only profited under P‐limited conditions. Magnitudes and directions of response were diverse among the 27 crops, and were unrelated to phylogenetic affinities or to the coordinated evolution with fine root traits. Our results indicate disruptions in the efficiency of the AM symbiosis linked to domestication. Under high fertilization, domestication could have altered the regulation of resource trafficking between AM fungi and associated plant hosts. Provided that crops are commonly raised under high fertilization, this result has important implications for sustainable agriculture.

Mycorrhiza : Role and Applications

Mycorrhiza : Role and Applications
Author : V. S. Mehrotra
Publisher : Allied Publishers
Release Date : 2005
Category : Mycorrhizas
Total pages :359
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In Vitro Culture of Mycorrhizas

In Vitro Culture of Mycorrhizas
Author : Stéphane Declerck,Désiré-Georges Strullu,André Fortin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2006-01-14
Category : Science
Total pages :392
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This is the first book describing in vitro cultivation of root organs. The text describes various biological aspects such as the physiology, biochemistry, biodiversity, and life cycles of fungi, as well as the effects of symbiosis on plant growth and development, including large-scale fungus production for biotechnological use. Detailed protocols allow the immediate application of the method to culture mycorrhizal fungi in vitro.

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis
Author : J. L. Harley,John Laker Harley,S. E. Smith,Stephen Edward Smith
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1983
Category : Science
Total pages :483
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Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza. The symbionts. The development of infection and anatomy of vesicular-arbuscular mucorrhizas. Carbon metabolism and groeth. Mineral nutrition. Ectomycorrhiza. The symbionts. Structure of ectomycorrhiza. Growth physiology of ectomycorrhizal fungi. Growth and carbon metabolism of ectomycorrhizal plants. Physiology of ectomycorrhizas. Nutrient uptake. Ectendomycorrhizas in conifers. Mycorrhiza in Ericales. Ericoid mycorrhizas. Arbutoid and monotropoid mycorrhizas. Orchid mycorrhizas. Essays on mycorrhizal subjects. The causal anatomy of ectomycorrhizas. Translocation in mycorrhizal fungi. Transfer of metabolites between symbionts in mycorrhizal associations. Specifity and recognition in symbiotic systems. Ecological aspects of mycorrhizal symbiosis.

Effects of Elevated Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide on the Arbuscular-mycorrhizal Symbiosis at the Host Plant, Plant Community, and Ecosystem Level

Effects of Elevated Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide on the Arbuscular-mycorrhizal Symbiosis at the Host Plant, Plant Community, and Ecosystem Level
Author : Matthias Christian Rillig
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1997
Category : Mychorrhizal fungi
Total pages :278
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