December 1, 2020

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Neurobiology of Disease

Neurobiology of Disease
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2011-09-06
Category : Science
Total pages :1104
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Neurobiology of Disease is aimed at any basic scientist or clinician scientist teaching a course or conducting research on the basic science underlying the major neurological diseases. It provides an excellent overview of cutting-edge research on the fundamental disorders of the nervous system, including physiological and molecular aspects of dysfunction. The major categories of neurological disease are covered, and the chapters provide specific information about particular diseases exemplifying each of these categories. Sufficient clinical information is included to put into perspective the basic mechanisms discussed. The book assembles a world-class team of section editors and chapters written by acknowledged experts in their respective fields. Provides cutting edge information about fundamental mechanisms underlying neurological diseases Amply supplied with tables, illustrations and references Includes supporting clinical information putting the mechanisms of disease into perspective

Cingulate Neurobiology and Disease

Cingulate Neurobiology and Disease
Author : Brent Vogt
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2009-06-04
Category : Medical
Total pages :829
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One of the major neuroscience publications of the past few years, Cingulate Neurobiology and Disease presents the definitive review of the cingulate cortex, explaining its critical role in a host of diseases and illnesses.

Neurobiology of Disease

Neurobiology of Disease
Author : Alan L. Pearlman,Robert C. Collins
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date : 1990
Category : Art
Total pages :482
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The study of the mechanisms by which diseases alter the function of the nervous system was once well described by the appellation "Neurological Pathophysiology," the title of the previous editions of this book. But when disciplines as diverse as molecular genetics and radiation biophysics converge on the analysis of the nervous system and its disorders, a title with broader meaning is required to encompass them. The change in the book's title reflects a change in its scope, as it includes much more information on functional and anatomical systems than the early editions. New to this edition are three chapters on Memory, Genetic Disorders, and Brain Tumors. Infections are given more extensive treatment, the original chapter being divided into two, the first on bacteria, fungi and parasites, the second on viruses. All other chapters have been updated. For medical students and physicians it offers an introduction to the scientific basis of clinical neurology--the framework on which diagnosis and treatment are based. For graduate students and scientists in the field of neurobiology, it describes the expression of fundamental mechanisms gone awry, and provides clues for elucidating those mechanisms.

The Neurobiology of Disease

The Neurobiology of Disease
Author : H. Bostock,P. A. Kirkwood,A. H. Pullen
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1996
Category : Nervous system
Total pages :443
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Neurobiology of Brain Disorders

Neurobiology of Brain Disorders
Author : Michael J. Zigmond,Joseph T. Coyle,Lewis P. Rowland
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-12-03
Category : Science
Total pages :824
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Neurobiology of Brain Disorders is the first book directed primarily at basic scientists to offer a comprehensive overview of neurological and neuropsychiatric disease. This book links basic, translational, and clinical research, covering the genetic, developmental, molecular, and cellular mechanisms underlying all major categories of brain disorders. It offers students, postdoctoral fellows, and researchers in the diverse fields of neuroscience, neurobiology, neurology, and psychiatry the tools they need to obtain a basic background in the major neurological and psychiatric diseases, and to discern connections between basic research and these relevant clinical conditions. This book addresses developmental, autoimmune, central, and peripheral neurodegeneration; infectious diseases; and diseases of higher function. The final chapters deal with broader issues, including some of the ethical concerns raised by neuroscience and a discussion of health disparities. Included in each chapter is coverage of the clinical condition, diagnosis, treatment, underlying mechanisms, relevant basic and translational research, and key unanswered questions. Written and edited by a diverse team of international experts, Neurobiology of Brain Disorders is essential reading for anyone wishing to explore the basic science underlying neurological and neuropsychiatric diseases. Links basic, translational, and clinical research on disorders of the nervous system, creating a format for study that will accelerate disease prevention and treatment Covers a vast array of neurological disorders, including ADHD, Down syndrome, autism, muscular dystrophy, diabetes, TBI, Parkinson, Huntington, Alzheimer, OCD, PTSD, schizophrenia, depression, and pain Illustrated in full color Each chapter provides in-text summary points, special feature boxes, and research questions Provides an up-to-date synthesis of primary source material

Neurobiology of Disease

Neurobiology of Disease
Author : Michael V Johnston,Harold P Adams,Ali Fatemi
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2016-08-18
Category : Medical
Total pages :1488
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The second edition of Neurobiology of Disease includes nearly 200 articles surveying all major disorders of the nervous system in both adults and children, focusing on relevant diagnosis and treatments from the perspective of cutting edge clinical and basic neurobiological research. Akin to an encyclopedia of every neurologic disorder, this comprehensive work is ideal for graduate and medical school students, residents, and candidates preparing for their board certification examinations. Each chapter is illustrated with detailed figures, supplemented with descriptive and diagnostic tables, and thoroughly referenced for further investigations. The book's editors, Michael V. Johnston, Harold P. Adams Jr., and Ali Fatemi bring their unique expertise in clinical and research neurology to the overall scope of this work. To further enhance the scope and quality of this new edition, the following Section Editors provided oversight of their respective sections: · Movement Disorders-Joel Perlmutter, Washington University · Dementias-David Knopman, Mayo Clinic · Motorneuron Diseases-Merit Cudkowicz, Massachusetts General Hospital · Paroxysmal Disorders-Solomon Moshe, Albert Einstein College of Medicine · Pediatric Neurology and Developmental Disorders-Tanjala Gipson and Deepa Menon, Kennedy Krieger Institute and Johns Hopkins University · Neuroimmunological Diseases-Carlos Pardo-Villamizar, Johns Hopkins University · Cerebrovascular Diseases-Harold P. Adams Jr., University of Iowa · Peripheral and Autonomic Nervous System Disorders and Pain-Nicholas Maragakis, Johns Hopkins University · Neoplastic and Paraneoplastic Diseases-Lisa DeAngelis, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center · Infectious Diseases of the Nervous System-Karen L. Roos, Indiana University · Sleep Disturbances-Mark Dyken, University of Iowa · Substance Abuse and Toxicology Disorders-Barry E. Kosofsky, Weill-Cornell University Medical Center · Neurologic Manifestations of Medical Disorders-John C. Probasco, Johns Hopkins University

Exam Prep for: Neurobiology of Disease

Exam Prep for: Neurobiology of Disease
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2020
Category :
Total pages :129
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The Neurobiology of Disease

The Neurobiology of Disease
Author : Hugh Bostock,P. A. Kirkwood,A. H. Pullen
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 1996-04-18
Category : Medical
Total pages :443
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Combining the knowledge of distinguished clinicians and scientists, this valuable reference seeks to inspire further understanding of neurological disease.

Neurobiology of Huntington’s Disease

Neurobiology of Huntington’s Disease
Author : Donald C. Lo,Robert E. Hughes
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2010-07-02
Category : Science
Total pages :338
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In 1993, the genetic mutation responsible for Huntington’s disease (HD) was identified. Considered a milestone in human genomics, this discovery has led to nearly two decades of remarkable progress that has greatly increased our knowledge of HD, and documented an unexpectedly large and diverse range of biochemical and genetic perturbations that seem to result directly from the expression of the mutant huntingtin gene. Neurobiology of Huntington’s Disease: Applications to Drug Discovery presents a thorough review of the issues surrounding drug discovery and development for the treatment of this paradigmatic neurodegenerative disease. Drawing on the expertise of key researchers in the field, the book discusses the basic neurobiology of Huntington’s disease and how its monogenic nature confers enormous practical advantages for translational research, including the creation of robust experimental tools, models, and assays to facilitate discovery and validation of molecular targets and drug candidates for HD. Written to support future basic research as well as drug development efforts, this volume: Covers the latest research approaches in genetics, genomics, and proteomics, including high-throughput and high-content screening Highlights advances in the discovery and development of new drug therapies for neurodegenerative disorders Examines the practical realities of preclinical testing, clinical testing strategies, and, ultimately, clinical usage While the development of effective drug treatments for Huntington's disease continues to be tremendously challenging, a highly interactive and cooperative community of researchers and clinical investigators now brings us to the threshold of potential breakthroughs in the quest for therapeutic agents. The impressive array of drug discovery resources outlined in the text holds much promise for treating this devastating disease, providing hope to long-suffering Huntington’s disease patients and their families.

Neurobiology of Alzheimer's Disease

Neurobiology of Alzheimer's Disease
Author : David Dawbarn,Shelley J. Allen
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date : 2007
Category : Medical
Total pages :468
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Alzheimer's disease is the most common form of dementia in the elderly; 450,000 people in the UK and 4.5 million people in the USA suffer with this disease. This 3rd edition of Neurobiology of Alzheimer's Disease gives a comprehensive and readable introduction to the disease, from molecular pathology to clinical practice. The book is intended for readers new to the field, and it also covers an extensive range of themes for those with in-depth knowledge of Alzheimer's disease. It will therefore act either as an introduction to the whole field of neurodegeneration or it will help experienced researchers to access the latest research in specialist topics. Each chapter is written by eminent scientists leading their fields in neuropathology, clinical practice and molecular neurobiology; appendices detail disease-associate proteins, their sequences, familial mutations and known structures. It will be essential reading for students interested in neurodegeneration and for researchers and clinicians, giving a coherent and cohesive approach to the whole area of research, and allowing access at different levels. For those in the pharmaceutical industry it describes the underlying molecular mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease and explains how current and potential therapeutics may work.

Neurobiology of the Axon in Health and Disease

Neurobiology of the Axon in Health and Disease
Author : Maren Engelhardt,Vann Bennett
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2019-11-04
Category : Electronic book
Total pages :134
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Ever since Santiago Ramón y Cajal sketched his captivating panels of the microscopic structure of the brain with its vast diversity of neuronal morphology over a century ago, scientists have been drawn to this seemingly chaotic network of neurites and processes to uncover how structure relates to function. During the course of a century, we have moved from merely describing neuronal and glial morphology to furthering our understanding of such intricate processes as organelle and factor transport, cellular compartmentalization, neuronal polarity, cytoskeleton dynamics, neurite pathfinding, and the impact of pathophysiological insult on these structures and events. Yet to this day, and likely for the foreseeable future, much work remains to be done to fully grasp the exceptional role of neurites for the function of larger neuronal ensembles and networks. While the somatodendritic domain of neurons has been in the focus of attention for many years, mostly because of its great dynamic remodeling capacity during events of plasticity (e.g. learning), the axonal domain has somehow remained in the background despite the fact that especially recent comprehensive studies from various fields of research underline the axon’s contribution to dynamic plasticity processes. Consequently, this Research Topic focuses on the many exciting aspects of axonal neurobiology – ranging from membrane composition and molecular determination during development to axonal domain specialization and physiology in health and disease. In Chapter 1 “Axons in the PNS”, Bombeiro et al. use immunodeficient mice to study the role of lymphocytes during the regeneration of peripheral nerves, showing that the modulation of immune responses after injury can be an efficient approach to enhance nerve regeneration in the PNS. Using a DRG model, Berbusse et al. identify the onset of damage to mitochondrial structure and dynamics as a key event during early axon degeneration and provide evidence that Nmnat1, a member of the family of nicotinamide-nucleotide adenylyltransferases, can have protective effects by preserving normal mitochondrial integrity and dynamics. In another study of PNS nerve regeneration, Law et al. use proteomics approaches via Mass Spectrometry to provide evidence that rosovitine, a synthetic purine nucleoside analog, can successfully promote PNS axon regeneration. In Chapter 2 “Axonal development in the central nervous system”, Yoshimura et al. analyze specialized axonal domains, namely the axon initial segment and nodes of Ranvier, with regards to their expression profiles of the major scaffolding protein ßIV-spectrin. Super resolution microscopy reveals a potential developmental switch of spectrin isoforms at both axonal domains. In a related study, also using super resolution microscopy, Leterrier et al. examine a potential reciprocal role of membrane partners in ankyrin-G targeting and stabilization at the axonal membrane during development. The authors demonstrate a tight and precocious association of ankyrin-G with its membrane partners. Höfflin et al. address the question of axon initial segment morphology across different cell classes in cortical organotypic slice cultures and find a surprising heterogeneity especially between pyramidal cells and interneurons in primary visual cortex. In a major step towards establishing a successful live label of the axon initial segment, Dumitrescu et al. report the development of a genetically-encoded construct consisting of a voltage-gated sodium channel intracellular domain fused to yellow fluorescent protein (YFP-NaVII-III). Nelson and Jenkins then provide a comprehensive Review article on the axon initial segment and nodes of Ranvier with a special focus on the various scaffolding protein isoforms and their role in human disease. In Chapter 3 “Axonal physiology and plasticity”, Nikitin et al. investigate fast onset dynamics of action potentials during neuronal development in vitro, showing that encoding of high frequencies improves upon culture maturation, accompanied by the development of passive electrophysiological properties and action potential generation. Using pharmacological and RNA interference approaches, Tapia et al. provide evidence that cannabinoid receptors and their ligands can modulate dendritic morphology and thus, indirectly, also affect ankyrin-G accumulation at the axon initial segment. A Mini Review by Zbili et al. discusses the potential impact of subthreshold changes in presynaptic membrane potential before action potential initiation on neurotransmitter release, and which significant impact such mechanisms could have on information processing in neuronal circuits. Yamada and Kuba close this chapter with a Mini Review on axon initial segment plasticity with a particular focus on ion channels and the biophysics of excitability. In Chapter 4 “Axon degeneration and regeneration”, Hamada et al. investigate the often overlooked question to which extent myelin loss affects action potential propagation along distal branch points and axon collaterals. Using the cuprizone demyelination model and optical voltage-sensitive dye imaging, the authors uncover functional consequences of demyelination that reach well beyond the main axon. In a model of mild traumatic brain injury, Vascak et al. demonstrate complex aspects of this injury type on neocortical circuit function, including changes in inhibitory perisomatic input and axon initial segment-driven output in affected layer V neurons. In a Mini Review, Grosch et al. discuss recent advances in the field of Parkinson’s disease with a focus on early degeneration in dopaminergic and serotonergic neurons of the basal ganglia. The last two articles cover the topic of axonal regeneration. Li et al. investigate the role of activated astrocytes in spinal cord lesion and how their functional downregulation via an inhibitor of mitochondrial fission, Mdivi-1, could potentially have positive impact on lesion scar formation and axonal regeneration. In a final Review, Liu et al. highlight recent advances in the development of biomaterial scaffolds and cell transplantation strategies to combine two promising therapeutic approaches for spinal cord injury.

Diseases of the Nervous System

Diseases of the Nervous System
Author : Harald Sontheimer
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-03-06
Category : Medical
Total pages :520
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The study of the brain continues to expand at a rapid pace providing fascinating insights into the basic mechanisms underlying nervous system illnesses. New tools, ranging from genome sequencing to non-invasive imaging, and research fueled by public and private investment in biomedical research has been transformative in our understanding of nervous system diseases and has led to an explosion of published primary research articles. Diseases of the Nervous System summarizes the current state of basic and clinical knowledge for the most common neurological and neuropsychiatric conditions. In a systematic progression, each chapter covers either a single disease or a group of related disorders ranging from static insults to primary and secondary progressive neurodegenerative diseases, neurodevelopmental illnesses, illnesses resulting from nervous system infection and neuropsychiatric conditions. Chapters follow a common format and are stand-alone units, each covering disease history, clinical presentation, disease mechanisms and treatment protocols. Dr. Sontheimer also includes two chapters which discuss common concepts shared among the disorders and how new findings are being translated from the bench to the bedside. In a final chapter, he explains the most commonly used neuroscience jargon. The chapters address controversial issues in current day neuroscience research including translational research, drug discovery, ethical issues, and the promises of personalized medicine. This book provides an introduction for course adoption and an introductory tutorial for students, scholars, researchers and medical professionals interested in learning the state of the art concerning our understanding and treatment of diseases of the nervous system. 2016 PROSE Award winner of the Best Textbook Award in Biological & Life Sciences Provides a focused tutorial introduction to the core diseases of the nervous system Includes comprehensive introductions to Stroke, Epilepsy, Alzheimer’s Disease, Parkinson’s Disease, Huntington’s Disease, ALS, Head and Spinal Cord Trauma, Multiple Sclerosis, Brain Tumors, Depression, Schizophrenia and many other diseases of the nervous system Covers more than 40 diseases from the foundational science to the best treatment protocols Includes discussions of translational research, drug discovery, personalized medicine, ethics, and neuroscience

Parkinsonism Beyond Parkinson's Disease

Parkinsonism Beyond Parkinson's Disease
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-11-26
Category : Medical
Total pages :468
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Parkinsonism beyond Parkinson's Disease, Volume 149, the latest release in the International Review of Neurobiology series, highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on a variety of topics, including How to approach a patient with parkinsonism – red flags for atypical parkinsonism, The ‘classic’ atypical parkinsonian disorders, Classification of atypical parkinsonism per pathology vs. phenotypes, Progressive supranuclear palsy, Corticobasal degeneration, Multiple system atrophy, Atypical parkinsonism in other sporadic and genetic neurodegenerative diseases, Sporadic ‘Atypical’ Parkinson’s disease, and much more. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the International Review of Neurobiology series Updated release includes the latest information on Parkinson's Disease

The Benefits of Natural Products for Neurodegenerative Diseases

The Benefits of Natural Products for Neurodegenerative Diseases
Author : M. Mohamed Essa,Mohammed Akbar,Gilles Guillemin
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-09-20
Category : Medical
Total pages :496
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Focuses on the effects of natural products and their active components on brain function and neurodegenerative disease prevention. Phytochemicals such as alkaloids, terpenes, flavanoids, isoflavones, saponins etc are known to possess protective activity against many neurological diseases. The molecular mechanisms behind the curative effects rely mainly on the action of phytonutrients on distinct signaling pathways associated with protein folding and neuro-inflammation. The diverse array of bioactive nutrients present in these natural products plays a pivotal role in prevention and cure of various neurodegenerative diseases, disorders, or insults, such as Alzheimer's Disease, Parkinson's Disease, Huntington's Disease, traumatic brain injury, and other neuronal dysfunctions. However, the use of these antioxidants in the management of neurodegenerative conditions has so far been not well understood. This is a comprehensive collection addressing the effects on the brain of natural products and edible items such as reservatrol, curcumin, gingerol, fruits, vegetables, nuts, and marine products.

Behavioral Neurobiology of Huntington's Disease and Parkinson's Disease

Behavioral Neurobiology of Huntington's Disease and Parkinson's Disease
Author : Hoa Huu Phuc Nguyen,M. Angela Cenci
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-05-23
Category : Medical
Total pages :397
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Motor dysfunction and cognitive impairment are major symptoms in both Huntington’s Disease (HD) and Parkinson’s Disease (PD). A breakthrough in HD research was the identification of the gene that causes this devastating monogenetic illness. Similarly, several genes were found to cause familial forms of PD. With their identification, a plethora of genetic animal models has been generated and has revolutionized the understanding of the pathobiology and pathophysiology of these disorders. The models allow us to study the earliest manifestations of the diseases behaviorally and neuropathologically and help us understand how they progress over time. Additionally, neurotoxic animal models are still of high interest to the PD field, as they are being used to study e.g. mitochondrial dysfunction in PD. This book focuses on animal models of both diseases and how they have helped and will continue to help understand the behavioral neurobiology in these disorders.