November 26, 2020

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Nanomaterials for Medical Applications

Nanomaterials for Medical Applications
Author : Zoraida Aguilar
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2012
Category : Medical
Total pages :461
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This title covers recent advances in a variety of biomedical applications of nanostructured materials, as the field evolves from prototype device to real-world application. It presents the main types of nanomaterial used in medical application today: semiconductor nanomaterials, Magnetic nanomaterials, metal nanoparticles, Carbon nanomaterials, Hydrogel nanocomposites, Liposomes, Dendrimers, Polymer nanocomposites, and Biodegradable polymers. Structurally the work is demarcated into the six most popular areas of research: (1) biocompatibility of nanomaterials with living organisms in their various manifestations (2) nanobiosensors for clinical diagnostics, detecting biomolecules which are useful in the clinical diagnosis of genetic, metabolically acquired, induced or infectious disease (3) targeted drug delivery for nanomaterials in their various modifications (4) nanomedical devices and structures which are used in the development of implantable medical devices and structures such as nanorobots (5) nanopharmacology, as novel nanoparticles are increasingly engineered to diagnose conditions and recognize pathogens, identify ideal pharmaceutical agents to treat the condition or pathogens,fuel high-yield production of matched pharmaceuticals (potentially in vivo), locate, attach or enter target tissue, structures or pathogens; and dispense the ideal mass of matched biological compound to the target regions (6) nanotoxicology and remediation, which focuses on finished and on-going various toxicity evaluations on various nanomaterials that are used and currently being developed for medical applications Discusses the most important biomedical applications and devices of nanomaterials: drug delivery, medical imaging, gene therapy, nanorobots, biosensors and diagnostics Focuses on current commercialized techniques and applications, ensuring the work is entirely relevant to a rapidly evolving field Reviews the most recent studies on nanomaterial toxicity, thereby responding to the widescale private, policy and public interest in nanoscience

Nanomaterials for Medical Applications

Nanomaterials for Medical Applications
Author : Zoraida Aguilar
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2012-12-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :544
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This title covers recent advances in a variety of biomedical applications of nanostructured materials, as the field evolves from prototype device to real-world application. It presents the main types of nanomaterial used in medical application today: semiconductor nanomaterials, Magnetic nanomaterials, metal nanoparticles, Carbon nanomaterials, Hydrogel nanocomposites, Liposomes, Dendrimers, Polymer nanocomposites, and Biodegradable polymers. Structurally the work is demarcated into the six most popular areas of research: (1) biocompatibility of nanomaterials with living organisms in their various manifestations (2) nanobiosensors for clinical diagnostics, detecting biomolecules which are useful in the clinical diagnosis of genetic, metabolically acquired, induced or infectious disease (3) targeted drug delivery for nanomaterials in their various modifications (4) nanomedical devices and structures which are used in the development of implantable medical devices and structures such as nanorobots (5) nanopharmacology, as novel nanoparticles are increasingly engineered to diagnose conditions and recognize pathogens, identify ideal pharmaceutical agents to treat the condition or pathogens,fuel high-yield production of matched pharmaceuticals (potentially in vivo), locate, attach or enter target tissue, structures or pathogens; and dispense the ideal mass of matched biological compound to the target regions (6) nanotoxicology and remediation, which focuses on finished and on-going various toxicity evaluations on various nanomaterials that are used and currently being developed for medical applications Discusses the most important biomedical applications and devices of nanomaterials: drug delivery, medical imaging, gene therapy, nanorobots, biosensors and diagnostics Focuses on current commercialized techniques and applications, ensuring the work is entirely relevant to a rapidly evolving field Reviews the most recent studies on nanomaterial toxicity, thereby responding to the widescale private, policy and public interest in nanoscience

Biomedical Applications of Nanoparticles

Biomedical Applications of Nanoparticles
Author : Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2019-02-28
Category : Medical
Total pages :530
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Biomedical Applications of Nanoparticles describes the most interesting and investigated biomedical applications of nanoparticles, emphasizing their therapeutic impact. Progress made in the therapy of severe diseases, such as cancer and difficult infections is strictly correlated to the scientific progress and technological development in the field of materials science. Nanoparticles have numerous therapeutic applications, starting with the design of new drugs, delivery systems, therapeutic materials, and their contribution to the development of preventive strategies. The book highlights the impact of nanoparticles on the therapy of infections, antimicrobial effect and also anti-cancer strategies. Successful examples are given throughout the book, along with analysis in order to improve future outcomes of novel therapies. Highlights the term nanotherapeutics and presents several classifications of nanotherapeutics from different points-of-view Presents the recent progress related to nanotherapeutics in the oral cavity Provides the recent progress in the field of biomedical nanoparticles

Carbon Nanomaterials for Biological and Medical Applications

Carbon Nanomaterials for Biological and Medical Applications
Author : Sekhar Chandra Ray,Nikhil Ranjan Jana
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-03-07
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :250
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Nanomaterials for Biological and Medical Applications explores the different applications of carbon nanomaterials in drug and gene therapies and their use in tissue regeneration, biosensor diagnosis, enantiomer separation of chiral drugs, extraction and analysis of drugs and pollutants, and as antitoxents. The book describes the synthesis processing of carbon nanomaterials, carbon composite nanomaterials, and their different biological and biomedical applications, including the removal of biologically toxic materials, optical biosensor applications, bio-imaging probe, drug delivery, cancer treatments, and other biomedical applications. Explains the major synthesis chemical process of carbon nanomaterials for biological applications Discusses how carbon nanomaterials can be practically used to create more efficient nanodevices in biosensing, medical imaging, and drug delivery Explores how the unique physical properties of carbon nanomaterials allows them to remove biologically toxic materials

Biomedical Applications of Functionalized Nanomaterials

Biomedical Applications of Functionalized Nanomaterials
Author : Bruno Sarmento,Jose Das Neves
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2018-03-01
Category : Science
Total pages :778
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Biomedical Applications of Functionalized Nanomaterials: Concepts, Development and Clinical Translation presents a concise overview of the most promising nanomaterials functionalized with ligands for biomedical applications. The first section focuses on current strategies for identifying biological targets and screening of ligand to optimize anchoring to nanomaterials, providing the foundation for the remaining parts. Section Two covers specific applications of functionalized nanomaterials in therapy and diagnostics, highlighting current practice and addressing major challenges, in particular, case studies of successfully developed and marketed functionalized nanomaterials. The final section focuses on regulatory issues and clinical translation, providing a legal framework for their use in biomedicine. This book is an important reference source for worldwide drug and medical devices policymakers, biomaterials scientists and regulatory bodies. Provides an overview of the methodologies for biological target identification and ligand screening Includes case studies showing the development of functionalized nanomaterials and their biomedical applications Highlights the importance of functionalized nanomaterials for drug delivery, diagnostics and regenerative medicine applications

Biomedical Applications of Graphene and 2D Nanomaterials

Biomedical Applications of Graphene and 2D Nanomaterials
Author : Md Nurunnabi,Jason McCarthy
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-03-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :399
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Biomedical Applications of Graphene and 2D Nanomaterials provides a much-needed reference on the biomedical applications of 2D nanomaterials, as well as theoretical knowledge on their structure, physicochemical properties and biomedical applications. Chapters are dedicated to growth areas, such as size and shape-dependent chemical and physical properties and applications, such as in diagnostic and therapeutic products. The book also discusses the concept, development and preclinical studies of 2D nanomaterials-based biomedical tools, such as biosensors, artificial organs and photomedicine. Case studies and reports form the core of the book, making it an ideal resource on potential applications in biomedical science and engineering. This timely resource for scientists and engineers in this rapidly advancing field features contributions from over 30 leaders who address advanced methods and strategies for controlling the physical-chemical properties of 2D nanomaterials, along with expert opinions on a range of 2D nanomaterials that have therapeutic and diagnostic applications. Presents advanced methods and strategies for controlling the physical-chemical properties of 2D nanomaterials Provides state-of-the-art biomedical applications for 2D nanomaterials, including graphene and boron nitride Includes key information from a broad selection of subject areas for researchers in both materials, engineering and medicine

Nanomaterials in Advanced Medicine

Nanomaterials in Advanced Medicine
Author : Hossein Hosseinkhani
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2019-02-08
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :360
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A comprehensive and multidisciplinary review of the fundamental concepts and medical applications of nanomaterials development technology Nanomedicine offers a range of multi-interdisciplinary approaches and brings together the field of chemistry, pharmaceutical science, biology, and clinical medicines by focusing on design and preparation of biodegradable or non-biodegradable biomaterials for their biological, medical, and pharmaceutical applications. Nanomaterials in Advanced Medicine reviews the concepts and applications of the combination of the technology of biology and engineering that are emerging as an integral aspect of today?s advanced medicine. Nanomedicine provides the technology for imaging, cancer treatment, medical tools, bone treatment, drug delivery, diagnostic tests, drug development, angiogenesis and aims to exploit the improved and often novel physical, chemical, and biological properties of materials at the nanometer scale. Designed to provide a broad survey of the field, Nanomaterials in Advanced Medicine is divided into three main sections: Nanophysics, Nanochemistry, and Nanomedicine. Each chapter describes in detail the most current and valuable methods available and contains numerous references to the primary literature. This important book: -Offers a field guide for biologists and physicians who want to explore the fascinating world of nanotechnology -Contains a comprehensive review of the topic from a noted expert in the field -Includes an introduction to nanotechnology and explores the synthesis, structure and properties of various types of nanobiomaterials -Bridges the gap between various aspects of nanomaterials? development technology and their applications Written for pharmaceutical chemists, biotechnologists, life scientists, materials scientists, polymer chemists, and biochemists, Nanomaterials in Advanced Medicine provides a must-have guide to the fundamental concepts and current applications of nanomaterials in the medical field.

Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications

Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications
Author : Eun Ji Chung,Lorraine Leon,Carlos Rinaldi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-11-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :440
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Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications: Fundamental Concepts, Biological Interactions and Clinical Applications brings into one place information on the design and biomedical applications of different classes of nanoparticles. While aspects are dealt with in individual journal articles, there is not one source that covers this area comprehensively. This book fills this gap in the literature. Outlines an in-depth review of biomedical applications of a variety of nanoparticle classes Discusses the major techniques for designing nanoparticles for use in biomedicine Explores safety and regulatory aspects for the use of nanoparticles in biomedicine

Introduction to Nanomaterials in Medicine

Introduction to Nanomaterials in Medicine
Author : Mohammad Rabiee,Navid Rabiee,Reza Salarian,Ghazal Rabiee
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release Date : 2019-03-21
Category : Science
Total pages :110
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Advancement in the field of nanotechnology has revolutionized the field of medicines and pharmaceuticals in the twentieth century. The proper use of nanomaterials in medical applications requires a proper understanding of these compounds. This correct understanding, beyond the physical and chemical properties, must also have the correct logic of use. In other words, the strategic use of nanomaterials with applicable perspective can also help to advance research, but if we go forward with the current research perspective that leads to the expansion of inapplicable researches, the intrinsic importance of using these nanomaterials is eliminated. This book, considering the importance of nanomaterials and their application in medicine, as well as the significant growth of biomaterials in research fields, introduces the variables law (Rabiee's theory) for the implementation of this research and the establishment of a proper strategy. Considering that the degree of number of biomaterial and host variables follow a variety factors, and by increasing the degree of number of biomaterials and host variables, the degree of total variables also increases and as a result, performance and, consequently, biomaterial behavior in the host environment will have less control and predictive capabilities. For an external substance that is supposed to be in the human body, it must be predictable and controllable, In addition, according to the principle that the host in a fixed person does not have the ability to change, therefore, by using the simpler biomaterials (with less variables), the above goal is more accessible. It should be noted that in addition to observing biocompatibility tests for a biomaterial based on existing protocols and standards, the Applicable Compatibility (AC) parameter is also required in accordance with Rabiee's theory. This book is written in accordance with Rabiee's theory and the contents of this book should be evaluated from this perspective.

Nanomaterials in Biomedical Application and Biosensors (NAP-2019)

Nanomaterials in Biomedical Application and Biosensors (NAP-2019)
Author : Alexander D. Pogrebnjak,Maksym Pogorielov,Roman Viter
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2020-04-20
Category : Science
Total pages :271
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This book covers novel and innovative technologies used in development, modeling, chemical/physical investigation and biomedical (in-vitro and in-vivo) trials of nanomaterials and nanocomposites. Novel methods for nanoparticle development and manufacturing are presented, as well as their safety and promising applications. In addition, the book highlights new frontiers in the use of metal / metal oxide nanoparticles, hierarchical nanostructures and organic coatings as sensors for detecting gases, inorganic and organic materials, including biosensors for bacteria and cancers. Organic nanoparticle composites for medical applications (tissue engineering, tissue replacement, regeneration, etc.), including hydroxyapatite NPs, are also covered, together with related in-vitro and preclinical investigations. In closing, the book shares recent findings on orthopedic and dental implant coatings using nanoparticles, their biological efficacy and safety.

Carbon Nanomaterials for Biomedical Applications

Carbon Nanomaterials for Biomedical Applications
Author : Mei Zhang,Rajesh R. Naik,Liming Dai
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-11-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :576
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This book covers a wide range of topics relating to carbon nanomaterials, from synthesis and functionalization to applications in advanced biomedical devices and systems. As they possess unique and attractive chemical, physical, optical, and even magnetic properties for various applications, considerable effort has been made to employ carbon nanomaterials (e.g., fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, graphene, nanodiamond) as new materials for the development of novel biomedical tools, such as diagnostic sensors, imaging agents, and drug/gene delivery systems for both diagnostics and clinical treatment. Tremendous progress has been made and the scattered literature continues to grow rapidly. With chapters by world-renowned experts providing an overview of the state of the science as well as an understanding of the challenges that lie ahead, Carbon Nanomaterials for Biomedical Applications is essential reading not only for experienced scientists and engineers in biomedical and nanomaterials areas, but also for graduate students and advanced undergraduates in materials science and engineering, chemistry, and biology.

Bioengineered Nanomaterials

Bioengineered Nanomaterials
Author : Atul Tiwari,Ashutosh Tiwari
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2013-08-23
Category : Medical
Total pages :436
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Many varieties of new, complex diseases are constantly being discovered, which leaves scientists with little choice but to embrace innovative methods for controlling the invasion of life-threatening problems. The use of nanotechnology has given scientists an opportunity to create nanomaterials that could help medical professionals in diagnosing and

Safety of Nanoparticles

Safety of Nanoparticles
Author : Thomas J. Webster
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-11-18
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :239
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In spite of the potential use of nanomaterials as tissue engineering devices, implants, biosensors, drug delivery devices, etc., there has yet to be a compilation of the risks associated with the in vivo use of nanomaterials. There are numerous and well-known risks because of the size of nanoparticles. For example, nanoparticles can cross cell membranes and enter the cytoplasm undetected. The aim of this book is to provide one of the first (if not the first) detailed views of how cells and tissues in the body deal with nanoparticles. This is important not only for implantable devices, but also for the manufacturing of nanophase materials when particles can be inhaled or enter the body through the skin. Only by compiling research at the intersection of nanoparticles and biological processes can we determine if nanophase materials are safe to be manufactured, handled, and/or implanted for various medical applications.

Nanomaterials for Clinical Applications

Nanomaterials for Clinical Applications
Author : Costas Demetzos,Natassa Pippa
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-02-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :322
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Nanomaterials in Clinical Medicine: Case Studies in Nanomedicines focuses on the nanomaterials that can be formulated as drug delivery vehicles, such as liposomes, micelles, nanoemulsions and nanogels. Their physicochemical, morphological, thermo-dynamical and nanotoxicological properties are analyzed with respect to the design and development of drug delivery nanosystems for the encapsulation of an active pharmaceutical ingredient and its controlled release. Each chapter covers basic properties, the nanosystem (e.g., liposomes), the added value in drug delivery and targeting, and future perspectives. Case studies and examples of how nanomaterials are being used in clinical medicine, including marketed liposomal medicines and medical utility and regimens are also included. Particular attention is given to new nanocarriers, such as elastic liposomes, lipid polymeric hybrid nanoparticles, organogel, nanofibers carbon nanomaterials, quantum dots and inorganic nanoparticles. This book is an important information source for those wanting to increase their understanding of what major nanomaterials are being used to create more effective drug delivery systems. Summarizes the major nanomaterials used in clinical medicine, explaining how their properties make them suitable for this purpose Explains how nanomaterials are used to create increasingly efficient drug delivery vehicles Includes real-life examples, demonstrating how nanomaterials are being used in medical practice

Medical Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine

Medical Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine
Author : Harry F. Tibbals
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2010-09-29
Category : Medical
Total pages :527
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Considering the fluid nature of nano breakthroughs—and the delicate balance between benefits and consequences as they apply to medicine—readers at all levels require a practical, understandable base of information about these developments to take greatest advantage of them. Medical Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine meets that need by introducing non-experts to nanomedicine and its evolving organizational infrastructure. This practical reference investigates the impact of nanotechnology on applications in medicine and biomedical sciences, and the broader societal and economic effects. Eschewing technological details, it focuses on enhancing awareness of the business, regulatory, and administrative aspects of medical applications. It gives readers a critical, balanced, and realistic evaluation of existing nanomedicine developments and future prospects—an ideal foundation upon which to plan and make decisions. Covers the use of nanotechnology in medical applications including imaging, diagnosis and monitoring, drug delivery systems, surgery, tissue regeneration, and prosthetics Part of the Perspectives in Nanotechnology series—which contains broader coverage of the societal implications of nanotechnology—this book can be used as a standalone reference. Organized by historical perspective, current status, and future prospects, this powerful book: Explores background, definitions and terms, and recent trends and forces in nanomedicine Surveys the landscape of nanomedicine in government, academia, and the private sector Reviews projected future directions, capabilities, sustainability, and equity of nanomedicine, and choices to be made regarding its use Includes graphical illustrations, references, and keywords to reinforce concepts and aid further research In its assessment of alternative and sometimes conflicting concepts proposed for the application of nanotechnology to medicine, this book surveys major initiatives and the work of leading labs and innovators. It uses informative examples and case summaries to illustrate proven accomplishments and imagined possibilities in research and development.