January 16, 2021

Download Ebook Free Natural Hosts Of SIV

Natural Hosts of SIV

Natural Hosts of SIV
Author : Aftab A. Ansari,Guido Silvestri
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2014-07-04
Category : Medical
Total pages :400
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Natural Hosts of SIV: Implications in AIDS thoroughly reviews the possible mechanisms by which African nonhuman primate natural hosts of lentiviruses remain essentially disease-free while other hosts exhibit disease and death. The book ultimately indicates directions for further research and potential translations of this compelling phenomenon into novel approaches to treat and prevent HIV. When Asian non-human primate non-natural hosts are experimentally infected with viruses isolated from African species, disease and death normally results. Meanwhile, these African nonhuman primate natural hosts maintain similar levels of plasma and cellular viremia and exhibit compellingly different, essentially disease-free, states. This work attempts to answer the question of how the natural host remains disease resistant. Summarizes the past 30 years of research in this field and describes the latest developments in AIDS research using nonhuman primate animal models Provides insights into how this large body of scientific work can be translated into novel approaches to treat and prevent HIV Highlights the areas that merit future pursuit, focusing on potential applications for the treatment and prevention of HIV infection

Lymph Node T Cell Dynamics and Novel Strategies for HIV Cure

Lymph Node T Cell Dynamics and Novel Strategies for HIV Cure
Author : Constantinos Petrovas,Vijayakumar Velu
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2019-02-11
Category :
Total pages :129
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Currently, more than 36 million people are infected with HIV. Although the introduction of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) has led to substantial advances in the clinical management of HIV infected individuals, HAART cannot completely eliminate the virus. This is because CD4 T helper cells, harboring the virus, remain dormant reservoirs. These reservoirs are difficult to measure and are present even in HAART-treated HIV infected individuals with undetectable levels of HIV in the blood. A growing body of studies has revealed follicular helper (Tfh) CD4 T cells, a highly differentiated CD4 T cell population localized in immunologically sanctuary sites (follicle/germinal center), as a major reservoir of HIV. The present Frontiers in Immunology eBook compiles 16 timely review articles focusing on the dynamics of major follicular immune cell types in HIV/SIV infection and their potential role for disease pathogenesis and the viral persistence in the lymph node. This eBook provides a comprehensive presentation of recent published work on lymph node and especially Tfh cell dynamics in HIV infection and we hope that it will be useful for our further understanding of how such dynamics affect the interplay between virus and host as well as for the discovery of novel therapeutic targets in the fight against HIV.

Models of Protection Against HIV/SIV

Models of Protection Against HIV/SIV
Author : Gianfranco Pancino,Guido Silvestri,Keith R. Fowke
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2012-01
Category : Medical
Total pages :345
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A successful vaccine for the prevention and/or immunotherapy against HIV/AIDS is one of the prominent challenges of the 21st century. To date, all human vaccine trials against this virus/disease have resulted in failure, or at best have shown very low efficacy. The scientific community dealing with HIV/AIDS has unanimously proposed a focus on basic science, with the intention of identifying correlates of protection that can serve as guides in developing and evaluating vaccine preparation. However, Nature seems to have already found several ways of dealing with infections by HIV and related primate lentiviruses, either by resisting infection or, once infected, avoiding immune damage and immunodeficiency. Models of Protection Against HIV/SIV will allow for an in-depth reflection on the perspectives for vaccine and therapy research derived from important recent studies. It will be authored by some of the most well known specialists in the field of HIV resistance/protection: including F. Barré-Sinoussi (2008 Nobel Prize for Medicine winner), B. Walker, S. Rowland-Jones, A. Telenti, M. Lederman and F. Plummer. This book is structured in a unique way, looking at three models of resistance/protection separately and then comparing the models against one another to provide its readership with a detailed examination of the research that is most predominant in the search for a vaccine. This structure presents the information in an easy-to-understand format and gives the book a cross-discipline appeal -- an important reference for those in the scientific community, medical care, public health and academia alike. Provides extensive descriptions and comparisons on the different models of protection agains HIV/AIDS Comprehensive writing and illustrations Contributors are among the most eminent specialists in the field

Desk Encyclopedia Animal and Bacterial Virology

Desk Encyclopedia Animal and Bacterial Virology
Author : Brian W.J. Mahy,Marc H.V. van Regenmortel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2010-04-06
Category : Medical
Total pages :646
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This volume contains 81 chapters that relate to veterinary and bacterial virology. The first section describes general features of farm and other animals of agricultural importance. The following three sections detail other animal viruses, avian viruses, and viruses affecting aquatic species such as fish and crustaceans. The Section five deals with viruses which infect bacteria. The most comprehensive single-volume source providing an overview of virology issues related to animal and bateria Bridges the gap between basic undergraduate texts and specialized reviews Concise and general overviews of important topics within the field will help in preparation of lectures, writing reports, or drafting grant applications

Simian Virology

Simian Virology
Author : Alexander F. Voevodin,Preston A. Marx
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2009-08-06
Category : Medical
Total pages :504
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Simian Virology is the first text to comprehensively cover all currently known simian viruses. Chapters provide an overview of nonhuman primate models of medically important viral diseases as well as natural infections of nonhuman primates with human and animal viruses. The text covers a variety of topics including primate models of medically important viral diseases such as AIDS, hypotheses on the origins of epidemic forms of HIV, and viral diseases caused by non-simian viruses in both wild and captive primates.

Viral Sex

Viral Sex
Author : Jaap Goudsmit
Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
Release Date : 1998
Category : Medical
Total pages :260
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Leading AIDS researcher Jaap Goudsmit illuminates the origins and nature of the world's most lethal epidemic. Goudsmit takes us on a journey from the African rainforest to ancient Egypt to pioneering research labs in the U.S. and Europe. Impeccably researched, VIRAL SEX instills readers with a new sense of the urgent need to contain HIV and other similarly lethal viruses. Illustrated.

Nonhuman Primates in Biomedical Research

Nonhuman Primates in Biomedical Research
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 1995-08-04
Category : Medical
Total pages :428
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This book represents the most comprehensive publication of its type on nonhuman primates. It also provides basic information on the biology and management of primates for anyone responsible for the care and use of these animals. A related book on primate diseases will be published in 1996. Stresses the following major topics: Biology and medical management Reproductive physiology and breeding Nutrition Biohazards

Encyclopedia of AIDS

Encyclopedia of AIDS
Author : Thomas J. Hope,Douglas Richman,Mario Stevenson
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-02-22
Category : Medical
Total pages :2192
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For the first time, the world’s experts in HIV-AIDS have come together to publish the Encyclopedia of AIDS. The work features over 4000 A-Z entries including medical, cultural, social, and pharmacological essays. The Pathology entries cover the various types of HIV-related illnesses, including those that are and are not AIDS-defining. Many of the conditions that are AIDS-defining illnesses have their own entries or are cross-referenced to a generic entry in which several related conditions are discussed (such as enteric diseases and fungal infections). Typically, the treatment of any given form of pathology is briefly discussed in the entry that covers that illness. The reference is a must-read for Infectious Disease specialists, Immunologists, Public Health researchers, Virologists, Microbiologists, Pharmacologists, and Physicians.

Occupational Health and Safety in the Care and Use of Nonhuman Primates

Occupational Health and Safety in the Care and Use of Nonhuman Primates
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Institute for Laboratory Animal Research,Committee on Occupational Health and Safety in the Care and Use of Nonhuman Primates
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2003-07-13
Category : Science
Total pages :180
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The field of occupational health and safety constantly changes, especially as it pertains to biomedical research. New infectious hazards are of particular importance at nonhuman-primate facilities. For example, the discovery that B virus can be transmitted via a splash on a mucous membrane raises new concerns that must be addressed, as does the discovery of the Reston strain of Ebola virus in import quarantine facilities in the U.S. The risk of such infectious hazards is best managed through a flexible and comprehensive Occupational Health and Safety Program (OHSP) that can identify and mitigate potential hazards. Occupational Health and Safety in the Care and Use of Nonhuman Primates is intended as a reference for vivarium managers, veterinarians, researchers, safety professionals, and others who are involved in developing or implementing an OHSP that deals with nonhuman primates. The book lists the important features of an OHSP and provides the tools necessary for informed decision-making in developing an optimal program that meets all particular institutional needs.

Parasite Diversity and Diversification

Parasite Diversity and Diversification
Author : Serge Morand,Boris R. Krasnov,Tim Littlewood,D. Timothy J. Littlewood
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2015-02-26
Category : Science
Total pages :488
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By joining phylogenetics and evolutionary ecology, this book explores the patterns of parasite diversity while revealing diversification processes.

Veterinary Microbiology

Veterinary Microbiology
Author : D. Scott McVey,Melissa Kennedy,M. M. Chengappa
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2013-05-30
Category : Medical
Total pages :656
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Veterinary Microbiology, Third Edition is a comprehensive reference on the bacterial, fungal, and viral pathogenic agents that cause animal disease. Now in full color with improved images throughout, the new edition has been thoroughly updated to reflect information from current research and diagnostic and clinical publications. Key changes include a review of microbial cell structure and function and increased emphasis on the key points of pathogenesis and host responses to infection. Organized into four sections, the Third Edition begins with an updated and expanded introductory section on infectious disease pathogenesis, diagnosis and clinical management. The second section covers bacterial and fungal pathogens, and the third section describes viral diseases and viruses. The final section presents a systematic approach of describing infection and disease of animals. Equally useful for beginning veterinary students and seasoned practitioners, Veterinary Microbiology offers a thorough introduction and reference text for veterinary infectious disease.

Savanna Monkeys

Savanna Monkeys
Author : Trudy R. Turner,Christopher A. Schmitt,Jennifer Danzy Cramer
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2019-03-21
Category : Science
Total pages :129
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Living across Africa and the Caribbean, this widely dispersed primate population must adapt to different environmental challenges. How do members of the genus Chlorocebus live in desert-like conditions and in areas with freezing temperatures and snow in winter? This book examines the ways these primates adapt genetically, hormonally, physically and behaviourally to their changing landscapes. It features summary chapters for major topics such as behavioural ecology, life history, taxonomy, genetics and ethnoprimatology. Shorter essays supplement the work, with experts detailing their particular research on these primates. The combination of scholarship provides both a comprehensive view of this adaptable genus while enabling the reader to gain depth in specific topics. Developed from a symposium, this book combines decades of experience working with savanna monkeys into a tangible resource, for students and researchers in primatology as well as evolutionary and behavioural studies.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Sequence Compendium

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Sequence Compendium
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2005
Category : AIDS (Disease)
Total pages :129
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Simian Retroviruses—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition

Simian Retroviruses—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release Date : 2012-12-26
Category : Medical
Total pages :71
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Simian Retroviruses—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about Simian Retroviruses in a concise format. The editors have built Simian Retroviruses—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Simian Retroviruses in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Simian Retroviruses—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Zoonoses, Public Health and the Exotic Animal Practitioner, An Issue of Veterinary Clinics: Exotic Animal Practice - E-Book

Zoonoses, Public Health and the Exotic Animal Practitioner, An Issue of Veterinary Clinics: Exotic Animal Practice - E-Book
Author : Marcy J. Souza
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2011-09-29
Category : Medical
Total pages :192
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A comprehensive review of zoonoses and public health for the exotic animal practitioner! The issue will cover: zoonoses and preventive medicine practices, rabies, followed by specific, individual chapters on zoonoses associated with invertebrates, fish, reptiles and amphibians, common pet birds, backyard flocks, wild birds, rabbits and rodents, pocket pets, felids & procyonids, and primates and monkeys.