June 16, 2021

Download Ebook Free Nanomaterials In Rocket Propulsion Systems

Nanomaterials in Rocket Propulsion Systems

Nanomaterials in Rocket Propulsion Systems
Author : Qi-Long Yan,Guo-Qiang He,Pei-Jin Liu,Michael Gozin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-10-16
Category : Science
Total pages :592
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Nanomaterials in Rocket Propulsion Systems covers the fundamentals of nanomaterials and examines a wide range of innovative applications, presenting the current state-of-the-art in the field. Opening with a chapter on nano-sized energetic materials, the book examines metal nanoparticles-based fuels, ballistic modifiers, stabilizers and catalysts as the components of rocket propellants. Hydrogen storage materials for rocket propulsion based on nanotubes are then discussed, as are nano-porous materials and metal organic frameworks, nano-gelled propellants, nano-composite ablators and ceramic nano-composites. Other applications examined include high thermal conductivity metallic nano-composite nozzle liners, nano-emitters for Coulomb propulsion of space-crafts, and highly thermostable nano-ceramics for rocket motors. The book finishes with coverage of combustion of nano-sized rocket fuels, nano-particles and their combustion in micro- and nano-electromechanical systems (MEMS/NEMS), plasma propulsion and nano-scale physics. Users will find this to be a valuable resource for academic and government institutions, professionals, new researchers and graduate students working in the application of nanomaterials in the aerospace industry. Provides a detailed overview of different types of nanomaterials used in rocket propulsion, highlighting different situations in which different materials are used Demonstrates the use of new nanomaterial concepts, allowing for an increase in payload capacity or a decrease in launch mass Explores a range of applications using metal nanopowders, presenting a panorama on cutting-edge, technological developments

Nanoenergetic Materials

Nanoenergetic Materials
Author : Djalal Trache,Luigi T. DeLuca
Publisher : MDPI
Release Date : 2021-03-25
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :234
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This highly informative and carefully presented book discusses the preparation, processing, characterization and applications of different types of nanoenergetic materials, as well as the tailoring of their properties. It gives an overview of recent advances of outstanding classes of energetic materials applied in the fields of physics, chemistry, aerospace, defense, and materials science, among others. The content of this book is relevant to researchers in academia and industry professionals working on the development of advanced nanoenergetic materials and their applications.

Multi-Functional Nanomaterials and their Emerging Applications

Multi-Functional Nanomaterials and their Emerging Applications
Author : Alagarsamy Pandikumar,Nay Ming Huang,R. Jothilakshmi
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date : 2014-03-24
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :178
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Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters BCI (WoS). The multi-functional properties of nanomaterials offer a wide range of opportunities for addressing several research and development challenges in the area of nanoscience and nanotechnology. Multi-functional nanomaterials find wide application in a variety of sectors including agriculture, medicine, telecommunications, disaster management and environmental conservation.The focus of this special topic volume is on multifunctional nanomaterial development and their emerging applications towards commercialization. This special topic illustrates a new pathway to achieve novel practical applications using nanomaterials. This special topic can be utilized as a text for researchers as well as graduate students who are interested in nanomaterials based applications. This special topic volume is multidisciplinary by nature. The readers can acquire the necessary knowledge in physics, chemistry and biology related to these multifunctional applications which are associated with the emerging nanomaterials.

Synthesis, Characterization and Properties of Energetic/reactive Nanomaterials

Synthesis, Characterization and Properties of Energetic/reactive Nanomaterials
Author : Ronald D. Armstrong,Ronald W.. Armstrong
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2004
Category : Nanostructured materials
Total pages :396
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The advent of nanomaterials has introduced a new dimension in applications of energetic and reactive materials. A fundamental understanding of their synthesis mechanisms, atomic- and molecular-scale structural characteristics, and an evaluation of properties combined with modeling of the limits to those properties are required to realize the full potential of energetic and reactive nanomaterials. Many techniques have been recently developed that make it possible to exploit the benefits of the "nano" structure and design materials with desired energy release rates and energy densities, while they also improve their safety, reliability and load-bearing capability. Advances in modeling and characterization have made it possible to determine mechanisms controlling the thermal, chemical and mechanical behavior of nanomaterials. This volume brings together researchers from around the world to assess fundamental studies on synthesis, characterization of structure, and evaluation of properties of energetic/reactive nanomaterials. Applications such as new propellant formulations, underwater detonation developments, biomedical research, and combustion of nanolayered metal films for cladding materials are featured. Topics include: applications and toxicology; synthesis; characterization; characterization and theory; theory and modeling; and general discussion.

High Pressure Technology of Nanomaterials

High Pressure Technology of Nanomaterials
Author : Witold Łojkowski,John R. Blizzard
Publisher : Trans Tech Publication
Release Date : 2006
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :396
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The aim of the celebrated High Pressure School (HPS) is to provide a platform where both young and experienced researchers can meet and exchange their experiences in high-pressure research techniques.

Congressional Record

Congressional Record
Author : United States. Congress
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2008
Category : Law
Total pages :129
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NASA Space Technology Roadmaps and Priorities

NASA Space Technology Roadmaps and Priorities
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board,Steering Committee for NASA Technology Roadmaps
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2012-06-07
Category : Science
Total pages :376
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NASA's Office of the Chief Technologist (OCT) has begun to rebuild the advanced space technology program in the agency with plans laid out in 14 draft technology roadmaps. It has been years since NASA has had a vigorous, broad-based program in advanced space technology development and its technology base has been largely depleted. However, success in executing future NASA space missions will depend on advanced technology developments that should already be underway. Reaching out to involve the external technical community, the National Research Council (NRC) considered the 14 draft technology roadmaps prepared by OCT and ranked the top technical challenges and highest priority technologies that NASA should emphasize in the next 5 years. This report provides specific guidance and recommendations on how the effectiveness of the technology development program managed by OCT can be enhanced in the face of scarce resources.

Government Reports Annual Index

Government Reports Annual Index
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1994
Category : Government reports announcements & index
Total pages :129
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Ignition and Combustion Characteristics of Nanoscale Metal and Metal Oxide Additives in Biofuel (ethanol) and Hydrocarbons

Ignition and Combustion Characteristics of Nanoscale Metal and Metal Oxide Additives in Biofuel (ethanol) and Hydrocarbons
Author : Matthew Jones
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2011
Category : Ethanol as fuel
Total pages :132
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Metal energetic additives are added to propellants and explosives to improve ignition and combustion performance. In particular, aluminum has been used as an energetic material in solid-based propellant rockets and explosives for many years due to its high combustion enthalpy and low cost. Recently, the introduction of nanotechnology has led to significant developments in the field of energetic materials. Nanoscale energetic materials, due to their surface area and unique thermal properties, are known to exhibit many advantages over conventional micron sized particles. However, the current mechanisms of nanoaluminum ignition and combustion are not fully understood. Furthermore, studies involving suspensions of energetic nanomaterials in a liquid medium (nanofluids) are very limited. A fundamental understanding of micron and nanoscale aluminum combustion is critical to the design and implementation of practical propulsion systems that use aluminum additives. Therefore, a comprehensive review on the ignition and combustion of energetic nanoparticles was performed, with a primary focus on aluminum, and two novel experimental studies were performed to investigate the combustion characteristics of nanoscale aluminum (n-Al) and aluminum oxide (n-Al2O3) in liquid fuels, namely, ethanol (C2H5OH).

Polymer Nanocomposites: Processing, Characterization, and Applications, Second Edition

Polymer Nanocomposites: Processing, Characterization, and Applications, Second Edition
Author : Joseph H Koo
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release Date : 2019-07-08
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :544
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Publisher's Note: Products purchased from Third Party sellers are not guaranteed by the publisher for quality, authenticity, or access to any online entitlements included with the product. Up-to-date polymer nanocomposite principles, practices, and characteristics This fully updated guide helps engineers and scientists understand and use the special properties of cutting-edge polymer nanocomposites. Written by a recognized authority in the field, Polymer Nanocomposites: Processing, Characterization, and Applications, Second Edition, begins with an overview of key technologies and processes. Each chapter then examines a different property (structural, mechanical, thermal, flammability, ablation, and electrical) and explains relevant commercial and industrial applications. Examples for a wide variety of usage include applications for spacecraft and defense vehicles, medical and dental implants, flame-retardant and conductive polymers for additive manufacturing, and fire-resistant woven and nonwoven fabrics. Coverage includes:•Nanotechnology and nanomaterials fundamentals•Applications in an expansive range of industries and commercial sectors•Processing of multifunctional polymer nanocomposites•Structure and properties characterization•Mechanical, thermal, flammability, ablation, electrical, and tribological properties•Opportunities, trends, and challenges in the field

Characterization of Ablative Properties of Thermoplastic Polyurethane Elastomer Nanocomposites

Characterization of Ablative Properties of Thermoplastic Polyurethane Elastomer Nanocomposites
Author : Jason Chi-Sing Lee
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2010
Category :
Total pages :290
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The advancement of each component of aerospace vehicles is necessary as the continual demand for more aggressive missions are created. Improvements in propulsion and guidance system electronics are invaluable; however without material development to protect the vehicle from its environment those advances will not have a practical application. Thermal protection systems (TPS) are required in both external applications; for example on reentry vehicles, as well as in internal applications; to protect the casing of rockets and missiles. This dissertation focuses on a specific type of internal solid rocket motor TPS, ablatives. Ablatives have been used for decades on aerospace vehicles. To protect the motor from the hostile environment, these materials pyrolyze and char. Both of these mechanisms produce a boundary between the combustion gases and the motor as well as release the heat that the decomposed material has absorbed. These sacrificial materials are intended to protect the casing that it is attached to. With the development of polymer nanocomposites (PNCs) in the last couple of decades, it is of interest to see how these two fields can merge. Three different nanomaterials (carbon nanofibers, multiwall carbon nanotubes, and nanoclays) are examined to observe how each behaves in environments that simulate the motor firing conditions. These nanomaterials are individually added to a thermoplastic polyurethane elastomer (TPU) at different loadings, creating three distinct families of polymer nanocomposites. To describe a materials ablative performance, a number of material properties must be individually studied; such as thermal, density, porosity, char strength, and rheology. Different experiments are conducted to isolate specific ablative processes in order to identify how each nanomaterial affects the ablative performance. This dissertation first describes each material and the ablative processes which are characterized by each experiment. Then basic material properties of each family of materials are described. Degradation and flammability experiments then describe the degassing processes. Studies of the material char are then performed after full blown rocket experiments are done. These tests have shown that of the three nanomaterials, nanoclay enhances the TPU ablative performance the most while the CNF provides the least enhancement.

41st AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit 10-13 July 2005, Tucson, Arizona: 05-3600 - 05-3649

41st AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit 10-13 July 2005, Tucson, Arizona: 05-3600 - 05-3649
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2005
Category : Airplanes
Total pages :129
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Solar Sails

Solar Sails
Author : Giovanni Vulpetti,Les Johnson,Gregory L. Matloff
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2014-11-05
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :277
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The reality of sunlight-based sailing in space began in May 2010, and solar sail technology and science have continued to evolve rapidly through new space missions. Using the power of the Sun's light for regular travel propulsion will be the next major leap forward in our journey to other worlds. This book is the second edition of the fascinating explanation of solar sails, how they work and how they will be used in the exploration of space. Updated with 35% new material, this second edition includes three new chapters on missions operated by Japan and the US, as well as projects that are in progress. The remainder of the book describes the heritage of exploration in water-borne sailing ships and the evolution to space-vehicle propulsion; as well as nuclear, solar-electric, nuclear-electric and antimatter rocket devices. It also discusses various sail systems that may use either sunlight or solar wind, and the design, fabrication and steering challenges associated with solar sails. The first edition was met with overwhelmingly positive reviews, and deemed “a title that needs to be on your shelf if you’re seriously interested in the next step as we move beyond rocketry" (Centauri Dreams, September 2008). Written with a mixed approach, this book appeals to both the general public as well as those with a more scientifically technical background.

United States Government Manual 2005-2006

United States Government Manual 2005-2006
Author : Office of the Federal Register
Publisher : Claitors Pub Division
Release Date : 2005
Category : Political Science
Total pages :693
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