December 1, 2020

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Neutron Scattering – Fundamentals

Neutron Scattering – Fundamentals
Author : David L. Price,Felix Fernandez-Alonso
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-11-22
Category : Science
Total pages :576
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This introductory chapter provides a self-contained survey of the merits, strengths, and conceptual framework underpinning the use of neutrons as a probe of the structure and dynamics of materials. We also take the opportunity to illustrate important concepts using examples taken from the scientific literature, as well as establish the basic notation that will be used throughout, and listed in more detail in the List of Commonly Used Symbols.

Neutron Scattering - Magnetic and Quantum Phenomena

Neutron Scattering - Magnetic and Quantum Phenomena
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-11-29
Category : Science
Total pages :532
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Neutron Scattering - Magnetic and Quantum Phenomena provides detailed coverage of the application of neutron scattering in condensed matter research. The book's primary aim is to enable researchers in a particular area to identify the aspects of their work where neutron scattering techniques might contribute, conceive the important experiments to be done, assess what is required to carry them out, write a successful proposal for one of the major user facilities, and perform the experiments under the guidance of the appropriate instrument scientist. An earlier series edited by Kurt Sköld and David L. Price, and published in the 1980s by Academic Press as three volumes in the series Methods of Experimental Physics, was very successful and remained the standard reference in the field for several years. This present work has similar goals, taking into account the advances in experimental techniques over the past quarter-century, for example, neutron reflectivity and spin-echo spectroscopy, and techniques for probing the dynamics of complex materials of technological relevance. This volume complements Price and Fernandez-Alonso (Eds.), Neutron Scattering - Fundamentals published in November 2013. Covers the application of neutron scattering techniques in the study of quantum and magnetic phenomena, including superconductivity, multiferroics, and nanomagnetism Presents up-to-date reviews of recent results, aimed at enabling the reader to identify new opportunities and plan neutron scattering experiments in their own field Provides a good balance between theory and experimental techniques Provides a complement to Price and Fernandez-Alonso (Eds.), Neutron Scattering - Fundamentals published in November 2013

Neutron Scattering – Applications in Biology, Chemistry, and Materials Science

Neutron Scattering – Applications in Biology, Chemistry, and Materials Science
Author : Felix Fernandez-Alonso,David L Price
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-06-14
Category : Science
Total pages :782
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Neutron Scattering: Applications in Chemistry, Materials Science and Biology, Volume 49, provides an in-depth overview of the applications of neutron scattering in the fields of physics, materials science, chemistry, biology, the earth sciences, and engineering. The book describes the tremendous advances in instrumental, experimental, and computational techniques over the past quarter-century. Examples include the coming-of-age of neutron reflectivity and spin-echo spectroscopy, the advent of brighter accelerator-based neutron facilities and associated techniques in the United States and Japan over the past decade, and current efforts in Europe to develop long-pulse, ultra-intense spallation neutron sources. It acts as a complement to two earlier volumes in the Experimental Methods in the Physical Science series, Neutron Scattering: Fundamentals(Elsevier 2013) and Neutron Scattering: Magnetic and Quantum Phenomena (Elsevier 2015). As a whole, the set enables researchers to identify aspects of their work where neutron scattering techniques might contribute, conceive the important experiments to be done, assess what is required, write a successful proposal for one of the major facilities around the globe, and perform the experiments under the guidance of the appropriate instrument scientist. Completes a three-volume set, providing extensive coverage on emerging and highly topical applications of neutron scattering Addresses the increasing use of neutrons by chemists, life scientists, material scientists, and condensed-matter physicists Presents up-to-date reviews of recent results, enabling readers to identify new opportunities and plan neutron scattering experiments in their own field

Neutron Scattering – Fundamentals

Neutron Scattering – Fundamentals
Author : Masatoshi Arai
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-11-22
Category : Science
Total pages :576
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In this chapter, neutron experimental techniques are described. The chapter covers the basics of neutron scattering, neutron source characteristics, diffraction techniques, inelastic neutron scattering, instruments for semi-macroscopic structure analysis, detectors, optics, choppers, and some concepts for instrument design. Techniques for both steady and pulsed sources are described, with more emphasis on the latter in view of the recent worldwide trend toward pulsed sources, generally pulsed spallation sources. The source character, even within the class of pulsed sources, has a significant influence on instrument design. Inelasticity effects in the total scattering technique are clearly specified in the chapter. Some details of chopper instruments, including resolution effects, are described, since this class of instruments has recently received considerable innovative development and use over a wide range of science. Recent developments in scintillation detectors are discussed as an alternative technology to more conventional 3He detectors. Optical components are becoming more and more important not only for neutron transport but also for background reduction. Neutron spin-echo techniques are presented as an example of the exploitation of polarized neutrons.

Neutron Scattering – Fundamentals

Neutron Scattering – Fundamentals
Author : Silvia C. Capelli
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-11-22
Category : Science
Total pages :576
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Investigating the structure of a material is the first essential step in understanding its macroscopic properties. Getting insights of the interatomic and inter/intra-molecular interactions that influence the stability and the chemical behavior of a given compound allows its application in the best possible conditions and opens the way to design new materials with tailored properties. Neutron diffraction is a fundamental tool in structural characterization. Few examples concerning chemical crystallography, will be given to illustrate the properties that make neutrons the ideal probe for locating light atoms in the presence of heavy, electron-rich ones, and accurately determine atomic position and displacement parameters.

Neutron Scattering – Fundamentals

Neutron Scattering – Fundamentals
Author : Mark R. Johnson,Gordon J. Kearley
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-11-22
Category : Science
Total pages :576
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The aim of this chapter is to show how inelastic and quasielastic neutron scattering can be used to study dynamics in a range of materials varying from simple model systems to complex systems that are close to those used in technologically important applications. After a brief overview of the theoretical and instrumental concepts, we use examples to show how different types of atomic and molecular motions can be understood using neutron scattering experiments, frequently in combination with atomistic modeling methods. We cover aspects of physics, chemistry, biology, and materials science, but with the main focus on functional materials.

Neutron Scattering – Fundamentals

Neutron Scattering – Fundamentals
Author : Jeffrey Penfold,Ian M. Tucker
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-11-22
Category : Science
Total pages :576
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Large-scale structures encompass a broad area of science involving soft matter, biomaterials, and nanotechnology, defined by relatively weak interactions and length scales that extend from nanometer to micrometer. The key features of such systems that require characterization and quantification are surfaces and interfaces, adsorption, thin films, and self-assembly and hierarchical structures in solution and the solid phase. The neutron scattering techniques of neutron reflectivity and small-angle neutron scattering have emerged over the past two decades as important probes of these characteristic features of large-scale structures. In this chapter, the fundamentals of the two techniques are described in detail and the important experimental aspects summarized. Their application over a broad range of science is presented, in a way that highlights their unique properties and their important contribution to the field.

Neutrons and Synchrotron Radiation in Engineering Materials Science

Neutrons and Synchrotron Radiation in Engineering Materials Science
Author : Peter Staron,Andreas Schreyer,Helmut Clemens,Svea Mayer
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2017-06-12
Category : Science
Total pages :488
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Besides its coverage of the four important aspects of synchrotron sources, materials and material processes, measuring techniques, and applications, this ready reference presents both important method types: diffraction and tomography. Following an introduction, a general section leads on to methods, while further sections are devoted to emerging methods and industrial applications. In this way, the text provides new users of large-scale facilities with easy access to an understanding of both the methods and opportunities offered by different sources and instruments.

Neutron Spin Echo Spectroscopy

Neutron Spin Echo Spectroscopy
Author : Ferenc Mezei,Catherine Pappas,Thomas Gutberlet
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2008-01-11
Category : Science
Total pages :350
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Neutron spin echo (NSE) spectroscopy is the highest energy resolution neutron scattering technique available for examining a large area (in time and space) in condensed matter physics. This broad dynamic and spatial range is extensively exploited in the study of a wide range of scientific problems ranging from the dynamics of glasses, polymer melts, complex fluids and microemulsions to the elementary excitations in superfluid 4He and to ferromagnets and spin glasses. This book reviews the current status and future prospects in NSE spectroscopy describing the method, latest instrumentation and also the use of NSE in fundamental, hard- and soft-matter science. It provides first-hand information for researchers working in the fields touched by NSE. In addition, young researchers, PhD students and graduates interested in the method will obtain a comprehensive overview and guidelines to implementing the NSE technique.

Neutron Applications in Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences

Neutron Applications in Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences
Author : Liyuan Liang,Romano Rinaldi,Helmut Schober
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-12-11
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :638
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Neutron Applications in Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences offers a comprehensive overview of the wide ranging applications of neutron scattering techniques to elucidate the fundamental materials properties at the nano-, micro- and meso-scale, which underpin research in the related fields of Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences. Introductions to neutron scattering fundamentals and instrumentation are paired with a thorough review of the applications to a large variety of scientific and technological problems, written through the direct experience of leading scientists in each field. Tailored to a wide audience, this volume provides the novice with an inspiring introduction and stimulates the expert to consider these non-conventional problem solving techniques in his/her field of interest. Earth and environmental scientists, engineers, researchers and graduate students involved with materials science will find Neutron Applications in Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences a valuable ready-to-use reference.

Neutron Scattering

Neutron Scattering
Author : Kurt Sköld,David Long Price
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1986
Category : Science
Total pages :488
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Introduction to the Characterization of Residual Stress by Neutron Diffraction

Introduction to the Characterization of Residual Stress by Neutron Diffraction
Author : M.T. Hutchings
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2005-02-28
Category : Science
Total pages :420
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Over the past 25 years the field of neutron diffraction for residual stress characterization has grown tremendously, and has matured from the stage of trial demonstrations to provide a practical tool with widespread applications in materials science and engineering. While the literature on the subject has grown commensurately, it has also remained

Introduction to the Theory of Thermal Neutron Scattering

Introduction to the Theory of Thermal Neutron Scattering
Author : G. L. Squires
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2012-03-29
Category : Science
Total pages :272
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A long-awaited reprint of the book that has established itself as the classic textbook on neutron scattering. It will be an invaluable introductory text for students taking courses on neutron scattering, as well as for researchers and those who would like to deepen their knowledge on the subject through self-study.

Gas Hydrates 1

Gas Hydrates 1
Author : Daniel Broseta,Livio Ruffine,Arnaud Desmedt
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2017-06-29
Category : Science
Total pages :302
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Gas hydrates, or clathrate hydrates, are crystalline solids resembling ice, in which small (guest) molecules, typically gases, are trapped inside cavities formed by hydrogen-bonded water (host) molecules. They form and remain stable under low temperatures – often well below ambient conditions – and high pressures ranging from a few bar to hundreds of bar, depending on the guest molecule. Their presence is ubiquitous on Earth, in deep-marine sediments and in permafrost regions, as well as in outer space, on planets or comets. In addition to water, they can be synthesized with organic species as host molecules, resulting in milder stability conditions: these are referred to as semi-clathrate hydrates. Clathrate and semi-clathrate hydrates are being considered for applications as diverse as gas storage and separation, cold storage and transport and water treatment. This book is the first of two edited volumes, with chapters on the experimental and modeling tools used for characterizing and predicting the unique molecular, thermodynamic and kinetic properties of gas hydrates (Volume 1) and on gas hydrates in their natural environment and for potential industrial applications (Volume 2).

Geothermal Fluids

Geothermal Fluids
Author : Keith Nicholson
Publisher : Springer Verlag
Release Date : 1993-01-01
Category : Science
Total pages :263
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