June 15, 2021

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Neuroendocrine Regulation of Animal Vocalization

Neuroendocrine Regulation of Animal Vocalization
Author : Cheryl S Rosenfeld,Frauke Hoffmann
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-08-15
Category :
Total pages :416
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Neuroendocrine Regulation of Animal Vocalization: Mechanisms and Anthropogenic Factors in Animal Communication examines the underpinning neuroendocrine (NE) mechanisms that drive animal communications across taxa. Written by international subject experts, it focuses on the importance of animal communication in survival and reproduction at an individual and species level, and the impact of that increased production and accumulation of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) can have on disturbing these normal regulatory processes. This book discusses sound production, perception, processing, and response across a range of animals. This includes insects, fish, bats, birds, non-human primates, and infant humans. Each chapter covers the physiology of the animal's perceptive organs, auditory receptors and pathways, analyzing how neuroactive substances, endocrine control, and chemical changes in the environment affects these factors. Neuroendocrine Regulation of Animal Vocalization is a valuable resource for researchers and advanced students seeking first-rate material on the neuroendocrinological effects to animal behavior and communication. The most comprehensive cross-taxa study of its kind, revolutionary in its focus on the impacts of EDCs in the regulatory processes guiding animal communication Discusses intra- and inter-sexually selected traits Emphasizes the importance of acoustic vocalization perception and processing for survival Analyzes recent governmental policies and the subsequent effects of EDCs on humans and wildlife

Neuroendocrine Regulation of Animal Vocalization

Neuroendocrine Regulation of Animal Vocalization
Author : Cheryl S. Rosenfeld,Frauke Hoffmann
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-12-04
Category : Nature
Total pages :424
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Neuroendocrine Regulation of Animal Vocalization: Mechanisms and Anthropogenic Factors in Animal Communication examines the underpinning neuroendocrine (NE) mechanisms that drive animal communication across taxa. Written by international subject experts, the book focuses on the importance of animal communication in survival and reproduction at an individual and species level, and the impact that increased production and accumulation of endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) can have on these regulatory processes. This book discusses sound production, perception, processing, and response across a range of animals. This includes insects, fish, bats, birds, nonhuman primates, infant humans, and many others. Some chapters analyze how neuroactive substances, endocrine control, and chemical pollution affect the physiology of the animal’s perceptive and sound-producing organs, as well as their auditory and vocal receptors and pathways. Other chapters address the recent approaches governments have taken to protect against the endocrine disruption of animal (vocal) behaviors. The book is a valuable resource for researchers and advanced students seeking first-rate material on neuroendocrinological effects on animal behavior and communication. Serves as the most comprehensive cross-taxa study of its kind, revolutionary in its focus on the impacts of EDCs on the processes guiding animal communication Emphasizes the importance of production, perception and processing of acoustic vocalization for survival Analyzes recent governmental policies and protections against the effects of EDCs on humans and wildlife

The Neuroendocrine Regulation of Behavior

The Neuroendocrine Regulation of Behavior
Author : Jay Schulkin,Research Professor of Physiology and Biophysics Jay Schulkin
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 1999
Category : Medical
Total pages :323
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In this text Jay Schulkin discusses and emphasizes the important roles of steroids and neuropeptides in the regulation of behavior. The guiding principle behind much of the research and insights that are presented in the book is the concept of using certain model animal systems to study how hormones influence the brain. The results from these model systems can then be used to generalize the information obtained and apply it to other animals and humans. Senior undergraduate and graduate students in neuroscience, endocrinology, psychology, and physiology will find this text a useful guide to the role of hormones in behavior. It should be of use to colleagues in the field and medical health-care professionals.

Animal Behaviour Abstracts

Animal Behaviour Abstracts
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1992
Category : Animal behavior
Total pages :129
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Preoptic Mechanisms of Social Behavior Plasticity

Preoptic Mechanisms of Social Behavior Plasticity
Author : Joel Adam Tripp
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2018
Category :
Total pages :292
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A central challenge animals face is finding a mate and reproducing to pass on genes to offspring. Doing this often requires the performance of several related behaviors that may include territory defense, courtship, mating, and parental care. Individuals must perform these behaviors in a species- and context-appropriate manner or risk losing fitness. Together, hormones and the brain act to coordinate these social behaviors. Due to the extreme degree of intrasexual variation they express, species with alternative reproductive tactics make excellent models for investigating the neuroendocrine mechanisms underlying plasticity in reproductive behavior. I have worked with one of these species, the plainfin midshipman fish (Porichthys notatus), to investigate the role of a neuroendocrine center of the brain, the preoptic area-anterior hypothalamus (POA-AH), in regulating alternative spawning tactics and reproductive-related behaviors. Midshipman males develop into either of two fixed alternate morphs: type I males which may engage in courtship or cuckoldry and type II males which engage in cuckoldry only. These alternate morphs, coupled with type I male behavioral flexibility, have allowed me to better understand how POA-AH function is influenced both by developmental history and behavioral context. I have examined the role of the POA-AH in these tactics at the level of gene expression, neuroanatomy, and neural activity during behavior. First, I used RNA-sequencing to identify that during spawning type I males engaged in the cuckolding tactic had a more similar pattern of transcript expression in the POA-AH to cuckolding type II males than to courting type I males. This revealed that current behavioral tactic was more strongly associated with POA-AH transcript expression than was developmental morph. Additionally, I was able to identify a small set of differentially expressed transcripts involved in hormone signaling that included the neuropeptide galanin, which has an established role in mating, and is a marker for neurons that control parental care behaviors. Next, I found that the anatomy of galanin-expressing neurons is highly sexually polymorphic, with subtle differences between male morphs but extreme differences between males and females. Their location in the POA-AH and projection patterns make them well positioned to influence social behaviors, especially male-specific behaviors. Finally, I investigated the activity of these neurons during spawning and related behaviors, using phosphorylated S6 protein to label galanin-expressing cells that had recently been active. I found that these neurons are active in courting type I males during spawning, but not cuckolders of either morph or females. Additionally, this activity was not explained by courtship vocalization, care for eggs, or defense against cuckolders during spawning. Taken together, these results indicate that galanin is a regulator of male midshipman courtship tactic during spawning and appears to play a conserved role among vertebrates in behaviors contributing to individual fitness.

Canadian Journal of Zoology

Canadian Journal of Zoology
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2004
Category : Electronic journals
Total pages :129
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Graduate Programs in Animal Behavior in North America

Graduate Programs in Animal Behavior in North America
Author : Animal Behavior Society. Education Committee
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1996
Category : Animal behavior
Total pages :129
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Principles of Animal Physiology

Principles of Animal Physiology
Author : James Albert Wilson
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1972
Category : Cell physiology
Total pages :842
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Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior

Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1989
Category : Biochemistry
Total pages :129
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Society for Neuroscience Abstracts

Society for Neuroscience Abstracts
Author : Society for Neuroscience. Annual Meeting
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1993
Category :
Total pages :129
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Animal Behavior Abstracts

Animal Behavior Abstracts
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1998
Category : Animal behavior
Total pages :129
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Testicular Development, Structure, and Function

Testicular Development, Structure, and Function
Author : Anna Steinberger,Emil Steinberger
Publisher : Raven Press (ID)
Release Date : 1980
Category : Science
Total pages :536
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CSA Neurosciences Abstracts

CSA Neurosciences Abstracts
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1997
Category : Neurology
Total pages :129
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The Temporal Lobe and Limbic System

The Temporal Lobe and Limbic System
Author : Pierre Gloor
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1997
Category : History
Total pages :865
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Covering the detailed anatomy, physiology, and clinical aspects of the temporal lobe and the limbic system, this monograph makes a timely appearance because of the widespread interest in this subject in relation to epilepsy, Alzheimer's disease, and schizophrenia. The structural and functional information serves as an important foundation for the detailed anatomical knowledge necessary for the interpretation of imaging. The components of the temporal lobe are characterized. The temporal isocortex is considered from the point of view of its principal cellular constituents, connectivity, columnar organization, and how the cortex embodies experience. The cortical association areas for vision, audition, degustation, visceral sensory function, and olfaction are treated in detail, and the cortical area of the temporal lobe relating to speech is discussed. The structure of the insula, the temporal cortex, and its connectivity to the thalamus, pulvinar, striatum, and claustrum are described thoroughly. A chapter reviews the structure, connections and functions of the olfactory system, as well as its social aspects and pathological conditions. The largest chapter deals with the hippocampus--its anatomy and connections, its cellular architectonics, its relation to memory, and its varied functions. The final chapter details the amygdala, its connections, and its significant role in temporal lobe seizures.

Unity of Knowledge

Unity of Knowledge
Author : Antonio R. Damasio,Anne Harrington,Bruce S. MacEwen,Henry Moss
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2001
Category : Philosophy
Total pages :289
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"This volume is the result of a conference ... sponsored by the New York Academy of Sciences and held on June 23 through 25, 2000 in New York City"--Page [v].