March 2, 2021

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Nanostructures

Nanostructures
Author : Osvaldo de Oliveira, Jr,Marystela Ferreira,Alessandra Luzia Da Róz,Fabio de Lima Leite
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2016-10-21
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :272
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Nanostructures covers the main concepts and fundamentals of nanoscience emphasizing characteristics and properties of numerous nanostructures. This book offers a clear explanation of nanostructured materials via several examples of synthesis/processing methodologies and materials characterization. In particular, this book is targeted to a range of scientific backgrounds, with some chapters written at an introductory level and others with the in-depth coverage required for a seasoned professional. Nanostructures is an important reference source for early-career researchers and practicing materials scientists and engineers seeking a focused overview of the science of nanostructures and nanostructured systems, and their industrial applications. Presents an accessible overview of the science behind, and industrial uses of, nanostructures. Gives materials scientists and engineers an understanding of how using nanostructures may increase material performance Targeted to a wide audience, including graduate and postgraduate study with a didactic approach to aid fluid learning Features an analysis of different nanostructured systems, explaining their properties and industrial applications

Nanostructures and Nanomaterials

Nanostructures and Nanomaterials
Author : Guozhong Cao,Ying Wang
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2011
Category : Science
Total pages :581
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This text focuses on the synthesis, properties and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials, particularly inorganic nanomaterials. It provides coverage of the fundamentals and processing techniques with regard to synthesis, properties, characterization and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials.

Nature's Nanostructures

Nature's Nanostructures
Author : Amanda S. Barnard,Haibo Guo
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2012-02-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :300
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Natural nanomaterials and nanotechnologies are all around us, which inevitably leads to these questions: What are these natural nanomaterials made of? Where can we find them? What can they do? Answering these questions will facilitate new and environmentally friendly ways of creating and manipulating nanoscale materials for the next generation of new technologies. A truly multidisciplinary resource, this book brings together studies from astronomy, physics, chemistry, materials science, engineering, geology and geophysics, environmental science, agricultural science, entomology, molecular biology, and health and provides an invaluable resource for learning how various scientists approach similar problems.

Nanostructures in Ferroelectric Films for Energy Applications

Nanostructures in Ferroelectric Films for Energy Applications
Author : Jun Ouyang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-07-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :384
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Nanostructures in Ferroelectric Films for Energy Applications: Grains, Domains, Interfaces and the Engineering Methods presents methods of engineering nanostructures in ferroelectric films to improve their performance in energy harvesting and conversion and storage. Ferroelectric films, which have broad applications, including the emerging energy technology, usually consist of nanoscale inhomogeneities. For polycrystalline films, the size and distribution of nano-grains determines the macroscopic properties, especially the field-induced polarization response. For epitaxial films, the energy of internal long-range electric and elastic fields during their growth are minimized by formation of self-assembled nano-domains. This book is an accessible reference for both instructors in academia and R&D professionals. Provides the necessary components for the systematic study of the structure-property relationship in ferroelectric thin film materials using case studies in energy applications Written by leading experts in the research areas of piezoelectrics, electrocalorics, ferroelectric dielectrics (especially in capacitive energy storage), ferroelectric domains, and ferroelectric-Si technology Includes a well balanced mix of theoretical design and simulation, materials processing and integration, and dedicated characterization methods of the involved nanostructures

Electron & Nuclear Spin Dynamics in Semiconductor Nanostructures

Electron & Nuclear Spin Dynamics in Semiconductor Nanostructures
Author : M. M. Glazov
Publisher : Series on Semiconductor Scienc
Release Date : 2018-09-27
Category : Science
Total pages :304
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In recent years, the physics community has experienced a revival of interest in spin effects in solid state systems. On one hand, the solid state systems, particularly, semiconductors and semiconductor nanosystems, allow us to perform benchtop studies of quantum and relativistic phenomena. On the other hand, this interest is supported by the prospects of realizing spin-based electronics, where the electron or nuclear spins may play a role of quantum or classical information carriers. This book looks in detail at the physics of interacting systems of electron and nuclear spins in semiconductors, with particular emphasis on low-dimensional structures. These two spin systems naturally appear in practically all widespread semiconductor compounds. The hyperfine interaction of the charge carriers and nuclear spins is particularly prominent in nanosystems due to the localization of the charge carriers, and gives rise to spin exchange between these two systems and a whole range of beautiful and complex physics of manybody and nonlinear systems. As a result, understanding of the intertwined spin systems of electrons and nuclei is crucial for in-depth studying and controlling the spin phenomena in semiconductors. The book addresses a number of the most prominent effects taking place in semiconductor nanosystems including hyperfine interaction, nuclear magnetic resonance, dynamical nuclear polarization, spin-Faraday and spin-Kerr effects, processes of electron spin decoherence and relaxation, effects of electron spin precession mode-locking and frequency focussing, as well as fluctuations of electron and nuclear spins.

Optical Properties of Nanostructures

Optical Properties of Nanostructures
Author : Ying Fu,Min Qiu
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2011-08-08
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :312
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This book discusses electrons and photons in and through nanostructures by the first-principles quantum mechanical theories and fundamental concepts (a unified coverage of nanostructured electronic and optical components) behind nanoelectronics and optoelectronics, the material basis, physical phenomena, device physics, as well as designs and applications. The combination of viewpoints presented in the book can help foster further research and cross-disciplinary interaction needed to surmount the barriers facing future generations of technology design.

Two-Dimensional Nanostructures

Two-Dimensional Nanostructures
Author : Mahmood Aliofkhazraei,Nasar Ali
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2012-05-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :321
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After the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov "for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene," even more research and development efforts have been focused on two-dimensional nanostructures. Illustrating the importance of this area in future applications, Two-Dimensional Nanostructures covers the fabrication methods and properties of these materials. The authors begin with discussions on the properties, size effect, applications, classification groups, and growth of nanostructures. They then describe various characterization and fabrication methods, such as spectrometry, low-energy electron diffraction, physical and chemical vapor deposition, and molecular beam epitaxy. The remainder of the text focuses on mechanical, chemical, and physical properties and fabrication methods, including a new mechanical method for fabricating graphene layers and a model for relating the features and structures of nanostructured thin films. With companies already demonstrating the capabilities of graphene in a flexible touch-screen and a 150 GHz transistor, nanostructures are on their way to replacing silicon as the materials of choice in electronics and other areas. This book aids you in understanding the current chemical, mechanical, and physical processes for producing these "miracle materials."

Characterization of Nanostructures

Characterization of Nanostructures
Author : Sverre Myhra,John C. Rivière
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2012-06-12
Category : Science
Total pages :334
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The techniques and methods that can be applied to materials characterization on the microscale are numerous and well-established. Divided into two parts, Characterization of Nanostructures provides thumbnail sketches of the most widely used techniques and methods that apply to nanostructures, and discusses typical applications to single nanoscale objects, as well as to ensembles of such objects. Section I: Techniques and Methods overviews the physical principles of the main techniques and describes those operational modes that are most relevant to nanoscale characterization. It provides sufficient technical detail so that readers and prospective users can gain an appreciation of the strengths and limitations of particular techniques. The section covers both mainstream and less commonly used techniques. Section II: Applications of Techniques to Structures of Different Dimensionalities and Functionalities deals with the methods for materials characterization of generic types of systems, using carefully chosen illustrations from the literature. Each chapter begins with a brief description of the materials and supplies a context for the methods for characterization. The volume concludes with a series of flow charts and brief descriptions of tactical issues. The authors focus on the needs of the research laboratory but also address those of quality control, industrial troubleshooting, and online analysis. Characterization of Nanostructures describes those techniques and their operational modes that are most relevant to nanoscale characterization. It is especially relevant to systems of different dimensionalities and functionalities. The book builds a bridge between generalists, who play vital roles in the post-disciplinary area of nanotechnology, and specialists, who view themselves as more in the context of the discipline.

Carbon Nanotubes and Nanostructures: From Fundamental Properties and Processes to Applications and Devices

Carbon Nanotubes and Nanostructures: From Fundamental Properties and Processes to Applications and Devices
Author : D. Guldi
Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
Release Date : 2010-02
Category : Science
Total pages :43
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The papers included in this issue of ECS Transactions were originally presented in the symposium ¿Carbon Nanotubes and Nanostructures: From Fundamental Properties and Processes to Applications and Devices¿, held during the 216th meeting of The Electrochemical Society, in Vienna, Austria from October 4 to 9, 2009.

Nanostructures & Nanomaterials

Nanostructures & Nanomaterials
Author : Guozhong Cao
Publisher : Imperial College Press
Release Date : 2004
Category : Science
Total pages :433
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This important book focuses on the synthesis and fabrication of nanostructures and nanomaterials, but also includes properties and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials, particularly inorganic nanomaterials. It provides balanced and comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals and processing techniques with regard to synthesis, characterization, properties, and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials. Both chemical processing and lithographic techniques are presented in a systematic and coherent manner for the synthesis and fabrication of 0-D, 1-D, and 2-D nanostructures, as well as special nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes and ordered mesoporous oxides. The book will serve as a general introduction to nanomaterials and nanotechnology for teaching and self-study purposes.

Nanostructures

Nanostructures
Author : Christophe Jean Delerue,Michel Lannoo
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-06-29
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :305
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Provides the theoretical background needed by physicists, engineers and students to simulate nano-devices, semiconductor quantum dots and molecular devices. It presents in a unified way the theoretical concepts, the more recent semi-empirical and ab initio methods, and their application to experiments. The topics include quantum confinement, dielectric and optical properties, non-radiative processes, defects and impurities, and quantum transport. This guidebook not only provides newcomers with an accessible overview (requiring only basic knowledge of quantum mechanics and solid-state physics) but also provides active researchers with practical simulation tools.

Nanostructures for Oral Medicine

Nanostructures for Oral Medicine
Author : Ecaterina Andronescu,Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-04-11
Category : Medical
Total pages :1034
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Nanostructures for Oral Medicine presents an up-to-date examination of the applications and effects of nanostructured materials in oral medicine, with each chapter addressing recent developments, specific applications, and uses of nanostructures in the oral administration of therapeutic agents in dentistry. The book also includes coverage of the biocompatibility of nanobiomaterials and their remarkable potential in improving human health and in reducing environmental pollution. Emerging advances, such as Dr. Franklin Tay's concept of a new nanotechnology process of growing extremely small, mineral-rich crystals and guiding them into the demineralized gaps between collagen fibers to prevent the aging and degradation of resin-dentin bonding is also discussed. This work will be of great value to those who work in oral medicine, providing them with a resource to gain a greater understanding of how nanotechnology can help them create more efficient, cost-effective products. In addition, it will be of great interest to those who work in materials science who wish to gain a greater appreciation of how nanostructured materials are applied in this field. Outlines the major uses of nanostructured materials for oral medicine, including the properties of each material discussed and how it should best be applied Explores how nanostructured materials enable the creation of more effective drug delivery systems in oral medicine Discusses how novel uses of nanostructured materials may be applied in oral medicine to create more effective devices

Nanostructures for the Engineering of Cells, Tissues and Organs

Nanostructures for the Engineering of Cells, Tissues and Organs
Author : Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2018-02-14
Category : Science
Total pages :630
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Nanostructures for the Engineering of Cells: Tissues and Organs showcases recent advances in pharmaceutical nanotechnology, with particular emphasis on tissue engineering, organ and cell applications. The book provides an up-to-date overview of organ targeting and cell targeting using nanotechnology. In addition, tissue engineering applications, such as skin regeneration are also discussed. Written by a diverse range of international academics, this book is a valuable research resource for researchers working in the biomaterials, medical and pharmaceutical industries. Explains how nanomaterials regulate different cell behavior and function as a carrier for different biomolecules Shows how nanobiomaterials and nanobiodevices are used in a range of treatment areas, such as skin tissue, wound healing and bone regeneration Discusses nanomaterial preparation strategies for pharmaceutical application and regenerative medicine

Optical Spectroscopy of Semiconductor Nanostructures

Optical Spectroscopy of Semiconductor Nanostructures
Author : Eougenious L. Ivchenko
Publisher : Alpha Science Int'l Ltd.
Release Date : 2005
Category : Science
Total pages :427
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This volume looks at optical spectroscopy of semiconductir nanostructures. Some of the topics it covers include: kingdom of nanostructures; quantum confinement in low-dimensional systems; resonant light reflection; and transmission and absorption.

CFN Lectures on Functional Nanostructures - Volume 2

CFN Lectures on Functional Nanostructures - Volume 2
Author : Christian Röthig,Gerd Schön,Matthias Vojta
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2011-08-27
Category : Science
Total pages :178
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This series of books contains selected and edited lectures from summer schools organized by the Center for Functional nanostructures (CFN) at the University of Karlsruhe. The mission of the CFN is to carry out research in the following areas: nanophotonics, nanoelectronics, molecular nanostructures and nanostructured materials. The aim of the summer schools is mainly to exchange new ideas and illustrate emerging research methodologies through a series of topical, introductory lectures. This is reflected by both the selection of topics addressed in the present volume, nanoelectronics, as well as the tutorial aspect of the contributions.