January 26, 2021

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Nanostructures for Antimicrobial Therapy

Nanostructures for Antimicrobial Therapy
Author : Anton Ficai,Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-05-29
Category : Medical
Total pages :722
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Nanostructures for Antimicrobial Therapy discusses the pros and cons of the use of nanostructured materials in the prevention and eradication of infections, highlighting the efficient microbicidal effect of nanoparticles against antibiotic-resistant pathogens and biofilms. Conventional antibiotics are becoming ineffective towards microorganisms due to their widespread and often inappropriate use. As a result, the development of antibiotic resistance in microorganisms is increasingly being reported. New approaches are needed to confront the rising issues related to infectious diseases. The merging of biomaterials, such as chitosan, carrageenan, gelatin, poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) with nanotechnology provides a promising platform for antimicrobial therapy as it provides a controlled way to target cells and induce the desired response without the adverse effects common to many traditional treatments. Nanoparticles represent one of the most promising therapeutic treatments to the problem caused by infectious micro-organisms resistant to traditional therapies. This volume discusses this promise in detail, and also discusses what challenges the greater use of nanoparticles might pose to medical professionals. The unique physiochemical properties of nanoparticles, combined with their growth inhibitory capacity against microbes has led to the upsurge in the research on nanoparticles as antimicrobials. The importance of bactericidal nanobiomaterials study will likely increase as development of resistant strains of bacteria against most potent antibiotics continues. Shows how nanoantibiotics can be used to more effectively treat disease Discusses the advantages and issues of a variety of different nanoantibiotics, enabling medics to select which best meets their needs Provides a cogent summary of recent developments in this field, allowing readers to quickly familiarize themselves with this topic area

Antimicrobial Nanoarchitectonics

Antimicrobial Nanoarchitectonics
Author : Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2017-06-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :574
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Antimicrobial Nanoarchitectonics: From Synthesis to Applications brings together recent research in antimicrobial nanoparticles, specifically in the sustained and controlled delivery of antimicrobials. Particular attention is given to i) reducing the side effects of antibiotics, ii) increasing the pharmacological effect, and iii) improving aqueous solubility and chemical stability of different antimicrobials. In addition, antimicrobial nanoparticles in drug delivery are discussed extensively. The book also evaluates the pros and cons of using nanostructured biomaterials in the prevention and eradication of infections. It is an important reference resource for materials scientists and bioengineers who want to learn how nanomaterials are used in antimicrobial therapy. Provides readers with the information necessary to select the appropriate bionanomaterial to solve particular infection problems Includes case studies, showing how particular bionanomaterials have been used to cure infections Explains the central role that nanotechnology plays in modern antimicrobial therapy Evaluates the pros and cons of using nanostructured biomaterials in the prevention and eradication of infections

Design of Nanostructures for Versatile Therapeutic Applications

Design of Nanostructures for Versatile Therapeutic Applications
Author : Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2018-02-03
Category : Science
Total pages :690
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Design of Nanostructures for Versatile Therapeutic Applications focuses on antimicrobial, antioxidant and nutraceutical applications of nanostructured materials. Many books discuss these subjects, but not from a pharmaceutical point-of-view. This book covers novel approaches related to the modulation of microbial biofilms, antimicrobial therapy and encapsulate polyphenols as antioxidants. Written by an internationally diverse group of academics, this book is an important reference resource for researchers, both in biomaterials science and the pharmaceutical industry. Assesses the most recently developed nanostructures that have potential antimicrobial properties, explaining their novel mechanical aspects Shows how nanoantibiotics can be used to more effectively treat disease Provides a cogent summary of recent developments in nanoantimicrobial discovery, allowing readers to quickly familiarize themselves with the topic

Nanostructures for Novel Therapy

Nanostructures for Novel Therapy
Author : Denisa Ficai,Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-02-25
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :906
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Nanostructures for Novel Therapy: Synthesis, Characterization and Applications focuses on the fabrication and characterization of therapeutic nanostructures, in particular, synthesis, design, and in vitro and in vivo therapeutic evaluation. The chapters provide a cogent overview of recent therapeutic applications of nanostructured materials that includes applications of nanostructured materials for wound healing in plastic surgery and stem cell therapy. The book explores the promise for more effective therapy through the use of nanostructured materials, while also assessing the challenges their use might pose from both an economic and medicinal point of view. This innovative look at how nanostructured materials are used in therapeutics will be of great benefit to researchers, providing a greater understanding of the different ways nanomaterials could improve medical treatment, along with a discussion of the obstacles that need to be overcome in order to guarantee widespread availability. Outlines how the characteristics of nanostructures made from different materials gives particular properties that can be successfully used in therapeutics Compares the properties of different nanostructures, allowing medicinal chemists and engineers to select which are most appropriate for their needs Highlights new uses of nanostructures within the therapeutic field, enabling the discovery of new, more effective drugs

Nanostructures for Antimicrobial and Antibiofilm Applications

Nanostructures for Antimicrobial and Antibiofilm Applications
Author : Ram Prasad,Busi Siddhardha,Madhu Dyavaiah
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-05-12
Category : Science
Total pages :458
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In the pursuit of technological advancement in the field of biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries to counteract health issues, bacterial infections remain a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The ability of bacterial pathogens to form biofilms further agglomerates the situation by showing resistance to conventional antibiotics. To overcome this serious issue, bioactive metabolites and other natural products were exploited to combat bacterial infections and biofilm-related health consequences. Natural products exhibited promising results in vitro, however; their efficacy in in vivo conditions remain obscured due to their low-solubility, bioavailability, and biocompatibility issues. In this scenario, nanotechnological interventions provide a multifaceted platform for targeted delivery of bioactive compounds by slow and sustained release of drug-like compounds. The unique physico-chemical properties, biocompatibility and eco-friendly nature of bioinspired nanostructures has revolutionized the field of biology to eradicate microbial infections and biofilm-related complications. The green-nanotechnology based metal and metal oxide nanoparticles and polymeric nanoparticles have been regularly employed for antimicrobial and antibiofilm applications without causing damage to host tissues. The implications of these nanoparticles toward achieving sustainability in agriculture by providing systemic resistance against a variety of phytopathogens therefore plays crucial role in growth and crop productivity. Also the advent of smart and hybrid nanomaterials such as metal-based polymer nanocomposites, lipid-based nanomaterials and liposomes have the inherent potential to eradicate bacterial biofilm-related infections in an efficient manner. The recent development of carbon-based nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and silica based nanomaterials such as mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) also exploit a target of dreadful healthcare conditions such as cancer, immunomodulatory diseases, and microbial infections, as well as biofilm-related issues owing to their stability profile, biocompatibility, and unique physio-chemical properties. Recently novel physical approaches such as photothermal therapy (PTT) and antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) also revolutionized conventional strategies and are engaged in eradicating microbial biofilm-related infections and related health consequences. These promising advancements in the development of novel strategies to treat microbial infections and biofilm-related multidrug resistance (MDR) phenomenon may provide new avenues and aid to conventional antimicrobial therapeutics.

Nanostructures for Cancer Therapy

Nanostructures for Cancer Therapy
Author : Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu,Anton Ficai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-04-11
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :920
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Nanostructures for Cancer Therapy discusses the available preclinical and clinical nanoparticle technology platforms and their impact on cancer therapy, including current trends and developments in the use of nanostructured materials in chemotherapy and chemotherapeutics. In particular, coverage is given to the applications of gold nanoparticles and quantum dots in cancer therapies. In addition to the multifunctional nanomaterials involved in the treatment of cancer, other topics covered include nanocomposites that can target tumoral cells and the release of antitumoral therapeutic agents. The book is an up-to-date overview that covers the inorganic and organic nanostructures involved in the diagnostics and treatment of cancer. Provides an examination of nanoparticle delivery systems for cancer treatment, illustrating how the use of nanotechnology can help provide more effective chemotherapeutic treatments Examines, in detail, the different types of nanomaterials used in cancer therapy, also explaining the effect of each Provides a cogent overview of recent developments in the use of nanostructured materials in chemotherapeutics, allowing readers to quickly familiarize themselves with this area

Antibacterial Agents

Antibacterial Agents
Author : Ranjith Kumavath
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-05-31
Category : Science
Total pages :138
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New drugs are frequently entering into the market along with the existing drugs. The antibacterial agents can be discussed in five major classes, i.e. classification based on the type of action, source, spectrum of activity, chemical structure and function. Resistance of bacteria to antibiotics is an urgent problem of the humanity, which leads us to the lack of therapy for serious bacterial infections. Development of new antibiotics has almost ceased in the last decades - even when a new antibiotic is launched, very soon the resistance of bacteria appears. Industrial textiles exposed as awnings, screens, tents; upholstery used in large public areas such as hospitals, hotels and stations; fabrics for transports; protective clothing and personal protective equipment; bed sheets and blankets; textiles left wet between processing steps; intimate apparel, underwear, socks and sportswear, disinfection of air and water for white rooms, hospitals and operating theatres, food and pharma industries, water depuration, drinkable water supplying and air conditioning systems. Many clinicians recommend alternative approaches to using antimicrobial substances. Moreover, the majority of bioagents demonstrate on antibiotics for treatment of a wide range of diseases in human sectors. However, the misuse and mishandling of drugs lead to microbial, particularly bacterial, resistance as well as result in the difficulty of treating microbial diseases. Hence, the proposed book will give more precise information on novel antibacterial compound(s).

Functionalized Nanomaterials for the Management of Microbial Infection

Functionalized Nanomaterials for the Management of Microbial Infection
Author : Rabah Boukherroub,Sabine Szunerits,Djamel Drider
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2016-12-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :338
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Functionalized Nanomaterials for the Management of Microbial Infection: A Strategy to Address Microbial Drug Resistance introduces the reader to the newly developing use of nanotechnology to combat microbial drug resistance. Excessive use of antibiotics and antimicrobial agents has produced an inexorable rise in antibiotic resistance in bacterial pathogens. The use of nanotechnology is currently the most promising strategy to overcome microbial drug resistance. This book shows how, due to their small size, nanoparticles can surmount existing drug resistance mechanisms, including decreased uptake and increased efflux of the drug from the microbial cell, biofilm formation, and intracellular bacteria. In particular, chapters cover the use of nanoparticles to raise intracellular antimicrobial levels, thus directly targeting sites of infection and packaging multiple antimicrobial agents onto a single nanoparticle. Provides the information users need to integrate antibacterial nanoparticles into future treatments Gives readers with backgrounds in nanotechnology, chemistry, and materials science an understanding of the main issues concerning microbial drug resistance and its challenges Includes real-life case studies that illustrates how functionalized nanomaterials are used to manage microbial infection

Advanced Nanostructured Materials for Environmental Remediation

Advanced Nanostructured Materials for Environmental Remediation
Author : Mu. Naushad,Saravanan Rajendran,Francisco Gracia
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-03-14
Category : Science
Total pages :391
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This book provides a wide-range exploration on the ongoing research and developmental events in environmental nanotechnology. Emerging nanomaterials and its technology have been known to offer unique advantages and are continually showing promising potential attracting continuous global attention. This work thus discusses experimental studies of various nanomaterials along with their design and applications and with specific attention to chemical reactions and their challenges for catalytic systems. It will make a noteworthy appeal to scientists and researchers working in the field of nanotechnology for environmental sciences.

Nanomaterials and Environmental Biotechnology

Nanomaterials and Environmental Biotechnology
Author : Indu Bhushan,Vivek Kumar Singh,Durgesh Kumar Tripathi
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-02-22
Category : Science
Total pages :434
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Nanotechnology is considered as one of the emerging fields of science. It has applications in different biological and technological fields which deal with the science of materials at nanoscale (10-9). On the other hand, biotechnology is another field that deals with contemporary challenges. Nanobiotechnology fills the gap between these two fields. It merges physical, chemical, and biological principles in a single realm. This combination opens up new possibilities. At nanoscale dimensions, it creates precise nanocrystals and nanoshells. Integrated nanomaterials are used with modified surface layers for compatibility with living systems, improved dissolution in water, or biorecognition leading to enhanced end results in biotechnological systems. These nanoparticles can also be hybridized with additional biocompatible substances in order to amend their qualities to inculcate novel utilities. Nanobiotechnology is used in bioconjugate chemistry by coalescing up the functionality of non-organically obtained molecular components and biological molecules in order to veil the immunogenic moieties for targeted drug delivery, bioimaging and biosensing. This book blends the science of biology, medicine, bioinorganic chemistry, bioorganic chemistry, material and physical sciences, biomedical engineering, electrical, mechanical, and chemical science to present a comprehensive range of advancements. The development of nano-based materials has made for a greater understanding of their characterization, using techniques such as transmission electron microscope, FTIR, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope EDX, and so on. This volume also highlights uses in environmental remediation, environmental biosensors and environmental protection. It also emphasizes the significance of nanobiotechnology to a series of medical applications viz., diagnostics, and therapeutics stem cell technology, tissue engineering enzyme engineering, drug development and delivery. In addition this book also offers a distinctive understanding of nanobiotechnology from researchers and educators and gives a comprehensive facility for future developments and current applications of nanobiotechnology.

Nanoparticles in Pharmacotherapy

Nanoparticles in Pharmacotherapy
Author : Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2019-04-15
Category : Medical
Total pages :600
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Nanoparticles in Pharmacotherapy explores the most recent findings in how nanoparticles used in pharmacotherapy, starting with their synthesis, characterization and current or potential uses. Offering he book will be a valuable resource of recent scientific progress, along with most known applications of nanoparticles on the pharmacotherapy to be used by researchers, medical doctors and academia individuals.

Nanotechnology in Diagnosis, Treatment and Prophylaxis of Infectious Diseases

Nanotechnology in Diagnosis, Treatment and Prophylaxis of Infectious Diseases
Author : Mahendra Rai,Kateryna Kon
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-05-23
Category : Medical
Total pages :344
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Nanotechnology in Diagnosis, Treatment and Prophylaxis of Infectious Diseases delivers comprehensive coverage of the application of nanotechnology to pressing problems in infectious disease. This text equips readers with cutting-edge knowledge of promising developments and future prospects in nanotechnology, paying special attention to microbes that are now resistant to conventional antibiotics, a concerning problem in modern medicine. Readers will find a thorough discussion of this new approach to infectious disease treatment, including the reasons nanotechnology presents a promising avenue for the diagnosis, treatment, and prophylaxis of infectious diseases. Provides a comprehensive overview of the use of nanotechnology in the treatment and diagnosis of infectious diseases Covers all common types of infective agents, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa, along with their vectors, ticks, mosquitoes, flies, etc. Delivers commentary from an international researcher base, providing insights across differing economic statuses Includes a foundation of basic nanotechnological concepts to aid in designing new strategies to combat several pathogenic diseases and cancer Illustrates the high antimicrobial potential of nanoparticles, ultimately demonstrating how they are a promising alternative class that can be successfully used in fighting a myriad of infections

Photomedicine

Photomedicine
Author : Yohei Tanaka
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-05-17
Category : Medical
Total pages :262
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Photomedicine is one of the most inspiring and interdisciplinary fields in medicine that involves the research and application of photobiology with respect to health and disease. Photomedicine has contributed to the clinical practice of a variety of medical fields, including dermatology, surgery, radiology, diagnostics, cardiology, and anticancer therapy. Furthermore, expansion of its scope and contribution can be expected. This book covers a wide range of aspects and issues related to photomedicine, which brings together researchers from many countries. These include the basic science of photodynamic therapy, clinical applications in various kinds of medical fields, photochemotherapy, laser therapy for musculoskeletal pain, intense pulsed light therapy for photorejuvenation, biological function of low-level laser therapy, and photobiology for skin rejuvenation. Not only will this be beneficial for readers, but it will also contribute to scientists making further breakthroughs in photomedicine.

Nanoscale Processing

Nanoscale Processing
Author : Sabu Thomas,Preetha Balakrishnan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-10-22
Category : Science
Total pages :554
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Nanoscale Processing outlines recent advances in processing techniques for a range of nanomaterial types. New developments in the processing of nanostructured materials are being applied in diverse fields. This book offers in-depth information and analysis of a range of processing techniques for nanostructures, and also covers nanocharacterization aspects thoroughly. Topics covered include zero dimensional nanostructures, nanostructured biomaterials, carbon-based nanostructures, polymeric and liposomal nanostructures, and quantum dots. This book is an important resource for materials scientists and engineers looking to learn more about a variety of processing techniques for various nanomaterial classes, for use in both the industrial and biomedical sectors. Explains major nanoscale processing techniques, outlining in which situations each should be used Discuses a range of nanomaterial classes, including nanobiomaterials, polymeric nanomaterials, optical nanomaterials and magnetic nanomaterials Explores the challenges of using certain processing techniques for certain classes of nanomaterial

Bacterial Pathogenesis and Antibacterial Control

Bacterial Pathogenesis and Antibacterial Control
Author : Sahra Kırmusaoğlu
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-05-30
Category : Science
Total pages :154
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Bacterial pathogens have been becoming the main problem in hospital and community-acquired infections. It is hard to treat the strains that are resistant to antibiotics, due to the causing recurrent and untreatable infections. In recent years, the combination treatments and the novel technologies have been preferred to overcome the emergence of antibacterial resistance of pathogens. In this book, examples of pathogenesis by clinical cases, control by antibiotics and bioactive antimicrobials, control by novel technologies with the collection of up-to-date researches and reviews are presented. This book can be useful for researchers interested in antibacterials, bioactive compounds, and novel technologies.