November 26, 2020

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Marijuana As Medicine?

Marijuana As Medicine?
Author : Institute of Medicine,Janet Joy,Alison Mack
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2000-12-30
Category : Medical
Total pages :216
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Some people suffer from chronic, debilitating disorders for which no conventional treatment brings relief. Can marijuana ease their symptoms? Would it be breaking the law to turn to marijuana as a medication? There are few sources of objective, scientifically sound advice for people in this situation. Most books about marijuana and medicine attempt to promote the views of advocates or opponents. To fill the gap between these extremes, authors Alison Mack and Janet Joy have extracted critical findings from a recent Institute of Medicine study on this important issue, interpreting them for a general audience. Marijuana As Medicine? provides patients--as well as the people who care for them--with a foundation for making decisions about their own health care. This empowering volume examines several key points, including: Whether marijuana can relieve a variety of symptoms, including pain, muscle spasticity, nausea, and appetite loss. The dangers of smoking marijuana, as well as the effects of its active chemical components on the immune system and on psychological health. The potential use of marijuana-based medications on symptoms of AIDS, cancer, multiple sclerosis, and several other specific disorders, in comparison with existing treatments. Marijuana As Medicine? introduces readers to the active compounds in marijuana. These include the principal ingredient in Marinol, a legal medication. The authors also discuss the prospects for developing other drugs derived from marijuana's active ingredients. In addition to providing an up-to-date review of the science behind the medical marijuana debate, Mack and Joy also answer common questions about the legal status of marijuana, explaining the conflict between state and federal law regarding its medical use. Intended primarily as an aid to patients and caregivers, this book objectively presents critical information so that it can be used to make responsible health care decisions. Marijuana As Medicine? will also be a valuable resource for policymakers, health care providers, patient counselors, medical faculty and students--in short, anyone who wants to learn more about this important issue.

Marijuana and Medicine

Marijuana and Medicine
Author : Institute of Medicine
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 1999-07-10
Category : Medical
Total pages :288
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The medical use of marijuana is surrounded by a cloud of social, political, and religious controversy, which obscures the facts that should be considered in the debate. This book summarizes what we know about marijuana from evidence-based medicine--the harm it may do and the relief it may bring to patients. The book helps the reader understand not only what science has to say about medical marijuana but also the logic behind the scientific conclusions. Marijuana and Medicine addresses the science base and the therapeutic effects of marijuana use for medical conditions such as glaucoma and multiple sclerosis. It covers marijuana's mechanism of action, acute and chronic effects on health and behavior, potential adverse effects, efficacy of different delivery systems, analysis of the data about marijuana as a gateway drug, and the prospects for developing cannabinoid drugs. The book evaluates how well marijuana meets accepted standards for medicine and considers the conclusions of other blue-ribbon panels. Full of useful facts, this volume will be important to anyone interested in informed debate about the medical use of marijuana: advocates and opponents as well as policymakers, regulators, and health care providers.

Understanding Addiction as Self Medication

Understanding Addiction as Self Medication
Author : Edward J. Khantzian,Mark J. Albanese
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Release Date : 2008-09-18
Category : Self-Help
Total pages :192
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Addictive behaviors beg for an informed explanation to guide patients, families, students, and clinicians through the maddening and often incomprehensible nature of the addictions. Too often addiction is perceived to be merely a moral weakness or purely a brain disease, ignoring the deep personal pain that can permeate the lives of the addicted. But taking an honest look at the underlying emotional or mental issues can more clearly illuminate not only the causes of the addiction, but also the cure. Doctors Edward J. Khantzian and Mark J. Albanese, leading researchers in the field of addiction, see addictions primarily as a kind of self medication—a self medication that can temporarily soothe anxiety or pain, but that ultimately wreaks havoc on the lives and health of both the addicted and their loved ones. With practical advice, compelling case studies, and nuanced theory drawn from their years in clinical practice, Doctors Khantzian and Albanese look at the core reasons behind many addictions and provide a pathway to hope. Understanding Addiction as Self Medication looks at a range of addictions, including alcohol and substance abuse, and clearly explains how to understand other addictive behaviors through the lens of the Self Medication Hypothesis. This book provides a much-needed guide to both understanding addictions and working towards healing.

Surviving the Habit

Surviving the Habit
Author : Janice Riley
Publisher : Xlibris Corporation
Release Date : 2013-10-04
Category : Self-Help
Total pages :177
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The Making of a Smokeless Survivor Surviving the Habit, a Nicotine Addicts Guide to Quitting Smoking, is your call to become a smokeless survivor. The program is designed using six narrative chapters each with a corresponding workbook to help tobacco users conquer their craving cycle and quit smoking for good. Your program will begin with desire building work to develop a quitting thought process. You will become familiar with nicotine dependency/tobacco use disorder and the idea of being a nicotine addict. You will be use tools such as a smokers time table and a food intake formula to begin quitting and avoid weight gain. You will develop a relapse prevention plan using five unique concepts and will be given tools to integrate spirituality into your daily life.

Nicotine Addiction in Britain

Nicotine Addiction in Britain
Author : Royal College of Physicians of London. Tobacco Advisory Group
Publisher : Royal College of Physicians
Release Date : 2000
Category : Human services
Total pages :189
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Nicotine Addiction Among Adolescents

Nicotine Addiction Among Adolescents
Author : Eric F. Wagner
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release Date : 2000
Category : Psychology
Total pages :117
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Catch up with current theories on a major public health menace! Adolescent smoking has increasingly become a concern as a public health issue, yet the theoretical and empirical literature in the area remains skimpy. Nicotine Addiction Among Adolescents furnishes researchers and medical professionals with a comprehensive overview of current theories and statistics. Moreover, it offers fresh empirical research as well as suggestions for promising avenues of investigation. The first half of Nicotine Addiction Among Adolescents provides a solid conceptual and practical context for studying adolescent nicotine addiction, drawing on the most advanced scholarly studies of why teenagers start smoking and the process of addiction. The second half evaluates nicotine replacement therapy, smoking interventions among substance-abusing adolescents, and smoking among teenage girls. Nicotine Addiction Among Adolescents addresses all phases of adolescent tobacco use. This valuable guide details: the pharmacological, psychological, and developmental factors that influence teen smoking behavior the hidden connection between depression, gender, and cigarettes the grounds for the debate over whether most teens become addicted to nicotine emerging practices and methods to help adolescents stop smoking links between smoking and other kinds of substance abuse ways to improve prevention and intervention programs unanswered questions about teenage smoking that demand further research Nicotine Addiction Among Adolescents recognizes the need for developmentally sensitive approaches for conceptualizing and treating nicotine addiction and offers you thought-provoking strategies and models that will spark future research.

A Critique of Nicotine Addiction

A Critique of Nicotine Addiction
Author : Hanan Frenk,Reuven Dar
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2006-04-11
Category : Medical
Total pages :244
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Nicotine is almost universally believed to be the major factor that motivates smoking and impedes cessation. Authorities such as the Surgeon General of the USA and the Royal College of Physicians in the UK have declared that nicotine is as addictive as heroin and cocaine. This book is a critique of the nicotine addiction hypothesis, based on a critical review of the research literature that purports to prove that nicotine is as addictive drug. The review is based on a re-examination of more than 700 articles and books on this subject, including animal and human experimental studies, effects of `nicotine replacement therapies', and many other relevant sources. This review concludes that on present evidence, there is every reason to reject the generally accepted theory that nicotine has a major role in cigarette smoking. A critical examination of the criteria for drug addiction demonstrates that none of these criteria is met by nicotine, and that it is much more likely that nicotine in fact limits rather than facilitates smoking.

Handbook of Cannabis and Related Pathologies

Handbook of Cannabis and Related Pathologies
Author : Victor R. Preedy
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-12-31
Category : Medical
Total pages :1170
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Handbook of Cannabis and Related Pathologies: Biology, Pharmacology, Diagnosis, and Treatment is the first book to take an interdisciplinary approach to the understanding of cannabis use and misuse. Recent worldwide trends toward decriminalizing marijuana for medical use have increased legal use of the drug and recreational use remains high, making cannabis one of the most commonly used drugs. Cannabis has a wide range of adverse neurological effects, and use and abuse can lead to physical, social, and psychopathological issues that are multifarious and complex. Effective understanding and treatment requires knowledge of the drug’s effects from across scientific disciplines. This book provides an overview of the biological and pharmacological components of the cannabis plant, outlines its neurological, social, and psychopathological effects, assists in the diagnosis and screening for use and dependency, and aids researchers in developing effective treatments for cannabis-related issues and disorders. Fully illustrated, with contributions from internationally recognized experts, it is the go-to resource for neuroscientists, pharmacologists, pathologists, public-health workers, and any other researcher who needs an in-depth and cross-disciplinary understanding of cannabis and its effects. Comprehensive chapters include an abstract, key facts, mini dictionary of terms, and summary points Presents illustrations with at least six figures, tables, and diagrams per chapter Provides a one-stop-shopping synopsis of everything to do with cannabis and its related pathology, from chemicals and cells, individuals and communities, and diagnosis and treatment Offers an integrated and informed synopsis of the complex issues surrounding cannabis as a substance, its use, and its misuse

The Clinical Management of Nicotine Dependence

The Clinical Management of Nicotine Dependence
Author : James A. Cocores
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Medical
Total pages :336
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The 1980s have. seen a remarkable degree of public and professional acceptance of cigarette smoking as the most widespread and devastating form of drug dependence. More medical schools now give required courses about drug dependence. Prestigious journals publish reports of investiga tions on the subject of nicotine dependence, and more conferences and workshops are held each year on various aspects of nicotine dependence. All this is in sharp contrast to the earlier prevailing atmosphere of dis interest, ignorance, or professional disdain. These changes created an obvious place for a textbook oriented pri marily toward the needs of clinicians working with patients who have nicotine dependence. Thus, in preparation of this book, most aspects of the management of nicotine dependence are incorporated, in order to address concerns of physicians in training and other health care profes sionals across the world. The final product, which I believe to be com prehensive and clinically relevant throughout, is a text that I hope will be of equal use to psychologists, social workers, nurses, counselors, and physicians in all specialties. An encyclopedic treatise was deliberately avoided because that approach can be cumbersome in size, readability, and cost, and for that reason, readers will find little mention of data involv ing animal research, nicotine-related politics, nicotine product advertising, medical consequences of smoking, psychotherapeutic techniques, and the extent of the problem.

The Health and Social Effects of Nonmedical Cannabis Use

The Health and Social Effects of Nonmedical Cannabis Use
Author : World Health Organization
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release Date : 2016-02-15
Category : Medical
Total pages :95
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Cannabis is globally the most commonly used psychoactive substance under international control. In 2013, an estimated 181.8 million people aged 15-64 years used cannabis for nonmedical purposes globally (UNODC, 2015). There is an increasing demand for treatment for cannabis-use disorders and associated health conditions in high- and middle-income countries. This report focuses on nonmedical use of cannabis, building on contributions from a broad range of experts and researchers from different parts of the world. It aims to present current knowledge on the impact of nonmedical cannabis use on health, from its impact on brain development to its role in respiratory diseases. The potential medical utility of cannabis -- including the pharmacology, toxicology and possible therapeutic applications of the cannabis plant -- is outside the scope of this report.

Stages and Pathways of Drug Involvement

Stages and Pathways of Drug Involvement
Author : Denise B. Kandel
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2002-03-04
Category : Psychology
Total pages :384
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(Publisher-supplied data) This book represents the first systematic discussion of the Gateway Hypothesis, a developmental hypothesis formulated to model how adolescents initiate and progress in the use of various drugs. In the United States, this progression proceeds from the use of tobacco or alcohol to the use of marijuana and other illicit drugs. This volume presents a critical overview of what is currently known about the Gateway Hypothesis. The authors of the chapters explore the hypothesis from various perspectives ranging from developmental social psychology to prevention and intervention science, animal models, neurobiology and analytical methodology. This volume is original and unique in its purview, covering a broad view of the Gateway Hypothesis. The juxtaposition of epidemiological, intervention, animal and neurobiological studies represents a new stage in the evolution of drug research, in which epidemiology and biology inform one another in the understanding of drug abuse.

Understanding Marijuana

Understanding Marijuana
Author : Mitch Earleywine
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2002-08-15
Category : Medical
Total pages :326
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This text examines the biological, psychological, and societal impact of marijuana. What are the effects, for mind and body, of long-term use? Are users more likely to abuse cocaine and heroine? What is the effect of the increasing potency of marijuana?

Marijuana and the Cannabinoids

Marijuana and the Cannabinoids
Author : Mahmoud A. ElSohly
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-11-15
Category : Medical
Total pages :322
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Although primarily used today as one of the most prevalent illicit leisure drugs, the use of Cannabis sativa L., commonly referred to as marijuana, for medicinal purposes has been reported for more than 5000 years. Marijuana use has been shown to create numerous health problems, and, consequently, the expanding use beyond medical purposes into recreational use (abuse) resulted in control of the drug through international treaties. Much research has been carried out over the past few decades following the identification of the chemical structure of THC in 1964. The purpose of Marijuana and the Cannabinoids is to present in a single volume the comprehensive knowledge and experience of renowned researchers and scientists. Each chapter is written independently by an expert in his/her field of endeavor, ranging from the botany, the constituents, the chemistry and pharmacokinetics, the effects and consequences of illicit use on the human body, to the therapeutic potential of the cannabinoids.

Marijuana Medical Handbook

Marijuana Medical Handbook
Author : Dale Gieringer,Ed Rosenthal
Publisher : Quick Trading Company
Release Date : 2008-11-01
Category : Medical
Total pages :270
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An estimated 40 million Americans have medical symptoms that marijuana can relieve. Marijuana Medical Handbook is a one-stop resource that gives candid, objective advice on using marijuana for healing, understanding its effects on the body, safe administration, targeting illnesses, side effects, and the various delivery methods from edibles and tinctures to smokeless vaporizer pipes. The book also details supply issues, cultivation solutions (in a chapter by renowned expert Ed Rosenthal), and legal consequences. This thoroughly revised edition incorporates the most up-to-date information on the ever-changing politics of marijuana, the plant's usage, and medical research on it.

The Cultural/Subcultural Contexts of Marijuana Use at the Turn of the Twenty-First Century

The Cultural/Subcultural Contexts of Marijuana Use at the Turn of the Twenty-First Century
Author : Andrew Golub
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Health & Fitness
Total pages :230
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Learn why marijuana use has increased in the new millennium According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug. The Cultural/Subcultural Contexts of Marijuana Use at the Turn of the Twenty-First Century takes a close look at present cannabis use trends in the new millennium by providing the latest research findings and most current case studies. Age and ethnographic data are presented in detail always with a constant focus on the unique subcultural contexts in today’s society. This examination explores the most pressing issues in marijuana use, including the increased popularity of blunt smoking, the social ramifications of marijuana use in gangs and Southeast Asian youth, and alternative delivery systems for medical marijuana. The Cultural/Subcultural Contexts of Marijuana Use at the Turn of the Twenty-First Century discusses various aspects of marijuana being the drug of choice in today’s culture, including the different subgroups of age, economic status, and ethnic background. The book provides a comprehensive view of the people, reasons for use, varied ways of ingesting the drug, and marijuana use “rituals.” Extensive references, charts, tables, and figures are included to enhance clarification of research findings. The Cultural/Subcultural Contexts of Marijuana Use at the Turn of the Twenty-First Century discusses the latest research findings on: the growth of marijuana use in different social groups during the 1990s medical marijuana blunt smoking and marijuana use rituals as settings for informal social controls marijuana use among minorities marijuana use in youths and young adults marijuana use among gang members adult use production, distribution, and administration of non-smokable marijuana The Cultural/Subcultural Contexts of Marijuana Use at the Turn of the Twenty-First Century is insightful, valuable, and is certain to become a reference source for researchers, educators, students, and policy advocates.