November 27, 2020

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Nanostructured Metals and Alloys

Nanostructured Metals and Alloys
Author : S H Whang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2011-03-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :840
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Tensile strength, fatigue strength and ductility are important properties of nanostructured metallic materials, which make them suitable for use in applications where strength or strength-to-weight ratios are important. Nanostructured metals and alloys reviews the latest technologies used for production of these materials, as well as recent advances in research into their structure and mechanical properties. One of the most important issues facing nanostructured metals and alloys is how to produce them. Part one describes the different methods used to process bulk nanostructured metals and alloys, including chapters on severe plastic deformation, mechanical alloying and electrodeposition among others. Part two concentrates on the microstructure and properties of nanostructured metals, with chapters studying deformation structures such as twins, microstructure of ferrous alloys by equal channel angular processing, and characteristic structures of nanostructured metals prepared by plastic deformation. In part three, the mechanical properties of nanostructured metals and alloys are discussed, with chapters on such topics as strengthening mechanisms, nanostructured metals based on molecular dynamics computer simulations, and surface deformation. Part four focuses on existing and developing applications of nanostructured metals and alloys, covering topics such as nanostructured steel for automotives, steel sheet and nanostructured coatings by spraying. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Nanostructured metals and alloys is a standard reference for manufacturers of metal components, as well as those with an academic research interest in metals and materials with enhanced properties.

Advances in Nanostructured Materials Processed by SPD

Advances in Nanostructured Materials Processed by SPD
Author : Xiao Zhou Liao,Yonghao Zhao
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date : 2008-04-07
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :166
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Nanostructured materials, in which the structural features (e.g., grains and/or domains separated by low-angle grain boundaries) are smaller than 100nm in at least one dimension, have attracted worldwide research interest for more than a decade because of their unique properties. For example, the combination of high strength with high ductility has been reported for some nanostructured metals and alloys: this is a rare, if not impossible, combination of mechanical properties for coarse-grained metals and alloys. Among the many techniques available for producing nanostructured materials, severe plastic deformation (SPD) is the most popular and most rapidly developing one.

Severe Plastic Deformation

Severe Plastic Deformation
Author : Burhanettin Altan
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release Date : 2006
Category : Science
Total pages :612
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It has been already well established that the nanostructured materials (materials with a grain size of 100mm or less) is the future materials. Nanostructured materials possess properties superior to those of conventional, coarse grained materials. Hence designing potentially cost efficient and environmentally friendly products with better performance is a possibility. Among others, nanostructured materials exhibit increased strength, hardness and ductility and provide an opportunity for superplastic forming. When all the procedures in use for the production of nanostructured materials are examined, only severe plastic deformation (SPD) processes exhibit a potential for producing relatively large samples suitable for industrial applications. In this monograph, the state-of-the-art on severe plastic deformation methods is presented in one volume. The monograph is organised into eight chapters, each of which contains papers on different aspect of severe plastic deformation methods prepared by the experts in this field. The topics covered in the monograph are structure formation, phase transformation, superplasticity, mechanical properties of nanostructured materials, electronic and magnetic properties of nanostructured materials, deformation analysis, novel SPD methods, commercialisation of ECAE method.

Ductility of Bulk Nanostructured Materials

Ductility of Bulk Nanostructured Materials
Author : Yonghao Zhao,Xiao Zhou Liao
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date : 2009-11-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :734
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Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters BCI (WoS). Strength and ductility are two of the most important mechanical properties of structural materials, but this usually involves a trade-off, because of the fundamental inverse proportionality of these two features. Since the 1980s, bulk nanostructured materials have emerged as a new class of material having unusual structures and, as a result, have attracted increasing attention. Unfortunately, most bulk nanostructured materials still do not evade the strength-ductility trade-off dilemma, and usually have very poor ductility. The poor ductility of bulk nanostructured materials has indeed become a seemingly insurmountable obstacle to the widespread technological application of structural bulk nanostructured materials.

Bulk Nanostructured Materials

Bulk Nanostructured Materials
Author : Michael J. Zehetbauer,Yuntian Theodore Zhu
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2009-06-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :736
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The processing and mechanical behaviour of bulk nanostructured materials are one of the most interesting new fields of research on advanced materials systems. Many nanocrystalline materials possess very high strength with still good ductility, and exhibit high values of fatigue resistance and fracture toughness. There has been continuing interest in these nanomaterials for use in structural and biomedical applications, and this has led to a large number of research programs worldwide. This book focuses on the processing techniques, microstructures, mechanical and physical properties, and applications of bulk nanostructured materials, as well as related fundamental issues. Only since recently can such bulk nanostructured materials be produced in large bulk dimensions, which opens the door to their commercial applications.

Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation

Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation
Author : Michael J. Zehetbauer,Ruslan Z. Valiev
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2006-03-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :872
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These proceedings of the "Second International Conference on Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation" review the enormous scientific avalanche that has been developing in the field over recent years. A valuable resource for any scientist and engineer working in this emerging field of nanotechnology.

Bulk Nanostructured Materials

Bulk Nanostructured Materials
Author : Ruslan Z. Valiev,Alexander P. Zhilyaev,Terence G. Langdon
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2013-09-17
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :456
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This book presents the most recent results in the area of bulk nanostructured materials and new trends in their severe plastic deformation (SPD) processing, where these techniques are now emerging from the domain of laboratory-scale research into the commercial production of various bulk nanomaterials. Special emphasis is placed on an analysis of the effect of nanostructures in materials fabricated by SPD on mechanical properties (strength and ductility, fatigue strength and life, superplasticity) and functional behavior (shape memory effects, magnetic and electric properties), as well as the numerous examples of their innovative applications. There is a high innovation potential for industrial applications of bulk nanomaterials for structural use (materials with extreme strength) as well as for functional applications such as nanomagnets, materials for hydrogen storage, thermoelectric materials, superconductors, catalysts, and biomedical implants.

Plastic Deformation of Nanostructured Materials

Plastic Deformation of Nanostructured Materials
Author : A.M. Glezer,E.V. Kozlov,N.A. Koneva,N. A. Popova,I. A. Kurzina
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-08-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :334
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Plastic Deformation of Nanostructured Materials offers comprehensive analysis on the most important data and results in the field of materials strength and mechanics. This reference systematically examines the special features of the mechanical behavior and corresponding structural mechanisms of crystal structure defects with grain sizes that range from meso- to micro- levels.

Bulk Nanostructured Materials with Multifunctional Properties

Bulk Nanostructured Materials with Multifunctional Properties
Author : I. Sabirov,N.A. Enikeev,M.Yu. Murashkin,R.Z. Valiev
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-09-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :118
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This book presents a multifunctional approach to the design of bulk nanostructured metals through severe plastic deformation (SPD). Materials engineering has traditionally involved selecting a suitable material for a given application. However, modern engineering frequently requires materials with a set of multifunctional, often conflicting properties: Enhanced mechanical properties need to be combined with improved physical (electrical, magnetic, etc.) and/or chemical (corrosion resistance, biocompatibility) properties. So disparate materials properties need to be engineered and optimized simultaneously. These requirements have created a paradigm shift in which the classical materials selection approach is replaced by design of material microstructures to achieve certain performance requirements, subject to constraints on individual properties such as strength, conductivity, and corrosion resistance. Written by researchers at the forefront of this new materials design approach, the present volume provides a comprehensive introduction to multifunctional design of bulk nanostructured materials, with applications ranging from hydrogen storage to construction engineering.

Mechanical Properties of Complex Intermetallics

Mechanical Properties of Complex Intermetallics
Author : Esther Belin-Ferr‚
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2011
Category : Science
Total pages :457
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This book will be the last one in a series of 4 books issued yearly as a deliverable of the research school established within the European Network of Excellence CMA (for Complex Metallic Alloys). It is written by reputed experts in the fields of metal physics, surface physics and chemistry, metallurgy and process engineering, combining expertise found inside as well as outside the network. The CMA network focuses on the huge group of largely unknown multinary alloys and compounds formed with crystal structures based on giant unit cells containing clusters, with many tens up to more than thousand atoms per unit cell. In these phases, for many phenomena, the physical length scales are substantially smaller than the unit-cell dimension. Hence, these materials offer unique combinations of properties, which are mutually excluded in conventional materials: metallic electric conductivity combined with low thermal conductivity, combination of good light absorption with high-temperature stability, combination of high metallic hardness with reduced wetting by liquids, electrical and thermal resistance tuneable by composition variation, excellent resistance to corrosion, reduced cold-welding and adhesion, enhanced hydrogen storage capacity and light absorption, etc. The series of books will concentrate on: development of fundamental knowledge with the aim of understanding materials phenomena, technologies associated with the production, transformation and processing of knowledge-based multifunctional materials, surface engineering, support for new materials development and new knowledge-based higher performance materials for macro-scale applications.

Grain Boundary Diffusion and Properties of Nanostructured Materials

Grain Boundary Diffusion and Properties of Nanostructured Materials
Author : Yu R. Kolobov
Publisher : Cambridge Int Science Publishing
Release Date : 2007-01
Category : Science
Total pages :236
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The authors examine the main relationships of the process of grain boundary diffusion in bicrystals, coarse-grained polycrystals and nanostructured materials. The results of investigations of diffusion-related processes of recovery, recystallisation and development of plastic deformation in creep, static and cyclic loading in bulk nanocructured materials produced by high-intensity plastic deformation are presented.

Nanostructured Materials by High-Pressure Severe Plastic Deformation

Nanostructured Materials by High-Pressure Severe Plastic Deformation
Author : Yuntian T. Zhu,Viktor Varyukhin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2006-01-20
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :312
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Recently, it was reported that nanostructured materials processed under high pressure by HPT and ECAP have an extraordinary combination of both high strength and high ductility, which are two desirable, but rarely co-existing properties. These findings indicate that high-pressure is a critical factor that can be employed to process nanostructured materials with superior mechanical, and possibly also physical, properties. It is the objective of this workshop to review our current knowledge, identify issues for future research, and discuss future directions on the processing and properties of nanostructured materials via SPD techniques, with a special emphasis on high-pressure effects. The 42 peer-reviewed papers in this book cover areas of high pressure effect on the nanostructure and properties of SPD-processed materials, fundamentals of nanostructured materials, development of high-pressure SPD technologies for commercializations, recent advances of SPD technologies as well as applications and future markets of SPD-processed nanostructured materials.

Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale

Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale
Author : Susai Rajendran,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Saeid Kakooei,Mahdi Yeganeh,Yongxin Li
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-03-10
Category : Science
Total pages :540
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Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale explores fundamental concepts on how metals can be protected at the nanoscale by using both nanomaterials-based solutions, including nanoalloys, noninhibitors and nanocoatings. It is an important reference resource for both materials scientists and engineers wanting to find ways to create an efficient corrosion prevention strategy. Nanostructure materials have been widely used in many products, such as print electronics, contact, interconnection, implant, nanosensors and display units to lessen the impact of corrosion. Traditional methods for protection of metals include various techniques, such as coatings, inhibitors, electrochemical methods (anodic and cathodic protections), metallurgical design are covered in this book. Nanomaterials-based protective methods can offer many advantages over their traditional counterparts, such as protection for early-stage, higher corrosion resistance, better corrosion control. This book also outlines these advantages and discusses the challenges of implementing nanomaterials as corrosion protection agents on a wide scale. Explains the main methods of detection, monitoring, testing, measurement and simulation of corrosion at the nanoscale Explores how metals can be protected at the nanoscale using nanotechnology and nanomaterials Discusses the major challenges of detecting and preventing corrosion at the nanoscale

Recent Developments in the Processing and Applications of Structural Metals and Alloys

Recent Developments in the Processing and Applications of Structural Metals and Alloys
Author : Marcello Cabibbo,Stefano Spigarelli
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date : 2008-10-21
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :442
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Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). This volume brings together the most exciting ideas of international, and especially European, researchers concerning the latest developments in severe plastic deformation techniques and in the thermomechanical processing of materials for both structural and functional applications. The areas of interest include not only the conventional hot- and cold-deformation of metals but also recently developed severe plastic deformation processes for the production of ultra-fine and nanostructured materials. In particular, the following specific topics are covered: Multifunctional nanostructured coatings, Modelling and recrystallization, Nanostructured materials and Severe plastic deformation, Hot plastic deformation, Process Mechanics and Microstructure.

Fatigue and Fracture of Nanostructured Materials

Fatigue and Fracture of Nanostructured Materials
Author : Pasquale Cavaliere
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-11-28
Category : Science
Total pages :425
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This book describes the main approaches for production and synthesis of nanostructured metals and alloys, taking into account the fatigue behavior of materials in additive manufactured components. Depending on the material type, form, and application, a deep discussion of fatigue properties and crack behavior is also provided. Pure nanostructured metals, complex alloys and composites are further considered. Prof. Cavaliere’s examination is supported by the most up-to-date understanding from the scientific literature along with a thorough presentation of theory. Bringing together the widest range of perspective on its topic, the book is ideal for materials researchers, professional engineers in industry, and students interested in nanostructured materials, fracture/fatigue mechanics, and additive manufacturing. Describes in detail the relevance of nanostructures in additive manufacturing technologies; Includes sufficient breadth and depth on theoretical modelling of fatigue and crack behavior for use in the classroom; Identifies many open questions regarding different theories through experimental finding; Contextualizes the latest scientific results for readers in industry.