November 25, 2020

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NMR Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical Analysis

NMR Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical Analysis
Author : Iwona Wawer,Bernd Diehl
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-07-07
Category : Science
Total pages :528
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For almost a decade, quantitative NMR spectroscopy (qNMR) has been established as valuable tool in drug analysis. In all disciplines, i. e. drug identification, impurity profiling and assay, qNMR can be utilized. Separation techniques such as high performance liquid chromatography, gas chromatography, super fluid chromatography and capillary electrophoresis techniques, govern the purity evaluation of drugs. However, these techniques are not always able to solve the analytical problems often resulting in insufficient methods. Nevertheless such methods find their way into international pharmacopoeias. Thus, the aim of the book is to describe the possibilities of qNMR in pharmaceutical analysis. Beside the introduction to the physical fundamentals and techniques the principles of the application in drug analysis are described: quality evaluation of drugs, polymer characterization, natural products and corresponding reference compounds, metabolism, and solid phase NMR spectroscopy for the characterization drug substances, e.g. the water content, polymorphism, and drug formulations, e.g. tablets, powders. This part is accompanied by more special chapters dealing with representative examples. They give more detailed information by means of concrete examples. Combines theory, techniques, and concrete applications—all of which closely resemble the laboratory experience Considers international pharmacopoeias, addressing the concern for licensing Features the work of academics and researchers, appealing to a broad readership

NMR Spectroscopy in Drug Development and Analysis

NMR Spectroscopy in Drug Development and Analysis
Author : Ulrike Holzgrabe,Iwona Wawer,Bernd Diehl
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2008-07-11
Category : Medical
Total pages :312
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Since the development of the NMR spectrometer in the 1950s, NMR spectra have been widely used for the elucidation of the 2D structure of newly synthesized and natural compounds. In the 1980s, the high-resolution NMR spectrometer (> 300 Mhz) and 2D experiments were introduced, which opens up the possibility to determine the 3D structure of large molecules, especially biomolecules. However, NMR spectroscopy has been rarely applied to drug analysis. This book illustrates the power and versatility of NMR spectroscopy in the determination of impurities in and the content of drugs, the composition of polymer excipients, the characterization of isomeric drug mixtures, the complexity of drugs with small-size components or ions, and the behavior of drugs in acid and basic solution. In addition, NMR spectroscopy and especially the hyphenated technique with HPLC is shown to be a powerful tool to measure a drug and its metabolites in various body fluids. The solid state NMR technique can give information on the structure, especially the conformation of drugs and excipients in drug formulations. Recently, SAR by NMR, introduced by Fesik, impressively demonstrated the potential of NMR spectroscopy in drug development and in the characterization of the interaction between large molecules and ligands. The complexation between proteins, lipids and cyclodextrins with drugs is described. Finally, NMR imaging (MRI and MRS) can be used to characterize the liberation of drugs from a drug formulation. Furthermore, the distribution of substances in plants, in animals, in tissues and in humans can be visualized by imaging. In short, this book covers all aspects of drug analysis.

NMR in Pharmaceutical Science

NMR in Pharmaceutical Science
Author : Robin K. Harris
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2015-09-28
Category : Medical
Total pages :504
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NMR in Pharmaceutical Sciences is intended to be a comprehensive source of information for the many individuals that utilize MR in studies of relevance to the pharmaceutical sector. The book is intended to educate and inform those who develop and apply MR approaches within the wider pharmaceutical environment, emphasizing the toolbox that is available to spectroscopists and radiologists. This book is structured on the key processes in drug discovery, development and manufacture, but underpinned by an understanding of fundamental NMR principles and the unique contribution that NMR (including MRI) can provide. After an introductory chapter, which constitutes an overview, the content is organised into five sections. The first section is on the basics of NMR theory and relevant experimental methods. The rest follow a sequence based on the chronology of drug discovery and development, firstly 'Idea to Lead' then 'Lead to Drug Candidate', followed by 'Clinical Development', and finally 'Drug Manufacture'. The thirty one chapters cover a vast range of topics from analytical chemistry, including aspects involved in regulatory matters and in the prevention of fraud, to clinical imaging studies. Whilst this comprehensive volume will be essential reading for many scientists based in pharmaceutical and related industries, it should also be of considerable value to a much wider range of academic scientists whose research is related to the various aspects of pharmaceutical R&D; for them it will supply vital understanding of pharmaceutical industrial concerns and the basis of key decision making processes. About eMagRes Handbooks eMagRes (formerly the Encyclopedia of Magnetic Resonance) publishes a wide range of online articles on all aspects of magnetic resonance in physics, chemistry, biology and medicine. The existence of this large number of articles, written by experts in various fields, is enabling the publication of a series of eMagRes Handbooks on specific areas of NMR and MRI. The chapters of each of these handbooks will comprise a carefully chosen selection of eMagRes articles. In consultation with the eMagRes Editorial Board, the eMagRes handbooks are coherently planned in advance by specially-selected Editors, and new articles are written to give appropriate complete coverage. The handbooks are intended to be of value and interest to research students, postdoctoral fellows and other researchers learning about the scientific area in question and undertaking relevant experiments, whether in academia or industry. Have the content of this handbook and the complete content of eMagRes at your fingertips! Visit: www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/ref/eMagRes

Pharmaceutical Analysis

Pharmaceutical Analysis
Author : David C Lee,Michael L. Webb
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2009-02-12
Category : Science
Total pages :384
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The use of analytical sciences in the discovery, development andmanufacture of pharmaceuticals is wide-ranging. From the analysisof minute amounts of complex biological materials to the qualitycontrol of the final dosage form, the use of analytical technologycovers an immense range of techniques and disciplines. This book concentrates on the analytical aspects of drugdevelopment and manufacture, focusing on the analysis of the activeingredient or drug substance. It provides those joining theindustry or other areas of pharmaceutical research with a source ofreference to a broad range of techniques and their applications,allowing them to choose the most appropriate analytical techniquefor a particular purpose. The volume is directed at analytical chemists, industrialpharmacists, organic chemists, pharmaceutical chemists andbiochemists.

Spectroscopic Analyses

Spectroscopic Analyses
Author : Eram Sharmin,Fahmina Zafar
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-12-06
Category : Science
Total pages :240
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The book presents developments and applications of these methods, such as NMR, mass, and others, including their applications in pharmaceutical and biomedical analyses. The book is divided into two sections. The first section covers spectroscopic methods, their applications, and their significance as characterization tools; the second section is dedicated to the applications of spectrophotometric methods in pharmaceutical and biomedical analyses. This book would be useful for students, scholars, and scientists engaged in synthesis, analyses, and applications of materials/polymers.

Pharmaceutical Excipients

Pharmaceutical Excipients
Author : David E. Bugay,W. Paul Findlay
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1999-02-23
Category : Medical
Total pages :688
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Meeting the need for a hands-on guide elucidating the role of molecular spectroscopy in the physical characterization of pharmaceutical solids, two experts from the industry gather theoretical discussions of infrared, Raman, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. They provide recommendations on spectral data acquisition techniques and include 600 spectra for 300 of the most commonly used excipients. Complete with references, equations, tables, and a CAS registry number index, the book covers the drug development process, including chemical identification of substances, investigative studies, competitor analysis, problem solving activities, reproduction of spectral data, and more.

Disordered Pharmaceutical Materials

Disordered Pharmaceutical Materials
Author : Marc Descamps
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2016-03-28
Category : Science
Total pages :544
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A one-stop resource for researchers, developers, and post graduate students in pharmaceutical science. This handbook and ready reference provides detailed, but not overloaded information -- presenting the topic without unnecessarily complex formalism. As such, it gives a systematic and coherent overview of disordered materials for pharmaceutical applications, covering fundamental aspects, as well as preparation and characterization techniques for the target-oriented development of drug delivery systems based on disordered crystals and amorphous solids. Special attention is paid to examine the different facets and levels of disorder in their structural and dynamic aspects as well as the effect of disorder on dissolution and stability. Chapters on processing induced disorder and on patenting issues round off the book. As a result the book helps overcoming the challenges of using these materials in the pharmaceutical industry. For pharmaceutical and medicinal chemists, materials scientists, clinical physicists, and pharmaceutical laboratories looking to make better and more potent pharmaceuticals.

Handbook of Pharmaceutical Analysis

Handbook of Pharmaceutical Analysis
Author : Lena Ohannesian,Anthony Streeter
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2001-11-09
Category : Medical
Total pages :608
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Exploring the analysis of pharmaceuticals, including polymorphic forms, this book discusses regulatory requirements in pharmaceutical product development and pharmaceutical testing. It covers methods of drug separation and procedures such as capillary electrophoresis for chromatographic separation of molecules. Additional topics include drug formulation analysis using vibrational and magnetic resonance spectroscopy and identification of drug metabolites and decomposition products using such techniques as mass spectrometry. The book provides more than 300 tables, equations, drawings, and photographs, and convenient, easy-to-use indices, facilitating quick access to each topic.

Applications of NMR Spectroscopy; Vol. 6

Applications of NMR Spectroscopy; Vol. 6
Author : Atta-ur- Rahman,M. Iqbal Choudhary
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release Date : 2017-12-04
Category : Science
Total pages :240
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Applications of NMR Spectroscopy is a book series devoted to publishing the latest advances in the applications of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy in various fields of organic chemistry, biochemistry, health and agriculture. The sixth volume of the series features reviews focusing on NMR spectroscopic techniques for studying tautomerism, applications in medical diagnosis, in food chemistry and identifying secondary metabolites.

NMR Spectroscopy in Liquids and Solids

NMR Spectroscopy in Liquids and Solids
Author : Vladimir I. Bakhmutov
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2015-04-10
Category : Medical
Total pages :360
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NMR Spectroscopy in Liquids and Solids provides an introduction of the general concepts behind Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and its applications, including how to perform adequate NMR experiments and interpret data collected in liquids and solids to characterize molecule systems in terms of their structure and dynamics. The book is composed of ten chapters. The first three chapters consider the theoretical basis of NMR spectroscopy, the theory of NMR relaxation, and the practice of relaxation measurements. The middle chapters discuss the general aspects of molecular dynamics and their relationships to NMR, NMR spectroscopy and relaxation studies in solutions, and special issues related to NMR in solutions. The remaining chapters introduce general principles and strategies involved in solid-state NMR studies, provide examples of applications of relaxation for the determination of molecular dynamics in diamagnetic solids, and discuss special issues related to solid state NMR— including NMR relaxation in paramagnetic solids. All chapters are accompanied by references and recommended literature for further reading. Many practical examples of multinuclear NMR and relaxation experiments and their interpretations are also presented. The book is ideal for scientists new to NMR, students, and investigators working in the areas of chemistry, biochemistry, biology, pharmaceutical sciences, or materials science.

NMR Spectroscopy

NMR Spectroscopy
Author : Harald Günther
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2013-12-13
Category : Science
Total pages :734
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Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is one of the most powerful and widely used techniques in chemical research for investigating structures and dynamics of molecules. Advanced methods can even be utilized for structure determinations of biopolymers, for example proteins or nucleic acids. NMR is also used in medicine for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The method is based on spectral lines of different atomic nuclei that are excited when a strong magnetic field and a radiofrequency transmitter are applied. The method is very sensitive to the features of molecular structure because also the neighboring atoms influence the signals from individual nuclei and this is important for determining the 3D-structure of molecules. This new edition of the popular classic has a clear style and a highly practical, mostly non-mathematical approach. Many examples are taken from organic and organometallic chemistry, making this book an invaluable guide to undergraduate and graduate students of organic chemistry, biochemistry, spectroscopy or physical chemistry, and to researchers using this well-established and extremely important technique. Problems and solutions are included.

Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry

Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-09-22
Category : Science
Total pages :3584
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This third edition of the Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry provides authoritative and comprehensive coverage of all aspects of spectroscopy and closely related subjects that use the same fundamental principles, including mass spectrometry, imaging techniques and applications. It includes the history, theoretical background, details of instrumentation and technology, and current applications of the key areas of spectroscopy. The new edition will include over 80 new articles across the field. These will complement those from the previous edition, which have been brought up-to-date to reflect the latest trends in the field. Coverage in the third edition includes: Atomic spectroscopy Electronic spectroscopy Fundamentals in spectroscopy High-Energy spectroscopy Magnetic resonance Mass spectrometry Spatially-resolved spectroscopic analysis Vibrational, rotational and Raman spectroscopies The new edition is aimed at professional scientists seeking to familiarize themselves with particular topics quickly and easily. This major reference work continues to be clear and accessible and focus on the fundamental principles, techniques and applications of spectroscopy and spectrometry. Incorporates more than 150 color figures, 5,000 references, and 300 articles for a thorough examination of the field Highlights new research and promotes innovation in applied areas ranging from food science and forensics to biomedicine and health Presents a one-stop resource for quick access to answers and an in-depth examination of topics in the spectroscopy and spectrometry arenas

Process Analytical Technology

Process Analytical Technology
Author : Katherine A. Bakeev
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2008-04-15
Category : Science
Total pages :472
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The use of real or near real time measurement of chemical production process parameters as the basis for achieving control or optimisation of a manufacturing process has wide application in the petrochemical, food and chemical industries. Process analytical chemistry (PAC), or process analytical technology (PAT) as it has recently been called, is now being deployed in the pharmaceutical industry, where it is seen as a technology that can help companies to improve their conformity with manufacturing compliance regulations. The objective of this book is to provide a starting point for implementing process analytical chemistry tools in process monitoring applications or as part of a total quality management system. Written from the perspective of the spectroscopist required to implant PAT tools in a process environment, attention is focussed on measurements that are made "in process" at-line or off-line, providing data on product during manufacture. With chapters covering the key spectroscopic tools, their applications in the pharmaceutical and chemical industries and basic chemometrics, the novice can quickly develop a sound understanding of the most practical technologies and applications. Implementation strategies are fully covered and address some of the critical issues that need to be tackled when setting up a PAT project – including choosing a project with a sound business justification in the first place.

Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy

Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy
Author : Graham A. Webb
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2014-07-22
Category : Science
Total pages :376
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Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is an analytical tool used by chemists and physicists to study the structure and dynamics of molecules. In recent years, no other technique has gained such significance as NMR spectroscopy. It is used in all branches of science in which precise structural determination is required and in which the nature of interactions and reactions in solution is being studied. Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy has established itself as a premier means for the specialist and non-specialist alike to become familiar with new techniques and applications of NMR spectroscopy. This volume of Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy focuses on the analytical tools used by chemists and physicists, taken together with other volumes of this series, an excellent account of progress in NMR and its many applications is provided and anyone using NMR will find interest in this Serial

Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry

Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2010-02-24
Category : Science
Total pages :3312
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The Second Edition of the Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry pulls key information into a single source for quick access to answers and/or in-depth examination of topics. "SPEC-2" covers theory, methods, and applications for researchers, students, and professionals—combining proven techniques and new insights for comprehensive coverage of the field. The content is available in print and online via ScienceDirect, the latter of which offers optimal flexibility, accessibility, and usability through anytime, anywhere access for multiple users and superior search functionality. No other work gives analytical and physical (bio)chemists such unprecedented access to the literature. With 30% new content, SPEC-2 maintains the "authoritative, balanced coverage" of the original work while also breaking new ground in spectroscopic research. Incorporates more than 150 color figures, 5,000 references, and 300 articles (30% of which are new), for a thorough examination of the field Highlights new research and promotes innovation in applied areas ranging from food science and forensics to biomedicine and health Features a new co-editor: David Koppenaal of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Washington, USA, whose work in atomic mass spectrometry has been recognized internationally